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Beatty’s Lecture

Question: What reasons does Beatty give for the current state of society and for books being destroyed?

Captain Beatty has multiple reasonings for his beliefs in burning the books in their dystopian society. First, books are knowledge and to the government knowledge to the people is dangerous. All the books should be burned to not let the public obtain that knowledge. Secondly, Beatty told Montag, “If you don’t want a man unhappy political, don’t give him two sides to a question to worry him; give him one. Better yet, give him none.” (Pg.58). This shows that the government is making everything boil down to one simple answer. Not letting people question their society and not making their own opinions. Thirdly, an example of his reasonings is so the books not to offend anyone. He makes the point where if there is a book that offends someone or a person, burn it so everyone can be happy. “Colored people don’t like Little Black Sambo. Burn it. White people don’t feel good about Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Burn it.” (Pg.57). But where there is nothing to offend anyone how can anyone be truly happy. In life you need something to fight for, something to believe in and with the burning of the books how can this happen. Also, without being sad or hurt, how can you be happy. Captain Beatty said, “Fire is bright, fire is clean.” (Pg.58). Beatty explains his reasonings furthermore explaining that what the firemen are doing is the right thing and the burning of the books is the only way everyone can be happy at once. Although through Montag’s point of view, that’s not the case.

Arts and Sciences

Arts and Science is very hard to compare but, both are very important to our society. Without Science where would we be in the world, what medical or architectural achievements would we have accomplished without it. But when we do accomplish those things, we need a way to preserve it. Arts and writing can show how things were done. To show the past, the rights and wrongs to make sure history does not repeat its self in a negative way. Also science helped structure our world today in buildings, medicine, and technology.  To help us survive in the world. But can all this exist with art. Creativity must be the base line of the architectural designs of our world. With everything that we create, there must be creativity right next to it. Art is creativity and without expressing emotion and our thoughts through it how are we suppose to have science and intellectual design. One cannot live without another.

Solar Oven Project

Science solar oven

Steps:

  1. Cut a flap on the top part of a pizza box
  2. Cover the inside of the flap with Aluminum foil
  3. Use clear plastic wrap to trap heat inside the box
  4. Put black construction paper on the bottom
  5. To insulate wrap Styrofoam in aluminum and then place around the inside of the box.
  6. Use a ruler to prop up the flap to collect sunlight and heat.

Materials

Cardboard box and flap

Aluminum foil

Clear plastic wrap

Black construction paper

Newspaper

Styrofoam

 

Research: Three common types of solar cookers

Box cooker: They are a box with an air tight wrap around it, while having a clear plastic wrap on the top allowing heat to come through but not leave, heating up the box to high temperatures.

Pro: Traps heat inside well, easy to make, can reach 150 degree Celsius, air tight and sealed well, not having to readjust.

Con: Cannot reach higher than around 150 degrees Celsius.

 

Panel cooker: Similar to the box cooker but has three sides to it directing the heat towards the food inside the box.

Pro: easy to make, better for moisture foods, does not require alignment, difficult to burn or over cook.

Con: 100 degrees Celsius, slow cooker,

 

Parabolic Cookers: They are shaped like satellite dishes with a pot centralized I the middle of the dish and reflective surfaces on the satellite dishes. This allows for the sun rays to hit the satellite and reflect the sun rays onto the food.

Pro: able to cook higher temperature foods, can reach higher temperatures than other cookers, cooking quickly.

Con: need to adjust the cooker a lot having to be facing the sun, difficult to build

 

We are choosing the Solar Box Oven because it can reach high temperatures and trap heat well.

How thermal transfers:

In this case with the solar oven the type of thermal energy is radiation. The suns UV lights travel through space to earth and hits the solar oven. The suns rays travel in waves instead of direct contact like other types of heat transfer and does not need any form of contact to heat up the box. The waves can travel through the clear plastic  but cannot escape.

Design

Here is our Solar Box Oven

 

 

This is our box that we started with

We cut open the box and wrapped clear plastic around the open flap to allow light and heat to be trapped in the box

Then we put Styrofoam wrapped in aluminum foil to reflect the heat towards the food

This is the finished project with the aluminum flap catching the sunlight and heat and reflecting in into the box

Then a picture of the food on an aluminum plate with the sun hitting the plastic wrap trapping the heat inside to cook the marshmallows, crackers, and chocolate.

Experiment

We had three trials each of the same food, marshmallow, chocolate, and a gram cracker, the first took 15 minutes, second took 20 minutes, and the third 25 minutes.

The first one tasted, a little cooked but still uncooked. The food was warm and chocolate melted

The second trial was tasted more crisp but uncooked on the inside.

The third trial that lasted 25 minutes the marshmallows and cracker were both crispy and very hot, the chocolate melted and turned to a liquid.

 

Reflect

We redesigned the oven to have more panels to reflect the heat and sun lights rays into the box. This improves the heat and temperature of the box because it covers more of the heat possible exit points. Also the main reason because it reflects and directs the heat into the box cooking the food from more sides and in a hotter oven.

Sources

Four Basic Types of Solar Cookers

 

My Graduation Requirements

  1. Healthy Living
    1. This year, I am ___in minor league hockey, hockey academy, and PE 10_____ to meet DPA requirements (150 mins/week of moderate to vigorous physical activity).
    2. Next year, I will ___be in minor league hockey, hockey academy, and PE 11_____ to meet DPA requirements.
    3. Other than physical activity, I will also need a concrete plan for healthy eating__ and __stress management_____ in order to lead a healthy life after graduation.
  2. Course Credits
    1. I need __80__ credits to graduate. A typical course is worth __4__ credits.
      1. __48__ of them must be from required courses.
      2. __28__ of them must be from electives.
      3. __16__ of them must be from Grade 12 courses.
    2. At the end of this year, I will have __36__ credits.
  3. Community Connections
    1. I need __30__ hours of work/volunteer experience. To show I completed this, I must show proof in the form of pay stub_____ or _reference letter____.
    2. I can start accumulating these hours in Grade __10-12__.
    3. My plan to earn work/volunteer hours is through _a job as a cashier, stocking shelves at grocery store. Work at clothing store. Volunteer at city with learn to skate __(be specific to where you would like to work, or where you plan on volunteering your time)______.
    4. I will also need to complete a reflection that includes __employability __, ___skill, and _a response It will be __200__ typed words minimum.
  4. Career and Life
    1. In addition to updating my resume, I will also create post secondary plan_ and _financial___ to show that I have a plan in place after graduation.
    2. When I graduate, my current plan is to go to UBC Engineering____(work/go to college or trades school or university/travel/other (specify).
  5. Interview
    1. To prepare for the interview, I can look at the questions ahead of time. They are found _on the riverside home page____.
    2. My interview will be with my RAP teacher___.
  6. The 3 people at Riverside who are here to help with this process are:
    1. Counsellor
    2. Mr. Ahmelich
    3. Mrs. David

 

In Grade 12, I will find all the necessary documents AND submit them onto the GT website.

I will complete Grad Transitions 12 whenever I have ___English 12_. If I have it in 1st semester, I must complete everything except the interview before __Winter Ball_. In 2nd semester, everything except the interview must be completed before __Grad dinner__.

Canadian Mulitculturism

https://bc.ctvnews.ca/accused-in-racist-skytrain-attack-now-charged-with-sexual-assault-1.3718509https://bc.ctvnews.ca/accused-in-racist-skytrain-attack-now-charged-with-sexual-assault-1.3718509

This article is from CTV news and shows negative side of Canada’s multiculturist.  A man attack a women who was wearing a hijab and ripped it off her. This shows the negative part of Canada and the parts that pop up that still astonish the

countryhttps://www.indiansummerfest.ca/

This is a festival in Vancouver that shows that people want to and are able to celebrate their culture and also show off their pride in what they believe in, and what their heritage is.

 

I do think Canada is a multicultural country because we allow and accept all walks of life. Even if there are bad and racist things the good out ways the bad.

 

How do Cells Multiply?

Mitosis and Meiosis:

Mitosis is the process of replicating a cell and splitting in into two. Before it starts this process it must meet the certain requirements to stat. The first is to replicate its DNA, secondly is to gather enough nutrients, and lastly to make sure the DNA is not damaged. Then there are four stages of mitosis. Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase.  First is Prophase: The nuclear membrane disappears then spindle fibers appear along with chromosomes forming X shapes. Metaphase: Spindle fibers attach to chromosomes and align them in the middle or equator of the cell.  Anaphase: The spindle fibers retreat to opposite poles of the cell pulling apart the chromosomes into two identical chromosomes. Telophase: Nuclear membrane forms around both new set of chromosomes and spindle fibers disappear. Cytokinesis: Finally cell splits into a identical daughter cell.

Source: http://www.bigstockphoto.com/image-78348347/stock-vector-6-stages-of-mitosis

Meiosis is process of cell division. Instead of one parent this needs two. Meiosis is also the production of gametes. Which are egg and sperm cells. Each cell has 23 chromosomes, a full chromosomes is 46, so half from the mother and the other half from the father. An example for sexual reproduction is internal fertilization is when a mans sperm reaches the women’s egg and starts the growth of a baby. The steps of meiosis is almost the same as mitosis but a bit longer. The first step is prophase I: X chromosomes form and spindle fibers form as well. Metaphase I: Chromosomes attach to one another (two x chromosomes.) and spindle fibers attach to them and align them in the middle. Anaphase I: The spindle fibers retreat to opposite poles and pulling apart the chromosomes apart into two identical X chromosomes. Telophase I: nuclear membrane appear around new set of chromosomes. Interkenesis. Cell separates into two daughter cells. Prophase II: Now there is two identical cells with their nuclear membrane disappears and spindle fibers form. Metaphase II: Spindle fibers attach to chromosomes and place them along the equator of the cell. Anaphase II: Spindle fibers go to opposite poles splitting the chromosomes into chromatids. Telophase II: Nuclear membrane forms around new chromatids and spindle fibers disappear. Cytokinesis: Both cell splits and there are now four new cells.

 

Source: https://www.howtosmile.org/topics/life-sciences

The difference between Meiosis and Mitosis:

In Mitosis there is only one parent, and in that matter there is no need to waste energy finding a mate. Also meiosis has two separation periods separating into 4 when mitosis only splits once into two daughter cells. Another difference is that in meiosis the homologues chromosomes separate not making them identical cells.  Making the daughter cell not identical but mitosis makes two identical cells.

How organisms grow:

All multi cellular organisms grow because of cell division. Cell division is making new cells all the time. Cell division is making one cell into two, with the help of mitosis. Like skin cells, they divide to develop the structure. This applies to any cell in a multi cellular organism. Each cell goes through the phase or dividing and they start with interphase. This phase is the longest out of the three steps, the cell must replicate its DNA, gather nutrients, and make sure its DNA is not damaged. Then mitosis go through the four stages of it, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase. After that is finished the third step is the actual dividing of the cell, cytokinesis.

Source: http://helpytips.com/unbelievable-facts/body-functions-work-even-death/

First Peoples Principles of Learning

After our winter break we started to learn about the First Peoples Principles of Learning. We learned about how they learn on how they pass down information and how their learning should affect us. Here is a video about it.

Three quotes I want to talk about from The Principles of Learning and those are:

“Learning involves patience and time.”

Everything that you do needs patience, you can’t want or do something and have it done at the snap of your fingers and it done. You have to take your time and not rush or else it would look rushed and be not at its potential. We want everything to be the best  it can be but that involves time.

“Learning requires exploration of ones identity.”

This reflects on your identity as a person and where you fit in this world. It is also what connects us together. If you know what your identity is it will be easier to learn and grow because if you know yourself you would know how you learn.

“Learning is embedded in memory, history and story.”

This quote is talking about telling story’s information can be passed down. Also it means there is lots of learning from history, like what worked well between two nations or two tribes, what helped them unite for an example. People learn from their mistakes. For First Nation people, traditionally knowledge was kept orally, not by writing anything down but remember and telling the next generation.

These principles relate to our school work in our science projects that we have done and are going through at the moment. One project we did is the SSEP experiment. It is were we make groups and design a experiment to be sent up to the ISS and have it done there. At the start my group had some trouble coming up with an idea but then we had an idea about corrosion on an iron nail. It could help it in the future by knowing what metals to use in space if they are working with acid. Designing this project took loots of patience and a lot of time but our group just had to relax and work hard and it paid off.

Our next experiment was Engineering Brightness. We want invent a small light that is rechargeable with kinetic energy and  electromagnetism. We want these lights to go to the Dominican Republic where a lot of parts have light poverty. Our class had a Skype chat with students and teachers in the Dominican and they talked about how places could have only 2-3 hours of electricity usually in the day time to. Most people use kerosene lamps but those can cause cancer and fires in peoples homes. We are hoping that our design would be remembered and what we did and other generation can build off our idea to build even brighter better lights with new technology. We want to help others by building these lights and connecting two different countries together.