Reflection #3: Canada at Battle

Choose ONE of the following to write a reflection on:

  • (Continuity & Change) How did Canada’s role in WWII battles change over time? Explain with reference to the sequence of battles Canada participated in.
  • (Cause & Consequence/Significance) What do you consider the turning point of the war? Explain with reference to a specific operation/battle. (you can so some further research as not all battles were listed in the lesson)

Reflection #2: The Homefront

Choose ONE of the following to complete:

1. (Ethical Judgement) Reflection:

    • Was it right for Canada to have interned “Enemy Aliens” in Canada during WWII? If Canada were at war with another country today, should we expect the same treatment towards citizens of that country’s heritage? Explain your reasoning.

Helpful Sources:

2. (Significance) Virtual Tour:

    • Open up The Lower Mainland in WWII
    • Take a look at the maps on slides 3 & 4. With someone in your household, click on the red dots to see what was happening at those locations during WWII. Use the red arrows on the slide to navigate through. Explain to your household member why we are seeing these things happening in the Lower Mainland.
    • Write a reflection on what you thought of your tour.

3. (Ethical Judgement) Reflection:

    • Watch Canada’s Apology to Japanese Canadians
    • Was the 1988 apology for interning Japanese Canadians necessary? Is the redress of $20,000 to survivors adequate? Explain why or why not.
    • If Canada apologized for the treatment of Japanese Canadians in WWII, what other identifiable groups does Canada owe an apology to and why?

Reflection #1: Causes of WWII

Choose one of the following to respond to on your blog:

  • (Cause & Consequence) Using examples from Lesson #1, what conditions seem to bring rise to dictatorships?
  • (Continuity & Change) Many media outlets have reported that there is a rise of populism around the world today, are there any commonalities between populism in different countries today and the situations that existed in different countries before WWII? What are the differences?
  • (Ethical Judgement) Choose one of the dictators to find out some more about online. Should this leader be seen as a evil dictator or clever politician? Explain your reasoning based on your findings.

Lesson 4: The Holocaust



Understand the significance of the following:

  • Nurenburg Laws
  • Kristallnacht
  • Ghettos
  • Final Solution

Concepts to understand (test yourself):

  • How/why did Anti-Semitism rise in Germany?
  • Who supported or did not support the Holocaust?
  • Why didn’t foreign countries intervene before the beginning of WWII?

Optional movies to watch if you have access* (links are to IMDB for you and your parents to assess appropriateness):

*in no particular order, just from my memory – there are many more of course but these are the ones I have seen.

Lesson 3: Canadians at Battle


  • Counterpoints, Chapter 5, pp 133-148

Optional Watch:

  • WWII in Colour (also on Netflix)
    • There’s 13 episodes at 50min each… I’m not recommending you watch it all unless you really want to know more about WWII. It will give pretty much the whole story on different fronts. Totally optional.

Understand the significance of the following:

  • Blitzkrieg
  • Dunkirk
  • Battle of Britain
  • North Africa
  • Operation Barbarossa
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Battle of Hong Kong
  • Battle of the Atlantic
  • Dieppe
  • Italian Campaign
  • D-Day
  • Liberation of the Netherlands

*RED are operations that included significant Canadian contributions

Concepts to understand (test yourself):

  • How did Canada’s role in battle develop throughout the war?
  • Why did the Germans fail to conquer Britain?
  • Why did Germany attack Russia despite the Non-Aggression Pact?

Lesson 2: The Homefront


Understand the significance of the following:

  • Canadian Isolationism
  • Anti-Semitism in Canada – SS St Louis
  • Mackenzie King’s visit to Germany
  • Total War Economy
  • Women in the war
  • Battling Inflation
  • Conscription
  • Japanese internment

Concepts to understand (test yourself):

  • How does the reaction from Canadians to WWII compare to that of WWI?
  • Effects of WWII on Canadian identity (social, economic, political).
  • How was the process of enacting conscription different from WWI?

Lesson 1: Causes of WWII – The Rise of Dictators


  • Counterpoints, Chapter 5, pp 120-126


Understand the significance of the following:


  • Five Years Plan
  • Purges
  • Cult of worship
  • Famine in the Ukraine 1932-1933
  • Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact


  • Blackshirts
  • March on Rome 1922
  • Il Duce
  • Rome-Berlin Axis 1936
  • Abyssinia (Ethiopia)


  • Hyperinflation 1921
  • Mein Kampf
  • Lebensraum
  • Fuhrer 1933
  • Anschluss
  • Hitler Jugend
  • Remilitarization
  • Nuremburg Laws
  • Kristallnacht


  • Invasion of Manchuria 1931
  • Withdrawal from League of Nations
  • Nanking 1937

Concepts to understand (test yourself):

  • How did the policy of appeasement lead towards war?
    • Why did Britain and France adopt this policy?
  • How did the League of Nations fail to keep the peace?
  • What territories did Germany take over before 1939 and why/how?

Action Packs


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Action Packs (each group member downloads their own):

Pre-cycling Transportation
Costly Trends Papercuts
Disposables Bright Energy
Recycling Saving Water
All Packaged Up Being Chill – Heating Up
Into The River Oceanwise
Organic Waste All That Glitters
Acidic Oceans Oil