# House Hunter’s

In this project we were tasked with finding an apartment, basement suit, or studio apartment for \$1,800 or less per month, and fill out a data table. Here is a data table I created for an apartment I found in Maple Ridge.

Date: 26/05/19 Cost: \$1,200/month

Address of Rental: 24155 102 Ave, Maple Ridge, BC V2W 2C6, Canada (on top of a pizzeria!)

 Distance to bus stop 9 minute walk Pets allowed Caged only (birds, lizards etc.) Deposit amount \$1,200 Utilities included Brand new stainless steel appliances Cable included No Internet included Yes Water bill amount Doesn’t Say Smoking allowed No Parking available No Laundry available Yes # of bedrooms 1 +Den # of bathrooms 1 Name of neighbourhood Village Variety (above a pizzeria) Distance to university/collage 1h 20m with transit Furnished No Appliances Fridge, Oven, Dishwasher, Washing Machine, and Dryer Lease Doesn’t Say Length of lease Doesn’t Say Square footage 900

# Wonder Project 2.0: String Theory

Last year I did a “Wonder Project” on Time Dilation. In this kind of project we have to ask ourselves a meaningful question (in the field of science), research about it, and make a blog post with all of our findings. This year we are doing a “Wonder Project” again, but it has to be space oriented.

My inquiry question for “Wonder Project 2.0” is:

# What is “String Theory” and how does it explain our universe?

## The Main Idea: Strings and a Theory of Everything

String theory is a theory that describes all forces and particles with one entity, the string. To do this, it tries to bring together elements of quantum physics and Einstein’s theory of relativity. It is basically a theory that tries to explain everything beyond our standard model of physics (beyond atoms, and subatomic particles).

## How it’s Supposed to Work

String theory theorizes that everything in the universe is made up of tiny vibrating strings having a Planck length of about 10^-35 meters. They vibrate in different ways to make up all of the atomic and subatomic particles.

These strings could be open, form loops, merge with other strings, or divide into sub-strings. Like waves or particles from quantum mechanics, which string theory extends from, the strings aren’t made of any substance. If the theory is correct, these fundamental strings just are. They are like a kind of force. To make this theory work mathematically, there has to be eleven dimensions. Three spacial dimensions (up/down, left/right, and forward/backward), time, and seven more dimensions that are hidden from human senses because of their subatomic size, or because we are stuck in the four known dimensions and the others extend off from them.

## How String Theory was Created

Unlike Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, String theory was created by many theoretical physicists over a long period of time. When it was first proposed, the strings were either closed or open, and there was no concept of an extra 7 dimensions. String theory lost traction in the world of science because of difficulties with the mathematics, but in the early 1980s there were two new mathematical discoveries that got it back on track. The first one was by using ten dimensions. The second one was by using something called the E(8) × E(8) symmetry model. By combining both of these concepts it repaired the mathematical difficulties string theory couldn’t previously overcome. Later, physicists Michael Green and John Schwarz, found that string theory could explain known particles, their behavior, and solve the point particle problem, and in 1995, another discovery showed that string theory could be combined with another theory called Supergravity, which used eleven dimensions instead of ten. Eventually it got to the point where the string theory we know today is actually now called Super String theory.

## A Problem with Quantum Physics

In quantum physics, there has long been an issue with point particles. A point particle mathematically defined is a point, but, with a diameter of zero. At least a point that has a diameter that approaches zero. With all of the mathematics we have today forces on particles are related to the distance between particles; forces like magnetism and gravity. If something is infinitely small, then the radius, also being infinitely small causes the mathematics to grow the forces to infinite levels. So, point particles cause a paradox. The problem with Quantum Physics is you have these point particles that are infinitely small colliding with each other that should produce mathematically infinitely large forces but in reality, they don’t. This doesn’t make sense to the physicists, but in String theory, this problem doesn’t occur.

## Conclusion

To conclude, string theory is a theory that attempts to explain all forces and all matter in the universe using very small, vibrating strings and an extra seven dimensions, sadly, we cannot observe either. As of now, there has been no physical evidence or proof that string theory is actually correct; the only proof we have is the elegantly complex mathematics that works it out. The main critics of string theory today, criticize the theory on the basis that it cannot be experimentally tested or proven.

Many researchers are wondering if they are going down an infinite rabbit hole; ”String theorists propose a seemingly endless amount of mathematical constructions that have no known relationship to observation,” Sabine Hossenfelder, a physicist at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies in Germany said. But, I think that eventually, they will be able to make an experiment that proves or disproves this theory.

Here is a video that explains string theory in a simplified way:

## Bibliography

Mann, Adam. “What Is String Theory?” LiveScience, Purch, 20 Mar. 2019, www.livescience.com/65033-what-is-string-theory.html. Accessed 24 May 2019.

Gilman, Larry. “String theory.” The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, edited by K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 5th ed., Gale, 2014. Science In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2644032154/SCIC?u=43sbo&sid=SCIC&xid=8a365a32. Accessed 23 May 2019.

“The Basic Elements of String Theory.” Dummies, www.dummies.com/education/science/physics/the-basic-elements-of-string-theory/. Accessed 24 May 2019.

## Information Fluency

1. What questions did you need to research in order to research your topic?

First I researched basic information just to understand string theory in a nutshell, and then I went further and researched the history, why people believe in it, and some criticisms critics have to say about it.

2. What new or familiar digital tools did you try to use as you worked through this project?

To work on this project I used the familiar tools I have at my disposal: Gale Engaged Learning Science in Context, Google, EasyBib and YouTube. I used Google to narrow down my question, Gale to find reliable sources, YouTube to find a relevant video, and EasyBib to write the bibliography.

3. What was the process you used to investigate the topic?

To investigate my project I first used Google to narrow down my question because I had no idea what string theory was. Then I used YouTube to gather some general understanding, and finally Gale to find reliable sources.

4. How did you verify and cite the information you found?

To verify the information I used, I either got it from Gale or cross-referenced the source and made sure it was stating valid information. To site it, I plugged it into a program called EasyBib.

5. How did the process of completing this challenge go? What could you have done better?

The challenge was done in a relatively short period of time, one week, so it was kind of a crunch because I had to only research the basic information. If I had more time, I would’ve researched more, particularly how some of the math works.

# Your First Big Purchase: Your Wheels

What is it?
2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV Base

Where did you find it? (buying from who/where):
Victoria Mitsubishi 3342 Oak Street, Victoria B.C. V8X 1R1

Now, let’s just pretend you have saved \$1500 to put toward this purchase; how much do
you owe? \$4,500

What are your monthly car payments?
\$84.92 for 5 years

Cost per month to insure your vehicle: \$956.60

What is your total monthly vehicle cost? \$1041.52

And now, pick up a “Luck of the Draw” card from Ms. Roberge. Because…life happens!

What is the scenario?
Tires get slashed by a bottle on the road.

Approximately how much will this cost you? \$20 for a patch job

How did you come up with this amount (quote your source)?
https://www.carsdirect.com/car-repair/average-tire-puncture-repair-cost

# YPI Presentation Self Reflection

1. What I did: (Explain what you personally accomplished to finish your project.)

For this YPI project I was tasked with: video editing, script writing, slide management, and general organization/making sure deadlines are met. The work I did was: video editing the whole video, writing the whole script (minus one slide), and making sure everyone did their part.

2. What I found difficult: (Write about any part of the project you found challenging.)

I found making the video only 10 minutes difficult. There was so much info we could include, but it had to be narrowed down to only the important stuff.

3. What really worked, or what you’re proud of:

I am proud of my team’s ability to present the project in a clear professional way.

4. What I wish:

I wish that we could have more time to polish our presentation for the next level of competition that we are going into.

5. Next time: (Write about what you would do differently next time.)

Next time I would like to be able to get Doug and his pads dog to show up to our presentation (for a hook).

6. The letter grade I’d honestly give myself:

I would honestly give my self an A because I challenged myself  and made this presentation to the best of my ability, and put in lots of time and effort.

# The Band Trip Where I Got My Lucky Black Tourmaline (Narrative Essay Reflection)

1. The First People’s concept that I recognized in my essay is: “Learning is embedded in memory, history, and story.” This is because my essay was about learning from mistakes and remembering the lesson I learned.

2. Two things I am proud of are: my ability to make a small story into 1,300 word essay, and my ability to use the rules of 3’s.

3. Two things I want to improve are: making sure everything drives the plot forward and is relevant, and building up the plot better.

This essay shows growth in my communication competency because I now know how to write (communicate) essays better. I now know how to write dialogue properly and how to use the rule of 3’s to make my writing more appealing. Where I still need to improve is my story telling; writing so that I show instead of tell and making sure every paragraph drives the plot forward.

# Mock Interview – Core Competencies

In Planning 10, we did mock interviews in order to prepare us for job interviews in the future. In this mock interview project, we were required to make fill in an application form, write a resume, write a cover letter, and attend a mock interview with an adult posing as an employer.

In the terms of core competencies, I found that this project encompasses both the communication and the critical thinking core competencies. But, I am only going to write about the communication core competency in this post.

One of the most important parts of this project was communication. We had to have a good handshake, a friendly attitude, and good answers to commonly asked questions. To improve on my core competency of communication, I practiced my hand shake, I  mentally checked in (to have a good attitude), and I practiced answers to commonly asked interview questions.

Overall, the interviewer said I did very well in all of this with one exception, I needed to brag more about myself. Usually, I tend to be humble and not brag about myself, but in this project, I learned that in different social situations you need to act differently; In an interview it isn’t good to be humble. So, in future interviews, I will keep this advice in mind and adapt to the different social situation.

# Core Competent Canadians

What did you know about the core competencies before this activity? What did you learn?

Before this activity, I knew that the core competencies help you reflect on how your projects further your growth in specific areas. I also knew what each competency is made up of, and how to reflect on them. After learning, I now know of more celebrities, and how they excel in certain core competencies. I also now know more ways one can better themselves in the core competencies.

How can your knowledge of the core competencies help you in your school life? Personal life?

With my newfound knowledge of the core competencies, I can now better reflect on how school projects further my growth in certain core competencies. In my personal life, I can now make decisions better; when I make a decision I can now think of how well I am using my core competencies.