451 – Genre Breakdown

Genre is the category a piece of literature or art fits into based on the characteristics. Characteristics could be the style, form or subject matter of the content. Fiction and non-fiction stories can fall into one of the five main genres. The novel, “Fahrenheit 451,” written by Ray Bradbury was inspired by a dystopian world he saw society changing into in the future. The story fits into the genre of fiction as it portrays a real world however, the story does not contain true events. A subgenre is a subcategory within a particular genre. “Fahrenheit 451,” fits into the subgenre of science fiction as it deals with futuristic concepts and a transformed society. The novel can be applied to science fiction because the story was set in a dystopian world where war was continually fought, and fires constantly burned houses and books. Advanced technology was a main part of the novel as it showed how far society could be developed. People were very reliant on technology and lived their days oblivious to issues around their world and in their community. For example, the parlour walls consume Mildred’s days and mind as she thought as the characters as family, caring about them more than her husband, Montag. Society was easily manipulated in the novel which showed how Bradbury saw technology and systems holding more power in the future. Propaganda and constant advertisement were relentless and eliminated people to form personal thoughts and opinions.  “Fahrenheit 451,” addressed the many issues, such as banned and censored books. The story showed why society should be careful about which books and content are banned.

2014–2015: Fahrenheit 451

Banned and Challenged Books

Today, censorship is used in many countries around the world. Censorship is when access to specific material is controlled for a group of people. Certain items may be censored because they are not appropriate for a community. They may involve profanity, racism, nudity, offensive wording, substance abuse and suggestive actions. Books may be challenged or banned if some people believe it is not suitable for the public. A challenged book would mean someone points out the reasons why it should be censored, but would not be successful in restricting access. A banned book means someone challenged it was effective in banning the book. Books may be banned for a certain group of people such as students or from society all together. “Animal Farm,” written by George Orwell was a short allegorical novel. Written during WWII, it was about a group of farm animals that rebelled against their farmer. They hoped to create a safe and happy place where the animals could be equal. This book was banned because it promoted ideologies such as Communism and was critical of the USSR. Some argued it denied constitutional rights and had indecent pictures of animals which were not appropriate. It was also banned because it included parts that contradicted religious beliefs. “Animal Farm,” was offensive to many groups of people and for that reason, the novel was banned from several schools and countries. “Fahrenheit 451,” written by Ray Bradbury was also a banned book for many reasons. The book was inspired by Bradbury’s growing fear of technology’s influence on society. It could be banned or challenged because it paints a picture of a dystopian world where free thought is discouraged, and people lack the ability of human interaction. In the novel, books were illegal and having possession was a punishable crime. If books were found, they would be burned by firemen. The book has sensitive subjects and draws very close parallels to the world today. People may worry about the public having access to the novel because many heavily rely on technology and does not want others to think the future may be similar to the book’s world. Censorship is a significant tool to control what a younger audience can see however, it is important that adults have access to books so they are able to form their own views and opinions.

Animal Farm

Poetry Reveals the Dark Periods of Canada’s History


‘Assault’ on residential school students’ identities began the moment they stepped inside

In this photo, you can see the difference between the boy before and after he was forced into the residential school system. The objective of the school was to assimilate the First Nations youth to the “ideal” image of Caucasian culture. They convinced them their culture and was wrong and went to extreme proportions to erase any trace of their previous beliefs.

“Death of a Salesman” – Setting

The visuals for this activity were created by Eva and Jamie from Mr. Ford’s ICT 11 and 12 classes

Component:
-Loman’s House

Quote #1:
“The kitchen at center seems actual enough, for there is a kitchen table with three chairs, and a refrigerator. But no other fixtures are seen” (Miller, 11).

Quote #2:
“At the back of the kitchen there is a draped entrance, which leads to the living room” (Miller 11).

Quote #3:
“To the right of the kitchen, on a level raised two feet, is a bedroom furnished only with a brass bedstead and a straight chair” (Miller 11).

Quote #4:
“Behind the kitchen, on a level raised six and a half feet, is the boys’ bedroom, at present barely visible. Two beds are dimly seen, and at the back of the room a dormer window. (This bedroom is above the unseen living room.) At the left a stairway curves up to it from the kitchen” (Miller 11).

Quote #5:
“The entire setting is wholly, or, in some places, partially transparent. The roof-line of the house is one-dimensional…Before the house lies an apron, curving beyond the forestage into the orchestra” (Miller 11).

Quote #6:
“Biff gets out of bed, comes downstage a bit, and stands attentively” (Miller 19).

Quote #7:
“The gas heater begins to glow through the kitchen wall, near the stairs, a blue flame beneath red coils” (Miller 68).

Quote #8:
“Funny, Biff, y’know? Us sleeping in here again? The old beds. (He pats his bed affectionately.) All the talk that went across those two beds, huh? Our whole lives” (Miller 20).

Quote #9:
“Remember those two beautiful elm trees out there? When I and Biff hung the swing between them?” (Miller 17).

Quote #10:
“[Willy] unlocks the door, comes into the kitchen…He closes the door, then carries his cases out into the living-room, through the draped kitchen doorway” (Miller 12).

Brooklyn (Appearance Fact #1)
-The style of interior design was based on bright colours and fun patterns as the USA had a positive outlook on the future and post-war recovery. Emphasis on comfort and leisure as families were moving into the suburbs. It was a prosperous time for middle class families, big backyards and cozy homes grabbed the attention of young families.

Brooklyn (Appearance Fact #2)
-Brooklyn had helped to supply the industrial needs of the country, but by the 1950s, Brooklyn’s industrial energies began to diminish. Heavy manufacturers began to move to cheaper locations in other cities, and the ports became less active as large container ships, requiring deep harbours, began to dominate the shipping trade.

Brooklyn (Appearance Fact #3)
-The streets were crowded as there were lots of people joyfully roaming around. It was a time of hope and change. People were settling into their everyday lives as they adjusted after they returned home from the war.

Brooklyn (Appearance Fact #4)
-Brooklyn was diverse, with a ton of Italian, Jewish, and Irish immigrants and the second generation of earlier immigration waves. The population hit a high of 2.7 million. Immigrants were living the American dream.

Brooklyn (Appearance Fact #5)
-The Brooklyn Eagle was a newspaper found in Brooklyn, created in 1841 by the original name, The Brooklyn Eagle, and Kings County Democrat. This paper helped bring attention to Brooklyn as the paper was only distributed within Brooklyn. The paper was assisted by the National baseball league team, the Dodgers; both major institutions were lost in the 1950s: the paper closed in 1955 after unsuccessful attempts at a sale following a reporters’ strike, and the baseball team decamped for Los Angeles in a realignment of major league baseball in 1957.


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http://www.mikeettner.com/tag/death-of-a-salesman/

WHERE AM I?

Literature Picture Project

In the short story, “Dark They Were, and Golden Eyed,” written by Ray Bradbury, Mr. Bittering and his family fled to Mars to escape the nuclear war on Earth. Mr. Bittering was worried about the move, but continued the plan because he knew it would be the safest place for his family. When they arrived, Mr. Bittering immediately regretted his decision, yet his wife convinced him the long journey would be worth it. They had planned to make it a temporary move, but their plans were changed when they saw a radio flash and all the rockets were destroyed. The family had to accept it would be more permanent than they thought. The wife and children adapted quickly to their new home. Mr. Bittering, on the other hand, took a while to accept his new lifestyle. The unfamiliar environment changed their physical and emotional features. Their skin had darkened and burnt, golden flecks shined in their eyes, and they grew taller and thinner. They had picked up the Martian language and Tim, the son, changed his name to Linnl which he felt suited him more. During their time on Mars, Mr. Bittering slowly appreciated his new home. The family had fully assimilated to Mars and the new culture. At the end of the short story, two men flew to Mars and announced they were there to rescue them because the war was over. When they arrived the men could not find any trace of humans except for the town and a half-built rocket ship. They found the native life, but did not realize the Martians were the humans that had moved from Earth. It was unclear if the men stayed and changed as well or if they went back to Earth not knowing what happened to the other humans. However, the men talked about the potential Mars had for other settlers which leads the reader to believe more humans would move to Mars.

In this project, students could work in partners or individually. During this unit, the class read multiple short stories by a variety of authors. They were given the opportunity to choose a short story they found most interesting. To introduce the project, a quick narrative of the short story was to be included. The second part of the project was to find 13 quotes from the chosen short story and explain why it matched the literary terms given. Next, they were to create an image that connected to the quote and explanation. Finally, students were to post the project on their EduBlog.

Exposition

Quote: “The man felt his hair flutter and the tissues of his body draw tight as if he were standing at the center of a vacuum. His wife, before him, trembled. The children, small seeds, might at any instant be sown to all the Martian climes” (Bradbury 1).

Explanation: The Bitterings were astounded by the different environment when they landed on Mars. However, the dad, Harry Bittering, wanted to go back to Earth unlike the rest of the family members. He felt out of place and refused to settle since he believed that Mars was only meant to be inhabited by Martians.

Rising Action #1

Quote: “’Mother, Father – the war, Earth!’ she sobbed. ‘A radio flash just came. Atom bombs hit New York! All the space rockets blown up. No more rockets to Mars, ever!’” (Bradbury 3).

Explanation: The Bitterings had started their new life by building a small white cottage, but worried that Martians would resent their invasion. Meanwhile, Laura Bittering, the daughter of Harry and Cora Bittering, promulgated that they can never be rescued from Mars since the atomic war on Earth destroyed all of the rockets thus preventing the Bitterings’ return.

Rising Action #2

Quote: “Harry Bittering moved into the metal shop and began to build the rocket… But mostly they just idled and watched him with their yellowing eyes” (Bradbury 6).

Explanation: After Harry Bittering perceived the news that they couldn’t be saved by any rockets he was devastated, but decided to continue raising crops and children. However, after Harry saw the changed crops and flowers he refused to eat food that had grown on Mars. Thus, he decided that he needed to make a rocket in order to go back to Earth safely and asked other Earthmen to help.

Climax

Quote: “He saw their skin baking brown. And he saw the yellow eyes of his wife and his children, their eyes that were never yellow before” (Bradbury 8).

Explanation: The Bittering family noticed that the unfamiliar climate and soil had changed their food and their cow since it grew a third horn. However, the climax of, “Dark They Were, and Golden Eyed” is when Harry Bittering felt his bone shifting like gold. He noticed that his wife and his children had turned dark, gold, and metallic by the sun.

Falling Action

Quote: “But as he worked that night, the thought of the cool blue marble villa entered his mind. As the hours passed, the rocket seemed less important” (Bradbury 9).

Explanation: When Harry was building the rocket he had a change of heart and decided he wanted to go to the villa and leave their village behind. His thoughts of wanting to leave Mars had disappeared and his half built rocket was left behind. Every Earthman had packed up, left to the villa, and became Martians.

Denouement (conclusion)

Quote: “But the American-built town of cottages, peach trees, and theatres was silent. They found a half-finished rocket frame, rusting in an empty shop” (Bradbury 11).

Explanation: Five years later, the atomic war on Earth had ended and was able to create rockets to rescue Earthmen on Mars. The men on Earth went to rescue the people that had evacuated, but there were no Earthmen to be found. All they found were Martians with English settlement and a great affinity for the English language.

Physical Setting

Quote: “The wind blew, whining. At any moment the Martian air might draw his soul from him… He looked at Martian hills that time had worn with a crushing pressure of years. He saw the old cities, lost and lying like children’s delicate bones among the blowing lakes of grass” (Bradbury 1).

Explanation: The physical setting of the story explains the difference between Earth and Mars. Mars gave an empty and hollow feeling as the whistling wind blew past. Like a ghost town, no one had visited in years, everything was perfectly placed waiting for settlers.

Emotional Setting

Quote: “In a mountain stream, being washed away. We don’t belong here. We’re Earth people. This is Mars. It was meant for Martians. For heaven’s sake, Cora, let’s buy tickets for home!” (Bradbury 2).

Explanation: At the beginning, Mr. Bittering felt he did not belong on Mars. He felt disconnected from Earth and all he knew. Mr. Bittering was feeling out of place and wanted to go back home where he felt most safe.

Conflict Type

Quote: “Let’s get back on the rocket” (Bradbury 1).

Explanation: When the Bitterings arrived on Mars the moment Mr. Bittering saw his new home he did not want to stay. The conflict in the story was person versus self which is between Mr. Bittering and himself. He wanted to fly home to Earth however, he knew it wasn’t safe to go back. He adapted to Mars for the safety of his family as he fought the urge to flee.

Ending type

Quote: ”Lots to be done, Lieutenant” (Bradbury 12).

Explanation: The ending type for, “Dark They Were and Golden Eyed” was unresolved. The reader does not know if the humans saved the family or if the humans settled on Mars and changed as well. Regarding the quote, the two men mentioned progress to be made such as remapping, renaming, and setting up resource mines. It was unclear if the men continued the colonization of Mars.

Irony Example

Quote: “You think those Martians killed them?… Chances are a plague did this town in, sir. Perhaps. I suppose this is one of those mysteries we’ll never solve” (Bradbury 12).

Explanation: This is an example of dramatic irony because the readers know the family adapted to Mars, changing their physical and emotional characteristics. However, when the humans arrived they did not know they had changed. The men found what they thought was native life, but was actually the Bittering family and others that had moved from Earth.

Suspense

Quote: “A radio flash just came. Atom bombs hit New York! All the space rockets blown up. No more rockets to Mars, ever!” (Bradbury 3).

Explanation: Suspense techniques that are related to this quote are high stakes and complicated matters. When the family moved to Mars they expected it to be short term and that one day the Earth would be safe. When the kids saw the flash and all the rockets destroyed their last bit of hope to return was gone. They would need to adapt to Mars and accept that it would be their home longer than anticipated.

Characterization

Quote: “Mr. Bittering felt his bones shifted, shaped, melted like gold. His wife, lying beside him, was dark… Dark she was, and golden, burnt almost black by the sun, sleeping, and the children metallic in their beds” (Bradbury 6).

Explanation: Bradbury used direct characterization here as he described how the family’s physical appearance was changing. Mr. Bittering felt his body shift and form due to the different environment. The author also mentioned how dark their skin was turning and that the children were metallic.

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