Open Letter – Fracking

Dear Mr. Heyman,

I am writing you to address several concerns I have over the practice of hydraulic fracturing in British Columbia. The practice of fracking necessitates millions of gallons of water to fracture even a single well. Not to mention the risk it poses to our drinking water. Many British Columbians depend on ground water to live. In order to be able to frack, the drill and fracking fluid will have to pass through our later of drinking water. Though there is typically a concrete barrier set in place to prevent leaks, human error is a variable we can not over look. We have seen countless videos on the news and in other medias depicting Americans, usually from the Appalachian area, lighting their water on fire. They are unable to drink, shower, and live with their water. This is not even mentioning the effects fracking can have on our plate tectonics. No earthquake had ever been recorded in Ohio, that is until March of 2014. A hydraulic fracturing well has been linked to causing several earthquakes, even one as big as 3.0 which was felt several towns away.

Fracking is still much of an unknown. The more we conduct, however, the more we learn about it. I do not want to see my province become a canary in a coal mine to the rest of the world. I implore you to reevaluate your stance on the practice of fracking, for the health of the province, and her environnement.

Thank you,    

-Matthias Harvey

https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2015/05/pros-and-cons-of-fracking-5-key-issues/

https://www.livescience.com/49326-fracking-caused-ohio-earthquakes.html

                                                                                                                                                                               

Rock Questions

  1. How do the formation of rocks affect your life? Organize your response by rock type.

Due to sedimentary rock, oil forms which allows machinery and cars to function. Precioue metals, like copper, allow electricity to exist. Other precious metals, such as iron, allow us to build objects due to its strength.

  1. In what ways is the rock cycle affected by the energy within the earth, the atmosphere and the hydrosphere? Explain which rock types would be affected by each.

The hydrosphere is responsible for the movement of sedimentary rock, the atmosphere is responsible for the erosion of rocks, and the energy within the earth drives the tectonic plates which causes the rocm cycle.

  1. Explain why sedimentary rocks usually do not contain metallic minerals.

Due to the fact that mostly light rocks become sedimentary, as the river can wash light rocks down stream. Due to thetweight of metallic rocks, they settle in the river.

  1. Look ahead to the map on page 87, explain where in Canada you would expect to find metamorphic rocks forming.

Anywhere where we see plates converging, so mainly the west coast of Canada.

  1. If you were attempting to discover oil and gas deposits in Canada, what conditions would you be looking for?

Sedimentary rock, and any evidence that biologic life may hsve existed there a long time ago. It is under these conditions that we would find oil.

  1. Explain how it is possible to distinguish between sedimentary and metamorphic rocks that appear layered.

Metamorphic rock is much denser, and can have metals within them, while sedimentarysrocks are much lighter with no metals.

  1. Use the rock type map of Canada to identify the major rock types for each province/territory and the possible resources that may add to their economy.rocktypemap

BC: Sedimentary and volcanic. BC would have a lot of minerals, but not much oil.

Alberta & Saskatchewan: Almost exclusively made up of sedimentary rock, it would be expected to have a large amount of oil, and low amounts of minerals.

Manitoba & Ontario: Mostly sediment, I would expect this area to be very mineral rich.

Quebec : Mostly Metamorphic rock, which would mean it would have denser concentration of minerals.

 

  1. Explain how rocks can affect politics and economics around the world. Give specific examples.

Throughout history, oil and who controls it has been a subject of contention. A long time ago, gold was currency. It has also allowed us to build some of the most imoortsnt structures in the world, like the eiffel tower.