BC’s Resources

Forestry

– In 2008, more than 80 000 jobs relied on the forest industry.
– Logging and the manufacture of forest products provide more employment and contribute more value added than any other industrial sector in British Columbia.

– Concern is growing about the sustainability of the forest industry. People have looked for new, creative ways to add value to harvested wood.
– Workers are laid off when the demand for forest products goes down, and they are rehired when demand goes up
– Forestry companies were required to prepare stewardship plans, ensuring reforestation, conservation of soils, and protection of habitats and watersheds.
– Paid to replanting, clearing undergrowth, and spacing the trees.
– In 1995, the Forest Practices Code was introduced, enforcing regulations for planting and reharvesting

Fishing

– Fishing has been an economic mainstay in British Columbia for thousands of years.
– The First Nations of the coast depended on fish, particularly salmon, which was caught with spears, hooks, dip nets, and weirs.

– Subsistence Fishing by Aboriginal peoples became a priority, after conservation requirements.
– Sparrow and Kapp decision

Agriculture

– Although only 1.1 percent of British Columbia’s land area is considered prime arable and about 15 percent is potentially arable, agriculture has continued here since the Hudson’s Bay Company encouraged farming on Vancouver Island.
– Farming was traditionally a small-scale family business in British Columbia,but by the 1990s, agriculture became much more of a big business
– Areas in British Columbia that are ideally suited to agriculture are also ideal for settlement,and they often become centres ofhigh population and growth

– Passed a law establishing an Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR), designed to protect fertile land from development.The Agricultural Land Commission, a Crown agency, was placed in charge.
– Requests to take away soil,or to use the land for non-farming activities, such as recreation.
– They can be adopted or changed by the municipality’s council through a procedure of readings, discussions, and votes. If it is a land-use bylaw, there must also be a public hearing.

Mining

– Mining has always been an important part of British Columbia’s resource based economy.
– BC’s mining economy is dependent on export sales. Most exported minerals are unprocessed and their value is determined by shifting world prices and demand.
– Large-scale production of lower grade ores was made possible through the development of open-pit mining

– Open-pit mines leave behind bare rock faces and large residues of waste rock. Acid rock drainage occurs when sulphuric minerals in rock are exposed to air or water,resulting in the formation of acid.
– It can have a significant impact on water quality and damage aquatic ecosystems.

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