Ted Talk “The Ethical Dilemma of Designer Babies”
Ethics Planning Template
Designer Babies PowerPoint
this PowerPoint is on Designer Babies and the ethical dilemma around it.
Compare and contrast:
What would happen if we lived mars and how would it affect the human mind and body?
This question is meaningful to me because one day we might have to move to another planet and it’s important to know how it will affect us in many aspects. Many people think about what we would need to go to Mars and who would go but not many people think about how it will affect us mentally and physically. I think it’s important for us to know what would happen to our minds and body on the trip there and when we are living there.
This question is meaningful to others because moving there will take a big toll on everybody no matter how healthy you are. Since we don’t know much about this topic, It’s important to learn more and educate people because we need to know what people can do to help them and what strategies will work the best in space.
This is the winning design for the NASA Mars habitat contest
How would we prepare for a trip to Mars?
How do we decide who goes to Mars?
What would it be like living on Mars?
How will living on Mars affect the human body?
How will living on Mars affect the human mind?
Preparing for a trip to Mars isn’t a difficult as you would think it would be because there isn’t much of a difference between a Mars day and an Earth one. One Mars day or “sol” is exactly 39 minutes and 35.2 seconds longer than an Earth day. On June 10th, 2003, NASA sent the Mars Rover, Spirit into space and on its way to the Red Planet. Spirit landed on January 4th of 2004. Two years later in March, scientists at NASA started an experiment where they would live on Mars time for 3 months to better communicate with Spirit. Because of the very small 39 minute difference between the two planets, their sleep schedule moved ahead by 40 minutes each night instead of sustaining the same time. At the end of this experiment, the scientists came to the conclusion that when humans do travel to Mars, adjusting to a new schedule on the red planet will be the least of our worries.
When the Space X CEO was asked this question, his answers were, “We’re trying to make it such that anyone can go,” with “maybe a few days of training.” Later in the interview, he stated that “The risk of fatality will be really high. There’s no way around it,” and “It would be basically, are you prepared to die? If that’s okay, then you’re a candidate for going.”. But there is much more to being a candidate for the trip then just being prepared to die. You would be living in a small, restricted environment dealing with high-stress situations which can take a toll on you mentally and physically. Physically speaking, you don’t have to be an all-star athlete, but you would have to be fairly fit and with no medical conditions. Many astronauts have a background in the military and flying and also tend to have an adventurous spirit. NASA requires that you have a technical degree in math, engineering or other subjects along those lines. but it isn’t just mathematicians and engineers that you would need on the trip. You would need to have Doctors to keep everyone healthy and Scientists to execute a variety of experiments for research purposes. There have been discussions about what variables would make the perfect group of people to travel to the red planet. Scientists have discovered that an all-male group would not work because men can become competitive and this can lead to many complications. All- female groups would not work either because women tend to focus on making relationships and building connections with each other. This is why a mixed group is best for a trip that demands so much attention. The men in the group will help the women focus less on making friends and more on the task at hand, and the women will help the men be less competitive. The number of people that are in the group is also very important and has more effects on how the ship operates then you would think. with a group of more than 30 people, there tend to be smaller groups that people break off into with creating an “us and them” concept. for example, with a larger group, the scientists would be more likely to hang out together then with the rest of the group whereas in a smaller group of people everyone would be more compelled to hang out with everyone all together. this is better for the traveler’s mind as hanging out with a variety of people is better for their mental state which is a very important thing to keep healthy when in a vastly different environment for an extended period of time. Age range is also something that is important to keep in mind as a younger generation is more flexible in their thinking and more physically able. An older generation is also valuable because they have more experience and will have more perspective on things. with all of this data and different qualifications, the ideal group of people to go to the red planet would be 20-30 people of women and men with ages ranging from 20s-40s who are reasonably fit with no health complications and that have a range of different abilities.
NASA’s modern rockets aren’t powerful enough to make it the 140 million miles to the Red Planet. because of this, NASA is creating a rocket, called the Orion that will be able to make the trip and reach a staggering 25,000 miles an hour. this rocket will be the fastest man-made object to ever break through the Earths atmosphere.even then, it will still be an eight-month journey to Mars. NASA is also developing a new spacesuit that will not only supply you with oxygen and heat but it will adjust its pressure to compensate for the low pressure of the planet. the suits will also be equipped with a “digital doc” that will be connected to your ear and neck to track heart rate, vital signs, and temperature. If it notices a difference in any of those areas, it will alert you, diagnose your illness and recommend the best medicine. NASA plans to create and update lots of technology by the 2030s, which is when they hope to begin sending people to the Red Planet. They hope to send us up into space with a 3D printer to that we will be able to print as much of the equipment that we will need. this will be a huge achievement because today’s astronauts have to bring a lot of spare parts and extra equipment with them. This will definitely be more efficient as the extra parts that they have to bring with them take up quite a bit of space. Space X and NASA are developing robots that will be sent to Mars before we get there to set up habitats and prepare the land as much as possible. they will also stick around to help out with some of the jobs that will have to be done. “Anything dull, dirty, or dangerous–those are tasks for robots”. One of the jobs for the robots will be for them to sifts through the dirt and collect the ice. The ice on Mars is made up of oxygen and hydrogen which are the ingredients for rocket fuel. They are also working on a system to keep the oxygen level appropriate called Astrobee. Astrobee will also check on the spacecraft parts and the habitat to keep a lookout for areas where repairs are needed and send photos and video to the scientists back on earth so they will be able to send feedback and advice. At the moment, the idea of sending feedback and advice is not feasible because communication between the two planets is delayed by about 40 minutes and that can make a huge difference when asking for help. so, because of this NASA and Space X are hoping to be able to speed up the communication time by using lasers to beam information between Earth and Mars which will be over one hundred times faster. this will also give them the opportunity to send an unlimited number of photos and videos back home. NASA and Space X are working together to create the best technology possible to help get humans to mars as quickly as possible.
Living on Mars will definitely take a physical toll on our bodies, but the change will start aboard the International Space Station. On the Space Station, we will experience changes in our muscles causing them to deteriorate and cause muscle atrophy, our bone density that can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis and we can experience negative effects on the cardiovascular system. eventually, our bodies will adapt to the differences in the atmosphere, making life on Mars very similar to life on the ISS. Once the astronauts do finally make it to the Red Planet, they will have to adjust to the lower levels of gravity as mars only has 38% of the gravitational pull that earth does. After long space flights, all astronauts have difficulty dealing with the weight of the gravity on Earth. When the astronauts return home, there is a “post-mission” crew that await the astronaut’s arrival to help them adjust back to the Earths atmosphere. Although on the mission to Mars, this crew is not needed as it is a one-way trip. The change in gravitational pull can have an effect on the bone density, muscle strength, and circulation which can make it nearly impossible for them to return back to earth. despite the fact that the lower levels of gravity will make a softer landing on entry into Mars’ atmosphere. our bodies will not be able to re-adjust to the gravity of earth. Our bodies would be too weak to function on our planet. Not only will living on Mars be a challenge but the eight-month trip there will also be a difficult road.
Living on Mars will be very lonely as you will only be interacting with 20-30 people. loneliness is very dangerous and it’s important to make sure that everyone on board that ship feels safe and like they have someone to talk to. loneliness is also linked to social isolation which can result in a lack of opportunities for social engagement and mental stimulation. It’s important to stay active during your time aboard the ISS and consistently be doing activities that keep the brain in a healthy state and lower the risk of dementia such as; eating healthy, physical exercise, connecting with people, and controlling emotions. staying healthy and being independent are also ways to keep yourself from feeling lonely and isolated. While on the International Space Station, it’s important to have someone that you can trust and talk to as feeling welcomed and connected to others is a responsibility for everyone. There is no denying that when you are on the ISS, there are times that you will feel upset and unhappy. Luckily, friends, family, and loved one can be contacted with a simple phone call. Life on the International Space Station will definitely be much easier in that prescriptive than is will on Mars as once you reach the planet there will be limited contact with family and friends. On the Red Planet, you will no longer be able to sustain a phone call with loved ones. Your new life on Mars will definitely change the way that you view yourself. members at NASA created an animation to simulate living on Mars. Romain Charles, Diego Urbina, and 4 other NASA members lived within this simulation for 520 days. Romain Charles shared his experience of feeling separated from the world outside the simulation. “It’s a tough question as we didn’t have any windows (or a simulated window) in our modules. Diego created an animation which allowed us to have a better understanding of what we would be able to see (or not see) but it came a bit later… I would say that it’s not really the view of the Earth that changed our perspective. For me, the moment when we couldn’t phone the control center brought more “distance” between our crew and the world around than any window.“ physiologists hypothesize that within a few weeks of living on Mars, crew members will view themselves as Martians and see themselves in a different category from Earthlings.
For me to further understand this topic and gather more information I would look into the geography and weather patterns of the planet and if the whole human race had to move, what that would look like.
There are sources that know a lot about this question but I have a very strong impression that NASA, Space X, and other Space oriented companies will not be open or have the time to answer these questions. Other sources such as universities and space centres will possibly be more open to the idea.
The questions I used to research this project are the following; How would we prepare for a trip to Mars? How do we decide who goes to Mars? What would it be like living on Mars? How will living on Mars affect the human body? How will living on Mars affect the human mind? How does loneliness affect the human mind?
The tools that I used to research my question were; the gale group, and multiple other reliable websites that will be linked down below. I also used my common sense to determine whether some of the facts were true or not.
My process for this investigating this topic was, I gathered all of my research in and out of class time and used the research template to help me organize my information.
I verified the information I found by making sure that I was using reliable websites and also checking other reliable websites to see if the information matched. I tried to use websites like NASA and Space X as often as possible.
This project was very difficult for me towards the end of it. I did not realize how difficult putting all the information together would be. Next time I would space things to better to ensure that I have enough time to finish everything.
Palucka, Tim. (March 2006). Living on Mars time: when the Mars rovers landed, mission scientists existed in Martian time. Forty extra minutes a day will throw anyone off schedule.
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.dot abID=T003&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&sea rchResultsType=SingleTab&searchType=Basic SearchForm¤tPosition=4&docId=GALE% 7CA140787570&docType=Article&sort=Relevan ce&contentSegment=&prodId=GPS&content Set=GALE%7CA140787570&searchId=R3&userGr oupName=43riss&inPS=true
Kennedy, Gary J. (May 7, 2015). How Loneliness Affects the Mind and Body.
Marwaha, Nikita. (February 11, 2014). How Will Living On Mars Affect Our Human Body?
Chen, Angela. (september 30, 2016). who should go to mars?
Warren Drimmer, Stephanie. (November 2016). Mission to mars: your guide to living on the red planet.
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.dotabID=T003&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&sea rchResultsType=SingleTab&searchType=Basic SearchForm¤tPosition=5&docId=GALE %7CA476930138&docType=Article&sort=Rele vance&contentSegment=&prodId=GPS&conten tSet=GALE%7CA476930138&searchId=R3&userG roupName=43riss&inPS=true