Canada Prepares for War

1. Explain how Canada’s decision to go to war in WWII was different than WWI.
Canada was automatically at war when Britain declared war on Germany in WWI. Canadians were excited and confident about the war, and were eager to be enlisted. In WWII, Canada was an autonomous country, which mean we did not have to go to war because of Britain again. Canada was divided about entering the war or not. In parliament, prime minister Mackenzie King and Ernest Lapointe (the Minister of Justice from Québec) were in favour of Canada participation in the war, but were against conscription. J.S. Woodsworth, (leader of CCF), argued against going to war and thought Canada should remain neutral. Although many Canadians still felt strong ties to Britain, they also did not want experience the hardship of war once again. However, there were still Canadians willing to volunteer.

2. What were the BCATP and CD Howe’s Total War economy?
The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) was a program to train pilots and aircrew during the Second World War. It produced half of all Commonwealth aircrew and is the largest air training program in history. The program was a major Canadian contribution to the war effort and allowed conscription to not be a major problem. Industrialist C.D. Howe was put in charge of the Department of Munitions and Supply, created because the federal government became more involved in planning and controlling the economy. Known as the “Minister of Everything,” he controlled industries, businesses, Crown corporations, factories, and farms all across Canada.

3. Come up with a statement that the best describes Canada’s attitude towards WWII and support it by referring to the evidence from the class and the textbook (#1-2 above).
Canada portrayed a passive attitude towards WWII. The parliament was divided, with some members against conscription, and some against war at all. Citizens were divided, with some Canadians traumatized from the previous war, and some voluntarily joining the war driven by national pride. Canada didn’t join the war immediately; they were hesitant. Rather than sending tons of troops to Europe, they tried to compromise by provided resources and starting up BCATP instead.


1921 Election

Role: Returning Soldier

Based on being the character, “A Returning Soldier,” I would vote for the Liberty Party, led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. They make the political and economic record of the Union government a prominent issue.
I wouldn’t make it a priority to vote for the Progressive Party, led by Thomas Alexander Crerar, who has its base of support in western farmers. They are concerned mostly about tackling problems that affect farmers, and not as much focus on everyday people like a returning soldier.
I would question the leadership abilities of the Conservative Party, led by Arthur Meighen, since they had to rebuild themselves as a party again after the war. They had no solid base of electoral support.

Causes of WWI: Cartoon

Explain the cartoon:

  1. Identify the countries:
    A=Serbia; B=Austria; C=Russia; D=Germany; E=France; F=Britain
  2. Identify the theme and explain the history:
    In blue: Serbia had ties with Russia because Russian supported the Bosnians to seek independence. Russia had ties with France and Britain called the Triple Entente, which meant that they promised military cooperation and imperialistic competition between the three countries.
    In yellow: Austria and Germany had an alliance, called the Dual Alliance (1879) also known as “Anschluss,” which was the uniting of German and Austria in history.
  3. Identify the theme and explain the history:
    A terrorist group called “Black Hand” wanted an independent union of Bosnia and Serbia. Because of this, they sent three of their members to assassinate the Austrian heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Austria-Hungry declared war on Serbia after they turned down Austria’s ultimatum to go to war or have them punish those involved in the assassination and suppress nationalism.
  4. Identify the theme and explain the history:
    The French were angered by the loss of the Alsace-Lorrain region to Germany in the France-Prussian was in 1870.
    France and Britain have had conflict for an extended period of time, and have had numerous battles and wars across the globe.
  5. Identify the theme and explain the history:
    There was tension between Germany and Britain since they were competitive countries and Germany wanted its “place in the sun.” Germany surpassed Britain in their Industrial Revolution, but Britain still denied Germany of their position in world imperialism.
  6. Explain the sequence of events:
    -Austria declared war on Serbia after the Blank Hand assassinated the Austrian heir to the throne.
    -Russian supports Serbia and orders a general mobilization
    -Germany declares war against Serbia-Russia since they have a dual alliance with Austria.
    -France orders a general mobilization
    -Germany declares war on France to fight over Alsace-Lorrain since it was more important than helping Austria
    -Germany invades Belgium, who were neutral, because they needed to take out Belgium’s border to get to France.
    -Britain declares war on Germany for violating Belgium’s neutrality and rejecting the British Ultimatum.
    -Italy was neutral until the year after where they ended up going on the side of the Entente
  7. Analysis:
    1. Who’s perspective does this represent? How do you know?
      The cartoon could be from an American perspective perhaps since it is written in English and uses comedic stereotypes and since the US wasn’t battling.
    2. Why is the first country depicted as a child?
      The child represents Serbia since it is a small country and seemingly inferior compared to the other countries and empires in Europe back then. You could also see it as that Serbia is like a child trying to escape from its parent country, Austria-Hungary. It makes it seem like Serbia’s actions were immature.
    3. What is the meaning of the title? Is it ironic or sarcastic? Explain.
      The title is ironic because only every other character is “friends” with one another. A more appropriate term would be “alliances” or “acquaintances.” The members are definitely nothing close to being friends, after all, friends don’t declare war on one another!

Water Conservation


At first, water conservation may not seem like a big problem for a country that carries nearly one-fifth of the world’s fresh water. Although turning off a tap in Canada doesn’t transport water to a developing country in a desert, it is still crucial for Canadians to reduce their water consumption. Canada is one of the top countries in the world that uses the most water. If Canadians continue their water wasting and polluting habits, Canada will begin to run out of water. Every flush, faucet, shower, and wash jeopardizes our most necessary resource. It can be surprising since Canada is filled with tons of lakes, rivers, and other water bodies, however, it takes a extensive amount of energy to clean and filter the used and dirty water. The vicious cycle of overconsumption of resources adds to the causes of global warming, and the effects of climate change affect those in poverty the most. Canadians need to strive to use and waste less water, which is the most precious, finite source that is vital to human life.