Quote: “Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it.
“Your father’s right,” she said. “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy . . . but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.”
This is an imporant metaphor that is introduced. Mockingbirds do no harm and sing for everyone. However, its the innocent ones that usually get hurt. There are many mockingbirds in the novel. Boo Radley and Tom Robinson are prime examples of this.
Boo Radley has be stripped of childhood by his abusive father. He has been locked up for a very long time which resulted in the shyness of Boo. He was nearing his 40’s and he has not been out enough to see the real world. Deprived of life by his father, Boo was shy and awkward around Scout when they eventually meet. Boo plays an important role as a mockingbird who saves Scout and Jem from being assaulted by Mr. Ewell.
Tom Robinson is falsey accused of raping Mayella. Im reality Tom Robinson has been helping out Mayella for some time now and Tom has been nice to her all the time. Mayella started to have feelings for the black man; therefore, she attempted to kiss Tom. She was caught red-handed by Mr. Ewell and Mayella covered her love for the black man with a rape story. She accused Tom of assaulting and raping her.
Quote: I looked behind me. To the left of the brown door was a long shuttered window. I walked to it, stood in front of it, and turned around. In daylight, I thought, you could see to the post office corner. […]
Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough. (148)
Atticus taught Scout this lesson early on in the book. After dropping Boo Radley off, Scout literally stands on Boo Radley’s porch and sees what Boo has been looking at after all this time. This quote shows acceptance, Scout did not understand what Atticus meant when he told Scout this. I think the quote suits perfectly for the ending of the novel, we come back in a full circle to learn an important lesson. Do not judge a book by its cover is also a similar saying that relates to Atticus’s lesson anout acceptance. We should never judge a person by their appearances or beliefs until we have been in the same circumstances as the other.
Boo Radley was unknown to the town of Maycomb. There were many rumors of Boo; however, the people were unsure of what Boo looked like or acted. He saves Scout and Jem by stabbing Mr. Ewell with a knife. We get to find out who Boo really is. He is a kind and curious person who just got off on the wrong foot. He does not mean to do any harm to anyone. He has been locked up and never set a foot outside of his house. His imagination of Dill, Scout and Jem thrives and dominates.
Quote: Scout,” said Atticus, “nigger-lover is just one of those terms that don’t mean anything—like snot-nose. It’s hard to explain—ignorant, trashy people use it when they think somebody’s favoring Negroes over and above themselves. It’s slipped into usage with some people like ourselves, when they want a common, ugly term to label somebody.”
“You aren’t really a nigger-lover, then, are you?”
“I certainly am. I do my best to love everybody… I’m hard put, sometimes—baby, it’s never an insult to be called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you how poor that person is, it doesn’t hurt you.” (Page 59).
The term “Nigger lover” is thrown around a lot of times in the novel. Scout has heard the term being used to describe her dad. Atticus teaches Scout that being a “nigger lover” isn’t necessarily a terrible term. Atticus shows that Maycomb is full of ignorant people who label each other. Atticus does not care that someone is a Negro. However, he does care about doing his job right and that is to protect Tom Robinson. The people in Maycomb does not want Atticus to save Tom Robinson because then, the black people will not be classified as second-class citizens. The people do not want the world to change, they like the way things are now.
This quote shows the theme of racism and prejudice. They use the term nigger-lover to describe the people who are on the black people side. In reality all humans are equal and we should not describe one another by their beliefs or race.
Quote: “‘It’s not an easy question Miss Mayella, so I’ll try again. Do you remember him beating you about the face?’ Atticus’s voice had lost it’s comfortableness; he was speaking in his arid, detached professional voice. ‘Do you remember him beating you about the face?’
‘I don’t recollect if he hit me. I mean yes I do, he hit me.'” Page 185
An important part of the novel is the court case between Tom Robinson and Mr. Ewell’s daughter. Based on the evidence given it is clear that Tom Robinson did not rape Mayella. Mayella should not be questioning herself if she was beat up or not. She would be sure that Tom Robinson beat her up. However, with this weak evidence Tom Robinson still ends up losing in court. This just shows that the race of a person is very important back in the day. Even with clear evidence, Tom Robinson loses in court.
Atticus Finch does not care about the race of one another; however, Atticus cares about whether its right or wrong . He wants to make the world a better place. The court case is very important throughout the book because Atticus has been defending Tom Robinson in the book and finally he is proven guilty or innocent.
Atticus plays an important role as a father of Scout and Jem. Atticus teaches Scout and Jem about acceptance and courage. He is mature and has the patience to be a lawyer. Atticus is visualized as a person who has seen all the events in life. Atticus says, “I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do.” This shows acceptance and courage from Atticus. There are many other examples throughout the chapters such as, “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view […] until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” Atticus is criticized by a lot of people in the community for being a “Nigger-lover.” However, Atticus does not care about the race of people instead, he believes in doing the right thing. Atticus is very understanding of everyone and abides the rule of innocent until proven guilty. Overall Atticus is a professional lawyer and a loving father. He is a role model to a lot of people and continues to be very modest.
TKAM Journal Response 1
Quote: ‘First of all,’ he said, ‘If you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you’ll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-‘
‘-until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.'”
This quote explores racism, acceptance and growing up in this quote. Atticus teaches Scout more than anyone else because Scout’s mother has passed away. Atticus is teaching Scout that she will not know what it is to be black until Scout literally turns black and lives life. Racism is a key part of the book because Atticus is defending a black man named Tom Robinson in court. The Finch family is always brought up as the “nigger lovers”. The town discriminates towards the black people just because of their color and racism is an important part of the book.
One of the main theme is growing up and Scout is always learning new things from Atticus and her peers. Atticus teaches Scout to fit in with all kinds of people in the town. Scout learns to accept all people for who they are unless she is put in the same circumstances. This is very important because a lot of people these days grow up not accepting anybody else. This habitat grows with you and later in life you will still discriminate people because you were taught differently. As the book goes on we will see that Scout takes this quote to heart.
Racism started in the 1400s and still continues to be one of the biggest problems in North America. Black people and white people will never get along because they have different beliefs. Racism has gradually disappeared; however, people still discriminate the black people because of their past. In the 1800s slavery was a key factor with racism, the blacks were enslaved by the white people. The black people were deprived of the right to vote, schooling, jobs and being able to go out in public places. They were forced to make extremist groups like The Black Panther Party were made to patrol the African American community to protect the residents from police brutality. The white people look down upon the black people because of their actions. They are seen as hostile and violent before.
Now racism has been changed. The Black Panther Party is now called the New Black Panther Party. Founded 1989 by Aaron Michaels to uphold the values of the original party, the party was anti-white and anti-Semitic. Desires a separate state made for blacks where they are in power and blames the Jewish for the slave trade and 9/11 attacks. The black people have been discriminated for so long that people just see it as a normal way of life. The rights have also changed, black people are able to vote just like anyone else. Black people can have the same lives and be equal. However, the society looks down upon them which results in bad behaviour. The police still shoot blacks for being threatening even though they do not pose a threat to anyone else. Racism now and then has changed quite a bit, racism can only be changed by humans and how they act.