Canada in the Cold war

Korean War CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-North Korea receives intel stating that South Korea was to invade them and decides to attack first

-America and the UN forces decided to help the South against what they considered to be an unprecedented attack

-China moves to support Northern Korea when the UN forces invade North Korea

-A cease fire is agreed upon in 1953 and is still in place today

-Canada also feared communism so Lester Pearson decides it best for Canada to also respond through the UN and placed them under the command of MacArthur

-Contribute three destroyers and an air-transport squadron

-On August 7, Prime minister St. Laurent announced rearmament measures and plans for Canadian Army Special Force to carry out the UN obligations

-Canadians publicly supported the American’s decision to carry the war into the north

-Pearson publicly expressed his concern regarding Canada advancing into Northern Korea by saying Canada has always wanted to “confine and localize”

-December 1950, Canada’ second battalion lands in Korea

-Canada distinguished themselves at Kap’yong in 1pril 1951

The eastern and the western world had separate views in regards to how to deal with the Korean War. The west wanted peace while the east was using propaganda to fuel the war.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Canada had the right intentions, they wanted to support the UN and Southern Korea against the North. However, Canada should not have placed their troops under the command of MacArthur so that Lester Pearson could have ensured that the Canadians stuck to protecting the South, not invading the North.
Suez Canal Crisis CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-Egyptian President Nasser ceases control of the canal

-Angers the Western countries and so France, Britain, and Israel move against Egypt

-France and Britain bomb the Canal Zone

-Egypt blocks the canal

-America tries to persuade the countries not to invade Egypt

-UN forces are sent as a peacekeeping force until a settlement was reached

-Egypt gets the canal

-Canadian government was angry at an action that split the Commonwealth and alienated the US

-Pearson and his colleagues from the UN form at international force to “secure and supervise the cessation of hostilities” on November 4.

-Canadian General Burns named commander of the UN emergency Force and Pearson fought to successfully have Canadians as part of the UNEF.

-Pearson is awarded the Nobel Prize in 1957

-Many Canadians and British were disappointed that Canada did not really support Britain.

 

Many of the countries such as Egypt, France Britain and the US were not on the same page in regards to how to deal with the Canal crisis.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Although many Canadians were disappointed that Canada did not support Britain, Canada made the right decision to support the UN and lead the peacekeeping force. It showed that Canada valued peace and was willing to make decisions completely independent from Britiain.
Cuban Missile Crisis CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-America got reports that the USSR was installing missiles in Cuba that could reach US and Canadian targets.

-JFK then sets a naval blockade around the island, threatening further action if the preparations of the sites continued.

-Khrushchev sends a telegram offering to remove the missiles if Kennedy removed the blockade

-A secret agreement was made so that the US took down the missile sites in Turkey

-Canadians quietly comply with an American request to move Canadian forces to an alert status

-Canadians hesitated to agree to this because they did not want to provoke the USSR and were angered by the lack of concern regarding implications for Canada’s nuclear policy

-Their hesitation was due to Canada’s desire to protect their foreign policy, but it contributed to the perception that the Diefenbaker government was indecisive and increased the controversy around the crisis surrounding nuclear weapons

The Russian’s nuclear threat would most likely end up harming Fidel Castro more than Russia.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Canada should have made a faster decision, and it would have probably been better if they had declared themselves neutral. If they made a quicker decision than people would have respect John Diefenbaker more and if Canada was not ready to get involved in a nuclear arms race so it would have been better if they stayed out of it completely.
Vietnam War CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-After WWII, Republic of Vietnam is proclaimed an independent country

-French attempt to reconquer Vietnam and failed in 1954

-Western countries tried to divide the country permanently by creating a Vietnamese republic in Saigon which led to a rebellion and a massive US military intervention and the ensuing civil war

-Vietnam fought using Guerilla warfare and eventually defeated the US

-1954-1975, Canada served as an international truce commissions and provided medical and technical assistance

-Canadian diplomats were involved in negotiations between Washington and Hanoi

-Were a willing ally of the US and Canadian commissions were designed to discredit North Vietnam as well as helped convince the public that the US was doing the right thing.

-Canadian aid only went to South Vietnam, $29 million 1950-1975, and on a number of occasions, Ottawa stopped the shipment of medical relief to the victims of war in North Vietnam.

-10,000 Canadian men fought in the US armed forces

The more involved a country got involved in the Vietnam war the more the potential for them to get injured as well as the damage they do to Vietnam will escalate.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Canada did not respond well at all. No one was making Canada get involved in the war, they chose to do that themselves and not only were they blindly supporting the US, they were trying to make It appear as though they were a peacekeeping force. Canada should have either actually been a peacekeeping force, or they should not have gotten involved at all because they war did not involve them at all.

D-day presentation

D-day presentation- May 31, 2017-15ua7le

Group members: Amanda, Maya, Iman, and Lindsay

Sources:

Canada’s role:

Government of Canada, National Defence, Royal Canadian Air Force. “Royal Canadian Air Force.” N.p., 09 June 2016. Web. 04 June 2017. http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/article-template-standard.page?doc=operation-overlord-d-day-remembered%2Fhw38cgbh

Canada, Veterans Affairs. “Normandy 1944.” Veterans Affairs Canada. N.p., 07 Nov. 2014. Web. 04 June 2017. http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/normandy-1944#dday

“Juno Beach – The Canadians On D-Day.” Juno Beach – The Canadians On D-Day. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 June 2017. http://www.junobeach.info/

Canada, Veterans Affairs. “The Battle of Normandy.” Veterans Affairs Canada. N.p., 15 Dec. 2014. Web. 04 June 2017. http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/d-day

News, CBC. “The Allied Invasion of Normandy.” CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 06 June 2013. Web. 04 June 2017. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/d-day-the-allied-invasion-of-normandy-1.775929

Leading up to the battle:

http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/normandy-1944#dday

http://ddaygallagher.weebly.com/causes.html

Components:

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/normandy-invasion/

http://www.junobeach.info/

http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/chrono/1931d_day_e.shtml

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/d-day

Consequences:

http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/second-world-war/normandy-1944#dday

How WWI’s U-Boats Launched the Age of Unrestricted Warfare

http://www.iwm.org.uk/history/why-d-day-was-so-important-to-allied-victory

http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/the-importance-of-d-day-8638529.html

https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090831013824AAPNpF0

Canada entering WWII

Apply Your Knowledge:

  1. Explain how Canada’s decision to go to war in WWII was different than WWI

In WWI, Canada joined the war for the sole purpose that Britain had decided to join the war. At that point in time, Canada was not autonomous from Britain and had no real option in the matter. Throughout the course of WWI and the interwar period, Canada gained more autonomy from Britain and were now an independent nation, who could freely choose whether or not they wanted to join the war. Even though this was the case, Canada was still very connected to Britain and they felt the need to fight alongside them.

 

  1. What were the BCATP and CD Howe’s Total War economy?

The BCATP or British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was plan that was created by Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, and Australia. Its mandate was to train Allied aircrews for the Second World War.

CD Howe’s Total War economy was implemented when Howe was given complete authority to do whatever it took to prepare the economy for wartime demands. He decided to tell which industries were to produce which goods. This led to the government having complete control over pretty much everything.

 

  1. Come up with a statement that the best describes Canada’s attitude towards WWII and support it by referring to the evidence from the class and the textbook (#1-2 above).

Canada was apprehensive to join World War Two. Some people were concerned that Canada not having enough of a military (as illustrated by the political cartoon National Nightmare the Hamilton Spectator), however most of Canada was torn between supporting Britain and being their own country (as illustrated by the cartoon titled Trying to Please Both).

Letter to Bennet

Dear Mr. Bennet,

I know that you are a very busy man, but I hope that you will find it in your heart to read this letter and try to help us.

The struggle to find sufficient jobs and survive in the present economy is not limited to just one area. No, my dear Bennet, I have seen it. The suffering extends from Quebec all the way to the western coast of British Columbia. That is where I started my travels, BC. I had to leave that depressed province after my experience in relief camps. People in those camps treat you like slaves. They force people to work about six days per week and they only pay them twenty cents. That is not enough money for anyone to live on, so I decided to quit and try to find work elsewhere. I know that you probably think that BC must be doing better because of the recent election and Dufferin Patullo’s new ideas in regards to shortening the work day and increasing minimum wage, but things are still in bad conditions. Because of this I decided to join the Trek to Ottawa. You see, I wanted to speak to you. To explain why it is so important for you to help us. Along the way I witness so much suffering.

In Alberta people are pushing for a provincial government that will help them receive more money to pay for their basic needs and in Saskatchewan people are in desperate need of a new provincial government as well. The prairies seem to be hit a lot harder than other places I have seen. They are suffering from severe droughts which is causing their crops to suffer and they are in desperate need of irrigation. As we moved through the prairies more and more people joined us. Many of them from people who had no way of income. They spend most of their times in lines waiting for pogey hoping that they could receive relief, or waiting in endless lines outside soup kitchens. The closer we got to Ontario the more worried you became so you sent your RCMP to stop us and only allowed our leaders to go to Ontario. Unfortunately, I am not a leader so I was forced to stay behind. I was determined to talk to you in person, so I snuck aboard a train and rode my way to Ontario. I was surprised when I got there. People are suffering just as much here as they are in BC. The working class here need help as do the people in Quebec. I know that the people in Quebec blame the English speaking part of Canada for their problems and they are becoming more separated from the rest of Canada in terms of their belief in French nationalism, but they are still part of Canada and you are still responsible for them.

Let me ask you something. Have you ever seen a dead body? I have. I got to witness someone launching themselves out a window one Friday evening. This is how desperate people are so I am begging you to open your eyes and help us. Help us get jobs. Help us be able to support our families. Help us live our lives like we did no more than a decade ago.

Please Mr. Bennet. Please, provide this country with the support we all desperately need.

Regards,

Anonymous

Cartoon chart

Cartoon Name Describe the Cartoon Meaning from symbols Message of the author
British Columbia hates the Chinks, Japs, and Mormons There is one large man labelled B.C. who is kicking three men. One is Chinese, one Japanese and the other is a Mormon. In the background there are trees. -The large man represents B.C, and their lack of acceptance for minorities

-The three men represent the minorities who are being mistreated by the larger population.

-Represented as small because they author believes that they are pests.

B.C does not and should not accept minorities.
Equality of status within equality of status There is a group of about six aboriginals. The leader is holding a paper that says “Six nations ultimatum of independence”.

At the top left hand corner, someone outside the picture is saying, “Big, Indian six nations, want equality of status all same like little white father Mackenzie King Waugh”

-The six aboriginals represent six different aboriginal nations who strive for independence from the Canadian government.

-Canadian government granted Six nations independence but not the native Americans.

-The speech is mocking the way they speak.

 

-Aboriginals are asking for equality within an already equal country which is nonsensical.
Liberal candidates are pledged to a white British Columbia -In the background there are two land masses labelled Japan and China.

-Vancouver island is labelled and the main land is labelled British Columbia “Promised Land”,

-On the main land there is an archway that says “Meighen Welcomes You” and there is a white person shaking hand with someone who appears Chinese or Japanese.

-The man under the archway represents conservative leader Arthur Meighen

-The man shaking Meighen’ hands represents visible minorities who would be accepted thanks to the Conservative party

.The liberals are not willing to accept visible minorities but Arthur Meighen would welcome minorities so you should not vote for the Conservative party.
One sign of returning world sanity -There is a black person who is covered with different ornaments. In his right hand he holds a snare drum. Trailing behind him is a triangle, bell, cymbals and a sign that says jazz.

In his left hand he is holding a trumpet.

-He is running in the direction of a sign that says “To barbarism and savagery.”

 

-The person in the picture represents all black people

-The sign “to barbarism and savagery” is symbolizing that black people are barbaric and savage.

People of color are savage and barbaric and by listening to their jazz music we will become more like them so they should be driven out of our country.
Retour em Vitesse (Return with speed) There are two areas of land: one is labelled “Etats-Unis” and the other is labelled Saskatchewan.

On Saskatchewan there is a man being kicked by a boot (Gouc. Federal) who is labelled “Organisateur du K.K.K.” who is holding an open brief case.

In Etats-Unis there are members of the KKK standing amongst the trees

-The man is the organizer of the KKK and he is being kicked out of Canada to the US where his group is accepted.

The boot is the government officials

-Unlike Americans, Canadians are accepting to minorities and do not believe in white supremacy.
The Jew unceasingly sucks money from the province. There is a large land mass labelled Quebec that is surrounded by smaller areas labelled by other provinces.

There is a man on Quebec who has a snake-like beard that is attached to different building that are labelled with resources and services.

-The buildings represents services and resources that are being sucked up.

-The man represents a Jew who is sitting there and sucking up these resources and services

Jewish people are sucking up all of Quebec’s resources without contributing anything in return.

Roaring 20s comparison chart

Theme How did it contribute to the “Roar” of the 1920s? Modern day equivalent What is similar today? What is different today?
Branch Plants -Americans set up industries in Canada so that the goods they were selling were not subject to the Canadian tariffs

-Even though this caused Canadians to buy these products and increase the profits for the US, these industries hired Canadian employees thus increasing job opportunities in Canada.

Giving to charities Many companies will chose to give a large sum of money to a charity which allows for them to pay less tax.

This tactic, like branch plants, allows for companies to escape as high of taxes.

Giving to charities does not offer job opportunities and does not spread the wealth to another country.
Prohibition/ Bootlegging -The prohibition began in Canada because of the soldiers had priority over the alcohol, however after the war women pushed for it to become prohibited under the belief that by doing so it would strengthen families.

-Quebec did not agree to prohibition which led to their economy strengthening

-By 1921, the prohibition was lifted in Canada which led to Americans coming to Canada to buy liquor and then they would sell it illegally in the US.

-Marijuana It is illegal and creates criminal but at the same time it provides a lot of income for Canada. Marijuana is legal for medicinal purposes but alcohol was never legal for medicinal consumption.

Marijuana is more restricted in Canada then the US.

Telephones Generalized to communication

-communications increased in the 1920s

-Radio entertainment increased

-Telephones become more common

-This increased consumption of goods and general communication between people

-Social media Both social media and communications in the 1920, have caused an increase in consumption and communication between people.

Social media caused an increase in consumption through celebrities and companies using it as a platform for advertisements.

Social media has become a constant barrage of information and communication that never sleeps.
Electric Trolleys -Lower Mainland’s interurban rail line spread from Steveston all way to Chilliwack

-Allowed for affordable travel for people in Urban areas

Sky train -Both are affordable and electric modes of transportation that spread over large areas, allowing most people to have an efficient way to travel -Sky train is much quicker and more efficient than the trolley cars were.

-Sky trains also do not run on the road, instead they are above the roads which reduces traffic

Automobiles -Cars became much more affordable and available to the masses

-Allowed for people to move around and buy more things as well as live in one area and work in another

Cars Both then and now, cars help people commute to and from different areas and well as allow for people to consume goods from many different companies and places. -Cars at this moment are much more efficient and expensive than they were in the 1920’s.

-Cars are more widespread now

Radio -Radio entertainment became prevalent in the 1920s

-Families would gather to listen to the radio

-Allowed for communications between different communities and much more advertising

Televisions TVs now serve the same purpose that radios once did: entertain the public.

-Many companies use different TV channels as a way to advertise just like they used to use radios for that purpose.

-TVs offer a larger variety of channels

-TVs are not solely audio-based

-TVs can be used to play videos that come from the internet

Sports -Started the celebrity idolization

-Baseball/football/hockey cards began

-NHL was born

-Canadian athletes joined the Olympics

Sports -Different athletes are idolized

-Sport cards still exist

-Canadians still participate in the Olympics and win at hockey

-Athlete idolization has started to become overshadowed by actors

-Sport cards have been taken over by online fantasy games (Fantasy Hockey/Football leagues)

 

1921 Election as a Factory Owner in Ontario

As a factory owner in Ontario, I would have voted for the Conservative Party who was led by Arthur Meighen in 1921. During this time, I would have been worried about the wellbeing of my company because the Canadian economy was crashing and many people (especially in the western provinces) wanted to get rid of tariffs, which are important for my profits.

At this time, the Liberal party, led by William Lyon Mackenzie King, focused on advertising the downfalls of governments and did not take a definitive stance on a specific policy on the tariffs. In 1919, however, this party supported a reduction of the tariff and in 1921, they tried to accommodate as many view points as possible, which means that as a factory owner, I would question their support of factories and businesses in the East.

Another potential option to vote for would have been the Progressive party. This party was centered on supporting the western farmers which means that they supported free trade and their leader, Thomas Alexander Crerar, strove for their advancement of western farmers through the abolition of the tariff. Everything that this party stood for could potentially be detrimental to a factory owner in the east. The reduction of tariffs and the fact that they were focused on the west would mean that many of my issues would be ignored.

The final party is the Conservative party led by Arthur Meighen. This party focused their attention on Ontario, British Columbia and the Maritimes. They promised that they would promote growth and development of the Canadian economy, supported retaining the tariff, and promoted the National Policy, which focused on trade between the Eastern and the Western provinces and had benefited the East in the past. Because of their platform and focus, I, as factory owner in Ontario, would realize that this party is pretty much catering to my needs and would therefore vote for them.

Response to the letter

Mark: 6/6

Response:

Dearest,
Thank you so much for giving me such a thorough evaluation of what is occurring back at home. I cannot tell you how much joy it gives me as I sit within these suffocating walls of the trenches. You are my ray of sunshine.

We have all spent so much time in these trenches, our feet are starting to produce the most foul of smells. This unfortunately, only attracts more flies and I often feel like I am wading through a swamp of parasites. Most of us are infested with lice, and I sincerely hope that I will not be infected. There is no way to treat any of these conditions and so we all spend our nights tossing and turning trying to forget about the discomfort as gun fire echoes in our heads. The only comforting factor is that we are safe from the enemies’ fire.

Yesterday, I met the most fascinating boy named Kenny. He told me that he has two brothers, one in the navy and one is a pilot. His brother in the navy told him that the Germans have developed a new weapon that dives under the sea only to resurface to shoot down ships. He tells me that this horrible weapon is taking down many supply ships and I worry that the war may not turn out in our favor. To make matters worse, Kenny said that the Germans have an undefeatable pilot referred to as the Red Baron. He has told me that this pilot has so far shot down more men than any of our pilots. I sincerely hope that Billy Bishop will take him down. Do you know if they have fought each other yet?

I know wish that I joined the air force. There is so much more chance for recognition and I would have not had to fight in the traumatizing battle of Ypres. We had never fought so hard, as we did the day we were defending the Salient, until the Germans released tons of poisonous gas that massacred a large group of soldiers. Although this battle proved to the world that we Canadians are a strong fighting force, I still have nightmares about the suffocating gas.

It is with regret that I must end this letter. The sun is starting to rise and we will soon be bombarded with gun fire. Fear not, when I get home, you will no longer have to do my work and we will be together again just like we were before. Sleep well, dearest.

Yours entirely,

Your loving husband