English 10


  1. The American civil war

April 12, 1861 — April 9, 1865.

The civil war was the only civil war in the history of the United States. The two sides fought for the union of the United States of America and the confederate states of America. At the beginning of the war, the north fought for the unification of the country, and later, it became a revolutionary war to eliminate slavery.

The civil war left a deep impression on the then Europa observer, Karl Marx, who said that the civil war represented the greatest war in military history. The civil war had a great, historic, progressive and revolutionary significance.


  1. Jim Crow laws

Jim Crow laws refer to between 1876 and 1965, the southern states, and the border states of colored people (mainly for African Americans, but it also contains other groups) apartheid laws. This racial segregation in the law enforcement of public facilities must be used according to different racial and isolation, and under the principle of separate but equal, segregation is interpreted as not in violation of the constitutional guarantee of equal protection, therefore continues to exist. But in fact, black can enjoy part compared with whites tend to be poor, and this kind of discrimination also creates black for a long time in the economy, education, and a relatively weak position in society.


  1. Malcom x

Malcolm (black American leader)

Malcolm x was born in 1925 in the United States of eastern Nebraska, Omaha, youth is a ignorant street gangs, drug trafficking, drugs, promiscuity, robbery, kill almost hornets. At last he was caught in prison. After he went to prison, he learned world history, philosophy, politics, natural science and other aspects of world history, philosophy, politics and science, and joined the black Muslim organization. After his release from prison, he joined the black movement and became the leader of the black movement after Martin Luther King.


It’ll be the the ballot or it’ll be the bullet. It’ll be liberty or it’ll be death. And if you’re not ready to pay that price don’t use the word freedom in your vocabulary.


  1. Martin Luther king

Martin Luther King, Jr. (Martin Luther King, Jr., January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968), African American, was born in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States, pastor, social activists, civil rights activists in the United States, the United States civil rights leader.

He graduated from college in 1948 and went on to study in Philadelphia, on the east coast of the United States, from 1948 to 1951. In 1963, Martin Luther King met with President lyndon bines Johnson, demanding that the new civil rights law give blacks equal rights. On August 28, 1963, before the Lincoln memorial, I gave a speech entitled “I have a dream”. Winner of the 1964 Nobel peace prize. In April 1968, king traveled to Memphis, where he was assassinated after leading a strike. He was only 39 years old. Since 1986, the U.S. government has designated the 3rd Monday of January as the National Day of Martin Luther King jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was named the eighth most influential person in the United States by the Atlantic monthly, a leading American journal.


  1. Racism in the United States

To state racism in the United States, killing 10 million Indians access to land, on the basis of the black slavery to establish the economic basis of capitalism, how could a country like the color? It is extremely difficult for white Americans to be convicted of killing people of color.

In the United States, blacks account for only 13 percent of the nation’s population, but blacks have far more crime than whites. In the United States, 50% of the prisoners were black, the largest group of prisoners, and the proportion of black people convicted of murder was seven times as large as the startling white population.

Black startling crime can illustrate two problems, one is because of the American society deeply rooted racial discrimination (including education discrimination, employment discrimination, social security, etc.), blacks in American society has been severely marginalized, even if hungry deathless also lived very humbled; Second, the American judicial system has a serious and systematic discrimination against black people.


  1. T – Chart racism in America

Today, America has given the black more social benefits, but the race is still not optimistic, such as around the country every significant black population in cities, are struggling to pay for social welfare and law enforcement. Blacks have five to six times more social benefits than whites. Blacks also spend far more time on social welfare programs than whites. Compared at the same time, the number of black crime rate and its extreme disproportionate, white taxpayers have fled, the left is bankrupt and can’t pay all the misuse of welfare, high crime rate in the city.


  1. The Black Panther

The black panther party was an American black society founded in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in Oakland, California.

The black panther party was one of the first organizations in the United States to fight for the liberation of minorities and the working class.

They opposed the U.S. government.

They try to program planning from the public organizations and the community to create a revolutionary socialism.

They provided free breakfast and political education in the black community.

They hope bit by bit change people’s ideas, and give them power.


  1. The Great Depression

The great depression, it is to point to between 1929 and 1933, originated in the United States, and then affected the entire capitalist world economic crisis, including the United States, Britain, France, Germany and Japan and other capitalist countries.

The general effects of the great depression were:

  1. Increased government policy participation in the economy, namely, keynesianism;
  2. Strengthen the economic nationalism in the form of tariffs;
  3. The romantic-totalitarian political movement, such as the Nazi Germany, that was used as a substitute for communism. The great depression was the most plausible explanation for the gradual rightwing of politics in continental Europe and Latin America between 1932 and 1938.
  4. Germany, Italy and Japan embarked on the road of foreign aggression and expansion and the fascist road in order to get rid of the great depression.

The rise of dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini and Tojo, indirectly caused the outbreak of the second world war.

  1. It provided a favorable period for the industrial development of the Soviet.


9.The kkklan

The Ku Klux Klan

American civil society.

Ku Klux Klan, abbreviated K.K.K., is in the history of the United States and is now a white and colored ethnic discrimination movement folk exclusive group, is also a representative organization of racism in the United States. The Ku Klux Klan is America’s oldest and largest racist organization. The Ku-Klux comes from Greek KuKloo, which means assembly. Klan is a race. Because all three of them are K, they are called the Ku Klux Klan. Also known as the white union and the invisible empire.

According to a survey by the southern poverty law center, there are about 72 branches in the United States today, totaling between 2,000 and 3,000 members of the Ku Klux Klan. The Nordic Order Knights and Rebel Brigade Knights also believe in the Ku Klux Klan.


10.The Montgomery Bus Boycott

The Montgomery bus boycott was a milestone in the history of the American civil rights movement. Started since the end of 1955, lasted for a year or so of the Montgomery bus boycott shows African Americans and other people in the United States supported the civil rights movement against apartheid and social inequality determination and perseverance. The Montgomery bus boycott eventually led to the 1956 Supreme Court ruling that the Montgomery bus segregation law was unconstitutional.

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