Foods 12: Safety First – A Visual Guide

Fire (i.e. what to do if one happens)

  • To avoid fire hazards, keep flammable things away from stove’s element.

Such as:

Common Flammable Ingredients

  • Flour
  • Sugar
  • Oil
  • Marsala Wine or Sherry

Non-Flammable Seasonings and Garnishes

  • Cinnamon
  • Garlic
  • Orange Shavings

  • When someone accidentally created a kitchen fire, NEVER use water to splash it out.

Do one of the following

  • Use fire extinguisher
  • Put a lid on it
  • Put baking powder

Burns/Scalds (i.e. how to treat)

  • When you burn yourself, immediately place the burn under cooling water.

Do not do the following

  • Use ice
  • Touching the burned area with bare hands
  • Do not break the blisters that might develop

  • To prevent burns/scalds, plan ahead before cooking so that you are fully focused on your work. It is also known as “mise en place.”


  • If you get chemicals in your eyes, immediately apply water into your eyes.

Do not do the following

  • Rub your eyes
  • Make big movements in kitchen
  • Avoid disturb other groups while cooking

  • When someone feels chemically poisoned, ask for help immediately, have a container near, and get the first aid.



Slips/Trips/Falls (i.e. how to prevent)

  • To prevent slips/trips/falls, always wipe the floor after spill so that no one gets hurt

Do not do the followings

  • Leave the mess and do it after your done cooking
  • Leave the mess because you didn’t make the mess


  • If you see someone slip trip or fall and get hurt, help him/her up. If necessary, report to the teacher.

Cuts (i.e. how to prevent/how to treat)

  • If you cut yourself by accident, do the following
    • Apply instant pressure to the wound
    • Elevate the wound above your heart to make it harder to bleed
    • Clean the wound after bleeding
    • Seal the wound

  • To prevent cutting yourself, you can try to do the following
    • Cut away from you
    • Keep your hands away from the blade
    • Hold the blade correctly

Heavy Lifting (i.e. of a bag of flour)

  • If you think that you can lift the heavy item, NEVER USE YOUR BACK to lift. Use your legs to lift.

  • If it is too heavy, ask a friend to help. Don’t be shy to ask.

How to Prevent Food Poisoning

  • Wash your hands before you start anything. This will help to avoid any bacteria while cooking

  • Keep raw meat separated so that bacteria won’t be interacted with the food that you are cooking.

Waste Management

  • When you finished cutting some sort of food, put the waste in the composer right away so that you won’t have a messy area.


  • Make sure to use the full of the food to not waste any parts.

Personal Hygiene

  • After sneezing, coughing, or picking your nose, wash your hands right away.

  • Never sneeze or cough towards to direction of the food.


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