Mystery Powder Lab

Mystery Powder Lab Questions


  1. Explain the difference between a chemical and physical change.

A chemical change is a change in matter that happens when substances combine to create new substances that were not there before. A chemical change can usually be identified by a the substance having new colour, giving off light or heat that wasn’t there, the forming of bubbles or gas, solids changing to a liquid, or by testing how hard the change is to reverse. A physical change is a change in appearance but unlike the chemical change, no new substances are formed. For example, ice melting is a physical change because even though a solid became a liquid, no new substances formed.


  1. For unknown D, explain the results of each test, including what you saw and whether what you saw was a chemical or physical change.

Me and my group did six different tests on seven powders. We did a test on appearance, whether it dissolved in water, what happened when heated, and what happened when it came into contact with universal indicator, an iodine solution, and vinegar. For unknown powder D the appearance was powdery with small clumps, it was a dirty white colour and was matte. It stuck to walls like unknown C but not quite as much. The next test we conducted was whether or not the powders dissolved in water. Unknown D did not although it became thicker and pasty. The change here was physical because no know substances were created. The third test was what happened to the powder when heated. Powder D stayed the same as did the rest of the powders except for E and Z. The change in powder D was neither physical nor chemical as there was no change. We then tested what would happen when it came into contact with universal indicator. When the eye dropper’s drops of universal indicator hit powder D, it solidified and turned yellow which is a chemical change because a new substance formed. We know this because a liquid turned into a solid with no heat taken away and no pressure added. The next test was what happened when the powders came into contact with the iodine solution. When the iodine hit unknown powder D, the iodine turned brown and stayed a liquid although it didn’t mix in with the powder. This was a physical change as iodine is already a shade of brown so not much changed. The last test we performed on the unknown powders was what happened to them when they came in contact with vinegar. The vinegar-powder mix became sticky where the vinegar hit unknown D and the vinegar became a solid. This change was chemical as the liquid vinegar became a solid without change in temperature or pressure and it became a sticky substance which was not there before.


  1. Based on your results identify which two powders make up Mystery Powder X and which two powders make up Mystery Powder Z?

Based on our test results, we think that unknown powders C and E made up mystery X, and that A and D made mystery Z. C and E make X because of certain changes in each of them that only happened in either C and X or E and X. For example, when C came into contact with the universal indicator it solidified. When E did, it turned green and X solidified and turned green. Also when the vinegar was dropped onto the powders, the only two that bubbled up were E and X, although X not as much which makes sense because it must have been diluted with C. This is why X is made up of C and E. As for Z there are only three left. We know that one of them is powder D because Z is powdery and the only two that are powdery are C and D which C has already been used. Also D and Z are the only two powders that solidified and turned yellow when they came into contact with universal indicator. As for the other powder that makes up Z it can only be either A or B. This one was a little more difficult to decide on which one was in Z because not as many properties shared. My conclusion was that it was A in Z because of some small similarities. For example, Z is a powder but A and B are both crystals. However, A has smaller crystals and B’s crystals would probably be evident in Z. Another reason is that when tested with universal indicator, Z becomes solid and yellow like D. B stays the same but orange, and A stays the same but a yellowy-orange. If B was in Z, Z would probably not have become yellow but more of an orange. Mystery X is C and E, and mystery Z is A and D


  1. Explain any experimental sources of error from this lab (where could you have possibly made a mistake?)

I think me and my group did really good and there was only two mistakes I could find. The first one was that when heating, we had to look at the bottom of the cups of powder for colour because we put a little too much in and did not have time to heat the top. The second mistake was we might’ve done something wrong when testing A because I’m not sure if the results should have been that close between A and B being in Z. I could still find that A was the one in Z but if I had the time I would have re-done the testing on A and heated the powders again with a little less in them.

Grey Water Experiment Project

How well do plants grow when watered with dishwashing grey water (with Dawn dish washing soap)?

Part A: Question, Research, and Hypothesis

Research: We found out that plants, especially fruit trees can survive on grey water, so we want to find out if they help the plants grow better than with regular tap water. We found out that you shouldn’t put the grey water on edible parts of the plant because it can harm the humans eating the plants due to the dangerous bacteria and chemicals in the soap and grey water. Some well developed countries don’t trust the use of grey water but countries that suffer droughts that are getting worse as the years pass need to use grey water as they don’t have a large supply of fresh water for plants.

Hypothesis And Reasoning: Our hypothesis is that plants watered with grey water will still grow but not as much as the plants watered with tap water. We think that the bacteria and/or chemicals that we’re exposing the plants to will stunt its growth not letting it reach its full height. Some countries don’t trust grey water, but others are starting to use it, giving us more trust that our plants will still grow if not to their maximum height.

Part B: Plan

Investigation Plan: We will start by getting all our supplies and then by setting up our workspace. On the first day we will water half of our plants with tap water and half of our plants with grey water. We will see if there are any immediate effects. Every couple of days, we will check our plants and take a picture to keep track of our data. On every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, we will water our plants. On the final day we will check our data and our plants to see if there are any significant differences between the tap water plants and the grey water plants.
Collection Of Data Materials: We will be using two materials to collect our data. The two materials are a camera on an iPad to keep track of the visual changes, and a word document to keep a small journal on day-to-day changes of the plants. These will help us in the end to come to a conclusion on whether the plants watered with grey water were affected at all.
Safety Issues And Risks: There is little to no risk in this experiment. The worst-case scenario is either getting a little dirty, or soap in your eyes; both not life-threatening safety issues.
Ethical, Cultural, And Environmental Issues: As far as what we are doing, there should be no issues, in fact some cultures would probably think its good what we are doing. Our experiment can help people that live in places that don’t have as good access to water as we do. They can look at the results of our experiment or do it for themselves to see if they can use the same water that they washed their dishes with for their plants. As for the First Nations, we can see no way that we are creating any issues with them by conducting this experiment.

Part C: Data

Plant Data Journals

Sep. 24th 2019:
The (TYPE OF PLANT) are in the classroom today with their first water. All look very similar and I would not be able to tell them apart.

Sep. 25th 2019:
After one day there is still no change which is as expected.

Sep. 27th 2019:
Another two days and still no change. All four plants, both the two tap water and the two grey water are looking healthy.

October 2nd 2019:
Finally we are starting to see a little change. The two grey water plants are starting to look slightly more dry despite the fact that we water both equally.

October 7th 2019:
Almost another week later the differences between the two are becoming more recognizable. The plants watered by tap water seem to have slightly richer colours in both leaves and stem.

October 11th 2019:
The plants watered by grey water are just becoming more noticeable by how dry they are looking. The grey water plants stems look lighter and not quite so rich in colour.

October 15th 2019:
Our last day of watering. The tap watered plants look healthier in stems and leaves than the grey water plants. Even the height is slightly greater.

October 16th 2019:
We start making our graph and analyzing our data. We have one last look at the plants before we start to write our results. The tap water plants look much more healthy than the grey water plants. Their leaves are greener, there stems are deeper in colour, and they are slightly taller. The biggest difference between the two is that the grey water’s plants leaves look a lot more dry and some even look a little shrivelled with small blemishes on them.


Part D: Analyze

Height Graph: The height of the plant can determine how healthy the plant is by how much it has grown. Healthier plants should be taller as they grow to their full height. The tap water plants are both taller than the grey water plants although not by much which is to be expected as they have only been growing under grey water for three weeks. The plant colour however is a lot more noticeable despite the short time when watered with grey water.

Plant Colour Graph: We can determine how healthy each plant is or how dry each plant is be looking at the colour of the leaves. The grey water plants leaves are a lot lighter shade of green and look like they need a little more water despite the fact that they have been watered equally throughout the three weeks.

Relationship Between Variables: Our variable that we changed for each of the two sets of plants was what we watered each with. The first two plants we watered with ordinary tap water. The second two plants we watered with grey water (Dish washing soap and water with Dawn dish soap). The relationship between the plants watered with grey water and the plants watered with tap water is that the grey water plants look more dry and don’t have as deep colours. They are also slightly smaller and have some small blemishes on the leaves. This shows that when watered with soapy water, the plants become less healthy than when watered with tap water.

Inconsistencies: The only small inconsistency was that one of the tap water plants also had a couple of small blemishes on the leaves but they were minor compared to the ones on the leaves of the grey water plants.

Part E: Conclusion

Hypothesis (was it supported), Our Conclusion, And Can There Be Other Conclusions: The data that we collected supported our hypothesis. Our hypothesis is, plants watered with grey water will still grow but not as much as the plants watered with tap water. We were correct to state this although there wasn’t as big a difference in height as we thought there would be. However, the plants watered with grey water differed from the tap water plants in another way. The grey water plants look more dry than the tap water plants even though we watered each equally. Both leaves and stems of the grey water plants didn’t look quite as healthy and that brings us to our conclusion. Over the span of three weeks, we have determined that a tropical indoor plant will grow when watered with grey water. However, it will not grow as well as one watered with tap water as they may not reach their full height and become dry even if watered regularly. Our conclusion should be the only conclusion even if others do the same experiment. The only way somebody doing our experiments conclusion could change is if the plants don’t get the exact same treatment (except for the variable) or if different plants are used.

Methods And Conditions Of Experiment:

Sources of Error: We did pretty good in not having anything wrong but even the best scientists make mistakes. Our biggest mistake was not measuring the height of the plants at the start of our project so even though we know that the tap water plants are bigger, we don’t know exactly how much each one grew.

Confusing Variables: Throughout the three weeks, we did everything exactly the same to each of the four plants. The only variable that we changed was that two of them we watered with tap water, while the other two we watered with grey water (water with mixed in Dawn dish washing soap). We found that we didn’t have any confusing variables because we were so careful to make sure that everything was done the same to each plant.

Areas For Improvement: In any experiment there is always ways to improve. In our experiment we could’ve improved a couple of things such as measuring the height of our plants at the start of our experiment. We could have also used more plants as we had two for each tap and grey water. The data probably would’ve been more reliable had we used three plants for each tap and grey water. These are the two biggest ways we could’ve improved our experiment but as in all experiments there is always many different ways to improve no matter how small the improvement.

SMART Goal Reflection

1. What was your goal?
My goal was to walk home from school every day for one week
2. Did you achieve it? How or how not?
I did achieve my goal by making sure my parents knew not to pick me up and not have me do something immediately after school
3. What was the most challenging part of achieving your goal?
The hardest part was making sure that I didn’t have to go somewhere after because one of the days my dad was going to pick me up after school to get new hockey gloves so I had to rearrange that
4. What would you do differently next time?
I would have myself walk to school instead of walking back home because sometimes I have to get driven to go somewhere
5. Will you continue with this type of goal? If you do, explain what you will do. If not, explain why you are satisfied with where you are at.
I will try to continue to walk to and from school as much as possible and I’m satisfied even if I don’t do it every day because sometimes I will need to go places or get home quick for something.

Stop Motion – A Mountain Journey

A Mountain Journey

Our groups stop motion project is about the short story A Mountain Journey. We have six different scenes that show the struggles and successes of Dave Conroy. It’s narrated all by me to make it easy to understand and I also brought most of the lego, had the device to film, and did half of the filming. The rest was split up evenly between Maxwell, Caleb and Mel who all pulled their weight.

By: Maxwell, Caleb, Mel and Sam

Water Quality in the Coquitlam River and Oxbow Pond

Over the past week in Ms. Brandsma’s science 9 class, expert scientists Noah, Braden, and myself (We are actually just students), have been conducting experiments on the water quality of two water bodies in Port Coquitlam. The Coquitlam River and Oxbow Pond are both located within less than a kilometre away from Gates park. Despite this, one is a clean-looking fast-flowing river, and the other looks to be more of a disgusting swamp. However, looks can be deceiving. The information we took from our tests consists of temperature tests, chemical analysis’s and the presence of aquatic invertebrates. The information from these three tests will help us determine the water quality of both Oxbow Pond, and Coquitlam River.

The first test we conducted on each of the water bodies was temperature. By finding the temperature, we can find whether the water is in good condition for fish and other aquatic animals. Water temperature can help us determine whether or not the water is in good condition because water that is too warm has a higher fish disease risk and different types of fish. Colder water temperatures result in a lower risk of fish disease and the type of fish we have here. Colder water also tends to have more dissolved oxygen than warm water which helps aquatic life survive. We took three different tests in three different spots for both bodies of water to find the temperature of each. All of our tests resulted in us coming to the conclusion that both bodies of water have a colder temperature which means that temperature wise, they are quite healthy. The Coquitlam River had an average temperature of 11 degrees Celsius, and the Oxbow Pond had an average temperature of 9.6 degrees Celsius, both falling into the cold category of water temperature (5-13 degrees Celsius).

Chemical analysis’s are a big help in determining whether or not a body of water has good water quality. At both Oxbow Pond, and Coquitlam River, my friends and I performed five different chemical analysis’s. The first was a test on pH levels or how acidic the water is. Pure water has a pH level of 7. The lower the number, the more acidic, and the higher the number (up to 14), the more alkaline. Most aquatic animals prefer a pH level from 6 to 8.5. The water at both bodies of water we tested fit in between 6 and 8.5 but weren’t quite pure. Oxbow pond had a pH level of 6.5, and Coquitlam River 6.3. Therefore, both are healthy enough for aquatic animals as for as there pH level.

The second and third chemical analysis we conducted was Nitrate and Nitrite levels. Nitrates are found in water from things such as fertilizer runoff, sewage treatment plants, manure runoff, and exhaust from vehicles. Nitrates in small amounts can’t do much but Nitrites are different. Nitrites do not last long as they are usually quickly converted into Nitrates by bacteria. Nitrites can create a serious illness called brown blood disease in fish. This can also affect babies especially when under three months of age which causes a condition known as blue baby disease. The Nitrate levels were 3.3 ppm (parts per million) in the Coquitlam River. However in Oxbow Pond, the Nitrate levels were 13.3 ppm. Although the Nitrite levels were a lot closer in fact, our tests showed that both Pond and River had a Nitrite level of 0.3 ppm. As for Nitrites, Oxbow Pond and Coquitlam River have suitable levels as there is a limit of 1 ppm on drinking water and both bodies of water fit under that.

The fourth chemical analysis we did was testing the hardness of the water. The hardness of water refers to the amount of dissolved calcium and magnesium particles in the water. Hard water is safe for human consumption, however it can damage household items such as shower heads and pipes. Hard water is also safe for aquatic animals, the only part of water hardness that can harm organisms and animals is when it suddenly changes from soft to hard or the other way around. The hardness of water in the Coquitlam River and Oxbow Pond are both quite similar, Oxbow pond having 40 ppm and Coquitlam River having 33.3 ppm. Both bodies of water have soft water so we can say that both are healthy based on the tests we performed as we did not measure changes in the hardness.

The last chemical analysis we conducted was testing carbonate levels. Carbonate in water is what changes the hardness. The more carbonate in the water, the harder the water is. The Coquitlam River has a lower carbonate level than Oxbow Pond which matches its hardness. The Coquitlam River had a carbonate level of 10 ppm where Oxbow Pond had a higher level of 50 ppm which also matches its slightly harder water. Despite the levels of carbonate being higher in Oxbow Pond, it still has soft water. Both Pond and River have relatively low carbonate levels which matches their soft water, therefore the bodies of water have healthy carbonate levels.

The final test we conducted to determine the water quality of the Coquitlam River and Oxbow Pond was finding invertebrates in these bodies of water to see what types were there. This helps because different invertebrates need different conditions to survive, and are more tolerable of pollution than others. The invertebrates that we found in the Coquitlam River consisted in Mayfly nymphs (scraper), Stonefly nymphs (shredder), Water Striders, Midge larva, and Dragonfly nymph (predator). Both Stonefly nymph and Mayfly nymph are found in good quality water as they are pollution sensitive. The Dragonfly nymph is somewhat pollution tolerant. The Midge larva can be found in any quality of water. Water skimmers aren’t as good an indicator as the other invertebrates as it doesn’t depend as much on the water (lives on surface). Taking the information that these five invertebrates give us, we can say that the Coquitlam River has good water quality. Although there are organisms living in the river that are pollution tolerant, this just means that they could be in any type of water. As for the invertebrates more sensitive to pollution, they wouldn’t be found in polluted water.

The invertebrates found in Oxbow Pond were definitely different. The only one that existed in both was the Dragonfly nymph. Besides that there was also the Riffle beetle, Damselfly, and Leech. The Riffle beetle is found in good quality water as it is sensitive to pollution. The Dragonfly nymph, as said before, is somewhat pollution tolerant as well as the Damselfly. The leech can be found in any quality of water, being pollution tolerant. Despite the smaller amount of pollution tolerant invertebrates, we can still say that Oxbow Pond has good water quality as the Riffle beetle wouldn’t be able to live there if it was polluted.

Finally, to determine whether Oxbow Pond, and Coquitlam River have good water quality, we add up the each of the results from the three tests we conducted. The results show that even though Oxbow Pond might look a little like a swamp, it still has good water quality, maybe even as good as the Coquitlam River. All in all, both bodies of water have good water quality despite their different looks, and are not polluted.


Reflection: I thought this project was a fun way to look at the water quality of water bodies near where we live. My class and I got to learn how to test chemical analysis’s, locate invertebrates in the water and see what this meant for the quality of water the said tests were performed in. We got to work outside for four days and it was a project I would definitely suggest for my teacher to continue assigning and would also encourage other teachers to try it out as well.

Digital Footprint

1. How might your digital footprint affect your future opportunities? Give at least two examples.

Your digital footprint could affect your future opportunities in many ways especially with employment, universities, and sports teams. Your digital footprint could affect your these opportunities if you have a good digital footprint or bad. If you have a good digital footprint employers, teachers, coach’s etc. could see all of the amazing things you have done and pick you over someone else. If you have a bad digital footprint, they could see all of the not-so-good things you have done and not want to pick you.Two Person in Formal Attire Doing Shakehands

2. Describe at least three strategies that you can use to keep your digital footprint appropriate and safe.

One strategy to keep your digital footprint safe is to keep secure passwords on all of your social media pages, blogs etc. Another way to keep your footprint safe is to not let others post bad things about you and if they do ask them to take the post down or block them (do what you can to not let them). The best strategy to keep your digital footprint appropriate and safe, is to not post anything that needs to be hidden and just don’t do anything stupid online.Security Logo

3. What information did you learn that you would pass on to other students? How would you go about telling them?

I learned that keeping a positive digital footprint can help you not only in getting a job, but also getting into universities and onto sports teams. I also learned that not having a digital footprint is not as bad as having a negative one but its still better to have one so that employers or teachers can look at your footprint to see what you have done. I will pass on my information by telling my friends and family and telling them to tell their friends. Hopefully that way more people will know about their digital footprint and how it can help their future.

Footprint on Sand


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Where would alien life most likely be if we found it?


Where would alien life most likely be if we found it?

The universe is so unimaginably huge that we don’t even know if it ends. Researchers are looking for life in the universe and to find it, they need to think where it would be? Realistically life could be anywhere, because whatever life there is out there, could’ve evolved to the conditions. The thing is, we can’t look everywhere because our technology limits us, and there is way too much out there. So how do we narrow it down. Take the most reliable ways scientists are using to find life and put them together. Some of these include searching for water, stars’ habitable zones, and oxygen and methane found together. Wherever there are planets that are found to have these traits, there is a higher probability that they have life.

The number one way (in my opinion) that scientists are looking for life, is searching for water. Every known living thing on Earth needs water. Based on this, any life that we find, should need water. Researchers have been looking at Mars a lot because of the dried up riverbeds and permafrost (ground whether its rock or soil, that remains frozen for two or more years) that they have found. However, the search for planets, have lead scientists to focus in on one of Jupiter’s moons, Europa. Europa is a moon that is pretty much a ball of very thick ice, but this ball of ice might not be so thick in one place. According to Corey S. Powell, writer of Europa or Bust, “Researchers working with the Hubble Space Telescope sighted a huge vapour cloud hovering over Europa’s southern hemisphere. Evidently liquid water is able to break through the crust and blow into space, meaning that either there is water close to the surface or there are very deep cracks in the ice.” Using these cracks or the thinner ice we could see if a probe could get down into the water to see whether there’s life. Getting through this ice would be an incredible feat and if scientists even managed to do it there might not be life. All this relates to another way researchers are looking for life.

Europa is 780 million kilometres from the sun. The suns habitable zone starts roughly 142 million kilometres away. Earth is the only planet that is in the habitable zone which is 150 million kilometres away from the sun. My point is that not even Mars is in the habitable zone and it is only around 225 million kilometres away from Earth. Europa is much, much farther. What is a stars habitable zone? It is the next best way for finding life, and it really narrows down where life would most likely be. A stars habitable zone has to do with water and Goldilocks. Water too close to a star will dry up, but water too far away will freeze like it has on Europa. However, water at a perfect distance from its star, is just right, (just like Goldilocks’ porridge) and it will remain a liquid. As I said before, water is super important and so, scientists have found a way to tell whether a planet is in their stars habitable zone using space telescopes like Kepler and TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite). Jamie Shreeve wrote “Like Kepler, TESS looks for a slight dimming in the luminosity of a star when a planet passes–transits–in front of it. TESS is scanning nearly the whole sky, with the goal of identifying about 50 exoplanets with rocky surfaces like Earth’s that could be investigated by more powerful telescopes coming on line.” With telescopes like these, we can identify what planets are in their stars habitable zone, but until scientists build a spacecraft that can reach these planets we don’t know exactly what is there, although we do know where to look once we’ve gotten there.

The last method that I found to narrow down where life would be is by using the chemical reaction of methane and oxygen. Jamie Shreeve writes “Oxygen is a flagrantly promiscuous molecule–it’ll react and bond with just about everything on a planet’s surface. So if we can find evidence of it accumulating in an atmosphere, it will raise some eyebrows. Even more telling would be a biosignature composed of oxygen and other compounds related to life on Earth. Most convincing of all would be to find oxygen along with methane, because those two gases from living organisms destroy each other. Finding them both would mean there must be constant replenishment.” So far, researchers have not found these two gases together, but like Jamie Shreeve said, if we find oxygen and methane together, there would be a high chance that its because of life.

To answer the question of where life would most likely be if we found it, I would say, find a planet that has water, that is in its stars habitable zone, and that has oxygen and another gas, particularly methane, existing together. If there is a planet out there with all of these conditions then it’s very possible some form of life exists on that planet. Even though the chances are that this is where life is, we can never be sure, and according to the article The search is on: new missions and discoveries on Earth within our solar system and beyond are bringing us closer than ever to finding alien life on other planets, “John Priscu is similarly open-minded about the appearance of alien life. “I bet we have looked it straight in the face already,” he says, “but didn’t know what we were looking for.””


Abbasi, Jennifer. “The search is on: new missions and discoveries on Earth within our solar system and beyond are bringing us closer than ever to finding alien life on other planets.” Popular Science, Oct. 2011, p. 37+. Gale In Context: Science, Accessed 9 Sept. 2019.

Barone, Jennifer. “Are we alone? A NASA telescope cranks up the search for alien planets.” Science World/Current Science, 6 May 2013, p. 14+. Gale In Context: Science, Accessed 9 Sept. 2019.

Powell, Corey S. “Europa or bust.” Popular Science, Sept. 2015, p. 54+. Gale In Context: Science, Accessed 9 Sept. 2019.


Picture by pennstatenews is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0


1) What questions did you need to research in order to research your topic?
How are researchers are looking for life?
What methods are used?
How advanced are our telescopes and to what point can they look for life? (How much can they do)
Why is water so important for life?
2) What new or familiar digital tools did you try to use as you worked through this project?
New tools I used were Creative Commons, Gale Power Search, YouTube, and Edublog. Familiar ones were Word and Google.
3) What was the process you used to investigate the topic?
First, I got all of my information from Gale Power Search and checked to see if it was reliable. I then put all of that information in to a template to organize it. That then lead me to a couple of more questions I had, so I researched them (got my sources as I went). Second, I started to write out the information in organized paragraphs. Then, I edited what I wrote and added in, or took out whatever I needed. Finally, I put in my picture and my video that fit in with my wonder project.
4) How did you verify and cite the information you found?
I used Gale Power Search for most of my researching which is a pretty reliable site. I also checked that information with one or two other articles and sites (this is where I used Google, to check information) to make sure it was trust worthy. I cited the information I found by using the “cite” button on Gale Power Search.
5) How did the process of completing this challenge go? What could you have done better?
The process of completing my Wonder project went quite well with not too many difficulties. The only thing I could’ve done better is not waste my time with some of the smaller details and not get distracted by useless information as this project took me several hours of homework to finish.

Rapid Nation

I am excited to be at Riverside because of all the different school sports that you can’t play in middle school (like soccer) and for hockey academy because hockey is my favourite sport and I get to do it as a class. I’m also excited for Bike Tech because I get to learn more about bikes and I just got a new one. A goal I have for the next four years is to learn and become more confident with computers and other tech because I’m not very good at it.