I did my peer teach on How to Properly Pack a Backpack When Going Hiking. I taught the class on May 17th, 2018 how to effectively pack your backpack so that it is as light as possible while having all the nessesary materials, how to even out the weight and where to put the heaviest and lightest items, and how to wear your backpack so that it is comfortable throughout the hike.
Self Evaluation: (explanation below)
I was prepared on my lesson day: 5
I brought all nessesary materials for my lesson: 5
My lesson was organized with clear instruction/purpose/direction: 5
I included a demonstration, explanation, and practice time: 4
I brought in my backpack for my peer teach and brought all the nessesary supplies that I would pack in my bag (Except for food). I took out all my supplies and showed the class where to put your sleeping bag and sleeping mat, clothes, food, water, and the ten essentials. I gave a demonstration of where to put each item and had a PowerPoint with pictures of what a properly packed bag would look like. Unfortunately I was not able to give the class time to practice packing their own bags, because it would have been very difficult to have everyone bring in their packs with all their supplies. I was sure to follow all the criteria for my peer teach and showed the rest of the class how to properly pack a backpack because it is an important skill and I am very happy to know it and was glad to be able to teach the class it as well.
How I learned the skill:
My family loves to be outdoors, and so we go hiking all the time to local areas, and to further away hikes such as Garibaldi Lake and Eva lake. When I was 12, my family and I went to Garabaldi Lake and hiked to the lake and camped there and the next day hiked up to the black tusk and then all the way back to the bottom of the hike. This was my first overnight hiking trip and it was so much fun, but it took time and preparation. This was when I learned how to properly pack a backpack for hiking, and what materials are nessesary to bring.
Where I learned the skill:
I leaned the skill from my parents, as they have been on many overnight backpacking trips. They taught me how important it is to pack your backpack properly and effectively, and it really payed off. I learned where to put the heaviest items and how to use all the possible space in your pack.
When I learned the skill:
I learned how to effectively pack my backpack when I was 12, when we were planning on going to Garabaldi Lake. It was my first overnight backpacking trip, and it was so fun! It really helped to know how to pack my bag and how much I need to bring and where to put it.
Why I learned the skill:
I learned this skill, becuase it was going to be useful for our trip, but also for my future. I plan on doing many more backpacking trips, such as the West Coast Trail, and so this skill will be very helpful and I can teach others as well.
What happens when matter goes through a black hole and how do scientists find this out?
Answer: When any matter is close enough to a black hole, the extreme gravity of the black hole will spaghettify the mater by stretching and pulling it into a long strand that is then pulled down into the black hole, and can never come back out. Scientists know this by many years of research and data collection, by watching black holes closely and using powerful telescopes and satellites, to moniter how a black hole works.
I have always been curious about black holes and what happens when objects go through them, and so for this inquiry project, I decided to find out what really happens.
A black hole is an invisible place in space that has such a strong gravitational pull that even light cannot escape. They are formed by a star that is compressed into a much smaller, very dense object. When a star reaches the end of it’s life it explodes in a supernova, and sends some of the outer layers of itself outward, and its core compresses into a tiny ball. Because the star was so big and has been compressed into a object sometimes millions of times smaller, it has a gigantic gravitational pull.
The Event Horizon is a line on a black hole, where anything beyond that line is unable to ever get back across it. The black hole has such a strong gravitational pull, that inside the event horizon even light cannot escape. Outside of the event horizon, there is an accretion disk, which is a ring of gas and dust that is collected. When any matter is close enough to a black hole, the gravity of the hole will pull the the matter closer and closer, and will stretch and pull it into a long strand that is then pulled down into the black hole. This is called spaghettifcation, as the matter is stretched into a very long strand, and can even be pulled so far apart that is is the molecules lined up.
Black holes give off radiation and gamma rays but both of these forms of energy are invisible to the human eye. When a star and a black hole are very near to each other, light is given off but usually in the form of X-rays. Scientists observe black holes by monitoring the radiation that comes from the black hole, and to do this, they use X-ray satellites and telescopes to watch for the levels of radiation. Gamma rays are also sent from black holes and can be detected by NASA’s Fermi Gamma Ray Telescope, and the European Southern Observatory. Another way scientists can spot black holes, is if they see a star that is moving with a strong force of gravity as if there is a large object close. Because black holes are invisible to the human eye, scientists will use X-ray telecropes or satellites to see if there is radiation coming from the object, and moniter for waves of gamma rays or X-rays.
For this assignnment, when I was figuring out what equations to use, I looked back on what types of equations would create what shape, and I followed the patterns that would help me create my desired shape. First I started by creating my head, and then the rest of my body. These were the easier steps and I made it fairly quickly. Then when I was creating my facial features, it got a lot harder. The equations had to be more complex, and I tried my hardest to figure them out, but whenever I wasn’t able to figure it out, I asked my classmates, and if they also did not know, then I researched what would create the shape I wanted. I had a few aha moments, and it was when I finally figured out how to create the circles that I needed for my eyes. I was trying to figure it out, but both my eyes would end up too big or too small and both centred on the y axis. I did not want this, and so I kept changing the equations, and finally figured it out. I mostly used trial and error, as a strategy, because often the shapes would be slightly off where i wanted them to be positioned, and so I would change a few of the numbers, until I got what I wanted. This assignment definitly helped my further understand relations and functions and graphs, and it was a fun activity to help me get a better understanding.
The formula for the Surface Ares of a sphere is 4 x Pi radius squared (4πr2)
For this activity we had to cut an orange in half, which created 2 hemispheres. We then had to peel off the outside, and place the orange peels into the traced circles. This then showed us that 4 circles can be filled which gave us the formula. I learned a new formula, and thought this was a super fun way to discover new formulas and learn how to calculate the Surface Area of a sphere.
For this assignment we had to figure out how much water the barrier at Garibaldi Lake holds, and what would happen if the barrier broke.
To find out how much water is in the lake, I had to calculate the volume. From the dimensions on Wikipedia, the surface area of the lake is 9.94km squared, and the average depth is 119m. So first I have to convert 9.94km squared into metres squared.
9.94km squared = 9 940 000 meters squared.
So then I had to multiply 9 940 000 x 119 to get a total of 1 182 860 000 meters cubed.
I wanted to figure out the volume of Garibaldi Lake, so I needed 1 182 860 000 metres cubed to be converted into Litres.
So 1 182 860 000 meters cubed = approximately 1 trillion Litres.
So the volume of Garibaldi lake is approximately 1 trillion Litres.
1 Litre is equal to 1 kilogram. So Garibaldi lake flowing out is around 1 trillion kg. A skyscraper weighs approximately 222500000 kg. So 1 000 000 000 000 divided by 222500000 = 4 494…. Now imagine 4 494 skyscrapers falling down on you. That is how much weight it would be if Garibaldi Lake flowed out.
If the barrier at Garibaldi Lake were to break, a huge portion of the 1 trillion Litres would flow down into Squamish and flood the surrounding area. Because the lakes floor is not flat, there are parts that are deeper than the barrier, so if the barrier were to completely break, the deepest parts of the lake would not flow out. After doing some research, I found out that Steve Quane did a study on Garibaldi lake and found out that the energy of the lake flowing out, would be 200 times more energy than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. That is a really scary thing to think about, and because we live so close to this natural danger, it is a threat that needs to be assessed often to make sure that it is safe and that there is not a high risk of the barrier breaking.
Arnold, Dan . “Panorama Ridge at Garibaldi.” Dan Arnold Hiking , www.darnoldhiking.com/garibaldi.html .
This week it is Random Act of Caring week, and I chose a RAC to demonstrate throughout the week. I chose #20 – Talk to a shy person who is by themselves at a social event.
In my church youth group, we have a new girl who just started attending our youth group. She came into the Youth room, and looked very shy, and didn’t know anyone. I saw that she was alone, so I went over and started talking to her. She looked very happy when I started talking to her, because she wasn’t alone anymore. I continued to talk to her for a while, and when it was time for our youth group to play a wide game, it was in partners, so I asked her to be my partner so she wouldn’t be left out. She was super grateful, and even said to me “thank you for being my partner, because I don’t know anyone else.” I felt very good for being kind to her, and she said that she is going to come back to our youth group again next week, so I hope we can become friends.
What did you notice about the people who benefited from the RAC?
– I noticed that she was very happy for my company, and was thankful that she now new someone at the youth group. I also noticed that because I was kind to her, she was kind to everyone else, and so they were also kind to her.
What did you notice about yourself?
– I realized that I felt super good inside, after being friendly and kind, and I knew that I must have made her day better. I am going to try to always talk to new people or shy people, because they will be very happy when you talk to them, and it makes me feel really good, knowing I helped someone make a new friend.
How did performing a RAC contribute to your personal awareness and responsibility?
– This RAC helped me be aware that there are lots of shy people around in public places or at social events, and that they want someone to come over and talk to them, but they are just a bit scared to start a conversation. I now feel like I am more aware of the responsibility that I should have, and that I should always be looking out for those people who are alone.
Did you enjoy this RAC? Would you do it again? Would you change it, if so, how?
– I really enjoyed this RAC, and would definitly do it again, and I am going to make a personal goal, to try to always be looking out for those people who need someone to talk to if they are alone at a social event, or in any public place. The next time I see someone who looks shy and lonely, I will go and talk to them, and start a good conversation, and just try to make their day better, by making a new friend.
How did it contribute to your leadership skills?
– This RAC contributed to my leadership skills, by encouraging me to be a leader, and stepping out of the way to talk to someone who is shy or lonely. This has helped me be a supportive leader, by trying to include everyone.