All posts by shaylyng2016

The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald – Ballad

The ballad, The Wreck of Edmund Fitzgerald, written by Gordon Lightfoot, explores the central themes of both loss and environment. This poem tells the story of the sailors that died in the tragic wreck, during an unexpected storm, on Lake Superior. Unfortunetly, 29 men lost their lives in the wreck, leaving their families behind. The author demonstrates the theme of loss through the misfortune of the sailors and the impact it had on their families. After the wreck, all that was left was their leagacy, “And all that remains is the faces and the names/ Of the wives and the sons and the daughters” (Lightfoot 39-40). Their faces and names will forever be remembered as the brave men who barred the great waves that caused the unexpected shipwreck. The sailors were not prepared for the weather that they were going to have to endure, and once they had realized the severity of the storm, it was to late: “The wind in the wires made a tattle-tale sound/And a wave broke over the railing/And every man knew, as the captain did too,/T’was the witch of November come stealin'” (Lightfoot 17-20). The storm that the sailors faced, is comparable to one of a hurricane. The ballad is warning us to prepared for any situation, as the unexpected is not as unlikely as we may believe. We have to remember that weather and the environement that we are in can be unpredictable and is constantly changing. We must learn from the mistakes of others, even when it may seem that all hope is lost. Their sacrifice will inspire others to be prepared for anything and to continue fighting until the end.

Grammar Talks – Parentheses & Brackets

Grammar Rule & Examples:

For our Grammar Talks presentation, we chose parentheses and brackets as our grammar rule. The first thing that I learned was how to distinguish parentheses from brackets: parentheses are round brackets ( ) and brackets are the squared version of parentheses [ ]. Parentheses are similar to commas as they can expand on an afterthought or an explanation, they can add more information to a sentence and they can be used as interrupters in a sentence which can change the style of writing. When using parentheses, you could also remove the words in the parentheses and the point of the sentence would still get across. An example of a sentence using parentheses is: “Toby Ford (last year’s team captain) is expected to win most valuable player.” The information inside of the parentheses is information that otherwise would not have been included. Brackets can be used to clarify, to correct or to further explain what was intended by the original speaker. An example using brackets to clarify information is “She [Angelina Jolie] is a very kind person.” This is a perfect example of how to use brackets because the reader may not have known what “She” was referring to, allowing the original speaker to further explain their intents by adding useful information into the brackets. When using periods with parentheses or brackets, the period almost always goes at the end of the sentence on the outside of the parentheses or brackets. However, the period could go on the inside of the parentheses if the entire clause is in the parentheses. “I ate all of the pickles in the jar. (They were quite delicious.)” I also learned that parentheses and brackets can be used together in a sentence. The square brackets can be used inside the parentheses to indicate something dependent to the dependent clause. However, parentheses and brackets can never be used interchangeably.


Straus, Jane, and GrammarBook. “Parentheses and Brackets.” | Your #1 Source for Grammar and Punctuation, Jane Straus/GrammarBook,

“Brackets and Parentheses | English Grammar.” EF Blog, EF Education First Ltd.

Oxford University Press. “Parentheses and Brackets ( ) [ ] | Oxford Dictionaries.” Oxford Dictionaries | English, Oxford Dictionaries, “What Are The ( ) { } [ ] And ⟨ ⟩?”,, 21 Aug. 2018,


Technology Paragraph

Do you think we are too reliant on technology?

Over the past few years, technology has grown in ways that we never could have imagined and because of these ongoing developments, our society has been forced to adapt to this new way of living. We have learned to become almost completely dependent on the technology that surrounds us and soon enough, machines will most likely be doing everything for us. We have become so reliant on technology that “42% of teenage girls and 39-45% of teenage boys say that they get anxious when they do not have access to their phones.” However, this issue is not only affecting our generation, but also the generations that have come before us. Parents today depend on technology to entertain their children; doctors rely on it to aid in medical procedures and thousands of jobs are being replaced by machines that are supposedly more efficient and intelligent than any human. It is sad to think that the average age for a child to receive a cellphone is 10 years old. Giving a child a phone at such a young age is not going to benefit them in the future. It is instead teaching them that hours spent on social media and video games is acceptable and even normal or healthy. Technology has become a tool that most people could not live without. If the reliance continues to advance in the direction that it is going, we should be worried about the next generations ability to thrive.

Week 17 – Pre Calc 11

This week in Pre Calc 11 we learned how to use the Sine and Cosine laws and when to use them. We learned that the Sine Law is used to determine a side or an angle of a triangle in which you couldn’t use SOH CAH TOA, a non-right triangle. Sine Law has two versions of the formula, one is used to find a missing angle and the reciprocal of the formula is used to find a missing side. The formula to find an angle is: \frac{sinA}{a}=\frac{sinB}{b}=\frac{sinC}{c}. The formula to find a missing side is: \frac{a}{sinA}=\frac{b}{sinB}=\frac{c}{sinC}. To know which of the two formuals to use, we must remember that the variable must be in the numerator.

For example: Determine the measure of angle C.

First we must use the formula with the angles in the numerator to be able to determine angle C: \frac{sinA}{a}=\frac{sin50}{7}=\frac{sinC}{9}. Next we must eliminate the portion of the formula that does not give us any useful information: \frac{sin50}{7}=\frac{sinC}{9}. Once we have our equation, we can finish solving for angle C: \frac{9(sin50)}{7}=sinC. This can be simplified to: 80=sinC. Next we must do the inverse sine of 80 degrees to solve for angle C. Our final answer will be: C=100.

The Cosine Law is used when you need to find a third side of a triangle, when the angle opposite to the side is given you are able to use the Cosine formula: a^2=b^2=c^2-2bc cosA, to determine the length of the third side. We can rearrange the formula to solve for any variable, however the variable that is written on the left side of the equal side and the cosine variable must remain the same variable. Solving for a side using the Cosine Law formula is fairly straight forward, the first step is to input the information that we were given, into the formula. From there, we must solve the equation and finally square root both sides to find the final answer. We also learned that there is a second version of the Cosine Law formula that is used to determine a missing angle in a triangle: cosA=\frac{b^2+c^2-a^2}{2bc}.