Confederation In Canada
The railroads were built because most of the colony was made up of canals and waterways which were frozen for up to 5 months every year and very poor roads. The railways were built as a portage between Montréal and Lake Champlain. The railways only carried little freight. The people were very excited to get the railroads to carry freight for them. This pushed the colonies towards confederation by joining them by railroads and sharing enthusiasm and giving people that work in mines less work to do, instead of carrying the coal to places, to just send it by trains.
The reciprocity treaty was made because Great Britain started buying crops from other places and Canada needed a new market to sell their products to so Canada turned to the USA and tried to sign a reciprocity treaty. In the US, Washington said no because they didn’t see economic advantages of an agreement like this. But the fisheries industry raised the economic advantages for the signing of the reciprocity which was eventually signed because Canada granted access to US for using the coastal waters of Canada. This pushed people towards the confederation because they didn’t have to give their crops and produce to the British anymore and to a different place which would give them an advantage. The difference made a huge impact.
The Corn Laws was something that sold Canadian grain to Britain. This would have less duty than for Britain to buy them from other countries. This helped Canadian producers gain profits but the limitation of importing grains from other countries made bread in Britain expensive. This contributed to the Irish starvation during the potato famine. But Britain repealed (abolished) the Corn Law which was not restricting Britain from buying grain from other countries anymore. Britain could now buy wheat flour and other products for a lower price from any country. This caused Canada to go into economic depression. A more independent Canadian government which could develop its own economic policies could help that problem. To achieve this a self-government was needed. But that didn’t happen. This Law helped push Canada towards Confederation by first letting them fail and then making a more responsible government which would not sell grain and other products to Britain only anymore
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