Research Questions 21/12/18

Canada Divided

Find primary evidence: How did Canadians feel about conscription? Who supported it and who didn’t?

French-Canadians, farmers, unionized workers, non-British immigrants, and other Canadians, opposed conscription. English-speaking Canadians, Prime Minister Robert Borden and members of his Cabinet, British immigrants, the families of soldiers, and older Canadians, generally supported conscription.

Mrs.Parsons from the Methodist church doesn’t want her sons to die in the war so she didn’t like the idea of conscription. Also non-British immigrants didn’t like conscription because they don’t like the idea of Canada fighting for for Britain and farmers don’t like conscription because there will be no one left to run their farms if their workers get conscripted. On the other hand British people, the prime minister and older people support conscription because they feel that everyone that is able must fight for Britain and anyone that doesn’t is a slacker like in the poster below.

 

What are the messages in the political cartoons?

Link to the political cartoons: http://www.begbiecontestsociety.org/firstworldwar.htm

The following political cartoons are to put it short, saying that all the war is bringing is death. The one with a map of Europe as a skull is saying that Europe will all be dead after the war, the disposing of the dogs of war one is saying we are basically just sending our troops out to die and the king vulture one is saying that we have lost so many lives that the vulture, a corpse scavenging bird, has been crowned the king (because of all of the death).

Was the Khaki Election rigged or just better democracy?

I feel the Khaki Election was rigged because Prime Minister Robert Borden basically only allowed the group of people that would vote for him, vote. He did this by letting women that were relatives of soldiers and soldiers vote and excluding immigrants and people that were exempted from conscription to vote. The results for this were extremely in favour of conscription (except for Quebec) and some turnouts were even 100% conscription aligned seats.

Was the government acting in the interests of the public when enacting conscription?

I do not think the government was acting in the interests of the public when enacting conscription. I believe this because the soldiers that were being conscripted were fighting Britain’s war and not Canada’s. Canada was just dragged along because Britain still had control of Canada. Although I have this view I do believe conscription should be used in some cases. One of these cases would be if the conscription was for national defense. This makes it so we actually need the citizens to be conscripted. In WW1 Canada as a country didn’t need to fight the war, we were forced to. Wherein the case of national defence conscription is basically teaching every abled bodied person how to defend their country. Since Canada’s national security wasn’t threatened in WW1 I don’t think Prime Minister Robert Borden should have used conscription.

Setting Into Peace

How would you describe the first few years after WWI in Canada? Who was happy, who wasn’t, and why? Evidence?

The workers weren’t happy because of their low wages and the absence of collective bargaining. Evidence of this is the Winnipeg general strike and many other strikes across Canada at the time.
Before these strikes employers were happy because they had lots of control over their workers and could pay them little pay.
The Veterans weren’t happy because they wanted support with housing, a bonus and better penchants. They also weren’t happy that war profiteers made millions while they were gone and that the cost of living was rising.
The Maritimes weren’t happy because they felt they had little influence in Canada because they couldn’t protect important interests in transportation, tariffs, port development and federal subsidies.

Was there any point to the Winnipeg General Strike?

I believe there was no point to the Winnipeg general strike because the whole point of it was to get more rights for workers when it only did the exact opposite. It took away workers rights because the government was worried the workers would have a violent communist uprising so they decided to dismiss all workers if they did not go back to work. After this strike workers had less rights and the and the government had to step in with wage negotiations. And workers only got their union recognition and collective bargaining three decades later.

Why did the Liberals win the election of 1921?

The liberals won because they didn’t have a strong stance on the tariff and instead they tried to be the middle ground between two sides. This made it so they didn’t favour any particular province so more people would vote for them. They also weren’t only focused on one issue like the progressives so it was appealing to more people.

WW1 research

Research 1:

What is the historical context that led to WWI and how can they be organized into the themes of: militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism (MAIN)?

The factors that caused WW1 are diverse and complex. The 4 major factors that set the sage for the start of WW1 include militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. And the spark the lit the fires of war was assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

Militarism: Is the desire for a country to have a strong military. This was a factor that started the war because Britain and Germany started spending lots of money on building up their navies. This all started after Britain defeated the Spanish armada. After Britain did this, they made the Navel Defence act 1889 which stated that they had to have a “2 power standard” regarding their navy. The 2 power standard meant that their navy had to be as strong as the second strongest navy and the third strongest navy combined. So in the event of the second strongest navy and third strongest navy teaming up, Britain would still win. Now when Germany was looking to gain more influence in trade and land they had to build up their navy more because most of the trade was controlled by the trade routes throughout the oceans. And because Britain had the 2 power standard policy this created competition between the 2 countries.

Alliances: Are associations or unions made for mutual benefits. These also played a big part in starting the war because when one country would go to war all of their allies would have to join in too. One of the first alliances that was made, The dual alliance, was between Germany and Austria-Hungary. This alliance was made because the Austrian-Hungarian peoples and the Germans were both Germanic peoples and therefore shared lots of similarities in culture. Later it became the triple alliance when they added in Italy. Then to gain support from Russia, Germany made a different treaty that was separate from the Triple alliance. This was called the reinsurance treaty and It gave Russia some influence with the Balkans and made a promise that each country would remain neutral if the other became involved in a war. But later this deal failed to get renewed because it conflicted with other German alliances. Because Germany’s alliances were getting too powerful, Britain, France and Russia made an alliance called the triple Entente in response to the triple alliance.

Imperialism: Is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force. This policy of Imperialism that Britain, France and Germany had, was yet another factor that led to WW1. In the 18th century Britain controlled territories in Canada, 13 colonies on the coast of North America and now controlled the Atlantic coast, India, and the Caribbean. Because Britain had all of this land and the largest navy after defeating the Spanish armada, they controlled most of the trade routes around the world. This made Germany feel restricted because they were rapidly growing and needed to use these trade routes to access East Asia and West India; “In short, we do not want to put anyone in our shadow, but we also demand our place in the sun. True to the tradition of German policy, we will make every effort to protect our rights and interests in East Asia and West India – without unnecessary harshness, but without weakness either.”-Bernhard von Bülow (1849-1929) gave his famous speech on Germany’s “place in the sun” when he was foreign minister. This speech shows that Germany wanted to expand to be able to trade with other countries so they could have their “place in the sun” which references to a British speech with was talking about how Britain controlled so many colonies across the globe that the sun was always shining in one of them. France also had Imperialistic thoughts during the war because they wanted to take one of their territories called Alsace-Lorraine back from Germany. Germany had gotten control over Alsace-Lorraine after France ceded it to them at the end of the Franco-German war in 1871.

Nationalism: Is an ideology that focuses on promoting the interests of a nation and gaining and maintaining control of the nation’s land. One group of people that had these nationalistic thoughts was the Bosnians. After Serbia gained their independence the Bosnians wanted to have their own country as well because they were a clearly distinct group from other Austria-Hungarians. Austria-Hungary did not like this Idea because the Bosnian land gave them a great access to the Mediterranean Sea and other trade routes.

What was the event that directly started the war?

The event that directly started the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. This happened when he was visiting Serbia and he was killed by a terrorist group in Serbia called the Black Hand. This group assassinated the Archduke because they wanted an Independent union of Bosnia and Serbia.

 

Political cartoon

Identify the countries:

A. Serbia
B. Austria-Hungary
C. Russia
D. Germany
E. France
F. Britain

Identify the theme and explain the history:

Circled in blue is the triple Entente plus Serbia and circled in yellow is triple alliance. First, Austria-Hungary is declaring war on Serbia because Serbia didn’t let Austria-Hungary do a private investigation on the assassination of Austria-Hungary’s archduke in Serbia. This was for obvious reasons because you don’t just give another country access to all of the information and files you have. Second, Russia starts mobilizing their forces to help Serbia because they do not have a chance to win the war they are in. Third, Germany joins the war because they are allied to Austria-Hungary. And last, Britain and France join the war because they are allied to Russia.

Serbia is depicted as a kid or a little person because their country isn’t very strong at all and they don’t stand a chance until the Entente stepped in.

France and Britain Attack Germany because they are in an alliance with Russia and they are rivals. Britain is rivalled with Germany through militarism (they competed in building up their navies) and through Imperialism (Germany wants more land/access to Asia and Britain is stopping them with their navy and colonized land). And France is rivalled with Germany because in a previous war Germany seized some of their land and now France wants it back.

Explain the sequence of events:
1. A terrorist group from Serbia kills Austria-Hungary’s Archduke and Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
2. Russia starts mobilizing troops to help Serbia
3. Germany joins the war because they are allied to Austria-Hungary
4. Britain and France join the war because they are allied to Russia.

 

Analysis:
I think this is from a British perspective because it is written in English and they kind of characterize the the cartoon as it wasn’t at all Britain’s fault and only Serbia and Austria-Hungary’s fault.
Serbia I think is depicted as a child because they aren’t that powerful a country at all.
I think this comic is a satire because it ridicules the chain of alliances by showing it as a chain of people threatening one another. An the “title chain of friendship” is ironic because the countries aren’t friends and just people allied for mutual benefit. Hence the saying “The enemy of my enemy is my friend.”

Research 2:

To what extend did Canadians support the war (find primary evidence)?

Canada sent around 619,000 Canadian soldiers throughout the whole war because Britain forced them to help.

Search for “Canada WWI war propaganda”, what are the posters trying to make you do and how are they supposed to make you feel? Find some and share your favourites.

This poster wants you to buy victory bonds to help support the war. It makes you feel you need to do so by reminding you of the soldiers over seas that need our help.


This poster is trying to get you to donate to a family fund for wives that can’t support their family without their husband. It makes you feel like you should be doing something to help if you aren’t fighting in the war.

 

How did the war affect Canada’s development as a nation?
The production of weapons boosted the the economy and the fact Britain forced Canada into the war made more Canadians realize that Canada should have autonomy.

Research 3:

What was it like to fight on land, sea and in the air?

“Being a night bomber I did not have the opportunity to participate in any aerial combats-possibly if I had I wouldn’t be here today to tell it.”
Based on this quote I believe to fight in the air you wouldn’t live very long If you were battling with other airplanes. So there is a low life expectancy for pilots.

“We were co-operating with the Infantry in obliterating several very strong machine gun nests. The artillery had been hammering at them, but every time the infantry went to advance they were met with a stubborn resistance.”
Based on this quote it looks like it is very chaotic in the trenches with heavy machine-gun fire and artillery fire. It also looks like it was very hard to advance because of all of this fire.

“We ran into a 50 mile an hour gale and believe me the waves did pile up, 25 to 50 feet. Here are some of the different positions on deck in 2 minutes: [diagram in original letter].
Once both I and my deck chair shot suddenly for the railing and on the rail I was smashed very unceremoniously into my chair again. A Lt. Col. fell backwards in the smoke room and put his head through a panel in the wall, knocking him senseless. The dishes on the table danced the Highland fling
and one morning our waiter had to set the table 8 times in a half hour. Oh, it was some gale and the number of sick was large. I am quite satisfied with my record and think that I may yet make a good sailor.”
Based on this quote and the letter it is from It doesn’t look like there was much action in the seas and their main enemy was mother nature.

What are some important Canadian contributions to the war on land, sea and in the air?
For the war on land Canada contributed Arthur Currie who helped plan the success of the battle at Vimmy ridge and many other battles.
For the war in the air Canada contributed Roy Brown who shot down the red baron and Canada contributed many other ace pilots.
For the war on the sea Canada contributed by building up a patrol force of 36 ships. To help patrol and defend North American waters. Canadians also made up a substantial part of the ships’ companies of Canada’s cruisers and two submarines
acquired by the British Columbia government.

What are the common themes in the poems? What do they tell you about how soldiers felt about the war?
Common themes in these poems are how horrific war is. In the happy warrior poem it paints this grotesque scene of an injured warrior killing someone and in MCMXIV it talks about how because of the war everything is ruined and there will “Never such innocence again.”

 

Canadian Identity Art Presentation (Socials 10)

(The following is a political cartoon Illustrating Canadian Identity/discrimination and Canada’s past using metaphors)

My drawing represents how through Canadian history we have discriminated against many groups of people and how only in the last 100 years we have been accepting these groups of people.

The leaking drum of “oil” or, as it is labeled, prejudice, ignorance and unfairness pours into the lake and becomes discrimination. This represents how in Canada’s past, we discriminated against a multitude of different groups and this discrimination is made up of prejudice, ignorance and unfairness. What can also be noted is that there are only 2 people in the picture “Canadian acceptance” and “discriminated groups” so who pushed over the drum? Was it Canadian acceptance to begin with?

The setting represents Canadian landscape (the mountains represent the Rockies and the northern territories, the trees represent the a large amount of trees Canada has, the meadows represent the prairies and the lake represents the large amount of fresh water Canada has).

To not exclude any discriminated groups I didn’t put any specific groups in my drawing and instead I put a person that represents all discriminated groups. The main groups that Canada has discriminated against, in the past, that are represented by this person include: Chinese people, Indian people, First Nations people, Woman, and LGBTQ2 people. The fact that this person that represents discrimination is being pulled out by Canadian acceptance is trying to show that we are starting to accept all previously discriminated groups.

Chinese immigrants came to build the CPR from 1880-1885. These workers were expected to work longer hours for lower pay than their non-Chinese co-workers. After the railway was built cheap labour wasn’t needed anymore so people thought the Chinese would take their jobs. This made people think to pressure the government to put a tax on Chinese immigrants which went from $50 to $500. And for the time $500 was equal to 2 years pay! This Chinese head tax caused many difficulties for Chinese immigrants. And I think this tax showed directly that people just wanted the Chinese for their cheap labour and then they wanted them to leave. As Canada started to accept the Chinese people the tax was lifted in 1923.

Here is a primary source talking about anti-Asian riots

Indian immigrants were discriminated in the Komagata Maru incident when 340 Sikhs, 24 Muslims and 12 Hindus boarded the Komagata Maru to go from Hong Kong to Vancouver. These immigrants were not allowed to get off their boat once they reached Vancouver because a racist policy called the continuous passage act made it so Indian immigration was legal as long as they came directly from India. This law obviously was meant to prevent Indian immigration because considering the distance from India it would be very hard to be on a ship for that long.

Here is a primary source in the form of a political cartoon

Since these two incidents of racism against immigrants, Canada has made multiple apologies and we allow all immigration based on a point system which lets in immigrants that have good education, speak English or French etc. But you don’t have to meet all the requirements you only have to get a 67% score.

Our First Nations peoples were discriminated against using the Indian act which was put in place in 1876. In this act it basically makes First Nations people into “wards of the state” which is basically saying they are below us and we need to give them extra support. But this support wasn’t a good kind of support. It put many First Nations people’s kids in residential schools to try to “kill the Indian in the child” and in these schools they tried to rip away their culture by forbidding them from speaking their language and practicing their traditions. They also under fed these children and abused them heavily. Although many amendments were made to the Indian act we are still trying to reconcile and apologize to our first nations people today.

Here is a website with some videos of First Nations people talking about their experiences at residential schools

Residential School Survior Stories

Throughout the 19th century woman were seen as inferior to men and thus were forced to be caretakers of children and of home. At this time woman also had no right to vote or deal with government. Soon people realized that woman should have the right to vote and this was especially the case after a woman’s movement to prohibit alcohol succeeded in 1917. After this woman started to get more rights such as the ability to run for MP, be appointed to senate, etc until eventually woman had the same rights as men.

Here is a primary source to show thoughts on woman at the time

The last main discriminated group is LGBTQ2 people. Until one of Canada’s omnibus bills legalized homosexuality, homosexuality was illegal but this really started to change after a gay man called Everett Klippert was jailed indefinably just for being gay. They said that he was a dangerous sexual offender and that he had to be jailed to protect the public but people soon realized that he was actually not a sexual offender and just had a different sexual orientation and 4 years later Canada’s omnibus bill legalized homosexuality.

Here is the website with the news story on Klippert

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/everett-klippert-lgbt-apology-1.4422190

To conclude, Canadian Identity, I found, is really about accepting others differences and letting that make us who we are and letting that make us stronger as a country. Because of our history of having many immigrants it forced us to accept each others differences in nationality, sexuality, and/or racially. With my project I really wanted to show that nature of acceptance using someone helping someone out. Because now that has become what it really means to be Canadian.

Reflection Nov 26, 2018 (Socials 10)

Last week we talked about the SOGI 123 curriculum . I’m on the fence about implementing this program because I don’t really agree with how they have set up the curriculum but I am not against teaching gender Identity and Sexual orientation in schools. I don’t agree with how they set up the curriculum because for one, it only focuses on gender Identity and Sexual orientation. There are many other reasons kids are bullied in school. For example kids with physical or mental disabilities. For two, it states “Classroom materials and activities will contain positive images and accurate information about sexual and/or gender diversity” which is a good thing but it doesn’t talk about physical, emotional and mental problems that could arise with these certain lifestyles. But to fix this program that would have to give kids all of the information. For example some of the heath problems that could occur. And to fix this program we would have to incorporate other minorities that are bullied or make another program for that.

Reconciliation Short Speech (Socials 10)

After hearing Steven Harper’s lifeless and strictly political apology for residential schools, I feel like we need to say sorry again but actually mean it this time. In Harper’s speech he basically said sorry twice and 90% of the speech was summarizing how residential schools scarred kids for life and ripped away their culture from them. Now that we know what we have done, moving forward we need to reconcile with our first nations people because what we did was wrong. And as everyone knows actions speak louder than words. So as a country we need to help these people get what they deserve, good jobs, education and self government over their reserves like they asked for. So what Canadians should do is vote for a politician that supports this and what I will do is listen in class and educate myself on the matter so history wont repeat itself.

Reflection Nov 19, 2018 (Socials 10)

Last week we learned about Canada’s discrimination of Immigrants in the past, femininity and masculinity and about the history of woman’s rights.

In the past Canada has discriminated against many immigrant groups but here are a few extreme cases: the Chinese head tax, the 1907 riot and the Komagata Maru incident.

Chinese immigrants came in 2 waves. First they came to BC for the gold rush in 1858 and then they
came to build the CPR from 1880-1885. In this time 17,000 workers were brought directly from china to Canada. These workers were expected to work longer hours for lower pay than their non-Chinese co-workers. After the railway was built cheap labour wasn’t needed anymore so people thought the Chinese would take their jobs. This made people pressured the government to put a tax on Chinese immigrants which went from $50 to $500. And  for the time $500 was equal to 2 years pay! This Chinese head tax caused many difficulties for Chinese immigrants. And I think this tax showed directly that people just wanted the Chinese for their cheap labour and then they wanted them to leave.

People that didn’t want the Chinese or other Asians in Canada formed the AEL or Asiatic Exclusion League in 1907. These workers were concerned on the impact the Chinese had on their jobs and were just generally racist towards immigrants. On September 8th of the same year thousands of protesters met in down town Vancouver and protested with posters saying “keep Canada white” then they marched to China town and little Tokyo and started a huge riot where they broke windows and looted businesses.

The following is a primary source regarding the 1907 riot:

The third incident of racism towards immigrants in Canada we talked about was Komagata Maru incident.
340 Sikhs, 24 Muslims and 12 Hindus boarded the Komagata Maru to go from Hong Kong to Vancouver.
Because people were worried all the immigration from India would take their jobs, laws preventing their immigration were put in place. One of these laws, the continuous passage act made it so Indian immigration was legal as long as they came directly from India. This law obviously was meant to prevent Indian immigration because considering the distance from India it would be very hard to be on a ship for that long.
When the Komagata Maru came to Canada they weren’t allowed off. This is because the didn’t come directly from India. But they argued that they never left the British empire since they came from Hong Kong. So they were made to stay on the boat until a verdict was reached and eventually they were forced to go back to Hong Kong. This incident is very sad because we made them stay on a boat for months until we reached a verdict of them going all the way back to India just because we wanted more jobs for white people. But this sort of thing is kind of happening in America right now. There was said to be a immigrant caravan headed towards the us boarder and Trump has sent 1000 troops to guard the border and he is probably going to make them head back.

When we learned about femininity and masculinity we basically learned that to be masculine is to be focused on results and to be feminine is to be focused on the journey. So to walk masculine is to walk only for the exercise and to get to a destination but to walk feminine is to walk for the sights and fresh air and to enjoy the experience. We were also taught about how masculinity is not directly related to men and femininity to woman. Although woman are generally more feminine and men masculine.

The following is Hofestede’s model on the subject:

When it comes to being successful in life we also looked at how the world is kind of designed for people that are more masculine because to do good in school you have to be focused on getting a good result, grades and less on having a good process. This is also true with jobs. And when you really think about it it is generally more okay for woman to be masculine than men to be feminine which is one thing we need to change as a society moving forward.

The last thing we learned about was the history of woman’s rights. Woman used to not be able to vote or get a proper job because they had to work as a house keeper but this all started to change when the first world war came. In this war since they didn’t allow woman to fight in it most of the men were out fighting the war and the woman had to take over their jobs. During this time a campaign started to get woman the ability to vote in a provincial election was started and in 1916 woman were allowed to vote in Manitoba provincial elections. Following this more provinces allowed woman to vote in their provincial elections and eventually all woman could vote in Canada. Later there were also other changes which allowed woman to run for MP and prime minister and eventually woman could be appointed to senate. But although they had more rights society still viewed them as the house keeper or as inferior to men.

And to close off my reflection here are some sexist adds that proves society’s views on woman at the time:

Political Speech Assignment

The following is the results to my Political Spectrum Test:

(I don’t know why the bottom 4 even made it there for me)

Find a speech/interview from the party leader of the party you side with (or a minister)

1.Give the context of the speech (where, when, why)

Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath addresses delegates at the federal NDP convention in Ottawa on February 17, 2018.

2.Summarize the speech

In a nutshell Andrea Horwath is saying that the Ontario NDP wants to make more public services, take better care of the environment, make a more equitable society, make it so that everyone gets the health care they need, and make it so everyone gets their medications with out paying for them. She also talked about how there isn’t enough room in hospitals in Ontario when people need care. She also said NDP is running to restore our public services and fight for good jobs that every worker deserves. She said the Ontario NDP wants to raise the minimum wage to $15, wants the electricity of Ontario in “public hands” (which I think means run by the government), want to fight climate change and make sure polluters pay the biggest price and want more woman in politics.

3.What do they say that reveals if they are left or right wing? (provide the quotes and timestamps)

1:00 -“we know a better future is possible for every Canadian. A future with more public services not less.” (This is left wing because the left wing agrees with having lots of public service)

1:11 -“A future where we take better care of each other and and better care of the land, the air and the water.” (This is left wing because the left wing agrees with taking care of the environment and it’s people)

5:59 -“New Democrats are fighting to restore our public services and we’re running to fight for the good jobs that every worker deserves.” (This is left wing because the left wing agrees with having good public services and having good jobs for all workers)

4.Do you agree with their statements? Explain why or why not

I agree with their statements because they are mainly trying to help the people and the economy. They are helping the people by trying to get good jobs for everyone, good public service and reach an equitable society. They are helping the environment by trying to put heavier taxes on carbon emissions,

5.Post the above to your blog (& embed the video) and present to the class

Reflection Oct 15, 2018 (Socials 10)

Last week we learned how to make change in government.

The three main ways to make change in government are lobbying, making a petition and civil disobedience.

Lobbying is seeking to influence a politician or public official on an issue and can be done by joining a lobbying or interest group. In these groups a lobbyist is elected then the group uses that lobbyist to put direct pressure on the official or mobilizes voters and provides information for the official.

Next, a petition is a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause. These petitions can be made by following the guidelines on the parliament of Canada website. For the government to read it, it has to have at least 25 signatures. Governments are only obligated to read these petitions and not act on them. But they are responsible to respond within 120 days of receiving the letter.

The last way to make change in government is Civil Disobedience this is the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest. Gandhi wrote 3 principals to doing civil disobedience properly. 1. it must not include violence, 2. it must be directed against laws that are significantly unjust and 3. it requires taking responsibility for one’s actions. Willingness to face punishment shows the strength for one’s beliefs. I think Gandhi is right for saying this because civil disobedience seems like a last resort if you can’t get through to your government.

One example of lobbying I found was from CBC news at their site: https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/enbridge-lobbying-of-harper-government-a-success-story-1.1152513
In a nut shell major energy companies lobbied the Harper government to build the Enbridge pipeline so they can move more bitumen from Alberta oil sands to BC. This change is negative to society because it is bad for the environment and shows how much control over government big money companies actually have. I disagree with this change and how it was done because it was probably done by these companies paying off the Harper government. Benefits of lobbing include: you can try to get change directly from a politician and drawbacks include: only big organizations can successfully lobby on the provincial and federal level.

One Example of a petition I found was on plastic bags being banned in Victoria because of their affect on the environment. They achieved this by getting 29,279 people to sign their petition. I agree with this change because plastic bags are bad for the environment and we should ban more throw-away plastic items. I think this was a perfect way to get this done because it shows the government that many people wanted the change. Benefits of petitions include: they seek the attention you need in a peaceful way and drawbacks include they need a lot of people to actually do successfully and the politician can choose whether to say yes or no.

One example of civil disobedience I found was on bill 78 in Quebec that stopped people from protesting and put fines on it because of increasing protests on tuition cost raising. Thousands of people wearing red went out on the streets in civil disobedience of this bill and the bill was removed. I agree with this change because in any democracy people should be allowed to protest so that the government works for the people like it is supposed to. I like the way they went about changing the bill because it was not violent at all and got the point across strongly. Benefits of civil disobedience are: It can end in fast change if done properly and drawbacks include: it could end in violence if done wrong.

In conclusion, I found that the order in which you should try to influence government is lobbying first so they know all the info they need to make a decision. Then if they don’t do anything, making a petition to show them lots of people want the change. And lastly if all else fails and you need to stop an unjust law you should use civil disobedience.

Another interesting thing I found that pertains to how our electoral system works and how to make change in government is this image:

This shows that some companies can get around the rules against donating to a political party by using the lobbyist as a sort of ‘middle man’ to secretly fund/influence politicians. I find this very deceptive and probably also illegal. What do you think of it Mr. Chan?

Sorry I got carried away with one topic and wasn’t able to do anything on elections. I think this is how it will be with all my reflections because one topic is just too broad to cover in one reflection.