Canada’s role in 20th century conflicts

  • First World War (1914-1918)
    • Involved 9 European countries, 3 North American Countries, 1 South American Country, South Africa and Australia Against Germany, Austria-Hungary, The Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria
    • Events: German Submarine manages to sink Lusitania, a ship that carried 1,200 people. Battle of Belleau Wood happens, causing many casualties to occur.
    • Number of Canadian Casualties: 216,724
    • Outcome of World War 1: Created a treaty known as the ‘Treaty of Versailles’ in which managed to end World War 1. It also collapsed some empires
    • Long Term Outcomes of World War 1: Ended the German, Russian, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires. It also created new countries in Europe.
  • Second World War (1939-1945)
    • Nations involved were: 21 European Countries, 3 North American, Brazil, 5 Asian, 2 African, Australia and New Zealand.
    • Major Events: Began the assault/mass murder on Jewish people. Germany’s first major defeat. Hitler ends up ending his own life so he wouldn’t be taken by the enemies.
    • Canada’s Casualties: Around 100,300
    • Outcome of World War 2: Both the Japanese and Italian empire fell. Collapsed the Third Reich. Began the Cold War
    • Long-term Impacts of World War 2: Created the United Nations.
  • Korean War (1950-1953)
    • Nations involved were: 6 Asian Countries, United Nations, US, Canada, 7 European, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Columbia
    • Major Events: Korea divided into North and South Korea. North Korean Capital went under UN Control.
    • Canada’s Casualties: 1,568
    • Outcome of the Korean War: Ended in a Ceasefire
    • Long-term Impacts: Still remained split. Remained with a communist government.
  • Rwandan Civil War (1990-1994)
    •  Nations Involved: United Nations, FPR, Gov’ Rwanda, Zaire, Interahamwe and Impuzamugambi
    • Major Events: Rwandan Genocide
    • Canada’s Casualties: 1
    • Outcomes of the Rwandan Civil War: Ended the Genocide
    • Long-term Impacts: FPR Took over Rwanda
  • Russian Civil War (1918-1920)
    • Nations Involved: White Movement, 14 European Nations, US, Canada, Estonia, and 3 Asian Nations.
    • Major Events: Lenin was shot in face and shoulder in an attempted assassination, but survived.
    • Canada’s Casualties: 38
    • Outcomes of the Russian Civil War: Bolshevik victory over the White Army.
    • Long-term Impacts: Soviet Union became new power in Russia.

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