The Chain of Friendship

  1. Identify the countries:
    1. “If you touch me I’ll”- represents Serbia
    2. “If you make a move I’ll” –represents Austria-Hungary
    3. “If you hit that little feller I’ll” – represents Russia
    4. “If you strike my friend I’ll”- represents Germany
    5. “If you hit him” – represents France
    6. “Ho there. If you chaps”- represents Britain
  2. In the second slide, the men who are circled in blue are on one side and the men circled in yellow are on the opposing side. Team blue consists of the countries: Serbia, Russia, France and Britain. All four of these countries are in conflict with the yellow side which are the countries Austria-Hungary and Germany. This illustrates the two distinct sides that fought against each other during WWI.
  3. The circled character on slide three, represents the country of Serbia. It is represented as a child because, in comparison to the large Austria-Hungarian Empire, it lacks size and power. Also, it was a country that was dependent on other countries for defensive help.
  4. The three men that are circled represent Germany, France and Britain. All three of these countries are the furthest back on The Chain of Friendship because they joined the war later than the other countries in this cartoon. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914, however, Germany only declared war on Serbia-Russia on August 1, 1914. France becomes part of the war on August 3, 1914, when Germany declares war on it. And Britain declares war on Germany after Germany violated Belgium’s neutrality on August 4, 1914.
  5. The two men that are circled on slide five represent Germany and Britain. These countries fought on opposite side of the war. The reason that they are circled is that Germany was the cause of Britain joining the war. On August 4, 1914, Germany invaded Belgium, who had declared themselves neutral. This caused Britain to declare war on Germany, and thus join the war.
  6. WWI began when Austria, with German support, told Serbia to punish those involved in the assassination and suppress nationalism on July 23, and Serbia did not allow an Austrian inquiry on the matter. This caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia on July 28, 1914, which then caused Russia to order a general mobilization on July 31, in support of Serbia. Then, Germany holds true to its word by declaring war on Serbia-Russia on August 1, 1914. This is followed by France ordering a general mobilization which causes Germany to declare war on France on August 3, 1914. The following day, Germany invades Belgium, who had declared themselves neutral, which then causes Britain to declare war on Germany for violating Belgium’s neutrality.
  7. Analysis
    1. This cartoon was written by the perspective of the Serbian perspective. The reason for this belief is that in the cartoon, Serbia is being controlled by Austria- Hungary, which makes it appear as though they are the victims and Austria-Hungary is the bully.
    2. The first country is depicted as a child because Serbia was a less powerful and less large of a country who was dependent on others for support.
    3. The title, The chain of Friendship, is possibly an ironic one. There are both friends and enemies within this chain and coming to the defense od one friend could cause more harm to another, which could be an example of situational irony.

Household Water Conservation

1.Explain why water conservation is necessary in Canada.

Water conservation is an important issue in most, if not all, of the countries around the world. In Canada, it is hard to see the consequences of water shortages, however water conservation is still a relevant concern in this country. This is due to the fact that a lot of Canada’s usable water is taken from ground water and more and more pollutants are leaking into this water. As more water is used, more energy needs to be used to purify that water and more pollution is leaked back into the water system. By conserving our water usage, we can try to use less energy and lessen the amount of pollutants leaking in the water system. This will hopefully ensure that our water supply will stay consumable for many more years.

2.Go to: get some water saving ideas and record a video of:

A) Something you already do to conserve water

B) You trying to implement something new in your house.

“The Lord of the Flies” – Human Nature

The following quotes show instances where the boys lose their sense of morality.
“’Here–let me go!’” His voice rose to a shriek of terror as Jack snatched the glasses off his face. ‘Mind out! Give ’em back! I can hardly see! You’ll break the conch!’” (Golding 56).

“Roger stooped, picked up a stone, aimed, and threw it at Henry— threw it to miss. The stone, that token of preposterous time, bounced five yards to Henry’s right and fell in the water. Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them” (Golding 87).

“Piggy spoke, also dribbling. ‘Aren’t I having none?’ Jack had meant to leave him in doubt, as an assertion of power; but Piggy by advertising his omission made more cruelty necessary. ‘You didn’t hunt’” (Golding 103-104).

“Then there was a creature bounding along the pig track toward him, with tusks gleaming and an intimidating grunt. Ralph found he was able to measure the distance coldly and take aim. With the boar only five yards away, he flung the foolish wooden stick…” (Golding 161).

“The chant rose ritually, as at the last moment of a dance or a hunt. “Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Kill the pig! Bash him in!” Ralph too was fighting to get near, to get a handful of that brown, vulnerable flesh. The desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering” (Golding 164).

Breaking poverty cycles

Baby born with HIV cycle:

By having institutions interfere to provide treatment, it will help the children be able to live a more normalized life. This will mainly help address the issue of children missing school due to their illness. Through this interference, the children will be able to receive a higher level education and not only be able to go into a higher paying profession, but they will also learn how to prevent passing HIV on to their offspring, thus breaking this cycle.

Child born into poverty cycle:

By having outside organization provide support and job training for families, it will enable the families to have higher paying jobs. These jobs will help pull the families out of their crippling poverty and they will, therefore, be able to provide sufficient care for their children, breaking the poverty cycle.

Woman born into inequality:

In order to provide the lacking necessary education for these young women, outside organizations must step in to provide this service. As the women become more educated they will both be able to get a higher paying job and will be able to ensure that their children are all treated equally regardless of gender, thus breaking the poverty cycle.

Measuring poverty

1) In your own words, explain the problems with measuring poverty (standard of living, absolute vs relative, HDI)

Measuring poverty is a complicated, troublesome task. One issue that presents itself is differentiating poverty from the standard of living. It is apparent that the people in every country in the world have a different societal norm when it comes to consumption of resources. This means that even if one country has less wealth accessible to them- a lower standard of living- does not mean that the majority of people in that country are living in poverty. Because of this issues, people have developed two methods to quantify poverty. The first is called absolute poverty and the second is called relative poverty.

Absolute poverty defines poverty as the inability to acquire one’s basic needs. This method defines how much money a person should spend on different resources and proceeds to claim that anyone who falls under these values are considered to be living in poverty. It states that anyone who lives on less than 1.25 US dollars per day is considered to be living in poverty.  The issue with this method is that it assumes a universal standard which is unfortunately not the case. Just over one US dollars per day does not carry the same value in the US as it does in a country such as Yemen. Because it does not apply to any developed countries, this definition is flawed.

Relative poverty measures poverty by comparing one person’s total income or spending patterns with those of the general population. This method faces two major criticisms. The first is because of the definition, people who are considered poor in developed countries are still living much better than people in other parts of the world. The second was stated by Chris Sarlo, who said that it does not measure if a family does not have enough to survive, it only measure how one person compares to another.

Not all organizations and countries follow these definitions of poverty, for example the United Nations chose to help countries based on their level of human development. Human development is the “progress, self-esteem, freedom, and sustainability” of country. In order to rank the countries, they measure health, education, and living standards. They measure health by deciphering how many people died in each country between the age of 20 and 83.2. Education is measured by finding the average duration of years that students attend in schools as well as the enrollment at each grade, because generally the more years spent in education the more educated the population will be. The final factor, living standard, is measured by calculating the Gross National Income (GNI). GNI is measured by calculating all the money that is coming into the country then dividing it by the population. This method is criticized because the wealth of a country is generally not evenly distributed throughout the population. This means that if a country has a minority of really rich people while the majority suffers from poverty, GNI will not reflect this.

2) What do you think is the best way to measure poverty in Canada and the world?

The best way to measure poverty in Canada is through absolute poverty, however I think that the poverty line should shift. In order for this system to work in Canada, the government first must gather statistics on how much it would be to afford the basic resources in the most expensive province and use that as the poverty line. The most expensive province should be used because in would ensure that all families living in poverty would be accounted for.

In order to measure poverty in the world, the method that would be best would be similar to that of the United Nations. I think that measuring education, health, and GNI are all really important, however I think that a couple more statistics should be considered. One of these factors is infant mortality rate because generally if a large number of infants are dying it could reflect upon the available healthcare. Another factor that I think could help with would be if they could measure the difference in socials classes within a country. I think that this could offset the issues with simple depending on GNI to draw conclusions for living standards.

“Lord of the Flies” – Island Description

“Lord of the Flies” – Island Description


“The ground beneath them was a bank covered with coarse grass, torn everywhere by the upheavals of fallen trees, scattered with decaying coconuts and palm saplings” (Golding 10).

Island shape:

“It was roughly boat-shaped: humped near this end with behind them the jumbled descent to the shore. On either side rocks, cliffs, treetops and a steep slope: forward there, the length of the boat, a tamer descent, tree-clad, with hints of pink: and then the jungly flat of the island, dense green, but drawn at the end to a pink tail” (Golding 38).


“They were on the lip of a circular hollow in the side of the mountain. This was filled with a blue flower, a rock plant of some sort, and the overflow hung down the vent and spilled lavishly among the canopy of the forest” (Golding 37).


“Beyond falls and cliffs there was a gash visible in the trees; there were the splintered trunks and then the drag, leaving only a fringe of palm between the scar and the sea” (Golding 39).

The lagoon:

“Within the irregular arc of coral the lagoon was still as a mountain lake—blue of all shades and shadowy green and purple” (Golding, 10).

The beach:

” The beach between the palm terrace and the water was a thin stick” (Golding 10).

“Here the beach was interrupted abruptly by the square motif of the landscape; a great platform of pink granite thrust up uncompromisingly through forest and terrace and sand and lagoon to make a raised jetty four feet high. The top of this was covered with a thin layer of soil and coarse grass and shaded with young palm trees” (Golding 13).

“The beach between the palm terrace and the water was a thin stick, endless apparently, for to Ralph’s left the perspectives of palm and beach and water drew to a point at infinity” (Golding 10).

Fruit trees:

“He walked with an accustomed tread through the acres of fruit trees, … Flower and fruit grew together on the same tree and everywhere was the scent of ripeness and the booming of a million bees at pasture” (Golding 77).

The coral reef:

“The reef enclosed more than one side of the island, lying perhaps a mile out and parallel to what they now thought of as their beach. The coral was scribbled in the sea as though a giant had bent down to reproduce the shape of the island in a flowing chalk line but tired before he had finished. Inside was peacock water, rocks and weeds showing as in an aquarium; outside was the dark blue of the sea” (Golding 38).