Vaccines, Antibiotics, Hormones

Production of Vaccines, Antibiotics, Hormones

Production of vaccine.

Vaccines are the things that protect humans from infectious diseases. Vaccines take 6 – 22 months to produce. It takes 5 steps to make them.

  1. The first step of making vaccine is generating the antigen that will trigger the immune response.
  2. Second step is to release and isolate the antigen. The antigen will be separated from the cells and isolated from the proteins and other parts of the growth medium that are still present.
  3. In the third step the antigen needs to be purified in order to have a high quality.
  4. The fourth step is to add to other components. Including the adjuvant, which is a material that enhances the immune response to a supplied antigen. Due to antigens and other ingredients mixing, combination vaccines are harder to make.




Antibiotics are medicine for infections. Penicillin is the first antibiotic that was discovered and the greatest advancement in antibiotics, in 1928 Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin by accident. He came back from a vacation and noticed that few glass plates were open. The glass tube for bacteria were opened and some mold go into it. The mold killed the bacteria and when Fleming came back, he found out. That is how penicillin was made.

Antibiotics tend to have side effects. The most common side effect from antibiotics are stomachaches and nausea. Other side effects include sun sensitivity, headaches etc.



A hormone is a chemical that is made by specialist cells, usually within an endocrine gland, and it is released into the bloodstream to send a message to another part of the body. It is often refereed to as a “chemical messenger”.

Growth hormone is basically a protein hormone. It stimulates growth, cell reproduction, cell regeneration and in boosting metabolism. It is important in human development.

Hormones of Thyroid. Thyroid gland is a part of the endocrine. It produces and releases thyroid hormones into the bloodstream. The thyroid gland releases two hormones, Triiodothyronine and Thyroxine which helps in controlling the metabolism of human body.


Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to use glucose or sugar from carbohydrates in the food for energy

Estrogen is a female sex hormone released by the ovaries. It is responsible for reproduction, menstruation and menopause. Excess of estrogen in the female body increases the risk of breast cancer, uterine cancer, depression, etc. If estrogen level is less in female body, it leads to acne, skin lesions, thinning skin, hair loss etc.

Progesterone is a hormone that plays an important role in maintain pregnancy

Prolactin enables breast feed

Testosterone is a male sex hormone

Serotonin is a mood boosting effect hormone or also known as nature’s feel good chemical. It is associated with learning and memory, regulating sleep. Digestion, regulates mood and some muscular functions.

Cortisol is produced by the adrenal gland, which helps you stay healthy and energetic. Its main role is to control physical and psychological stress. In danger conditions, it increases heart rate, blood pressure, reputation etc.

Adrenaline, also known as emergency hormone, inhabits quick reactions which makes the individual to think and respond quickly to stress. It increases the metabolic rate, dilation of blood vessels going to the heart and the brain. During stressful situation adrenaline quickly releases in to the blood and sends impulses to the organ to create a specific response




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Career Conversation

I spoke to Jackson Yeoh and Samantha Coughlan, Jackson Yeoh is a senior animator and Samantha Coughlan is a professional Performer. All the people that I talked to didn’t really inspired me because I am still at a stage where I don’t know what I want to be, I think if knew what I wanted to be I would have been inspired and would be interested a little more. Samantha’s career piqued my interested a little bit, and Jackson’s career did too because I know that in the future, I want to entertain people and Jackson, he animates films that people enjoy while watching and Samantha does voice overs in films or movies and also games and who doesn’t enjoy movies and games. The most challenging parts about being a senior animator is obviously the animating and the amount of work you need to put into it and I am not the best with computers and animating so I don’t think I will be a good fit to be a senior animator, I am able to get the abilities to animate things but I don’t find it very interesting and I don’t think I want to pursue a career in animating. Also the most challenging parts about acting is the acting and putting in the hours to becoming a great actor, I am ok at acting I’ve been in a play for church and I got many compliments, I would take acting classes and get a personal trainer to improve my acting skills. I read that some big actors have to completely change what they look like body wise for a role in a movie. I did find the Careers and Conversations morning valuable because there were some careers that I found interesting and maybe wanted to become in the future and I got to learn about them.

Two Week Goal Reflection

My goal was to get at least eight hours of sleep and wake up at 4-4:30 everyday to go to basketball practice, I achieved my goal but if I am being honest I forgot about my goal but I still achieved it, I achieved it by going to bed at 7:30 and falling asleep by 8. The most challenging part about achieving my goal was falling asleep and waking up, it’s funny because when I went to bed i couldn’t fall asleep easily but when I had to wake up I wanted nothing but more sleep. I don’t think I would do anything different next time I think what I did to achieve my goal was the right way to do it. I would love to keep going on with my goal and get better at basketball but sadly after all my hard work I did not make the basketball, I will make a new goal, maybe I will go to an open gym two times a week and work on basketball.

Science wonder project

How does understanding the affects that will occur if our sun disappears help us prepare for this outcome?

Without the sun the earth would be a frozen planet in the first year so the only way to survive such temperatures would be to get as close to the core as possible.

We would not be able to breathe because solar energy is turned into oxygen through plants, but good news is that we would still be able to breathe for the first 1000 years because there would be enough oxygen to last us the first 1000 years on earth, after that we would all die.

At first, we would not notice for the first 8 light minutes (light minutes are the distance light can travel in a minute. We would not be in the gravitational pull of the sun and start flying around in space in a straight line.

When the sun burns out earth would be cold enough to freeze the top layer of the ocean but creatures that live deep under water won’t have a problem.

In order to survive we would need to dig as close to the earths core as possible and start a civilization there, or we would need to find a way to live at the bottom of the ocean without our bodies being compressed into nothing.

Sugar Detectives

I found it surprising that a SMALL Oreo blizzard from Dairy Queen has 68 grams of sugar and it concerned how much sugar I have been having daily. I also didn’t think a junior chicken sandwich from McDonald’s would have 5 grams of sugar, if such a small burger has that much sugar I am wondering how much sugar a regular burger has.

HG journal A

The Hunger Games: Journal Entry #2


Comprehension Questions:

Chapter 2

  1. How does Katniss save Prim from the Reaping?

Katniss saves Prim from the reaping by volunteering as tribute


  1. How did Kat’s mother react to her husband’s death?

Kat’s mother was affected heavily by her husband’s death.


  1. Describe Kat’s only previous encounter with Peeta Mellark.

Kat’s only previous encounter with Peeta mellark was when Peeta saved Kat from people sending Kat and her sister to a Public home for children.

  1. Why do people put their three middle fingers to their mouth and put them up?

People use the three-finger symbol as a sign of goodbye to a loved one, admiration and thanks.

Critical Thinking Question:

Write in complete sentences and in paragraph form

Journal 2: In your own life, when was a time when you felt defeated? How did you regain your confidence? (Chapter 2)

In my own life I felt defeated when I realized I wasn’t very good at something I enjoyed doing but I regained my confidence by telling myself that it doesn’t matter if I am not good at it, as long as I am having fun its ok.

Critical Thinking Question #2 – Write a short flashback from your own life – try and remember a time someone did something really nice for you, for no real reason. What happened? Why do you think they did this for you?

When I was 4 years old I had just moved to Canada with my mother, I had no idea that I would be living here from now on so I was happy. I had no knowledge on the English language, the food was different and everyone and everything was different from back home. My first day of school I was scared and worried that everybody will think that I am weird because I only knew three English words, yes, no and thank you. I walk into class sit in the circle get introduced and it was free time, I was in the corner playing by myself until one boy walked up to me and started to play and talk to me even while knowing I didn’t know English. We later became very good friends. I think they did this for me because he was also new and wanted to make friends.

Chapter 14 and 15 Journal Entries


  1. Theme

Using your topic sheet – find TWO topics that are looked at or highlighted in these chapters – Write a THEME statement for both of these topics that can be proven using evidence from chapters 14 and 15

Hope can overpower negative emotions



  1. Define:
  2. sated – to satisfy
  3. astronomical – very large
  4. eradicate – to destroy completely
  5. putrid –very unpleasant
  6. Comprehension


Chapter Fourteen

  1. How does Katniss escape the Tributes waiting for her beneath the tree?

Katniss escapes the tributes by

  1. What does Kat realize right before she passes out?

Katniss realizes that Peeta just saved her life right before she passed out


Chapter Fifteen

  1. What did Kat get from Glimmer’s body? Why is this significant?

Kat got a bow and arrows from Glimmer’s body, this is significant because Katniss couldn’t get it as the games started so she wasn’t able to fight but now that she has it she can fight.


  1. Why does Kat want Rue for an ally?

Kat wants rue for an ally because she likes having company and rue is helpful and she reminds Katniss of prim

Chapter 18

  1. How is decorating Rue with flowers a sign of protest? What is she protesting? Why won’t it be shown much on television?

Decorating Rue with flowers is a sign of protest because Katniss is showing the Capitol that she isn’t just a “piece of their game.” They won’t show it much on television because the gamemakers don’t want people to cry and get emotional over the game.


  1. Why do the Gamemakers change the rules?

The Gamemakers change the rules because the Gamemakers want more action because if people team up there is less people that fight eachother and the games will end quicker and people will have plans and the Gamemakers can show that on television.

20 Dollar Potato Day

By: Paige, Jason, Jennavie

Unit 3, Block B

Breakfast Hash browns cost 3.18

These hash browns are a simple recipe but it taste amazing and its been eaten for years and years to come, these hash browns with some sauted onions and ketchup is a simple yet tasty breakfast.

Lunch mustard crusted potatoes costs 10.28

These mustard crusted potatoes are a great side to any meal weather it be a burger, a salad or a steak or fish. It will take about 1 hour and 15 minutes to make

Dinner costs 5.38


total costs 18.84


The Nightmare Before Christmas Summary

Jason                                                                                                                                                                     May 1, 2019


Page 1: Jack Skellington was sick and tired of scaring people and how people avoid his eyes, he wanted more to his life, as he was walking he found a great big wooden door

Page 2: He walked through the door and landed in Christmas Town, he was happy to find lights and colours, he brought a bunch of “souvenirs” to show his friends where he went because if he didn’t they wouldn’t have believed him, he took everything back to Halloween, his peers were in awe, jack wondered why they got to be happy and he didn’t, he thought it was unfair, so he kidnapped Santa

Page 3: He told Santa his master plan and Jack became Santa for the year, Jack’s best friend dog Zero with his nose so bright is “Rudolph”, they begun to deliver presents

Page 4: Jack tries to be St. Nick but it wasn’t the same his ho ho ho sounded like groans, the children thought he was ugly, he delivered scary presents, the people were shooting at Jack, but Jack thought they were fireworks meant to congratulate him.

Page 5: Jack flew away, got hit by a missile and landed in the cemetery, Jack was sad because he thought he could do a good job as Santa, but he was not, Santa tried to make Jack feel better, Santa brings Christmas to Halloween.

Jack tried to be Santa and it did not work out, the initiating incident is when Jack finds the giant door, the climax is when Jack kidnaps Santa and trades spots, the conclusion is when Jack realizes he is not Santa and Santa brings Christmas to Halloween. The type of poem is narrative.

Rhyme Scheme: aabbcc

Poetic devices in the poem: Simile, Personification, Onomatopoeia