Explain the cartoon ‘Chain of Friendship’

Identify the countries:

A- Serbia

B-  Austria-Hungary

C- Russia

D-  Germany

E-  France

F- Britain

Identify the theme and explain the history:

2) Theme: Imperialism. History: The great powers countries want to expand their territories by exploited the land and sources of weaker countries.

3) Theme: Nationalism. History: Some Bosnian Serbs formed the Black Hand, a group willing to fight for their nationalistic goals. They wanted to unite the Slavic peoples to form “Greater Serbia.”
Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia.

4) Theme: militarism. History: By the beginning of the 20th century, Britain had established the largest navy in the world to protect its vast empire. Germany’s desire to be a major power in Europe drove it to build up its military resources to match Britain’s naval strength. This buildup of military resources forced France—who had long-standing grudges with Germany—to arm itself in a desperate attempt to maintain the balance of power.
 France agrees to respect Belgium’s neutrality, but Germany refuses.
 Germany declares war on France.
 Germany invades Belgium and Luxembourg to attack France.
 Britain declares war on Germany.

5) Theme: Militarism. History: By the beginning of the 20th century, Britain had the strongest power of navy. But German wanted to beat the Britain, so the German  in turn built more ships, including dreadnoughts of its own. It also increased the size of its army and its reserve of weapons.

6) First, Austria issues an ultimatum to Serbia on July 23 to punish those involved in the assassination and suppress nationalism, but Serbia does not accept the part to allow an Austrian inquiry, then in July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. Second, Russians had already mobilized to support Serbia. Third, in July 31, Russians order a general mobilization and orders Russia to stop mobilizing. Fourth, France agrees to respect Belgium’s neutrality, but Germany refused. Finally, Britain declares war on Germany.

7) (a) This represent is Britain’s perspective. Because it is a Britain’s cartoon which appears in the Canadian newspaper at the outbreak of the war. And it also shows that it is “ Dual Alliances” fault to cause the war, and the “ triple entente was the hero because they help the Serbia.

(b) The first country is Serbia. because it has the weakest power so people depicted it as a child.

(c) It’s a ionic. The friendship mean the relationship between the powerful countries and weak countries. They only cared about the profit of their own, so the friendship wasn’t true.

 

 

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