Canada in the Cold war

Korean War CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-North Korea receives intel stating that South Korea was to invade them and decides to attack first

-America and the UN forces decided to help the South against what they considered to be an unprecedented attack

-China moves to support Northern Korea when the UN forces invade North Korea

-A cease fire is agreed upon in 1953 and is still in place today

-Canada also feared communism so Lester Pearson decides it best for Canada to also respond through the UN and placed them under the command of MacArthur

-Contribute three destroyers and an air-transport squadron

-On August 7, Prime minister St. Laurent announced rearmament measures and plans for Canadian Army Special Force to carry out the UN obligations

-Canadians publicly supported the American’s decision to carry the war into the north

-Pearson publicly expressed his concern regarding Canada advancing into Northern Korea by saying Canada has always wanted to “confine and localize”

-December 1950, Canada’ second battalion lands in Korea

-Canada distinguished themselves at Kap’yong in 1pril 1951

The eastern and the western world had separate views in regards to how to deal with the Korean War. The west wanted peace while the east was using propaganda to fuel the war.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Canada had the right intentions, they wanted to support the UN and Southern Korea against the North. However, Canada should not have placed their troops under the command of MacArthur so that Lester Pearson could have ensured that the Canadians stuck to protecting the South, not invading the North.
Suez Canal Crisis CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-Egyptian President Nasser ceases control of the canal

-Angers the Western countries and so France, Britain, and Israel move against Egypt

-France and Britain bomb the Canal Zone

-Egypt blocks the canal

-America tries to persuade the countries not to invade Egypt

-UN forces are sent as a peacekeeping force until a settlement was reached

-Egypt gets the canal

-Canadian government was angry at an action that split the Commonwealth and alienated the US

-Pearson and his colleagues from the UN form at international force to “secure and supervise the cessation of hostilities” on November 4.

-Canadian General Burns named commander of the UN emergency Force and Pearson fought to successfully have Canadians as part of the UNEF.

-Pearson is awarded the Nobel Prize in 1957

-Many Canadians and British were disappointed that Canada did not really support Britain.

 

Many of the countries such as Egypt, France Britain and the US were not on the same page in regards to how to deal with the Canal crisis.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Although many Canadians were disappointed that Canada did not support Britain, Canada made the right decision to support the UN and lead the peacekeeping force. It showed that Canada valued peace and was willing to make decisions completely independent from Britiain.
Cuban Missile Crisis CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-America got reports that the USSR was installing missiles in Cuba that could reach US and Canadian targets.

-JFK then sets a naval blockade around the island, threatening further action if the preparations of the sites continued.

-Khrushchev sends a telegram offering to remove the missiles if Kennedy removed the blockade

-A secret agreement was made so that the US took down the missile sites in Turkey

-Canadians quietly comply with an American request to move Canadian forces to an alert status

-Canadians hesitated to agree to this because they did not want to provoke the USSR and were angered by the lack of concern regarding implications for Canada’s nuclear policy

-Their hesitation was due to Canada’s desire to protect their foreign policy, but it contributed to the perception that the Diefenbaker government was indecisive and increased the controversy around the crisis surrounding nuclear weapons

The Russian’s nuclear threat would most likely end up harming Fidel Castro more than Russia.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Canada should have made a faster decision, and it would have probably been better if they had declared themselves neutral. If they made a quicker decision than people would have respect John Diefenbaker more and if Canada was not ready to get involved in a nuclear arms race so it would have been better if they stayed out of it completely.
Vietnam War CCC Canada’s Role Message in Cartoon
-After WWII, Republic of Vietnam is proclaimed an independent country

-French attempt to reconquer Vietnam and failed in 1954

-Western countries tried to divide the country permanently by creating a Vietnamese republic in Saigon which led to a rebellion and a massive US military intervention and the ensuing civil war

-Vietnam fought using Guerilla warfare and eventually defeated the US

-1954-1975, Canada served as an international truce commissions and provided medical and technical assistance

-Canadian diplomats were involved in negotiations between Washington and Hanoi

-Were a willing ally of the US and Canadian commissions were designed to discredit North Vietnam as well as helped convince the public that the US was doing the right thing.

-Canadian aid only went to South Vietnam, $29 million 1950-1975, and on a number of occasions, Ottawa stopped the shipment of medical relief to the victims of war in North Vietnam.

-10,000 Canadian men fought in the US armed forces

The more involved a country got involved in the Vietnam war the more the potential for them to get injured as well as the damage they do to Vietnam will escalate.
Did Canada respond accordingly? Use the evidence from above in your answer
Canada did not respond well at all. No one was making Canada get involved in the war, they chose to do that themselves and not only were they blindly supporting the US, they were trying to make It appear as though they were a peacekeeping force. Canada should have either actually been a peacekeeping force, or they should not have gotten involved at all because they war did not involve them at all.