It is the review of Trigonometry unit in math 10. I reviewed the rules about sine, cosine, and tangent. (I drew every picture and made it)
What we learned Week 11 in Math 10 is to factor when the degree of a polynomial is more than 2. (for examples 4, 6, et cetera.) The bases of factoring polynomials are C, D, P, E, and U.
C has used the polynomial which can be divided into common factors.
3x2 + 6x = 3x(x + 2)
D is differences of squares, it is used when the polynomials are perfect squares.
16 – x2y2 = (4 – xy)(4 + xy)
P is to find the pattern of the polynomial.
x2 + 6x – 7 = (x + 7)(x – 1)
E is used by easy polynomials which can be used the easiest pattern.
x2 + 4x + 4 = (x + 2)2
U is used by ugly polynomials. (We usually use a square to factor.)
6x2 + 13x + 6 = (2x + 3)(3x + 2)
We can use the bases and solve the polynomials which degree is bigger than 2. We also learned the pattern about a degree. When the degree is bigger than 2, other exponents of x must be half of the degree if there are not any common factors, and it cannot be factored if it is not.
For an example, 32x4 – 2 can be divided by 2 (Greatest common factor) and it becomes 2(16x4 – 1). 16x4 and -1 are perfect squares, we can use D. 2(16x4 – 1) = 2(42 + 1)(42 – 1). 42 – 1 is even perfect square which can be used D, but 42 + 1 is not because the binomial must have ONE minus sign. 2(42 + 1)(42 – 1) = 2(42 + 1)(2x + 1)(2x – 1). So, the answer is 2(42 + 1)(2x + 1)(2x – 1).
What I learned this week in Math 10 is to factor trinomials easily. It seems more difficult, but trinomials that can be factored if we find and use the pattern, it is similar to simplify polynomials. I could find the pattern of factoring other trinomials. It is not different to find and divide trinomials by the greatest common factor (GCF) on trinomials from simplifying polynomials.
Factoring with Common Factor: find greatest common factor and divide the trinomial by GCF.
Example: 3x2 + 6x + 9 = 3(x2 + 2x + 3)
Factoring the square binomials: the terms in binomials are perfect squares.
Example: 9x2 – 4 = (3x + 2)(3x – 2)
BUT, it is impossible => 9x2 + 4
Factoring simple trinomials: find the factors of last term and add them, and find a pair which is become a number of middle term (coefficient of x)
Example: x2 + 4x +3 = (x+3)(x+1)
Factoring UGLY trinomials:
The most important term in the trinomial in the picture is the first term that is the coefficient of x2 and the term that is just a number. After he coefficient of x2 and the last numbers are multiplied, we can find the factors of the multiplied number. (1, 24), (2, 12), (3, 8), and (4, 6). The numbers are added by their pair (1+24 = 25), (2+12 = 14), (3+8 = 11), and (4+6 = 10) and we can find the middle term (the coefficient of x, 11) 3+8 = 11. Factors of 6 are (1, 6) and (2, 3). Factors of 4 are (1, 4) and (2, 2). 1×3 (= 3) + 4×2 (= 8) = 11.
So, 6x2 + 11x + 4 = (3x + 4)(2x+1)
She was a famous writer of popular novels and she was preparing to write a new novel.
Although she was an author of famous novels, it was not easy to create stories and write her imagination on papers until the sky turned dark.
Unless an interesting or special situation happened to her, it seemed impossible to write her own story even if she focused on only making a story for a few days.
When she did not have any ideas before, she walked around her town and talked neighborhoods.
Meeting people was interesting to her because she thought their talk might help or be an idea of her story.
When she prepared to go outside, she realized the outside turned dark a long time ago and there was nothing including a small movement.
She tried to go outside whether there was something or not, but she felt the just cold atmosphere and went back to her study again.
Although a few pieces of fire woods on the stove were still burning, she felt colder than outside.
She gave up writing new stories and just started to read her favorite novels in the study because her will was still staying in cold outside and she should try to forget the cold.
Another word of imagination was isolation because she thought reading a book is same to make another world in a human head.
While she concentrated on books, it was being easier to forget her anxiety including a problem of her people.
She decided to become a writer by attraction to books, and she hoped to make other medicine of forgotten stress while she read books.
We started to learn Polynomial Factoring Unit in this week. When we solve the questions, it takes a lot of time for simplified, so we tried to find the pattern or the method of simplifying polynomials by ourselves. The picture is one of the method to solve binomials easily. x2 is a square, x is a stick, and 1 is a smaller square.
2x and +1 can be each multiplied by x-3.
2x * (x-3) = 2x * x – 2x * 3 = 2x2 – 6x, 1 * (x – 3) = x -3. So, 2x2 – 5x – 3.
We solve the product of polynomials, I found the pattern how to simplify the polynomials easily.
- When x is multiplied by x, just multiply the coefficients firstly and multiply x2 too.
- (ax + b)(cx + d) => (bc + ad)x
- Just Multiply another number in the polynomial as step 1.
What we learned in this week is to solve problems using SOH, CAH, and TOA. For example, on the problem, we already know what is the adjacent and the hypotenuse, so we can use cosine. We need to find what is a, so the way is
cos a = adjacent/hypotenuse
a = cos-1 adjacent/hypotenuse
The adjacent is 4 and the hypotenuse is 6.
a = cos-1 4/6
so, a is similar to 48.19
What I learned in this week is about right triangles with the Pythagorean theorem.
A lot of people in grade 10 already know the Pythagorean theorem. It is only used in right triangles, and the other theories are even used in only right triangles. There is opposite, adjacent, and hypotenuse in right triangles. They are titles of sides of right triangles, adjacent means which have two angles, 90 degrees, and unknown angle or that we already know. Hypotenuse defines slanted side which does not have 90 degrees. Opposite defines another angle. the formulas of right triangles are 3, they are sin, cos, and tan.
sin = opposite/hypotenuse (SOH), cos = adjacent/hypotenuse (CAH), and tan = opposite/adjacent.
(The opposite is always top, and the hypotenuse is always the bottom.)
What I learned in math 10 class in this week is about formulas of geometric figures using the measurements that we learned last week. How we can find the surface area of a cone is we have to find two parts, the side, and the base.
The base is π×r2 and the side is π×r×s we have to combine them. So, the formula for the surface area of a cone is πr2+πrs.
The formula for the volume of a cone is easier than the surface area, it is just similar to the volume of a cylinder. Just multiplying 1/3 on the formula for the volume of a cylinder, because the same based cylinder is 3 times by the same based cone. So, the formula for the volume of a cone is 1/3×(area of a base=πr2)×height
What I learned in math class in the fifth week is about the measurement. It even starts measurement unit, so we learned about the basic measurement this week. There are a lot of units, for examples, meter(m) and liter (L), and it can get other definition if we add some alphabet on the measurement.
The positive exponent measurements are da, h, and k. da means ×10, h means ×100, and k means ×1,000. There are even negative exponent measurements that are d, c, and m. d means ×1/10. c means ×1/100. m means ×1/1,000. The measurements are memorized by king henry d(a)oesn’t drink chocolate milk.
There are even bigger and smaller exponent measurements. M means ×1,000,000. G means ×1,000,000,000. µ means ×1/1,000,000. n means ×1/1,000,000,000
Genes are genetically manipulated by the same factors, such as eating patterns, eating habits, etc. There are 22,000 of DNA in a human body, but it is not all of them to be activated. Each gene is activated within the appropriate cells at the time required, and this tells us that precise control systems are also programmed within our genome. Epigenetics is one of the systems.
Epigenetics is a study of stable changes (diversity) in gene functions that do not entail changes in genetic sequences, and it also means the study of chemical reactions. Easily, the gene that is inherited from the parent can be change and influence to offspring.
Following the result of a lab, a pup mouse would be an anxious mouse if a pup mouse was raised by an anxious mother mouse, and a pup mouse would be a high-nurturing relaxed adult mouse if it was raised by the relaxed mother. Like this, it is influenced by the environment of.
The greatest advance is about cancer. Of course, it doesn’t mean cancer gave us good effective, it just means to treat cancer. It is even connected with methyl, cancer can be started when a mutation changes a DNA sequence. Methylation of cancer cells is weaker and more inactive than methylation of healthy cells. Using this result, scientists are researching how to treat cancers. Cancers have been the serious problem for a long time, and even now, the solution of cancers is not found perfectly. If some scientists success to find the solution, it can be possible to prevent, treat, and remove in the near future.
http://newspeppermint.com/2015/08/04/m-epigenetics/ (Korean website)
http://newspeppermint.com/2014/05/13/epigenetics/ (Korean website)