Last week we learned about Canada’s discrimination of Immigrants in the past, femininity and masculinity and about the history of woman’s rights.
In the past Canada has discriminated against many immigrant groups but here are a few extreme cases: the Chinese head tax, the 1907 riot and the Komagata Maru incident.
Chinese immigrants came in 2 waves. First they came to BC for the gold rush in 1858 and then they
came to build the CPR from 1880-1885. In this time 17,000 workers were brought directly from china to Canada. These workers were expected to work longer hours for lower pay than their non-Chinese co-workers. After the railway was built cheap labour wasn’t needed anymore so people thought the Chinese would take their jobs. This made people pressured the government to put a tax on Chinese immigrants which went from $50 to $500. And for the time $500 was equal to 2 years pay! This Chinese head tax caused many difficulties for Chinese immigrants. And I think this tax showed directly that people just wanted the Chinese for their cheap labour and then they wanted them to leave.
People that didn’t want the Chinese or other Asians in Canada formed the AEL or Asiatic Exclusion League in 1907. These workers were concerned on the impact the Chinese had on their jobs and were just generally racist towards immigrants. On September 8th of the same year thousands of protesters met in down town Vancouver and protested with posters saying “keep Canada white” then they marched to China town and little Tokyo and started a huge riot where they broke windows and looted businesses.
The following is a primary source regarding the 1907 riot:
The third incident of racism towards immigrants in Canada we talked about was Komagata Maru incident.
340 Sikhs, 24 Muslims and 12 Hindus boarded the Komagata Maru to go from Hong Kong to Vancouver.
Because people were worried all the immigration from India would take their jobs, laws preventing their immigration were put in place. One of these laws, the continuous passage act made it so Indian immigration was legal as long as they came directly from India. This law obviously was meant to prevent Indian immigration because considering the distance from India it would be very hard to be on a ship for that long.
When the Komagata Maru came to Canada they weren’t allowed off. This is because the didn’t come directly from India. But they argued that they never left the British empire since they came from Hong Kong. So they were made to stay on the boat until a verdict was reached and eventually they were forced to go back to Hong Kong. This incident is very sad because we made them stay on a boat for months until we reached a verdict of them going all the way back to India just because we wanted more jobs for white people. But this sort of thing is kind of happening in America right now. There was said to be a immigrant caravan headed towards the us boarder and Trump has sent 1000 troops to guard the border and he is probably going to make them head back.
When we learned about femininity and masculinity we basically learned that to be masculine is to be focused on results and to be feminine is to be focused on the journey. So to walk masculine is to walk only for the exercise and to get to a destination but to walk feminine is to walk for the sights and fresh air and to enjoy the experience. We were also taught about how masculinity is not directly related to men and femininity to woman. Although woman are generally more feminine and men masculine.
The following is Hofestede’s model on the subject:
When it comes to being successful in life we also looked at how the world is kind of designed for people that are more masculine because to do good in school you have to be focused on getting a good result, grades and less on having a good process. This is also true with jobs. And when you really think about it it is generally more okay for woman to be masculine than men to be feminine which is one thing we need to change as a society moving forward.
The last thing we learned about was the history of woman’s rights. Woman used to not be able to vote or get a proper job because they had to work as a house keeper but this all started to change when the first world war came. In this war since they didn’t allow woman to fight in it most of the men were out fighting the war and the woman had to take over their jobs. During this time a campaign started to get woman the ability to vote in a provincial election was started and in 1916 woman were allowed to vote in Manitoba provincial elections. Following this more provinces allowed woman to vote in their provincial elections and eventually all woman could vote in Canada. Later there were also other changes which allowed woman to run for MP and prime minister and eventually woman could be appointed to senate. But although they had more rights society still viewed them as the house keeper or as inferior to men.
And to close off my reflection here are some sexist adds that proves society’s views on woman at the time: