After hearing Steven Harper’s lifeless and strictly political apology for residential schools, I feel like we need to say sorry again but actually mean it this time. In Harper’s speech he basically said sorry twice and 90% of the speech was summarizing how residential schools scarred kids for life and ripped away their culture from them. Now that we know what we have done, moving forward we need to reconcile with our first nations people because what we did was wrong. And as everyone knows actions speak louder than words. So as a country we need to help these people get what they deserve, good jobs, education and self government over their reserves like they asked for. So what Canadians should do is vote for a politician that supports this and what I will do is listen in class and educate myself on the matter so history wont repeat itself.
Last week we learned about Canada’s discrimination of Immigrants in the past, femininity and masculinity and about the history of woman’s rights.
In the past Canada has discriminated against many immigrant groups but here are a few extreme cases: the Chinese head tax, the 1907 riot and the Komagata Maru incident.
Chinese immigrants came in 2 waves. First they came to BC for the gold rush in 1858 and then they
came to build the CPR from 1880-1885. In this time 17,000 workers were brought directly from china to Canada. These workers were expected to work longer hours for lower pay than their non-Chinese co-workers. After the railway was built cheap labour wasn’t needed anymore so people thought the Chinese would take their jobs. This made people pressured the government to put a tax on Chinese immigrants which went from $50 to $500. And for the time $500 was equal to 2 years pay! This Chinese head tax caused many difficulties for Chinese immigrants. And I think this tax showed directly that people just wanted the Chinese for their cheap labour and then they wanted them to leave.
People that didn’t want the Chinese or other Asians in Canada formed the AEL or Asiatic Exclusion League in 1907. These workers were concerned on the impact the Chinese had on their jobs and were just generally racist towards immigrants. On September 8th of the same year thousands of protesters met in down town Vancouver and protested with posters saying “keep Canada white” then they marched to China town and little Tokyo and started a huge riot where they broke windows and looted businesses.
The following is a primary source regarding the 1907 riot:
The third incident of racism towards immigrants in Canada we talked about was Komagata Maru incident.
340 Sikhs, 24 Muslims and 12 Hindus boarded the Komagata Maru to go from Hong Kong to Vancouver.
Because people were worried all the immigration from India would take their jobs, laws preventing their immigration were put in place. One of these laws, the continuous passage act made it so Indian immigration was legal as long as they came directly from India. This law obviously was meant to prevent Indian immigration because considering the distance from India it would be very hard to be on a ship for that long.
When the Komagata Maru came to Canada they weren’t allowed off. This is because the didn’t come directly from India. But they argued that they never left the British empire since they came from Hong Kong. So they were made to stay on the boat until a verdict was reached and eventually they were forced to go back to Hong Kong. This incident is very sad because we made them stay on a boat for months until we reached a verdict of them going all the way back to India just because we wanted more jobs for white people. But this sort of thing is kind of happening in America right now. There was said to be a immigrant caravan headed towards the us boarder and Trump has sent 1000 troops to guard the border and he is probably going to make them head back.
When we learned about femininity and masculinity we basically learned that to be masculine is to be focused on results and to be feminine is to be focused on the journey. So to walk masculine is to walk only for the exercise and to get to a destination but to walk feminine is to walk for the sights and fresh air and to enjoy the experience. We were also taught about how masculinity is not directly related to men and femininity to woman. Although woman are generally more feminine and men masculine.
The following is Hofestede’s model on the subject:
When it comes to being successful in life we also looked at how the world is kind of designed for people that are more masculine because to do good in school you have to be focused on getting a good result, grades and less on having a good process. This is also true with jobs. And when you really think about it it is generally more okay for woman to be masculine than men to be feminine which is one thing we need to change as a society moving forward.
The last thing we learned about was the history of woman’s rights. Woman used to not be able to vote or get a proper job because they had to work as a house keeper but this all started to change when the first world war came. In this war since they didn’t allow woman to fight in it most of the men were out fighting the war and the woman had to take over their jobs. During this time a campaign started to get woman the ability to vote in a provincial election was started and in 1916 woman were allowed to vote in Manitoba provincial elections. Following this more provinces allowed woman to vote in their provincial elections and eventually all woman could vote in Canada. Later there were also other changes which allowed woman to run for MP and prime minister and eventually woman could be appointed to senate. But although they had more rights society still viewed them as the house keeper or as inferior to men.
And to close off my reflection here are some sexist adds that proves society’s views on woman at the time:
Paste the link in to the search by address bar to open it in Desmos
This picture took 58 lines of equations to create. To figure out which equations to use I looked at each one available then imagined them with domain and range constraints that would get the shape I needed. It was really challenging to get the glasses right but after a wile I was able to write 22 lines of equations with domain and range constraints that pulled of the desired look. Some strategies I used were making one side first and then changing some of the plus and minus signs to switch it to the other side. Once I got it to the other side of the y-axis to change the domain and range constraints I reversed the pluses and minuses and then reversed the inequality signs. This assignment helped me understand how different parts of equations help move the shapes around for example the equation (y+a)^2+(x+b)^2= r^2 makes a circle with a radius of r with a center point of (-b,-a). So if I typed in (y+1)^2+(x+1)^2= 25 the circle would have a radius of 5 with a center point at (-1,-1).
The following is the results to my Political Spectrum Test:
(I don’t know why the bottom 4 even made it there for me)
Find a speech/interview from the party leader of the party you side with (or a minister)
1.Give the context of the speech (where, when, why)
Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath addresses delegates at the federal NDP convention in Ottawa on February 17, 2018.
2.Summarize the speech
In a nutshell Andrea Horwath is saying that the Ontario NDP wants to make more public services, take better care of the environment, make a more equitable society, make it so that everyone gets the health care they need, and make it so everyone gets their medications with out paying for them. She also talked about how there isn’t enough room in hospitals in Ontario when people need care. She also said NDP is running to restore our public services and fight for good jobs that every worker deserves. She said the Ontario NDP wants to raise the minimum wage to $15, wants the electricity of Ontario in “public hands” (which I think means run by the government), want to fight climate change and make sure polluters pay the biggest price and want more woman in politics.
3.What do they say that reveals if they are left or right wing? (provide the quotes and timestamps)
1:00 -“we know a better future is possible for every Canadian. A future with more public services not less.” (This is left wing because the left wing agrees with having lots of public service)
1:11 -“A future where we take better care of each other and and better care of the land, the air and the water.” (This is left wing because the left wing agrees with taking care of the environment and it’s people)
5:59 -“New Democrats are fighting to restore our public services and we’re running to fight for the good jobs that every worker deserves.” (This is left wing because the left wing agrees with having good public services and having good jobs for all workers)
4.Do you agree with their statements? Explain why or why not
I agree with their statements because they are mainly trying to help the people and the economy. They are helping the people by trying to get good jobs for everyone, good public service and reach an equitable society. They are helping the environment by trying to put heavier taxes on carbon emissions,
5.Post the above to your blog (& embed the video) and present to the class
Last week we learned how to make change in government.
The three main ways to make change in government are lobbying, making a petition and civil disobedience.
Lobbying is seeking to influence a politician or public official on an issue and can be done by joining a lobbying or interest group. In these groups a lobbyist is elected then the group uses that lobbyist to put direct pressure on the official or mobilizes voters and provides information for the official.
Next, a petition is a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause. These petitions can be made by following the guidelines on the parliament of Canada website. For the government to read it, it has to have at least 25 signatures. Governments are only obligated to read these petitions and not act on them. But they are responsible to respond within 120 days of receiving the letter.
The last way to make change in government is Civil Disobedience this is the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest. Gandhi wrote 3 principals to doing civil disobedience properly. 1. it must not include violence, 2. it must be directed against laws that are significantly unjust and 3. it requires taking responsibility for one’s actions. Willingness to face punishment shows the strength for one’s beliefs. I think Gandhi is right for saying this because civil disobedience seems like a last resort if you can’t get through to your government.
One example of lobbying I found was from CBC news at their site: https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/enbridge-lobbying-of-harper-government-a-success-story-1.1152513
In a nut shell major energy companies lobbied the Harper government to build the Enbridge pipeline so they can move more bitumen from Alberta oil sands to BC. This change is negative to society because it is bad for the environment and shows how much control over government big money companies actually have. I disagree with this change and how it was done because it was probably done by these companies paying off the Harper government. Benefits of lobbing include: you can try to get change directly from a politician and drawbacks include: only big organizations can successfully lobby on the provincial and federal level.
One Example of a petition I found was on plastic bags being banned in Victoria because of their affect on the environment. They achieved this by getting 29,279 people to sign their petition. I agree with this change because plastic bags are bad for the environment and we should ban more throw-away plastic items. I think this was a perfect way to get this done because it shows the government that many people wanted the change. Benefits of petitions include: they seek the attention you need in a peaceful way and drawbacks include they need a lot of people to actually do successfully and the politician can choose whether to say yes or no.
One example of civil disobedience I found was on bill 78 in Quebec that stopped people from protesting and put fines on it because of increasing protests on tuition cost raising. Thousands of people wearing red went out on the streets in civil disobedience of this bill and the bill was removed. I agree with this change because in any democracy people should be allowed to protest so that the government works for the people like it is supposed to. I like the way they went about changing the bill because it was not violent at all and got the point across strongly. Benefits of civil disobedience are: It can end in fast change if done properly and drawbacks include: it could end in violence if done wrong.
In conclusion, I found that the order in which you should try to influence government is lobbying first so they know all the info they need to make a decision. Then if they don’t do anything, making a petition to show them lots of people want the change. And lastly if all else fails and you need to stop an unjust law you should use civil disobedience.
This shows that some companies can get around the rules against donating to a political party by using the lobbyist as a sort of ‘middle man’ to secretly fund/influence politicians. I find this very deceptive and probably also illegal. What do you think of it Mr. Chan?
Sorry I got carried away with one topic and wasn’t able to do anything on elections. I think this is how it will be with all my reflections because one topic is just too broad to cover in one reflection.
Last week we learned about climate change and population density.
When learned about climate change, we learned that our planet’s climate is getting warmer because of an increase in carbon dioxide and other green house gasses as shown on the graphs below.
The ‘greenhouse effect’ is caused by short wave radiation (UV rays) from the sun going through our atmosphere and heating up the ground. The ground in turn emits long wave radiation that gets trapped by greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere. Thereby, heating up the globe like a green house.
Because of this ‘greenhouse affect’ the whole world’s temperature has raised 2 degrees higher then it has ever been. Now, two degrees may not seem like much but, this has caused the glaciers to start to melt, fertile land start to turn into desert and more hurricanes starting to form.
Most of the greenhouse gasses on this graph are from solid and liquid fuel. For example, coal is a solid fuel and gasoline is a liquid fuel. But we also have to think about our embodied emissions. These are emissions from our every day product from the stores. These products sometimes line up an big line of carbon emissions just to get to our shelf. Here is one example, the factory creates the product (CO2 from electricity and product production) then it goes to transportation (CO2 from combustion engines) then the retailer store (CO2 from electricity used to run and heat the store) and lastly driving to the store (CO2 from your combustion engine).
To stop global warming, things we could do as individuals include: voting for politicians with an eco-friendly platform, walking/biking to work/school or driving an electric car, buying local and buying things with fewer packaging (don’t buy those individually wrapped potatoes!!!) and generally only getting what you need.
Stopping climate change is hard and some things we just can’t change. For example, big coal/oil companies will not shut down because their wealthy owner is just too greedy to lose out on all the money in their industry. This is one of the ways climate change becomes an issue of class. Some things only the wealthy can change and I think it is their responsibility to change it.
Now I was going to write about what we learned about population density but this blog post has already gotten too long. If you want to come talk to me later Mr.Chan, I would know what I am talking about regarding population density.
Last week we learned about developing countries and how they can get stuck in the poverty cycle.
When a poor country is stuck in the poverty cycle one of the only ways to get out is to get a loan to be able to build infrastructure and improve the economy. Developing countries use to take out loans from privately owned banks in other countries. The only problem with this is that the banks could charge high interest on their loans and eventually the country would be in constant debt, not being able to pay back in full and in the long run paying way over or not being able to pay back at all. After the market crash in the U.S.A people were worried that these countries currency could become 0 so, the UN created the World Bank (WB) which took on all these countries debt with no interest. The only catch was that in order for the country to take out a loan they would have to follow some Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) given to them by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that helped the countries gain money.
Some of these SAPs would tell the countries to use a certain piece of land for growing a cash crop and exporting it or let in Multi National Corporations (MNCs) to set up shop in their country and produce and export their goods. Another example of a SAP is devaluing their own currency. This would in theory make other countries want to purchase their currency raising their currency value.
Now at first I thought this was a good system until Mr.Chan showed us a documentary about Jamaica. When Jamaica took out money from the WB the SAPs told them to make a ‘free zone’ where the Jamaican laws don’t apply. This is so companies can produce products that are legally not made in Jamaica and operate without the restrictions of laws. With this they are not liable to any taxes and they can pay their workers as low as $30 US dollars a week. In theory this would raise the economy because the Jamaican people can go to work and then buy things back in Jamaica. But this was not the case. The company got away with taking lots of deductions off their pay check that actually weren’t given to the government (even though they were suppose to) and because the end product was exported out of Jamaica it didn’t help the economy much.
In the end all of the Jamaican workers were fired after going on strike and they were replaced with Chinese workers making it not beneficial at all for Jamaica. Later the companies shut down and Jamaica was left with debt and an empty factory.
What actually works to help developing countries in the poverty cycle is micro-finance loans. These are loans to individuals so they can start up their own business in their country that doesn’t rely on MNCs exporting the goods out of the country. This way their business can help the country’s economy and have their product staying in the country. One way we can help with micro-finance loans is donating to https://www.kiva.org/ and loaning as low as $25 with no interest rate to someone in need.