Biotechnology and Genetics

Genetic Engineering:

  1. What is it?
    1. Genetic engineering is a process using DNA technology to alter the genetic structure of an organism. In simple terms, it is controlled manipulation of the genes in an organism with the intention of making that organism better in some way. It is a controlled process that involves the direct manipulation of one or more genes. An example of this is GMO (genetically modified organism) food products. The goal of this is getting a gene from another species and adding it to an organism’s genome to achieve the desired phenotype.The Pros And Cons Of Genetically Engineering Humans | by Brian Armstrong |  Medium 
  2. Greatest advancement; Examples?
    1. The banana vaccine is one of the best examples of genetic engineering. A certain type of bananas were developed through genetic modification that offer a vaccine against diseases such as cholera and hepatitis. Just like with a needle vaccine, people who eat them develop disease-combating antibodies that make them immune to a disease.Banana as Edible Vaccine Asgainst Hepatitis-B: A Theoretical Model |  Bentham Science
  3. How is this form of biotechnology best used?
    1. One of the earliest uses of genetic engineering was to mass-produce human insulin in bacteria. It has many utilizations to medicine that include the manufacturing of drugs, creation of model animals that mimic human conditions and gene therapy. More recently genetic engineering is used in fighting problems such as cystic fibrosis, diabetes, and several other diseases. You can also get a genetic screening of a fetus which can allow for treatment of the unborn if there is a disease. Overtime this can impact the growing spread of diseases in future generations.
  4. How is this form of biotechnology changing the world as we continue to advance towards the future?
    1. Genetic engineering was developed to help end the spread of diseases. With the advancement of genetic engineering, scientists can now change the way genomes are constructed to terminate certain diseases that occur as a result of genetic mutation. Overtime this can stop the growing spread of diseases in future generations.

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