Characterization (3D) – “Sam’n’Eric”

 

Sam’n’Eric are a pair of identical twins within the novel. They act and look almost exactly the same. They both have coarse, fiber-like hair and heads that are small and round. They are likely dressed in torn and dirtied school uniforms since they are schoolboys. Their hair has also likely grown out overtime, for they have spent a long time on the island. They are a couple of the older kids (biguns not littluns), but they are easily led by Jack and Ralph. Even though they are two separate people they are treated as if they were one; they act, think and talk the same way and are always together. They have such a strong sense of unity that even when using the conch, only one of them has to hold it for both of them to speak. They rarely act independently, when they are asked to they get lost or don’t do their job properly.

 

  1. “The two boys, bullet-headed and with hair like tow, flung themselves down and lay grinning and panting at Ralph like dogs” (Golding 14). >Describes their appearance by talking about their hair and heads
  2.  “They breathed together, they grinned together, they were chunky and vital” (Golding 15). >They were very close and were kind of chubby
  3.  “They raised wet lips at Ralph, for they seemed provided with not quite enough skin, so that their profiles were blurred and their mouths pulled open” (Golding 15). >Describes their skin and mouths. Their mouths are usually open.
  4. “In theory one should have been asleep and one on watch. But they could never manage to do things sensibly if that meant acting independently” (Golding 104). >They are always together so they can’t really act independently.
  5. “The twins shared their identical laughter, then remembered the darkness and other things glanced round uneasily” (Golding 105). >This quote shows their sameness, they are identical twins.
  6.  “They became motionless, gripped in each other’s arms, four unwinding eyes and two mouths open” (Golding 106). >This quote shows how they are the same not just in appearance but in personality. They react the exact same way.
  7.  “By custom now one conch did for both twins, for their substantial unity was recognized” (Golding 108). >Even though they are two separate people they are treated  like one person because they are so unified.
  8.  “The twins nodded like one boy” (Golding 126). >Like mentioned previously they are so unified it’s like they are one person even though they aren’t.
  9. “Some were naked and carrying their clothes: others half-naked, or more or less dressed in school uniforms; grey, blue, fawn, jacketed or jerseyed. There were badges, mottos even stripes of color in stockings and pullovers” (Golding 14). >This quote describes how they all dressed, school uniforms or half naked.
  10. “‘Eric!’ cried Ralph in a shocked voice. ‘Don’t talk like that!’ Sam knelt by Eric” (Golding 180). >The twins are always together/support each other no matter what. They are practically the same person.

LOTF Podcast

 

Hello! This is a podcast about the psychology in Lord of the Flies presented to you by myself (Nour) and by Minji. Listen as we explore concepts like mob mentality, morality and social conformity and apply them to both the novel and some real life scenarios.

Opening song: Take Five by Dave Brubeck

Closing song:  Kong by Bonobo

Works Cited in Order of Mention:

1. Mob/Herd Mentality:  Describes how people can be influenced by their peers to adopt certain behaviors on a largely emotional, rather than rational, basis. (https://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herd_mentality&ved=2ahUKEwjH_N_L173aAhXH6J8KHTiQDp8QFjACegQIBxAB&usg=AOvVaw3KeGZBmAeJAuD4M84fGAfC)
2. Vancouver Stanley Cup riot 2011: It is a sport riot that happened at downtown 7 years ago. The people who watched the game, were so mad about the game results, that they were marching through the streets, destroying cars and even stealing things from the nearby stores.

(https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Vancouver_Stanley_Cup_riot)

3. Human Morality: The human attempt to define what is right and wrong about our actions and thoughts, and what is good and bad about our being who we are. (https://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-morality-definition-principles-examples.html&ved=2ahUKEwj70cSq1b3aAhWDFXwKHSa3AeIQFjAOegQIBhAB&usg=AOvVaw07vpOZ5SlyfpAznW6nmysy)
4. Fact about morality: Between the ages of 2 and 5, many children start to show morally-based behaviors and beliefs.

(https://www.gracepointwellness.org/462-child-development-parenting-early-3-7/article/12769-early-childhood-moral-development

5. Moral Awareness: Civilization is a human creation, restricting the cosmic or primitive in man by bounding it within moral awareness.

(https://learningandcreativity.com/lord-of-the-flies/)

7. Bitcoin: Bitcoin is a digital currency created in 2009. It follows the ideas set out in a white paper by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto, whose true identity has yet to be verified. … Bitcoins are not issued or backed by any banks or governments, nor are individual bitcoins valuable as a commodity.

(https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/bitcoin.asp&ved=2ahUKEwiIua7Dqs7aAhUG3mMKHTMOAtwQFjABegQICBAB&usg=AOvVaw2_uZv4lhrnQQLkH9-VQBpd)

8. Phycology behind investing: Psychologist Somon Asch, has said “Humans are social and generally want to be part of the crowd.”

(https://www.irishtimes.com/business/personal-finance/investing-why-it-feels-good-to-conform-1.3437861)

9. Normative Conformity: Involves changing one’s behavior in order to fit in with the group. Normative influence stems from a desire to avoid punishments (such as going along with the rules in class even though you don’t agree with them) and gain rewards (such as behaving in a certain way in order to get people to like you) (https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-conformity-2795889)
10. Informational conformity: Happens when a person lacks knowledge and looks to the group for information and direction.

(https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-conformity-2795889)

11. Belonging, Difference and Shame: Belonging to a society or tribe is essential to survive. Difference threatens the solidarity of the group. Shame lead to formation of Jack’s tribe; shame is pre-linguistic and coded as “pain” into the developing brains.

(https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/you-can-t-sit-us/201710/all-female-lord-the-flies-remake)

12. Remake of “Lord of the Flies”: Remake of Lord of the Flies movie is planned and it is going to be all-female cast

(https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/you-can-t-sit-us/201710/all-female-lord-the-flies-remake)

Lord of the Flies – Island Desciption

 

The following are an illustration and quotes describing the island from Lord of the Flies:

  1. Beach/Forest: “He kept back onto the terrace, pulled off his shirt, and stood there among the skull-like coco-nuts with green shadows from the palms and the forest sliding over his skin” (4).
  2. The Platform: “Here, the beach was interrupted abruptly by the square motif of the landscape; a great platform of pink granite thrust uncompromisingly through forest and terrace and sand and lagoon to make a raised jetty 4 feet high” (6).
  3.  The Platform: “The top of this was covered with a thin layer of soil and coarse grass and shaded with young palm trees. There was not enough soil for them to grow to any height and when they reached perhaps 20 feet they fell and dried” (7).
  4. The sea/coral: “He picked his way to the seaward edge of the platform and stood looking down into the water. It was clear to the bottom and bright with the efflorescence of tropical weed and coral” (7).
  5. The Scar: “He looked up and down the scar. ‘And this is what the cabin done.’ The fair boy reached out and touched the jagged end of a trunk. For a moment he looked interested. ‘What happened to it?’ he asked. ‘Where’s it got to now?’ ‘That storm dragged it out to sea. It wasn’t half dangerous with all them tree trunks falling. There must have been some kids still in it.’ He hesitated for a moment, then spoke again” (8).
  6. The Jungle: “Ralph disentangled himself cautiously and stole away through the branches. In a few seconds the fat boy’s grunts were behind him and he was hurrying toward the screen that still lay between him and the lagoon. He climbed over a broken trunk and was out of the jungle” (10).
  7. The Beach: “The shore was fledged with palm trees. These stood or leaned or reclined against the light and their green feathers were a hundred feet up in the air. The ground beneath them was a bank covered with coarse grass, torn everywhere by the upheavals of fallen trees, scattered with decaying coconuts and palm saplings. Behind this was the darkness of the forest proper and the open space of the scar” (10).
  8. The Beach: “Out there, perhaps a mile away, the white surf flinked on a coral reef, and beyond that the open sea was dark blue. Within the irregular arc of coral the lagoon was still as a mountain lake—blue of all shades and shadowy green and purple” (10).
  9. The Scar: “beyond falls and cliffs there was a gash visible in the trees; there were the splintered trunks and then the drag, leaving only a fringe of palm between the scar and the sea” (26,27).
  10. The Beach: “the beach between the palm terrace and the water was a thin bow-stave” (4).