Climate Info Fluency

Climate Info Fluency

Part 1:

Question: What can you do in your backyard to prevent climate change?


Solution 1. The first solution that I found for my question was to plant trees. As trees grow, they absorb lots of carbon and other harmful emissions. By having trees in your backyard not only would you make clean air for yourself and others, but you would be helping to prevent global warming. Research has shown that if we cover most areas worldwide where trees have all been cut down, we could theoretically, take two thirds of carbon and other emissions out of the atmosphere. They would obviously take their time to grow and pull their weight. However, in the long run they are definitely a good choice and a cheap choice as well. some of the native trees here are the Sitka spruce, Bigleaf maple, Oregon white oak and the Grand fir. Just by planting one or two of those trees in your backyard would be a great way to prevent climate change.

Solution 2. The second solution that I found was to plant other types of plants. There have been lots of studies done on different plants to see if they were good at absorbing emissions. A study done by Nasa has shown six prominent plants that can absorb up to 90% of emissions that are around them. they are the English ivy, Boston fern, Peace lily, Snake plant, Chinese evergreen, and the Gerbera daisy. All these plants absorb lots of emissions while not taking up too much room. However, three out of six of these plants are the best to plant because of how much they absorb for the area they take up. Those plants are the Snake plant, English ivy, and Gerbera daisy. Just by planting a few of these six plants would be a massive help, and since they don’t take up too, much room they are another great solution.

Solution 3. The final solution that I found was to reduce water waste in your backyard. Water is used in many industries to make products or to grow food or raise animals. By wasting water there will be a higher demand for it which results in more pollution and emissions going in the air so more of it can be distributed. That is why reducing water waste in our backyard is important, and for that I have a good solution. One simple way to reduce water waste is to just replace old sprinklers or get your sprinklers inspected. By having just one leak in a sprinkler, it can waste up to 27,000 liters of water a year which is a lot. By getting old sprinklers replaced or inspected you can save your water bill and the environment, which is a huge help for yourself and climate change. Of course, though there is an even simpler way to reduce water was and that is to not over water anything. It might sound silly but overwatering your backyard can be just as bad as leaks in sprinklers. The easiest way to stop this from happening is to get a landscape professional to look at your area and plan out an effective system for your specific place.



Altogether those are the solutions that I managed to find for my inquiry question. By completing this assignment, it opened my eyes to all the ways that can make a difference in the fight against climate change. Because of that and all the new knowledge I got I am satisfied with the way my assignment went.


Part 2:

Question 1. Here are the sub questions I used and here are the answers that I got for them too.

  1. By planting trees in your backyard will they absorb carbon at a fast-enough pace?
  2. Are there any other plants that absorb large amounts of carbon?
  3. How can I reduce water waste in my backyard?


  1. Planting trees is a good and cheap way to prevent global warming. As trees grow, they absorb lots of carbon and other emissions in the air. Some estimates claim that by planting extra trees worldwide we could take up to, two thirds of the carbon and other emissions in the hair which Is amazing. Through research it is shown that by planting native species of trees in different areas throughout the globe, we could cover anywhere from 0-1.2tn off land. Some native tree species around here are the Sitka spruce, Grand fir, Bigleaf maple, and the Oregon white oak. Just by planting one or two of those trees in a backyard or around a house would be a great way, to prevent climate change.


  1. There are many plants that have been studied to see if they can absorb large amounts of carbon and other harmful emissions. A study done by NASA has shown a group of plants that are specifically good for this job while not needing to take up too much space. There are six good ones to plant they are, the Boston fern, Peace lily, Snake plant, Chinese evergreen, English ivy, and the Gerbera Daisy. Some of these plants can soak up to 90% of emissions that are around them at any given time. There are three specific ones that are especially good, and they don’t take up too much room either. There is the Snake plant, English ivy, and Gerbera Daisy. While these plants aren’t that big for their size, they can absorb large amounts of emissions. Just by planting a few of these plants would help I the fight against climate change and they would make lots of fresh air for you to enjoy too.


  1. Wasting water can have affects alongside climate change. Water is used in may steps in factories. By wasting water more and more is used to make consumer products resulting in lots of emissions going in the air. To produce food like meat and drinks like soda, lots of water is used to create those. An example is the farming industry is about 75% of water composition each day. Wasting water just leads to a higher demand for it, and that creates more emissions. If we wasted less water industries like farming wouldn’t have to use as much and there are a few ways to do exactly that. One very simple way is to make sure that your backyards sprinklers are effective and don’t have any leaks. By having just one leak in a sprinkler you can waste upwards of 27,000 liters of water a year, which is a lot. By just replacing old sprinklers or getting them inspected by a professional could help reduce water waste very well. The simplest way to reduce water waste of course though is to not overwater everything in your backyard or lawn. Overwatering can result I a lot of water waste, and he easiest way to sort it out is to get a landscape professional to look at your area and to find a good water system for your specific area.


Question 2. The digital tools that I used to research were Google, YouTube, and Duck Duck Go. A new digital tool that I used to research my top was Microsoft Edge.


Question 3. The Process I used to research my topic was to get a good question first. After I had a good question, I would research it using all the tools I knew how to use like Google or YouTube while using new ones like Edge. After I found information, I would check it to see if it was legitimate and then take notes. After doing all that I would start to make my rough draft and eventually my good copy to publish.


Question 4. The way I verified my information was through multiple steps. First, I would see what their motive was for passing out that knowledge. For example, were they using the article to sell merchandise or something like that? Next, I would see if there are any errors or things that are inconsistent throughout the article or whatever I was looking at. After that, I would use other sites to check the information, basically to see if it was agreed upon by other people too and not just that one site. If other sites or most sites didn’t say the same, it was probably opinion and not fact. Finally, I would check whoever made the information or passed it out to see if they were credible, I also did the same with the website it was on. That is how I verified the information that I found through my research.


Question 5. The process of completing this challenge went fairly well. Throughout the entire adventure I managed to follow the instructions strongly. The steps I had to follow were always an extra challenge. However, I always managed to come through in the end while still doing it to the best of my ability. There is one main thing I feel like I could have done better and that is when I was collecting my information. The notes that I took when researching were very sloppy. The notes were all over the place and they never really were organized well. That is what I would like to do better on next time.


Sites: Damien Carrington – Thursday 4 July 2019 Video by YouTube channel Quartz – December 1, 2017  NASA – John C. Stennis – September 15, 1989 National Association of Landscape Professionals Jack Powell – July 27, 2017

Sea Devil Questions and Vocabulary

Sea Devil Questions and Vocabulary



Sullen: bad tempered and sulky/gloomy.

Weltering: move in a turbulent manner.

Elemental: primary or basic.

Sinewy: consisting of resembling sinews.

Hoisted: raise something.

Phosphorescence: light emitted from a substance without combustion.

Cordage: Cords or ropes.

Exhilaration: a feeling of excitement or happiness.

Atavistic: relating to or characterized by reversion to something ancient or ancestral.

Centrifugal: moving or tending to move away from the center.

Gauntly: extremely thin or boney.

Impending: about to happen.

Tenaciously: a firm hold on something.

Respite: a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.

Equilibrium:  a state which opposing forces are balanced.

Imminent: looming/about to happen.



  1. He fishes at night because he liked the loneliness and the labor of that. This leads into the conflict with the ray because if it was morning when he got swept away by the ray someone would notice and try to help him. The significant thing about him not fishing for a living is that he genuinely likes to fish, especially at night.


  1. One example is when the man thought of the time when he let the baby porpoise go, which is part of what is going to happen to him. The second example is when he but the knot over his wrists which will become a problem for him later on. The final example, is when the man is going fishing at night and its mentioned that people aren’t out there at night on the bay.


  1. The initiating incident in the story is when he goes out at night and fishes by himself which will get him into trouble. The crisis is when he gets the Sea Devil in his net, which sets him on a wild chase. The climax is when the man finally manages to escape from the clutches of death, and he gets away from the Sea Devil or giant ray. The resolution is when the man releases the mullet he caught and when he decides not to fish at night alone ever again. I would say that the story has a happy ending as he doesn’t die after all at the end.


  1. Civilized is when everything is modern and safe and primitive is when everything is in nature and is survival of the fittest. The conflict between the ray and the man is a symbol of the civilized world against the unknown primitive world. The references made to the man’s wife, the causeway, and the plane were to show that the civilized world has many things that help overcome struggles. For example, the plane gets us around and the causeway with its lights hep with blocking darkness which is the primitive world. Finally, the mans wife shows the wonders of the civilized world as she Is warm happy and calm in the civilized world (the house). While the man is struggling out in the harsh primitive world.


  1. The man learns what it’s like to struggle all the time and what it’s like to have to fight to stay alive every second, this is all in the primitive world and he has never experienced the primitive world for what it truly is. The man always had the skiff which is from the civilized world to keep him safe. However, with the ray thrusting him in the truly primitive world he learns how hard it is to survive. This makes the man respect the mullet more an that’s why he lets the mullet go.


  1. “The night was black as a witch’s cat” this is a simile on pg. 34.” The stars looked fuzzy” this is a personification on pg. 34.” The lights of the causeway made a yellow necklace across sky” this is a metaphor on pg. 34. Those are three examples of figurative language in the story.

A Mountain Journey Questions

A Mountain Journey Questions

  1. The reason that Dave Conroy was out in the wilderness is because he is a trapper. He traps animals and skins them to sell, this is how he makes a living.


  1. The part where the reader probably knows he isn’t going to make it is when we learn his feet and fingers are frozen. We k now he probably won’t make it because frozen fingers and feet are a hard thing to deal with when you need to get up a mountain to a cabin.



  1. One mistake he made is that he should have set up camp when he was up on the mountains, before he skied down because he was already tired and cold. The second mistake he made is not making a fire when he fell into the freezing water as that later made him freeze over. The final mistake he made was skiing down the hill or mountain as he ended up falling into freezing water.


  1. The exposition was at the beginning when it explained where he was, who he was, what he was doing, and where he was going. The initiating incident is when he fell into cold water while skiing. The climax was when he tried to climb up the mountain to the cabin while he was frozen.



  1. The setting is in winter close to night and somewhere in the 1880-1900. This affects the story because he is struggling since it is winter. It also affects him because there were a lot of trappers back then and that’s the reason why he was even there in the first place. The theme of the story was most likely t about how you shouldn’t let pride influence your decisions.


  1. The concrete setting is winter. This is symbolic because winter represents harshness, cold, cruelty, and bitterness. However, is people come together and if you can make the right decisions you can power through it and come out fine.



  1. “foot in the new snow, white and soft as flour” this is a simile. “set the forest moaning beside him” this is a metaphor. “the cold was nibbling at him” this is personification. “their tight cheeks pulled back into a cadaverous grin” this is a metaphor.



Eternal: Lasting or existing forever

Immobility: Motionless. The state of not moving

Opaque: Not transparent not able to see through it

Reverberation: the prolongation of sound

Momentum: The quantity of motion of a moving body

Cadaverous: Resembling a corpse by being very thin and pale

Congregate: gather into a crowd or mass

Inundation: an overwhelming abundance of people or things

Beggared: reduce someone to poverty

Filched: pilfer or steal


Aquatic Field Studies

Aquatic Field Studies


The Coquitlam River:

In science class we went down to The Coquitlam River in order to take samples of the invertebrates. Which included identifying and collecting them for a while in order to study them. Along with that we also took samples of the temperature of the air and water and we took a sample of the water to see what the quality of the river is.


Water Quality:

At the river just by looking at its entire length you could tell many things about the water quality. Firstly, the water was very clear for the most part which was a good sign along with the fact that it flowed well and there weren’t any plastics in it. Secondly you could tell the quality of the water by some of the animals the groups collected there. One of the specimens we caught in my group was a stonefly nymph. After looking at appendix one and after identifying the stonefly it says that they cannot tolerate pollution at all. This is a good sign as it probably means that the water quality is good because if it was bad then you wouldn’t find any stonefly nymphs at all. After all that examination we tested the area and the quality of the water too. The rivers overall water quality mark was 89.76. This is a good mark and it shows too, through all the examination we did on the river. Altogether, I am very satisfied with the water quality as there are animals, clear water, and lots of vegetation which is great for any ecosystem and to top it all off the rivers score is good as well because the river has just the right amount of everything.


Invertebrate Sampling:

One of the insects my group found was the stonefly nymph. The stonefly nymph is a small insect with lots of legs and two tails. This generally is a good sign as it means that the water quality is pretty good because stonefly nymphs live in good water quality. Most of the other groups found mayfly nymphs at the river. Yet again this is a good sign the reason, is because mayfly also need good water quality to live in which means that the rivers water quality is very good if both stonefly and mayfly nymphs can live in it.


Oxbow Pond:

After we were done taking samples of The Coquitlam River, we went down to Oxbow Pond the next day to also test its water quality and invertebrate. We did this to see how our local ecosystem was doing along with the ecosystem in that pond. Just like the river we identified the invertebrates and tested the water to see how good the water quality is.


Water Quality:

Before taking samples of the water at the pond I observed what it looked like first. When first looking at it you could tell that the turbidity of the pond was high as it was murky and hard to see through. This of course doesn’t’ mean its bad it’ s just very murky. In the water there weren’t any visible pollutants and there was lots of vegetation around the pond. So just by observing the pond seemed healthy. After all the observations it was time to collect samples of the water and to examine the invertebrates in the pond. My group managed to collect multiple fish from the pond, a dragon fly nymph, an aquatic worm, and finally an aquatic sow bug. Finding an aquatic sow bug and dragonfly nymph probably meant that the water quality was fair or good as they can live in either. Finding a worm might mean that the water quality isn’t good however, they can also live in good water quality too. Overall, by finding these animals I would say that the quality of the water was fair to good and the overall water quality score supports this too, as it’s 74.14 which is fair. Overall, I would say that the score and our findings are accurate as the ecosystem and pond was healthy and by looking at it you could tell that too. I am also happy to know that our pond is healthy just like The Coquitlam River.


Invertebrate Sampling:

Some of the animals we found were fish, the aquatic sow bug, an aquatic worm, and a dragon fly nymph. When looking at all those invertebrate and seeing where they were on the index, with some living and any water quality and some living in fair and good you could tell much about the water quality. The other groups also found many animals and there was lots of diversity among them. some people found the same things as us for example, the dragon fly nymphs, the sow bugs, and the fish. However, some groups also found snails and true bug adults. Those animals showed again that the water was probably of fair quality since they could inhabit the water. By putting all the samples together, it is probably likely that the water is fair quality since it has those animals in it which shows its water is pretty good, which is also good for the ecosystem.


Site Comparison:

By analyzing the results from both the river and pond and by observing them there are many things that can be compared in them. Firstly, the pond was much murkier and harder to see through, it was very opaque. The river on the other hand was much clearer and was very transparent. Secondly, the pond didn’t flow and all and wasn’t very steep either. However, the river flowed and a fast pace and was a little steep along with the areas surrounding it. Third, the bottom of the pond was very muddy and stick while, the river had lots of rocks and pebbles. Finally, the vegetation that was surrounding both of them. Both the bond and river had lots of vegetation surrounding them the only difference was that the pond had trees blocking some sunlight while the river wasn’t blocked nearly as much. But of course, the main comparisons that can be made is the water quality and the invertebrates. The river and the pond had different elements for both invertebrates and water quality. At the pond you could clearly see that there was a lot of turbidity because the water was murky, this is what brought its water quality down more than the river. You could see the affects of the turbidity because the quality of the water was less than the river, as it is 74.14 and the river is 89.76. the river on the other hand was clear and had less turbidity which probably raised its score more than the pond. The other comparison that can be made between the two is the invertebrates that live in their water. Because, the river had better quality you usually found invertebrates that live in good or fair water quality. Since, the ponds quality is less you could usually find fair and poor water quality invertebrates which doesn’t mean the water is polluted badly it just means that its more habitable to those creatures because its turbidity is higher. the one big thing the two had in common was that they both had lots of diversity in their ecosystems.


Putting It All Together:

The relation between the water quality and the diversity of the invertebrates is defiantly strong. An example would be the river and the pond. Even though the ponds quality isn’t too much worse than the river you can still see massive diversity in the invertebrates. Even the smallest details it can make a big difference. Again, the pond and the river are a good example of this because of the turbidity. Even when the only real difference between the pond and river was the turbidity, it still lowers the quality enough to allow more of certain types of invertebrates to want to live there, like the snail or aquatic worm. In conclusion I believe that the relationship between the water quality and the invertebrate’s diversity is a very powerful and strong one, and one we should not harm or interfere with.



I learned many things from the activities that we did. I learned how important the water quality is to the ecosystem and the invertebrates that live in it. I also learned how to determine what the quality of the water and how many different and unique invertebrates live in different types of water quality. I thought that the activities were very enjoyable. All the activities we did outside were fun like when we went out on the river in chest waders while remaining educational when we had to examine them and identify them after we caught them. They also helped me learn about watersheds more. The only thing that I can think of to make the activities more meaningful is if we get to explore the water ecosystem a little bit more because it would help us learn more and it would be fun too.




Gender Inequality Article

This is the article i decided to use


  1. This article is about when Canadian girls start to notice gender inequality. That is what they talk about throughout the article when they start noticing gender inequality in their lives for example, age.
  2. This article involves young Canadian girls who are in girl guides. This article also includes the CEO of that corporation Jill Zelmanovits.
  3. The reason i chose this article is because one it shows what the affects of gender inequality are on people. Second, it shows who it affects and how those people feel about it. Finally, it talks about what they are trying to do to battle gender inequality.
  4. The story in the article relates to some key points from the story The Friday Everything Changed. First it demonstrates just like the story that girls can do anything boys can do basically they are on and even playing field. Secondly, it has the same structure in a way because just like the story the girls witnessed inequality in gender around them and then one day someone decided to something about it. In the case of the article the girls witnessed it talked about it and the CEO started working and making things equal. Finally, in the end like the Friday story they started talking openly about it and they started to solve the problem by working with each other and by employing other tactics too. One of those tactics for example was doing poles and talking about the pole results in the article.


The Friday Everything Changed Questions

  1. The reason the boys are upset at the idea of the girls getting the water is because by getting the water they get to skip some of class. However, the main reason is because by getting picked to get the water they show that they have a purpose, that they are big and strong. Basically, they get to show their dominance. If the girls get to participate their entire dynamic of being strong is compromised.
  2. Some of the strategies the boys use to get them to stop is to bully them and harass them in mean and harsh ways like inking their hair or trapping them in the outhouse. The girls react by being there for each other and by comforting each other so that they all don’t break and give up.
  3. The point of view of the story is told by one of the female students in the class/school. The student considers Miss. Ralston a very nice and considerate person while still staying strong and strict when she needs to. She thinks of the conflict over the water as something the girls and boys should share not something only the boys can do so she supports the girls cause.
  4. The setting in the story is most likely a third world country. The evidence for this is that water is very precious for them and they must go far to get it. Also, the classroom isn’t the best with it having a stove in it and with the school having an outhouse and not a bathroom. Also Miss. Ralston went to 11 grade which is considered very special. This intensifies the conflict since if water is so precious it means whoever gets to get it for the class is very important. The conflict I would say is Character vs Characters since the boys fight with the girls over the water a lot throughout the story.
  5. The main Protagonist is Alma Niles in the story because she is the one who has the most direct conflict with the antagonists in the story and she is the one who changes things for the better.
  6. The way everything changed on that Friday is that it started to make things around the school more gender equal. The significance of Miss. Ralston’s action is that it shows that girls can do what boys can do and better too. The message or theme the author explored throughout the story is gender equality and how both girls and boys are equal.

Ordering Rational Numbers

We originally used all three strategies. We made a number line to put the numbers on to easily sort them from least to greatest. Then we turned some into fractions while we turned others into decimals because it seemed easier to us that way. after that we ordered the new fractions and decimals on the number line. That is how me and my partner sorted the numbers.

Digital Footprint


How might your digital footprint affect your future opportunities? give at least two examples.

One way my future might get affected is when i’m applying for a job. When i am applying for a job the people interviewing me will search me up and see what i have posted. if it is harmful in any way or disrespectful of someone i won’t get the job. Another example is if i apply to grad school or university. Again while they are looking through my information they will search me up meaning if they see anything harmful that i have posted online in any way will influence their decision in a bad way for me.

Man in Brown Long-sleeved Button-up Shirt Standing While Using Gray Laptop Computer on Brown Wooden Table Beside Woman in Gray Long-sleeved Shirt Sitting


Describe at least three strategies you can use to keep your digital footprint appropriate and safe.

The first strategy i can think of is before you post to T.H.I.N.K. Is it true?,  is it helpful?, is it inspiring?, is it necessary?, is it kind? the second strategy is to have someone else to look at what your about to post and have them verify if it is okay to post or if it is harmful. The last strategy is to check the post and read it multiple times to check it basically just taking a step back to look at it and see if it is harmful.

              Group Hand Fist Bump


What information did you learn that you would pass on to other students? How would you go about telling them?

The information i learned throughout this activity is how to keep my digital footprint safe and appropriate. along with that i learned how to check what i post and i learned the effect a digital footprint can have on people whether they be affected by what i post or whether i get affected by something bad i post. The way i would tell people about this information is verbally by talking to them and also by making posts and blogs just like this one.


Silver Macbook Pro

Overall that is how i would respond to subjects like this and by doing this activity i have learned much about my digital footprint how it affects me and how i can take care of it for the better.

Close-up Photography of Smartphone Icons

Pictures used:

Pictures of the laptop, group fist bump, and people talking by

Picture of phone with apps on it: