Discussion #3, archetypes.
By: Zinna (leader), Nour, Noah, Sophia and Savannah
Discussion by: Nour, Noah, Sophia (leader), Zinna, Savannah
Neuron’s communicate through a series of steps which I will guide you through in this blog post!
The process of communication begins with an action potential. The action potential is an electromechanical signal or charge which travels down the axon. This charge is caused by the movements of positive and negative ions. The neuron starts with a resting potential of -70mV. Soon, depolarization occurs and changes the charge to +30mV. Depolarization occurs when a message is sent and stimulates a part of the axon. This causes gateways to open for the positive Na (sodium) ions to enter the axon. Once the sodium enters the axon, the gates close and new doors are opened for the positive K (potassium) ions to exit the axon. This is called repolarization. This causes the charge to return to the regular -70mV charge. However a chain reaction is started and the next segment of the axon starts to depolarize. The action potential then continues to move down the axon.
Now, what happens once the action potential reaches the end of the axon? This is where synapse comes in.
Once the action potential gets to the end of the neuron, a chemical signal is sent to the next neuron. The signal from the sending neuron’s axon goes to the receiving neuron’s dendrite. The action potential causes the synaptic vesicles to release neurotransmitters into the synaptic gap. The neurotransmitters get through the synaptic gap and then attach to the receptors of the receiving neuron. The neurotransmitters then either, keep the reaction going by stimulating (excitatory) or the stop the reaction by repressing the action potential (inhibitory). This depends on the action of the receptor. Glutamate would cause an excitatory reaction and GABA would cause an inhibitory reaction.
Discussion by: Nour, Noah, Zinna, Sophia and Savannah
Some people may argue that technology is detrimental to mankind, but is that really true? Sure it can be a major distraction and influence young minds negatively; however, it has also had an undeniably great impact on humanity. Not only do we use it as a tool in our daily lives, but it helps keep us together and allows us to save more time in our lives. According to statistics from 2018, almost half the people in the world’s population uses at least 1 social network. This is just one example of how many of us use technology in our daily lives. Many of us also make use of the tools and advantages that come with our devices. It is now possible to find the answer to any question just by entering it in google. In addition, people from complete opposite sides of the globe can communicate with as little as a good wifi connection. According to an article by New York Times Upfront, “music, sports, and culture spread easily across the globe, providing powerful links across international borders” (Csorba). It also saves so much time that can be spent with loved ones instead of taking so long trying to get a simple task done. For example, instead of writing out a paragraph or essay by hand, it’s faster to type it out on a computer, plus get the word count, have autocorrect, and review and edit at any time. In conclusion, technology is a very helpful tool and provides us many ways of communicating with each other. We can see now, more than ever, especially with social media, the way our technology effects us. Technology is evolving very quickly and changing our world. We must be aware of this; however, as long as we choose to use our technology in a way that helps us, it will lead us towards a bright future.
Csorba, Emerson, and Noa Gafni Slaney. “Are we too wired?” New York Times Upfront, 24 Apr. 2017, p. 22+. Canada In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A492535637/CIC?u=43riss&sid=CIC&xid=0a3d61d6 .Accessed 26 Sept. 2018.
“Be in the Know: 2018 Social Media Statistics You Should Know.” Disruptive Advertising, 13 Mar. 2018, www.disruptiveadvertising.com/social-media/be-in-the-know-2018-social-media-statistics-you-should-know/.
How much importance can one give to success, and how much is one willing to push their limits in order to be successful? Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman is a play written in the 50’s which depicts the life of a travelling salesman, Willy Loman, and his family. This dramatic play is considered to be a tragedy due to the conflicts within the plot.
Willy Loman struggles to make ends meet with his low salary even though he works long and hard hours travelling and lifting his valises. It also doesn’t help that he’s delusional and pretends to be successful. All this, while talking to himself about old memories and slowly going crazy. Luckily he has a caring and understanding wife, Linda, who wishes for nothing more than a happy family. His two sons, however, have struggles of their own while trying to meet their dad’s high expectations. The younger son, Happy, has a job and is working up the ranks while also getting girls, but he’s lonely. The older son, 34 year old Biff, practically stopped living after his big high-school football game. He has no stable job to speak of and a lack of motivation. As the play goes on, more and more is revealed about the life of Willy Loman and what being well-liked and successful meant to him.
There are many reasons why one can consider Death of a Salesman as a tragedy. These reasons may include the main protagonist’s characteristics and what changes he might have undergone in the play. Firstly, Willy’s downfall as a salesman shows that he is flawed and unsuccessful. He also shows pride by not accepting help from others unless he’s desperate and by pretending to be successful. Another one of his flaws is that he’s unfaithful. Even though he has a caring wife, he cheated on her. In addition he begins to develop mental illness. Another reason one may consider the play to be a tragedy is the fact that the main characters, especially Willy, must make big decisions throughout. Willy must chose between life and death at one point as he contemplates suicide. We can also see that he was doomed from the start through his constant flashbacks, his lack of success and by how his sons were raised.
The blackout poem above matches the play through tone, imagery and diction. This poem is meant to represent Biff’s feelings after he discovered his dad was unfaithful and how he began to drift from his dad. The tone is melancholic, surprised and somber, as this is likely how Biff felt upon discovering his dad’s disloyalty. The image drawn is Biff burning his « University of Virginia » sneakers in devastation as he ponders upon what his dad has done. Lastly, the words chosen from the book page fit the plot well. For example, “he had some woman in New York” describes how Willy had a mistress which he used to cheat on Linda.
In conclusion, Death of a Salesman is a tragic play which depicts an unsuccessful, flawed and unfortunate salesman and his troubled family. One can consider this play as a tragedy because of Willy and his pride as well as the big decisions made throughout the play. Lastly, the blackout poem above fits the play through it’s attitude, the pictures drawn, and the choice of words.
The following is an example I created of a monologue for the character of Biff from “Death of a Salesman.”
This is a monologue because Biff is speaking for a long time and without interruption. It also reveals something about him.
This monologue would fit in the current plot the night where Linda revealed to Biff and Happy that their father was not doing well and that he was attempting suicide.
Biff: I am struggling. I’m struggling a lot, with dad, with mom and just with life. I wasn’t always struggling though. There was once a time where I was confident and self-assured. When I was in high school, I was on the football team and dad was proud of me. All we would talk about was that big Ebbet’s Field game. He would say I was gonna be big, that I was gonna be a huge success, but now… Now I don’t know where I’m going. I’ve tried many different jobs in the field of business to try and make it. I tried being a salesman so that dad could be proud of me again, but I just couldn’t do it. Instead I got stuck jumping from job to job to job and mom thinks I’m a philandering bum. I know I’ve got to do something, I’ve got to stick to something. Hopefully I can get that opportunity. Now it’s as urgent as ever, especially now that dad’s life is at risk. I never knew he would… Well now that I know I’ve gotta help by making him confident in me. Then maybe I can be confident in myself. I can build a better future for all of us. I know I’ve been running my mouth for a long while Happy, but you’re one of closest friends. I know I can talk to you.
Sam’n’Eric are a pair of identical twins within the novel. They act and look almost exactly the same. They both have coarse, fiber-like hair and heads that are small and round. They are likely dressed in torn and dirtied school uniforms since they are schoolboys. Their hair has also likely grown out overtime, for they have spent a long time on the island. They are a couple of the older kids (biguns not littluns), but they are easily led by Jack and Ralph. Even though they are two separate people they are treated as if they were one; they act, think and talk the same way and are always together. They have such a strong sense of unity that even when using the conch, only one of them has to hold it for both of them to speak. They rarely act independently, when they are asked to they get lost or don’t do their job properly.
- “The two boys, bullet-headed and with hair like tow, flung themselves down and lay grinning and panting at Ralph like dogs” (Golding 14). >Describes their appearance by talking about their hair and heads
- “They breathed together, they grinned together, they were chunky and vital” (Golding 15). >They were very close and were kind of chubby
- “They raised wet lips at Ralph, for they seemed provided with not quite enough skin, so that their profiles were blurred and their mouths pulled open” (Golding 15). >Describes their skin and mouths. Their mouths are usually open.
- “In theory one should have been asleep and one on watch. But they could never manage to do things sensibly if that meant acting independently” (Golding 104). >They are always together so they can’t really act independently.
- “The twins shared their identical laughter, then remembered the darkness and other things glanced round uneasily” (Golding 105). >This quote shows their sameness, they are identical twins.
- “They became motionless, gripped in each other’s arms, four unwinding eyes and two mouths open” (Golding 106). >This quote shows how they are the same not just in appearance but in personality. They react the exact same way.
- “By custom now one conch did for both twins, for their substantial unity was recognized” (Golding 108). >Even though they are two separate people they are treated like one person because they are so unified.
- “The twins nodded like one boy” (Golding 126). >Like mentioned previously they are so unified it’s like they are one person even though they aren’t.
- “Some were naked and carrying their clothes: others half-naked, or more or less dressed in school uniforms; grey, blue, fawn, jacketed or jerseyed. There were badges, mottos even stripes of color in stockings and pullovers” (Golding 14). >This quote describes how they all dressed, school uniforms or half naked.
- “‘Eric!’ cried Ralph in a shocked voice. ‘Don’t talk like that!’ Sam knelt by Eric” (Golding 180). >The twins are always together/support each other no matter what. They are practically the same person.