Solar Oven Project of Peter, Kaiden, and Liam

Solar Cooker

Procedures:

  1. Get a shoe box
  2. Draw and cut a rectangular fold on the top (lid)
  3. Take measurements of the inside of the box
  4. Use the measurements to cut the tin foil pieces for each side
  5. Use a glue stick and glue the tin foil pieces to each side
  6. Duct tape the corners/inside to make sure it won’t accidentally fall off
  7. By using the chopsticks, glue it on vertically on each side of the flap so that the flap will be held open
  8. Under the main shoebox flap, set a sheet of clear plastic food wrap over the space and make sure it fits properly
  9. All done!

 

(When redesigning the shoe box for improving its effectiveness, use black construction paper on the sides so it will attract more heat and thus keep more heat inside the box)

 

Materials:

Duct Tape

Shoebox

Chopsticks

Smores

Metal plate

Plastic wrap

Scissors

Ruler

 

 

Advantages

-Easy to make

-Extremely safe

-Fewer chances of “tipping” over compared to other designs

-Usually more airtight, which allows for more heat to be insulated, and creates a higher and more efficient cooking “environment”

-All materials are cheap and cost-efficient

-Not affected by things like a gust of strong wind

-Can be left unattended for longer periods of time because of the design

 

Disadvantages

-Is not able to reach temperatures as high as other designs such as a parabolic cooker

-The process of heating can take longer than other designs

-Box size is limited, so you would not be able to heat up things like a pot of water

 

 

 

Solar Oven Shoebox

Solar ovens are similar to panel cookers, but they use an insulated box to retain heat, along with a set of reflective panels to concentrate solar energy. The sunlight hits the panels and bounces into the box, where the heat gets trapped. Solar ovens can reach temperatures comparable to those of traditional gas and electric ovens (in the region of 400°F). A solar oven is just as easy as your oven in your indoor kitchen. Consider using dark-colored bakeware, which absorbs and retains heat better than light-colored pans and casseroles. Although they retain more heat than panel cookers, solar ovens are also slow-cookers. They heat up gradually to baking and roasting temperatures.

Pros:

-traps the light and heat more in the box

-pretty simple to build

-can reach up to 400°F

-best for baking and roasting

Cons:

-they are slow cookers and heat up gradually

-less light gets in from the angle of the top flap

-must be sheltered a little from wind

 

Panel Cooker

Solar panel cookers are the simplest type of solar cooker. They typically generate the lowest temperatures. They use flat or slightly curved reflective surfaces to concentrate light onto cookware. You unfold the panels, align them to the sun, enclose the pot in a heat-resistant plastic bag, glass bowl, or polypropylene greenhouse, place the pot inside the cooker. Panel cookers are most effective when sheltered from the wind. Because they are not insulated, they are not recommended for use below 18 C or 65 F. Panel cookers are best for slow, small dishes. For the most efficient cooking, a panel cooker should be re-positioned once every hour to track the sun.

Pros:

-most simple to make out of all the solar cookers

-best for slow, small dishes

Cons:

-generate the lowest temperatures

-must be no wind because they are so open

-Because they are not insulated, they are not recommended for use below 18 C or 65 F

-a panel cooker needs to be re-positioned once every hour to track the sun

 

Parabolic Solar Stove

Parabolic solar stoves concentrate sunlight on the cookware, and the most efficient ones generate temperatures over 450°F. Parabolic solar stoves can cook from just after sunrise until just before sunset even in sub-zero temperatures, as long as they have direct access to the sun. They generate heat by using a curved reflector to concentrate light on the bottom of the cookware. The power of a solar stove’s output is determined by the quality, size, and curvature of the reflector. This makes it shiny, durable and lightweight. Because solar stoves heat up so fast and get so hot, they are ideally suited for grilling, boiling, steaming, and frying.

Pros:

– concentrate sunlight on the cookware

-can generate temperatures over 450°F

-can cook anywhere even in sub-zero temperatures as long as it is in the sun

– suited for grilling, boiling, steaming, and frying

Cons:

-hardest to make

-quality matters the most

-most expensive

 

Which one is best for us?

I think the best one for us is the solar oven. I think this because I feel like it is the most practical, also it is the cheapest to make and it isn’t the simplest to make but it isn’t the hardest to make so it will make us feel that we still worked hard on it and we didn’t just take the easiest one. Also, it traps the heat in unlike the other ones, so I feel like it would work the best with the little light we will have. Another reason we I think this one would work the best is it is very reliable and one that we feel would work the best under the circumstances.

 

 

 

Taste test

For our smores, we did 3 trials with one being 10 min another being 20 minute and the last being 30 minutes.

For the first trial (10 min) the marshmallow was a little warm and the chocolate was melted but very thick, the marshmallow was chewy, it was pretty much a warm raw marshmallow.

For the second trial (20 min) the marshmallow was warmer than in the first trial but still not toasted, and it was softer in the inside, the chocolate was completely melted and was dripping off the side at a very fast rate.

For the third trial (30 min) the marshmallow was in the middle between warm and hot, and had a very faint browning, and was very soft on the inside, the chocolate was again very melted and was dripping off the side of the gram cracker at a very fast rate.

 

The Science Behind Cooking

 

 

Redesigning

For our solar cooker, we used the general shoebox design. The idea of reflecting the sun rays into the box using tin foil was implemented, but we thought that there was still room for improvement. After some research, we found an interesting science behind the interaction between different colours and heat and light. Although heat and light are both different types of energy, light can easily be converted to heat (and vise versa). Now, if we look at an object that is black, its property absorbs all the wavelengths from light. This converts into heat. A white object would do the complete opposite and reflect all the wavelengths, and there would be substantially less heat.

 

By knowing the science behind the interaction of these colours, it gave us a great idea that could’ve been implemented in our solar cooker to improve its effectiveness. Why not use black paper all around the inside structure? This would allow more heat to be trapped in the box, and thus, the raised overall inside temperature would allow the food inside to cook much more effectively. The tin foil reflecting light into the box and the black paper absorbing part of it would work hand-to-hand together. Overall, the changes may be small, but it created much more potential for our solar cooker. Many cool things can happen when you manipulate science to work for you 🙂

 

 

Citations:

“How Does Solar Cooking Work?” Solar Cooker – Solar Cooking, CantinaWest, www.solarcooker-at-cantinawest.com/solarcooking-howitworks.html.

“Solar Ovens: Food Fueled by the Sun.” How to Save Energy at School, Save on Energy,

Admin. “Compare Solar Cookers – Our How To Guide.” SolSource by One Earth Designs, One Earth Designs, 1 Nov. 2017, www.oneearthdesigns.com/blog/compare-solar-cookers/.

“The Advantages and Disadvantages of a Solar Cooker.” Solar Powered Cooker – Pros and Cons of Various Designs, Alterntiveenergygeek, www.alternative-energy-geek.com/solar-powered-cooker.shtml.

“Solar Cookers 101: How to Make One, The Different Types of Solar Cookers, and How They Work | Listly List.” Listly, Listy, list.ly/list/1Hi7-solar-cookers-101-how-to-make-one-the-different-types-of-solar-cookers-and-how-they-work.

“Why Do Black Objects Absorb More Heat (Light) than Lighter Colored Objects? What Do Wavelengths Have to Do with It?” UCSB Science Line, MRL, scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=3873.

 

 

RAW NOTES:

A solar cooker lets the UV light rays in and then convert them to longer infrared light rays that cannot escape. Infrared radiation has the right energy to make the water, fat and protein molecules in food vibrate vigorously and heat up.

It is not the sun’s heat that cooks the food, nor is it the outside ambient temperature, though this can somewhat affect the rate or time required to cook, but rather it is the suns rays that are converted to heat energy that cooks the food, and this heat energy is then retained by the pot and the food by the means of a covering or lid.

This occurs in much the same way that a greenhouse retains heat or a car with its windows rolled up. An effective solar cooker will use the energy of the sun to heat a cooking vessel and efficiently retain the energy (heat) for maximum cooking effectiveness.

For maximum efficiency, it is necessary to “track” the sun, or in other words adjust your solar cooker so that it is directed towards the sun in order to be able to better concentrate and absorb the suns rays.

This does not mean that you must continually stand beside the solar cooker the whole cooking period, but it can mean adjusting the angle and direction every so often or every set period, such as every one to two hours.

The more direct that the sun’s rays are towards the food and cooking pot the greater the energy (heat) capacity will be from the sun’s converted rays.

Ideal cooking results when using a solar oven occurs when the sun is bright and uninhibited or unimpeded by clouds, shadows etc.

Cooking can be accomplished as well on days when the clouds are high and thin, but it may slow things down a bit, and one would be wise to start a little earlier than usual.

Long, slow moderate solar cooking, such as with stew, chili, veggies etc. will do fine under less than bright skies if you allow more time.

Baking, on the other hand, will take longer and the temperatures will not be as optimum as could be, thus resulting in mixed outcomes with your baked goods.

Instead of converting solar energy into electricity, solar ovens trap light particles, called photons, to generate heat. With the help of metal reflectors, which are positioned around the oven to maximize light input, photons pass through the oven’s transparent glass top and strike the interior of the insulated box.

For best results, a dark, metal pot is placed at the center of the oven, where it can absorb the incoming photons. Once the cooking pot becomes warmer than the surrounding air, the heat attempts to escape to a cooler space. However, since it cannot break through the glass barrier, it remains trapped inside. As heat is reflected back to the metal pot, the oven’s temperature rises rapidly – up to a scorching 400 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you’ve ever left your car outside for a few hours on a sunny summer day, you’re already familiar with this phenomenon, formally known as the greenhouse effect. Sunlight enters your vehicle through the windows, heating up the seats and, before long, the entire interior.

Solar ovens operate in the same way, but these compact insulators allow you to cook in a proper pan instead of on your car’s dash.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Is Time Travel Possible?

Time travel has always been an intriguing topic for many. In a sense, we all travel through time. If 1 minutes has passed, then we have traveled 1 minute through time. Time is perceived as an unstoppable, articulate force. Now, the more specific question we should be asking is, “Can we travel 3 hours forward/ backward in a time frame in which us humans experience it as only an hour?” In 1916, a well-known scientist named Albert Einstein created a theory called “the theory of general relativity”. He theorized that time can be viewed a lot more as a variable than anything. It was described that time can change within “perspectives” and that strong gravity could bend time. For example, time may be slower in a strong gravitational field, but be faster for someone further away. Another one of his theory, widely known as “the theory of special relativity”, implied that objects moving at extremely high speeds could “skip” through time. The faster a person travels through space, the slower time may be observed upon by a stationary viewer. As a side note, both theories have been proven to be correct through GPS satellite technology.

 

Now, this creates 2 very plausible methods of “time traveling”. First, let’s use Einstein’s theory of special relativity. Let’s say I went on a space trip to a faraway planet, and the trip took 10 years. If I was traveling at a speed as fast, or as close to the speed of light, around 100 years would have passed on Earth. Unfortunately, this method would only be a one-way trip to the future. The next method uses the theory of general relativity. Knowing that strong gravity could bend time, it creates opportunities for things like wormholes to exist. If in fact, wormholes do exist, one possible method to travel to the PAST would be taking a wormhole and substantially speeding up one side of it. Going through the wormhole would distort time and bring you back in time. Overall, both theories are a very possible method, but the amount of energy and technology needed to operate such a project may be millions of years too early.

Knowing that time travel is possible, it creates some paradoxes that could occur. A famous one is the grandfather paradox. What would happen if a time traveler was to travel back in time and kill his own parents/grandparents, making it so the time traveler was never born to kill in the first place? As farfetched as it may sound, some scientists believe that this would create alternate timelines in which one of them was born, and one wasn’t. Others believe this is the reason time travel is not possible. In conclusion, traveling through time is a very tough subject, but I believe that one day we will be able to prove these plausible theories correct and show that in fact, the impossible can sometimes become our reality.

 

 

Part 2

 

  1. What questions did you need to research in order to research your topic?

 

In order to research my topic, these were a few guiding questions I had to research=

What is the theory of special relativity?

What is the theory of general relativity?

What are the paradoxes that could occur in time travel?

How does time work?

Do wormholes exist?

 

 

  1. What new or familiar digital tools did you try to use as you worked through this project?

 

I used google search to find websites to gather my info, YouTube to find a video explaining time travel, citation machine for my citations, and google pictures for some pics.

 

  1. What was the process you used to investigate the topic?

 

First, I had to use my guiding questions to further understand the full “image” and make sure I was getting the right info. Once I found multiple credible/trusted websites I put bits and pieces of info from all my sources together and created the project.

 

  1. How did you verify and cite the information you found?

 

First, the websites I used were websites like Gale and NASA, so they were already credible, but I wanted to double check that all my info was correct, and so I corroborated the info with other websites and verified that the info I was getting was credible.

 

  1. How did the process of completing this challenge go? What could you have done better?

 

Overall, the process of completing this challenge was very fun and successful. I’ve learned a lot about time traveling while researching this topic and was able to put all my findings into this project. While I believe that I did well on this assignment, there is always room for improvement. One thing that I could’ve improved on was maybe making the project a bit longer and going more into depth as the subject of time travel is relatively heavy. In conclusion, this project was a great learning experience.

 

A video for further explanation:

 

 

 

Citations:

 

“Is Time Travel Possible?” Gale , go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=Reference&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchResultsType=SingleTab&searchType=BasicSearchForm¤tPosition=1&docId=GALE|CV2643750281&docType=Topic overview&sort=Relevance&contentSegment=&prodId=SCIC&contentSet=GALE|CV2643750281&searchId=R1&userGroupName=43riss&inPS=true.

 

Is time travel possible? (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2018, from https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-space/time-travel.html

 

Howell, E. (2017, November 15). Time Travel: Theories, Paradoxes & Possibilities. Retrieved from https://www.space.com/21675-time-travel.html

 

Redd, N. T. (2017, November 08). Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity. Retrieved from https://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html

 

According to current physical theory, is it possible for a human being to travel through time? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/according-to-current-phys/

 

Howell, E. (2018, May 26). Is Time Travel Possible? Scientists Explore the Past and Future. Retrieved from https://www.space.com/40716-time-travel-science-fiction-reality.html

 

 

Science Lab with Elementary School Students

A.

  1. NaHCO3 + CH3COOH -> CO2 + NaCH3COO + H2O    (COMBUSTION REACTION)
  2. Ca + 2H2O -> Ca(OH)2 + H2   (SINGLE REPLACEMENT REACTION)
  3. 4HO -> O2 + 2H2O    (DECOMPOSITION REACTION)
  4. CaCl2 + Na2CO3 -> CaCO3 + 2NaCl   (DOUBLE REPLACEMENT REACTION)

B.

The most powerful learning moments were when the children were really engaged and liked the things that they were being taught. It showed me how much more effective things can be taught when it is fun and enjoyable. One of the most interesting discoveries I made while working with the younger students was that a lot of them are very smart. Many people might underestimate the intelligence of these young students, but this was completely proven wrong over the time I worked with them. They also to be very curious and content about everything. Now, the part of this shared learning experience that I very much enjoyed was that they all listened to you very well. When you were teaching them how to do things, they were very disciplined and kind. Overall, this day was very fun and I hope to do something like this again.Image result for children science experiment with older

My Graduation Plan

  1. Healthy Living
    1. This year, I am ______playing basketball, and taking PE 10 to meet DPA requirements (150 mins/week of moderate to vigorous physical activity).
    2. Next year, I will play a lot of basketball_____ to meet DPA requirements.
    3. Other than physical activity, I will also need a concrete plan for ___stress management___ and __proper sleeping schedules_____ in order to lead a healthy life after graduation.

 

  1. Course Credits
    1. I need __#80__ credits to graduate. A typical course is worth __#4__
      1. __#48__ of them must be from required courses.
      2. __#28__ of them must be from electives.
  • __#16__ of them must be from Grade 12 courses.
  1. At the end of this year, I will have __#40__

 

  1. Community Connections
    1. I need __#30__ hours of work/volunteer experience. To show I completed this, I must show proof in the form of _pay stub____ or _reference letter____.
    2. I can start accumulating these hours in Grade __#10__.
    3. My plan to earn work/volunteer hours is through ___volunteering for the summer camps at Pinetree community centre during spring break
    4. I will also need to complete a reflection that includes ___employability skills_______, ___how I benefitted from this experience__________, and ___what I did___________. It will be __200__ typed words minimum.

 

  1. Career and Life
    1. In addition to updating my resume, I will also create ___Post-Secondary plans______ and __Financial plans________ to show that I have a plan in place after graduation.
    2. When I graduate, my current plan is to ____go straight to UBC .
  2. Interview
    1. To prepare for the interview, I can look at the questions ahead of time. They are found __the GT website
    2. My interview will be with a ___riverside staff member­­­____.
  3. The 3 people at Riverside who are here to help with this process are:
    1. My counsellor
    2. My friends
    3. My Grad transition teacher

 

In Grade 12, I will find all the necessary documents AND submit them to GT website.

I will complete Grad Transitions 12 whenever I have ____English 12 ____. If I have it in 1st semester, I must complete everything except the interview before __sale of winter ball tickets___. In 2nd semester, everything except the interview must be completed before _end of April___.

Workplace Safety

3 things I will do to stay safe at work

-Wear all protective gears (ex. non slip shoes) necessary

-Decline unsafe work

-Ask questions if I don’t know how to do something

 

 

2 things I will do to keep others safe at work

-Report hazardous things (such as sharp edges, spills)

-Keep an eye on them to make sure my co workers know how to work in a safe manner

 

 

Which story resonates most with you?

The restaurant story with the person slipping with the bucket of hot oil

 

Why?

I made the most connections with this story because at my workplace (A&W), there was an incident a while back where an employee slipped on a wet floor and hurt her back. Here, I made the connection that between the 2 incidents, a wet floor was involved (a factor for both incidents)

 

What can you learn from their workplace accident?

I learned that I can reject unsafe work, and that I should always check if the floors are wet when carrying things.