Rube Goldberg – Tea Maker

(The following is a silly machine that takes unnecessary steps through different energy transfers to make a cuppa)

Machine Diagram

A. In this step, the chemical energy from the food I ate lets me move my arm (mechanical energy) to knock over the domino’s

B. In this step, the domino’s cause a chain reaction which knocks them all over; eventually, knocking over a yoyo. This is still mechanical energy.

C. In this step, the yoyo gets pushed down a slide (mechanical energy) by the energy from the domino’s (mechanical energy).

D. In this step, the electric kettle is turned on by the mechanical energy from the yoyo. This causes the kettle to start to draw electricity from the house to heat up water (thermal energy: conduction)

E. In this step, the steam is produced from the kettle heating up water (thermal energy), and this steam rises to push a teeter totter (mechanical energy).

F. In this step, the teeter totter moves down on the side with the teabag on it (mechanical energy), and the tea bag falls into the cup (gravitational energy).

Types of Energy in this Machine:

Chemical: The energy stored in the bonds between atoms that hold molecules together.

Mechanical: The movement of objects or substances from one place to another.

Thermal: The internal energy of a substance due to the vibration of its atoms or molecules.

Gravitational: The energy of an object because of its position of height.

Core Competencies

coming soon…


House Hunter’s

In this project we were tasked with finding an apartment, basement suit, or studio apartment for $1,800 or less per month, and fill out a data table. Here is a data table I created for an apartment I found in Maple Ridge.

Source webpage:

Date: 26/05/19 Cost: $1,200/month

Address of Rental: 24155 102 Ave, Maple Ridge, BC V2W 2C6, Canada (on top of a pizzeria!)

Distance to bus stop 9 minute walk
Pets allowed Caged only (birds, lizards etc.)
Deposit amount $1,200
Utilities included Brand new stainless steel appliances
Cable included No
Internet included Yes
Water bill amount Doesn’t Say
Smoking allowed No
Parking available No
Laundry available Yes
# of bedrooms 1 +Den
# of bathrooms 1
Name of neighbourhood Village Variety (above a pizzeria)
Distance to university/collage 1h 20m with transit
Furnished No
Appliances Fridge, Oven, Dishwasher, Washing Machine, and Dryer
Lease Doesn’t Say
Length of lease Doesn’t Say
Square footage 900

Wonder Project 2.0: String Theory

Last year I did a “Wonder Project” on Time Dilation. In this kind of project we have to ask ourselves a meaningful question (in the field of science), research about it, and make a blog post with all of our findings. This year we are doing a “Wonder Project” again, but it has to be space oriented.

My inquiry question for “Wonder Project 2.0” is:

What is “String Theory” and how does it explain our universe?

The Main Idea: Strings and a Theory of Everything

String theory is a theory that describes all forces and particles with one entity, the string. To do this, it tries to bring together elements of quantum physics and Einstein’s theory of relativity. It is basically a theory that tries to explain everything beyond our standard model of physics (beyond atoms, and subatomic particles).

How it’s Supposed to Work

String theory theorizes that everything in the universe is made up of tiny vibrating strings having a Planck length of about 10^-35 meters. They vibrate in different ways to make up all of the atomic and subatomic particles.

These strings could be open, form loops, merge with other strings, or divide into sub-strings. Like waves or particles from quantum mechanics, which string theory extends from, the strings aren’t made of any substance. If the theory is correct, these fundamental strings just are. They are like a kind of force. To make this theory work mathematically, there has to be eleven dimensions. Three spacial dimensions (up/down, left/right, and forward/backward), time, and seven more dimensions that are hidden from human senses because of their subatomic size, or because we are stuck in the four known dimensions and the others extend off from them.

How String Theory was Created

Unlike Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, String theory was created by many theoretical physicists over a long period of time. When it was first proposed, the strings were either closed or open, and there was no concept of an extra 7 dimensions. String theory lost traction in the world of science because of difficulties with the mathematics, but in the early 1980s there were two new mathematical discoveries that got it back on track. The first one was by using ten dimensions. The second one was by using something called the E(8) × E(8) symmetry model. By combining both of these concepts it repaired the mathematical difficulties string theory couldn’t previously overcome. Later, physicists Michael Green and John Schwarz, found that string theory could explain known particles, their behavior, and solve the point particle problem, and in 1995, another discovery showed that string theory could be combined with another theory called Supergravity, which used eleven dimensions instead of ten. Eventually it got to the point where the string theory we know today is actually now called Super String theory.

A Problem with Quantum Physics

In quantum physics, there has long been an issue with point particles. A point particle mathematically defined is a point, but, with a diameter of zero. At least a point that has a diameter that approaches zero. With all of the mathematics we have today forces on particles are related to the distance between particles; forces like magnetism and gravity. If something is infinitely small, then the radius, also being infinitely small causes the mathematics to grow the forces to infinite levels. So, point particles cause a paradox. The problem with Quantum Physics is you have these point particles that are infinitely small colliding with each other that should produce mathematically infinitely large forces but in reality, they don’t. This doesn’t make sense to the physicists, but in String theory, this problem doesn’t occur.


To conclude, string theory is a theory that attempts to explain all forces and all matter in the universe using very small, vibrating strings and an extra seven dimensions, sadly, we cannot observe either. As of now, there has been no physical evidence or proof that string theory is actually correct; the only proof we have is the elegantly complex mathematics that works it out. The main critics of string theory today, criticize the theory on the basis that it cannot be experimentally tested or proven.

Many researchers are wondering if they are going down an infinite rabbit hole; ”String theorists propose a seemingly endless amount of mathematical constructions that have no known relationship to observation,” Sabine Hossenfelder, a physicist at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies in Germany said. But, I think that eventually, they will be able to make an experiment that proves or disproves this theory.

Here is a video that explains string theory in a simplified way:



Mann, Adam. “What Is String Theory?” LiveScience, Purch, 20 Mar. 2019, Accessed 24 May 2019.

Gilman, Larry. “String theory.” The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, edited by K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 5th ed., Gale, 2014. Science In Context, Accessed 23 May 2019.

“The Basic Elements of String Theory.” Dummies, Accessed 24 May 2019.

Information Fluency

1. What questions did you need to research in order to research your topic?

First I researched basic information just to understand string theory in a nutshell, and then I went further and researched the history, why people believe in it, and some criticisms critics have to say about it.

2. What new or familiar digital tools did you try to use as you worked through this project?

To work on this project I used the familiar tools I have at my disposal: Gale Engaged Learning Science in Context, Google, EasyBib and YouTube. I used Google to narrow down my question, Gale to find reliable sources, YouTube to find a relevant video, and EasyBib to write the bibliography.

3. What was the process you used to investigate the topic?

To investigate my project I first used Google to narrow down my question because I had no idea what string theory was. Then I used YouTube to gather some general understanding, and finally Gale to find reliable sources.

4. How did you verify and cite the information you found?

To verify the information I used, I either got it from Gale or cross-referenced the source and made sure it was stating valid information. To site it, I plugged it into a program called EasyBib.

5. How did the process of completing this challenge go? What could you have done better?

The challenge was done in a relatively short period of time, one week, so it was kind of a crunch because I had to only research the basic information. If I had more time, I would’ve researched more, particularly how some of the math works.




Your First Big Purchase: Your Wheels

What is it?
2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV Base

Where did you find it? (buying from who/where):
Victoria Mitsubishi 3342 Oak Street, Victoria B.C. V8X 1R1

Now, let’s just pretend you have saved $1500 to put toward this purchase; how much do
you owe? $4,500

What are your monthly car payments?
$84.92 for 5 years

Cost per month to insure your vehicle: $956.60

What is your total monthly vehicle cost? $1041.52

And now, pick up a “Luck of the Draw” card from Ms. Roberge. Because…life happens!

What is the scenario?
Tires get slashed by a bottle on the road.

Approximately how much will this cost you? $20 for a patch job

How did you come up with this amount (quote your source)?

YPI Presentation Self Reflection

1. What I did: (Explain what you personally accomplished to finish your project.)

For this YPI project I was tasked with: video editing, script writing, slide management, and general organization/making sure deadlines are met. The work I did was: video editing the whole video, writing the whole script (minus one slide), and making sure everyone did their part.

2. What I found difficult: (Write about any part of the project you found challenging.)

I found making the video only 10 minutes difficult. There was so much info we could include, but it had to be narrowed down to only the important stuff.

3. What really worked, or what you’re proud of:

I am proud of my team’s ability to present the project in a clear professional way.

4. What I wish:

I wish that we could have more time to polish our presentation for the next level of competition that we are going into.

5. Next time: (Write about what you would do differently next time.)

Next time I would like to be able to get Doug and his pads dog to show up to our presentation (for a hook).

6. The letter grade I’d honestly give myself:

I would honestly give my self an A because I challenged myself  and made this presentation to the best of my ability, and put in lots of time and effort.

The Band Trip Where I Got My Lucky Black Tourmaline (Narrative Essay Reflection)


1. The First People’s concept that I recognized in my essay is: “Learning is embedded in memory, history, and story.” This is because my essay was about learning from mistakes and remembering the lesson I learned.

2. Two things I am proud of are: my ability to make a small story into 1,300 word essay, and my ability to use the rules of 3’s.

3. Two things I want to improve are: making sure everything drives the plot forward and is relevant, and building up the plot better.

This essay shows growth in my communication competency because I now know how to write (communicate) essays better. I now know how to write dialogue properly and how to use the rule of 3’s to make my writing more appealing. Where I still need to improve is my story telling; writing so that I show instead of tell and making sure every paragraph drives the plot forward.


Mock Interview – Core Competencies

In Planning 10, we did mock interviews in order to prepare us for job interviews in the future. In this mock interview project, we were required to make fill in an application form, write a resume, write a cover letter, and attend a mock interview with an adult posing as an employer.

In the terms of core competencies, I found that this project encompasses both the communication and the critical thinking core competencies. But, I am only going to write about the communication core competency in this post.

One of the most important parts of this project was communication. We had to have a good handshake, a friendly attitude, and good answers to commonly asked questions. To improve on my core competency of communication, I practiced my hand shake, I  mentally checked in (to have a good attitude), and I practiced answers to commonly asked interview questions.

Overall, the interviewer said I did very well in all of this with one exception, I needed to brag more about myself. Usually, I tend to be humble and not brag about myself, but in this project, I learned that in different social situations you need to act differently; In an interview it isn’t good to be humble. So, in future interviews, I will keep this advice in mind and adapt to the different social situation.


Indian Horse Informal Blogging

3 Ways Saul Indian Horse Could Have Escaped Residential School in the Novel Indian Horse

In the book Indian Horse by Richard Wagamese, we all felt terrible when our beloved main character, Saul, got shipped off to residential school.

Although Saul is treated horribly in this school, he never tries to escape! This is probably because he is only 8. But what if Saul was smarter than all of us? This would totally change the overall narrative and feel of the book, and make it feel like The Shawshank Redemption. Here are 3 ways he could have escaped.

1. Running Away

Now this is an obvious one, but I think 8 year old Saul couldn’t have done it without the self confidence that comes from an older age. In the book Benjamin was able to escape by running away and it actually worked, but I think It could have been done better.

The first thing Saul would need to do is study the priest and nuns habits. He would need to do this to be able to steal food and clothes without them knowing. Then he could leave in the dead of night with enough food and clothing to be able to stay well fed and warm.

2. Ganging up on the Priests

Now ganging up on the priests would be a hard feat to accomplish, but with the charismatic skills of a great leader Saul could rally up the troops and win the fight.

First, Saul would have to arrange secret meetings with the toughest looking Indian boys. There, he could encourage them with speeches, and when the time came, start the rebellion. It would have to happen so fast that the priests couldn’t see it coming and Saul’s bully boys would have to have enough moral to all attack at once and not back down. That way they would win. Saul could also try and make improvised weapons out of some of the hockey sticks to give to his team to give them a cutting edge.

3. Using His Powers

In the book, Saul has a sort of mystical power that allows him to see visions of the past and future. If he could tap into this earlier, It might make it so that he never gets to residential school.

If Saul could fully access this power, he would probably be able to manipulate so many events in the book. He could warn his family to hide him and Benjamin earlier when the Indian Agent comes to get Benjamin in the beginning of the book, he could help save countless other first nations people, he could come to represent all first nations people and with his power of seeing the future, he could make himself look all powerful and drive the colonizers out of North America. But this is way too convenient and powerful for the book to make any sense whatsoever.

To conclude, Saul could have escaped so many ways. He could just run away, gang up on the priests or use his all to convenient power of seeing the future, but should Wagamese written it this way? I think not, because If Saul escaped residential school, Wagamese wouldn’t have been able to show us how bad these schools really were, and it would make Saul a less dynamic and round character.

Imagery in Indian Horse

“I read once that there are holes in the universe that swallow all light, all bodies. St. Jeromes took all the light from my world.” (Wagamese, 43). In this quote, Wagamese is showing how strongly Saul feels pain and woe while reflecting on his experiences at St. Jeromes Residential School. Saul is remembering a time in his life where all his happiness, which “light” symbolizes, was taken away as if a black hole was absorbing everything. The imagery paints a picture of a very miserable and menacing place that has no “light”. A place where Saul’s life, uncontrollably, took a bad turn, and now is being pulled in with no escape. You can also imagine Saul telling you this because Wagamese doesn’t compare St. Jeromes directly to a black hole. Instead, he writes “I read once that there are holes in the universe that swallow all light, all bodies.” This gives you the picture of Saul making his own imagery by connecting what he read in a book to his experience at the school.

By Going to this Restaurant, You Instantly Travel to a Taco Shack on the Paradise-Like Beaches in Baja, California


Taco Del Mar is one of my favourite restaurants to get Mexican cuisine. What makes Taco Del Mar my favourite place to eat is a combination of the décor and atmosphere, their good food, their excellent service, and their very affordable prices. When first walking in, one will immediately notice that the place is decorated to look like the kind of taco shack you would find on one of the paradise-like beaches in Baja, California. The interior accomplishes this by including furniture such as a surf board table and a table with a palapa umbrella. The décor also has this taco shack feel; the counter where you order your food has bamboo paneling with a shack roof, and there are various surfing and Mexican cuisine pictures on the walls. The atmosphere of friendly employees and an air of casualness works well with this and makes you feel comfortable and relaxed. Secondly, but more importantly, the food and service. When ordering tacos, a burrito, various platters or a quesadilla, one can choose any of four slow cooked meats that make your mouth water at the smell of them cooking behind the window. These meats to choose from are juicy and savoury shredded beef, equally appetizing ground beef, tender chicken, and succulent shrimp, which are all cooked to the perfect consistency. After you choose your meat, you get to put on freshly made toppings. Smooth black or refried beens, Mexican rice, crisp iceberg lettuce, freshly made guacamole with the perfect amount of cilantro, tomato and onions, smooth melted queso, and hot sauce are just a few of the good toppings they have to offer. The employees make these Mexican dishes, with your instruction, right in front of you, and they do it with great skill and politeness. Taco Del Mar also offers the choice of a cool drink on the side. They have all the popular fountain drinks, such as Coke, root beer and Sprite. As well, they have a variety of bottled drinks including some light beers and Mexican sodas. Me personally, I like to enjoy a nice, cold glass of ice water. All of this good service and food must come at an expensive price, but the third thing that makes Taco Del Mar great, is that it is actually quite affordable. It cost about 10 dollars per person depending on what you order. Without a doubt, Taco Del Mar is the place I like to go to get affordable, phenomenal Mexican cuisine. With their great service and a friendly atmosphere, they’ve found a place in my heart with all the things that I value in a restaurant. But it wasn’t always this way. The first time I went to Taco Del Mar, when I was 9 or 10, I remember not knowing what to expect and not wanting to try. As soon as I started eating, I fell in love with both Mexican cuisine and the restaurant. Ever since, my family has been going there at least once every month.