Canadian Postwar Social History
(Significance) What does the Canadian flag symbolize? How accurate of a symbol for Canada is it?
There is symbolism in both the design and the colours of the Canadian flag. The colours symbolize hope, prosperity, peace, tranquillity and neutrality. The Maple leaf in the middle symbolizes the cultural heritage of the nation and the natural resources of Canada. Canada getting is own flag was important because it showed Canada was independent from Britain. The maple leaf design we use today is recognized around the world as the symbol of Canada. I believe that the maple leaf is an accurate symbol for Canada because we get maple syrup from maple trees and its very sweet just like the nation. People from other countries always say Canadians very sweet and polite. Another reason why I believe it is accurate is because from what I have read through my research is that even since the 1700’s the maple leaf has be a symbol for Canada. In conclusion I believe that the maple leaf is an accurate symbol for Canada because it represents the nation and it is recognized around the world.
Canadian Postwar Social History
(Perspective/Ethical Judgement) Are Aboriginals treated like second class citizens in Canada? Use your understanding of history to explain why or why not.
I believe that Aboriginals were treated like second class citizens. I believe now that aboriginals are not as much treated like second class citizens because in school, we learn about how their culture was nearly wiped out and when learning about these horrific events, we can and have been rebuilding their community and their ways of life. Very few kids survived after going to residential school and if they were lucky enough to survive, they wouldn’t be able to go anywhere because of the poor education they got at residential school. This was an effective way to wipe out their culture. Today, more and more people are becoming aware of these events that have happened and more people are coming up with solutions to rebuild aboriginal culture.
(Ethical Judgement) In what ways does Sally Kohn’s TED Talk apply to the Holocaust? In what ways can it be applied to the increase of hate crimes reported during Covid-19? Is there a dangerous element of hate in our society today? If so, where does it exist and how do we remedy it? If not, why isn’t it dangerous?
After watching Sally Kohn’s TED Talk, I was able to find connections between the Holocaust and her speech. The first connection I made was when she talked about the scale and on one side it was the thought of one group was better than another group. This relates to the Nazis because the Nazis thought that they were better than everyone else. I also found the connection relatable to the Nazis when Kohn was talking about the kid Vickey and how everyone used to bully her, even the teacher and that relates to the Nazis because they believed that the things Hitler was doing was right. I have noticed that on the news people have been leaving hate messages on Chinese statues because people hate on China for COVID-19. I believe that there is a dangerous element of hate in our society today. I don’t think that there is a lot of hate in Canada but In the US the same issue of being racist towards black people has occurred again. I think that its not as bad in Canada because Canada is a very multicultural place which is great because we grow up in schools together and therefore we accept each other and treat everyone as equals.
(Continuity & Change) How did Canada’s role in WWII battles change over time? Explain with reference to the sequence of battles Canada participated in.
After reading the textbook, Canadas role in early WW2 was similar to WW1. Their job was to send supplies to common wealth countries. But Canada’s role changed when the bombing of pearl harbour happened. Canada had sent two battalions to reinforce the British commonwealth forces in Hong Kong. Unfortunately, Canadian soldiers were inexperienced and were no match for the skilled Japanese soldiers. Canadians contributed to the war effort on all fronts. Over the course of the war, Canada expanded its navy and air force to help reinforce the Allies. Desperately short of equipment and personnel, Canada embarked on a massive building and training program so that by the end of the war, the RCN had grown to 400 vessels and more than 100 000 sailors. Canada also helped turn the tide. The RCN is credited with providing about half the escorts across the Atlantic. Canada built small warships called corvettes which escorted tonnes of cargo across the ocean. 14,000 Canadians soldiers landed at Juno beach to help at the battle of D-Day. They were successful and fought there way inland by about 9 kilometres. Canada had a huge part in WW2 with aiding Britain and other commonwealth countries with supplies while also training hundreds of thousands of soldiers to fight in the front lines.
(Cause & Consequence) Using examples from Lesson #1, what conditions seem to bring rise to dictatorships?
The conditions that bring rise to dictatorships seems to be mostly coming from the citizens trying to solve the economic problems. Benito Mussolini in Italy, Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union and Adolf Hitler in Germany rose to power essentially because their countries had in some way been made unhappy by the outcome of that war. They ended up want more power which was a big problem. It wasn’t just because of the outcome of WW1 and the economy but it was also viewed politically. Mussolini thought that Italy was better than everyone and Italy became more Fascist.
(Ethical Judgement) Reflection:
- Watch Canada’s Apology to Japanese Canadians
- Was the 1988 apology for interning Japanese Canadians necessary? Is the redress of $20,000 to survivors adequate? Explain why or why not.
- If Canada apologized for the treatment of Japanese Canadians in WWII, what other identifiable groups does Canada owe an apology to and why?
It was during the second World War when thousands of Japanese citizens were forced into interment camps. I definitely think the apology was necessary because they have been waiting ever since. The ones who survived were given $20,000. $20,000 dollars will not make up for the millions that were lost or that an apology will be enough but they will prove that Japanese Canadians were good Canadians all along. I think that $20,000 is adequate because when they were forced into these camps their belongings were sold and taken away from them so this money could definitely help them. Canada also owes an apology to Jewish people because Canada’s discriminatory immigration policies denied entry to those seeking refuge, particularly Jews.
(Perspective/Evidence) Read over the Letters to Bennett. Which was your favourite letter to Bennett and why?
After reading all the letters my favourite one had to be Maurice Stanley. I enjoyed this letter the most because it was written by a young boy who was trying to make life easier for him and his dog. He put effort into the letter he wrote, only knowing a small amount of vocabulary because he is only in grade 3.
(Continuity and change) Could the causes of the Great Depression happen today? Are we in any of those situations that were happening in the Roaring 20s?
The Great Depression is a significant historical event that happened in the past. The Great Depression was caused by a stock market crash in the 1920’s. When some investors started selling their stocks in order to cash in on high profits, others rushed to sell also. As a result, stock prices fell. On Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the New York Stock Exchange collapsed, followed by the Toronto and Montréal Stock Exchanges. I think the causes of the Great Depression could happen again because of the recent issue of COVID-19. Many stores have shutdown and even small businesses. Many people have been impacted by this pandemic financially. Lots of people have lost their job due to this issue and even companies have not been able to run because of safety reasons. The pandemic is the only thing I believe that could cause a Great Depression. The only other reason I can think of is if another war were to happen.
(Significance) Summarize what happened with Canada and the Chanak Crisis, Halibut Treaty, King-Byng Crisis, and the Statute of Westminster? Explain how much autonomy was gained by each?
The Chanak Crisis marked the first time that Canada did not automatically support Britain in a war. British occupation troops were threatened by nationalist Turks at a Turkish port. If Turkey were to regain control of this port, they would have clear access to Europe through the Black Sea. Canada gained autonomy because they didn’t ask Britain for help. Canada negotiated a treaty with the United States to protect halibut along the coasts of British Columbia and Alaska. When Britain tried to pressure King into letting their representative sign the treaty, King insisted that it was a matter between Canada and the U.S. He threatened to set up an independent Canadian representative in Washington, and Britain backed down. This was the first treaty negotiated and signed independently by the Canadian government. In 1926, Mackenzie King publicly challenged Britain over the role of the governor general. Since the King-Byng crisis, no Governor General has acted against the wishes of an elected prime minister. This event made Canada gain a great amount of autonomy because they were finally independent.