canadas conflicts 20th century

Conflicts of the 20th Century

First world war (1914-1918)

Main countries involved in this war were Russia, USA, China, Italy, Japan, Canada, Australia, India and South Africa. There were about 172,000 injuries and 66,000 fatalities. In the beginning of August, Britain, Canada, Newfoundland, along with other dominions and colonies, went to war.  The outcome of this war was Great Britain and their allies were victorious and Germany had a big loss. The allied troops created a peace treaty with Germany. In order to end the war, the allied troops created a treaty called the Treaty of Versailles.

Second world war (1939-1945)

The main nations involved were USA, Russia, France, Britain, Canada, Germany, Italy, and Japan. Canada declared war on Germany on September 10th, 1939. In December, 7,500 soldiers arrived in Britain. Then, Canada declared war on Italy, a year later on September 10th 1940. 1.1 million Canadians served in the Army and more than 44,000 lost their lives and 55,000 were injured. The outcome of this war was Germany was taken down by the Soviet Union, and Germany and its capital Berlin were divided into four parts

Russian civil war (1918-1920).

The countries involved in this war were Russia SFSR, France, USA, White movement, United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, China, Australia, Canada, Poland, India, and Czechoslovakia. There were 22 injured and 14 people were killed. In February of 1918, Russia and Germany sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk which gave Russian land to Germany in exchange for Russia’s exit out of WW1. The Soviet Union became the new Russian power.

Korean war (1950-1953

The countries involved were South Korea, North Korea, China, Soviet Union, United Nations, USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Colombia, Greece, New Zealand, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, and Ethiopia.

There were 516 Canadians killed and around 1020 injured. 6,000 Canadians participated on the side of the UN, and Canada sent eight destroyers. The North Korea invasion and Chinese invasion of South Korea were forced away.