American Revolution

Causes

Stamp Act 1765

The Stamp Act of 1765 was a different kind of tax. The Stamp Act came just two years after the official end of the Seven Years War. The act was a disaster, and everyone knew it, it was repealed in 1766. The Stamp Act was similar to the sugar act, only this time instead of sugar that was being produced the French West Indies, they used taxing people to collect money from people in the U.S.A. The British prime minister imposed these taxes for two direct reasons: The first reason was for the colonies to defend their empire, and their second reason was to determined their assert British sovereignty and their representative assemblies.

 American newspapers reacted to the Stamp Act with anger and predictions of the demise of journalism.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamp_Act_1765#/media/File%3AO!_the_fatal_Stamp.jpg

 

Townshend Acts 1767

In 1767, parliament imposed aseries of new taxes that came to be known as the Townshend. It seemed that the real intent behind the Townshend Acts was to prove to the Americans that Britain still had the right and the authority to tax the colonies. Bernard of Massachusetts dissolved the legislature when a Circular Letter describing the measures it had taken against the Townshend Acts. The Circular Letter was led to a series of Non-Importation Agreements.

 Dickinson’s Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Townshend_Acts#/media/File%3ADickinson_Farmer_Letters.jpg

 

Boston Massacre 1770

As more open resistance grew, British troops were stationed throughout the Thirteen Colonies. In 1770, nervous British soldiers misunderstood an order and fired their muskets into a mob of protestors in Boston, killign several people. The people in the Boston Massacre were mad because the British empire kept their government in the UK and because they wanted their money for war, when the Boston Massacre was over two people were wounded because of the sustained in the incident.

In here it is showing the British soldiers scarying the American people because they thrown snowballs to the British soldiers, the British soldiers reacted violently by killing five people and leaving the rest of them running away.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Massacre#/media/File%3ABoston_Massacre%2C_03-05-1770_-_NARA_-_518262.tif

 

 

Components

Battle of Bunker Hill June 17 1775

On June 13, 1775, the leaders of the colonial forces attacking Boston knew that the British were planning to send troops out from the city to make a barrier on the unoccupied hills surrounding the city, giving the Americans control of Boston Harbor. The 1,200 colonial troops were under the command of William Prescott stealthily occupied Bunker Hill and Breed’s Hill. The colonists constructed a strong redoubt on Breed’s Hill to make sure no one passes the wall, as well as smaller fortified lines were spread across the Charlestown Peninsula.

In this image that was painted in 1897, it shows the battle of Bunker hill that was on June 17 1775.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bunker_Hill#/media/File:Bunker_Hill_by_Pyle.jpg

This map shows Charles River with one side Boston and another side Charlestown.

https://www.google.ca/search?q=battle+of+bunker+hill+june+17+1775+map&safe=active&espv=2&biw=1920&bih=1008&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjiytGH_9fLAhVB8GMKHcATAj8Q_AUIBigB#imgrc=tGVggTi4cTWcaM%3A

 

Here it is showing a video that is 1 minute and 40 seconds of the Battle of Bunker Hill that took place in Bunker Hill.

http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battle-of-bunker-hill

 

Battle of Saratoga October 7 1777

The Battle of Saratoga (September 19 to October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British in the American Revolutionary war. The British General John Burgyne led a big invasion army up the Champlain Valley from Canada, hoping to meet a similar force marching northward from New York City; the southern force never arrived, and Burgoyne was surrounded by American forces in upstate New York. Burgoyne fought two small battles to break out. They took place eighteen days apart on the same ground, 9 miles on south of Saratoga, New York. Both of the battles failed. Trapped by superior American forces, with no relief in sight, Burgoyne surrendered his entire army on October 17.

In here it is showing the British troops with John Burgoyne surrendering at Saratoga on October 7 1777.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga#/media/File:Surrender_of_General_Burgoyne.jpg

 

Battle of Camden August 16 1780

Following the British that went defeated at Saratoga in 1777, and French entry into the American Revolutionary War in the early’s 1778, the British decided to renew a “southern strategy” to win back their rebellious North American colonies. This campaign began in December 1778, and gained further ground in January 1780, when General Sir Henry Clinton led an army and captured Charlestown South Carolina. Clinton returned to New York in the summer of 1780, leaving Lord Cornwallis the task of fortifying (making another strong wall) the South and raising the anticipated large numbers of Loyalists. Most of the Continental Army in the south had surrendered at Charleston, was completely driven from South Carolina in the May 1780.

Here it is showing the Death of de Kalb taken place in Camden August 16 1780

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Camden#/media/File:Battle_of_Camden.jpg

Here it is showing the map that the British troops had when they were planning the attacks in Camden.

https://www.google.ca/search?q=Battle+of+Camden+map&safe=active&espv=2&biw=1920&bih=1008&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiFjrinidjLAhUP-mMKHWiiBW4Q_AUIBigB#imgrc=xUQdSfdSaodE2M%3A

 

Battle of the Cowpens January 17 1781

On October 14, 1780, George Washington chose Nathanael Greene to be commander of the Southern Department of the Continental forces. Greene’s task was a hard one. The Carolinas had been the scene of a long string of disasters for the Continental Army in 1780, the worst being the capture of one American army at the Siege (battle) of Charleston and the destruction of another battle at the Battle of Camden. A victory of Patriot militiary over their Loyalist counterparts at the Battle of Kings Mountain in October had bought time, but most of South Carolina was still occupied by the British troops. When Greene took command, the southern army numbered 2307 men (on paper, 1482 present), of whom just 949 were Continental regulars.

In this image on the scene depicts an unnamed black soldier (left) firing his pistol and saving the life of Colonel William Washington.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cowpens#/media/File:Cowpens.jpg

 

Battle of Yorktown October 6-19 1781

The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown or the German Battle, starting on October 6 1781, and ending on October 19, 1781. At Yorktown Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army Troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British lord and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, the siege or battle proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolution in the North American theater. The surrender by Cornwallis, and the capture of both him and his army, prompted the British government to negotiate an end the war to the conflict. The battle boosted faltering American morale and revived French enthusiasm for the war, as well as undermining popular support for the conflict in Great Britain.

In here it is showing the British Major General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805) (who was not himself present at the surrender), surrendering to French and American forces after the Siege of Yorktown (September 28 – October 19, 1781) during the American Revolutionary War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Yorktown#/media/File:Surrender_of_Lord_Cornwallis.jpg

In this image it is showing Yorktown river between Yorktown and Gloucester point, and where the British surrendered.

https://www.google.ca/search?q=battle+of+yorktown+map&safe=active&espv=2&biw=1920&bih=1008&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiruZqfkdjLAhVW4WMKHSpWAY8Q_AUIBigB#imgrc=1FT6UrZH94NuwM%3A

 

 

Consequences

Treaty of Paris 1783

Britain agreed to recognize American independence Britain gave Americans fishing rights to the Grand Banks off the coast of Newfoundland Britain granted U.S. all territory between Mountains on the east and Alleghen y Mississippi River on the west. The Treaty of Paris, signed in France by representatives of King George III of the UK and representatives of U.S. on September 3, 1783, they ended the American Revolution.

Here it is showing the Treaty of Paris with George III ending the American Revolution war, this was painted by Benjamin Franklin.

 

Constitution 1789

It outlines the structure and powers of three branches of government are governmentseparate, balanced off by the power of the other two U.S. Constitution is supreme all persons are equal before the law  people can change the constitution. Since the Constitution came into force in 1789, it has been amended 27 times. In general, the first ten amendments, known as the collectively as the Bill of Rights, offered specific protections of individual liberty and justice and place restrictions on the powers of government.

In this painting it is showing the signing of the constitution in September 17, 1787 before the real constitution.

 

Bill of Rights 1791

The first 10 amendments (additions) of the constitution represent ideals regarding individual liberty, limited government, and the rule of law. The Bill of Rights is the name for the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Proposed following the oftentimes bitter from 1787 to 1791 battle over ratification of the U.S. Constitution, and crafted to address the objections raised by Anti-Federalists, the Bill of Rights amendments add certain safeguards of democracy and specific guarantees of personal freedoms and rights, clear limitations on the government’s power and other proceedings, and explicit declarations that all powers not specifically delegated to Congress by the Constitution are reserved for the states or the people to the Constitution.

The Bill of Rights, 12 articles of amendment to the to the United States Constitution proposed in 1789, 10 of which, Articles 3 through 12, became part of the United States Constitution in 1791.

 

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