Letter to MLA

Dear BC MLA,

It has come to my attention the failures we have had in BC when it comes to LNG and we shouldn’t have it progress any further.

This can provide areas with an unsafe water supply that you cannot live on but are forced to adapt and find a way to live with it anyway.

“LNG is often regarded as extremely dangerous and toxic with container ships called floating bombs. But is this perception accurate? The historical reality is that LNG has the best safety record of all common fuel types and is completely non-toxic. Of course natural gas vapors are flammable and present safety hazards that must be managed, but these hazards are substantially less than for gasoline, diesel and other liquid fuels.”

How Dangerous is LNG?

““LNG is safe, on land and in transit as a result of detailed industry standards, strict regulations, and a commitment to risk management,” reads one government website. As the U.S. Congressional Research Service tidily noted in 2004, there have always been public concerns about the siting of LNG terminals because “LNG is a hazardous liquid transported and stored in enormous quantities, often near populated areas.””

“In fact, a recent and nasty explosion at an LNG facility in Washington State, combined with alarming British research on what scientists call “vapour cloud explosions” or the release of flammable gases into the atmosphere, has raised new doubts about the adequacy of safety regulations for siting LNG export terminals in North America.”


From what I see this is an unsafe approach and I would advise against it.


Thank You.

page 67-80

1. Sedimentary – Without the formation of sedimentary rock we wouldn’t have the great attraction sites of places like the grand canyon.

Igneous – without igneous rock we wouldn’t have granite which is useful for us as we use it
For decoration.

Metamorphic – we use metamorphic rock as roof tiles because it resists acidic weathering.

2. Both are by the cycling of matter of rock, magma, water, ice, gases and living things that remain. In the rock cycle, rocks and matter go through uplift, weathering, erosion, deposition, melting, crystallization and metamorphism as they travel between earths surface and its interior layers.

3. They are deposited by hydrothermal fluids. They are formed by sediments particles of rock material that have been transported to new locations. They are produced by the breaking down of rocks.

4. I would expect to find them mostly in the Canadian shield because of how large it is.

5. You are looking for when they have been squeezed out of source rocks and concentrated in traps or reservoirs because that is when the two minerals become economically useful as fossil fuels.

6. Metamorphic rocks change form based on the influence of heat, pressure, or chemical activity. Sedimentary rocks are essentially formed by pieces of smaller rocks, fossils, and sediments

7.BC – sedimentary and volcanic, intrusive, sedimentary
Alberta – sedimentary
Saskatchewan – sedimentary and volcanic, intrusive
Manitoba – Intrusive, sedimentary and volcanic
Ontario – sedimentary and volcanic, intrusive
Quebec – Intrusive
Newfoundland – sedimentary
New Brunswick- Volcanic
Nova Scotia – Volcanic
PEI – Volcanic

8. Rocks can affect politics and economics around the world in ways like diamonds and the affects they have on money.


1. Describe the process of translation: initiation, elongation, and termination.

Initiation – Happens when mRNA, tRNA and an amino acid meet up inside the ribosome. Once a stop codon reaches the ribosome translation stops.


Elongation – The ribosome delivers the message, reading codons and bringing in the proper aminoacyl tRNA’s to translate the message out to protein.


Termination – At a stop codon, a release factor reads the triplet, and polypeptide synthesis ends.

2. How did todays activity do a good job of modelling the process of translation? In what ways was our model inaccurate.

It helped us understand how it works and it was inaccurate because the A and P sites were to big.

RNA Transcription

How is mRNA different from DNA?

DNA is made up of deoxyribose sugar and mRNA is made up of ribose sugar.
DNA has thymine where as mRNA has uracil.
DNA is in the nucleus and mRNA diffuses into the cytoplasm.

2. Describe the process of transcription.

DNA is copied into mRNA which carries the information to perform protein synthesis.
3. How did todays activity do a good job of modelling the process of RNA transcription. In what ways was our model inaccurate.

It show how mRNA comes and attaches to the DNA to copy the information and then leaves and the DNA zips back up again once it leaves. RNA preliminary comes in and unzips the DNA then takes the information then releases itself and the DNA zips back up. Then RNA does its thing. Its so fast that you cant see it happen.


DNA Replication

When does DNA replication occur?

Occurs prior to cell division, and is a semiconservative process.

2. Name and describe the 3 steps involved in DNA replication. Why does the process occur differently on the leading and lagging strands.

Unwinding – The unzipping of the double helix structure.

Complimentary base pairing – A pairs with T and C pairs with G

Joining – Ligase is like glue, it joins all the nucleotides together to create a strand.

The difference between leading and lagging is, Leading is continuous as the DNA unzips and Lagging is Fragments form as the DNA unzips.


3, The model today wasn’t a great fit for the process we are exploring. What did you do to model the complimentary base pairing and joining of adjacent nucleotides steps of DNA replication. In What ways was this activity well suited to joining this process? In what ways was it inaccurate.

To model the complimentary base pairing we used colour beads where each colour referred to ATCG.

This was well suited for the joining process because it shows the hydrogen bonds (white) and where they all connect together.

DNA model – part one


Explain the structure of DNA- use the terms nucleotides, anti parallel strands, and complimentary base pairing.

DNA is made up of molecules called nucleotides. Each nucleotide contains a phosphate group, a sugar group and a nitrogen base. Two complimentary strands of a DNA double helix that run in opposite directions along side each other is antiparallel. Base pairing takes place between a purine and a pyrimidine, A pairs with T and G pairs with C.


2. How does this activity help model the structure of DNA? What changes could we make to improve the accuracy of this model?

This helps with the model of the DNA because this gives us that basic of what a DNA structure looks like. Critically analyzing the distance between each nucleotide, phosphate and sugar to try to represent the best model.

Words To Live By


This quote motivates me because, I always see it as saying that the hard work I put into something will result in something positive that will reward me from the hard work I put in, and I can feel as I earned it. And even looking at it in the way that, although there may be a lot of tough times we go through their are good things that come along to balance out the tough things.