Apply Your Knowledge:
- Explain how Canada’s decision to go to war in WWII was different than WWI
In WWI, Canada joined the war for the sole purpose that Britain had decided to join the war. At that point in time, Canada was not autonomous from Britain and had no real option in the matter. Throughout the course of WWI and the interwar period, Canada gained more autonomy from Britain and were now an independent nation, who could freely choose whether or not they wanted to join the war. Even though this was the case, Canada was still very connected to Britain and they felt the need to fight alongside them.
- What were the BCATP and CD Howe’s Total War economy?
The BCATP or British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was plan that was created by Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, and Australia. Its mandate was to train Allied aircrews for the Second World War.
CD Howe’s Total War economy was implemented when Howe was given complete authority to do whatever it took to prepare the economy for wartime demands. He decided to tell which industries were to produce which goods. This led to the government having complete control over pretty much everything.
- Come up with a statement that the best describes Canada’s attitude towards WWII and support it by referring to the evidence from the class and the textbook (#1-2 above).
Canada was apprehensive to join World War Two. Some people were concerned that Canada not having enough of a military (as illustrated by the political cartoon National Nightmare the Hamilton Spectator), however most of Canada was torn between supporting Britain and being their own country (as illustrated by the cartoon titled Trying to Please Both).
Dear Mr. Bennet,
I know that you are a very busy man, but I hope that you will find it in your heart to read this letter and try to help us.
The struggle to find sufficient jobs and survive in the present economy is not limited to just one area. No, my dear Bennet, I have seen it. The suffering extends from Quebec all the way to the western coast of British Columbia. That is where I started my travels, BC. I had to leave that depressed province after my experience in relief camps. People in those camps treat you like slaves. They force people to work about six days per week and they only pay them twenty cents. That is not enough money for anyone to live on, so I decided to quit and try to find work elsewhere. I know that you probably think that BC must be doing better because of the recent election and Dufferin Patullo’s new ideas in regards to shortening the work day and increasing minimum wage, but things are still in bad conditions. Because of this I decided to join the Trek to Ottawa. You see, I wanted to speak to you. To explain why it is so important for you to help us. Along the way I witness so much suffering.
In Alberta people are pushing for a provincial government that will help them receive more money to pay for their basic needs and in Saskatchewan people are in desperate need of a new provincial government as well. The prairies seem to be hit a lot harder than other places I have seen. They are suffering from severe droughts which is causing their crops to suffer and they are in desperate need of irrigation. As we moved through the prairies more and more people joined us. Many of them from people who had no way of income. They spend most of their times in lines waiting for pogey hoping that they could receive relief, or waiting in endless lines outside soup kitchens. The closer we got to Ontario the more worried you became so you sent your RCMP to stop us and only allowed our leaders to go to Ontario. Unfortunately, I am not a leader so I was forced to stay behind. I was determined to talk to you in person, so I snuck aboard a train and rode my way to Ontario. I was surprised when I got there. People are suffering just as much here as they are in BC. The working class here need help as do the people in Quebec. I know that the people in Quebec blame the English speaking part of Canada for their problems and they are becoming more separated from the rest of Canada in terms of their belief in French nationalism, but they are still part of Canada and you are still responsible for them.
Let me ask you something. Have you ever seen a dead body? I have. I got to witness someone launching themselves out a window one Friday evening. This is how desperate people are so I am begging you to open your eyes and help us. Help us get jobs. Help us be able to support our families. Help us live our lives like we did no more than a decade ago.
Please Mr. Bennet. Please, provide this country with the support we all desperately need.
I am a caring and patient wife and mother. My days is structured around helping out my husband, Willy and ensuring that he and my sons do not argue or insult each other too much. My husband can be somewhat absent minded and self-deprecating and it is for that treason that it is important for me to support and complement him. I try my best to ensure that all of my family is well-looked after, which is generally not hard to manage because our family is pretty closely-knit. Our son Biff, has once again come to live at home and although this is a source of frustration for my husband, I think it is important for our son to have a safe place to land. Recently, Willy has been acting a little strangely but I think that it is simply because he feels responsible for our lack of wealth, which is not necessary because we have managed on less in the past. Because of this I try my best to reassure him and ensure that he is happy.
As a factory owner in Ontario, I would have voted for the Conservative Party who was led by Arthur Meighen in 1921. During this time, I would have been worried about the wellbeing of my company because the Canadian economy was crashing and many people (especially in the western provinces) wanted to get rid of tariffs, which are important for my profits.
At this time, the Liberal party, led by William Lyon Mackenzie King, focused on advertising the downfalls of governments and did not take a definitive stance on a specific policy on the tariffs. In 1919, however, this party supported a reduction of the tariff and in 1921, they tried to accommodate as many view points as possible, which means that as a factory owner, I would question their support of factories and businesses in the East.
Another potential option to vote for would have been the Progressive party. This party was centered on supporting the western farmers which means that they supported free trade and their leader, Thomas Alexander Crerar, strove for their advancement of western farmers through the abolition of the tariff. Everything that this party stood for could potentially be detrimental to a factory owner in the east. The reduction of tariffs and the fact that they were focused on the west would mean that many of my issues would be ignored.
The final party is the Conservative party led by Arthur Meighen. This party focused their attention on Ontario, British Columbia and the Maritimes. They promised that they would promote growth and development of the Canadian economy, supported retaining the tariff, and promoted the National Policy, which focused on trade between the Eastern and the Western provinces and had benefited the East in the past. Because of their platform and focus, I, as factory owner in Ontario, would realize that this party is pretty much catering to my needs and would therefore vote for them.
Thank you so much for giving me such a thorough evaluation of what is occurring back at home. I cannot tell you how much joy it gives me as I sit within these suffocating walls of the trenches. You are my ray of sunshine.
We have all spent so much time in these trenches, our feet are starting to produce the most foul of smells. This unfortunately, only attracts more flies and I often feel like I am wading through a swamp of parasites. Most of us are infested with lice, and I sincerely hope that I will not be infected. There is no way to treat any of these conditions and so we all spend our nights tossing and turning trying to forget about the discomfort as gun fire echoes in our heads. The only comforting factor is that we are safe from the enemies’ fire.
Yesterday, I met the most fascinating boy named Kenny. He told me that he has two brothers, one in the navy and one is a pilot. His brother in the navy told him that the Germans have developed a new weapon that dives under the sea only to resurface to shoot down ships. He tells me that this horrible weapon is taking down many supply ships and I worry that the war may not turn out in our favor. To make matters worse, Kenny said that the Germans have an undefeatable pilot referred to as the Red Baron. He has told me that this pilot has so far shot down more men than any of our pilots. I sincerely hope that Billy Bishop will take him down. Do you know if they have fought each other yet?
I know wish that I joined the air force. There is so much more chance for recognition and I would have not had to fight in the traumatizing battle of Ypres. We had never fought so hard, as we did the day we were defending the Salient, until the Germans released tons of poisonous gas that massacred a large group of soldiers. Although this battle proved to the world that we Canadians are a strong fighting force, I still have nightmares about the suffocating gas.
It is with regret that I must end this letter. The sun is starting to rise and we will soon be bombarded with gun fire. Fear not, when I get home, you will no longer have to do my work and we will be together again just like we were before. Sleep well, dearest.
Your loving husband