Saving Money

1. List three things you spend money on each month that would be fixed expenses?


Car insurance/bus pass

Lone payments

2. List three things you spend money on each month that would be variable expense?

Phone bill

Clothing items

New appliances

3. If you needed to save money, how could you have changed your spending?

Eat in more, create a savings account, cut out entertainment.

4. How much money could you save in a month without giving up too much?

Depends how much your earnings are weekly or monthly. Its different for students and full time working adults. One way to save money is to create a savings account.


My Environmental Interactions

In this assignment, I’m going to be writing about all the daily things I do in a day and seeing how it effects the environment.

Image result for car traffic

Some days when the weather is bad, my parents drive me to school or pick me up. We are mostly outdoors, going shopping or family friends house, always using the car. We mostly drive up to 30min. This effects our atmosphere. Using cars daily is not good for the environment because cars create pollution by letting out carbon dioxide, and cars need gas which means building pipelines is necessary. So there is a big chance of gasoline leakage. A good way to reduce air pollution is to walk/bike to school and take the bus or subway when going somewhere far.

Image result for Ceiling Lights

At home, the lights are on almost everywhere. The nights are longer and the days are shorter so there’s never enough sun in my house. One light in my house that is always on is the living room/kitchen light. No matter if someone is in the room or using the light, its always on. Even when my family goes out and no one is home. This effects our hydrosphere because that’s where we get most of our power. The chemicals in light bulbs is bad for the environment because it wastes energy and once you use it, you cant use it again. A good way to save your money and the environment is to turn off the lights around your house that you don’t use or use LED lights.

Image result for tap water

I use water daily, for brushing my teeth, showers, washing dishes… etc. Sometimes the tap is running when I don’t use it. This effects our hydrosphere. A good way to save the environment is to turn off the tap when its not in use, take shorter showers, wash clothes all together than in separate chunks.

Engineering Brightness Artifacts of Learning


My class and I have been collaborating with Mr. Fogarty, Eladio and Dennis from New Brunswick and the Dominican Republic to help with light poverty. We’ve have done 2 skype chats with Eladio and Dennis, and one with Mr. Fogarty to talk about all the creations and idea plans we have made to help light poverty. One groups in the class have been fundraising while 2 other groups have been creating shakeable magnetic flashlights and LED flash lights.

So far, what my group and I did for Engineering Brightness is mostly spread the awareness for light poverty. The goal for my group and I (Andrew and Taylor) was to let everyone know about our Engineering Brightness project. We were thinking of collaborating with Rapid Change to raise some money by putting together a bake sake or something like that, but never got to  doing it.

I did talk to rapid change during one of their meetings and to try and see if they could help donate some money for light poverty. They responded and said that they were struggling themselves to make money for their own campaign which we totally understood, but if we teamed up and did a bake sale, we could have split the profit. I thought that since fundraising would take a while, it was a little too late for that so we decided not fundraise. But other than that, my group and I did spread the word around different schools and cities. Its better than not accomplishing anything at all.

Working on this Engineering Brightness project has help me learn a lot and to gain many valuable skills. I got to learn how some places all over the world don’t have enough light sources as we do here in Canada. Learning about it and helping fundraise has helped me to get better at talking to other school groups, thinking of big ideas to help those in need and collaborating with other students programs in school. Although my group and I had set a learning goal that we were not fully able to reach, I think me and my group made a great job on raising awareness and working together. Almost reaching our learning goal. What I’ve learned from this to set smaller goals in the future that I know I can achieve.


How Cells Mutiply


Asexual reproduction needs one organism to form a clone. Meaning that all genes come from one parent, so it is genetically identical.

Types of asexual reproduction                             

Binary: one cell organism splitting into 2 identical copies             

Budding: is the splitting of an organism into both, having the same DNA. For example, yeast and hydra

Fragmentation: organism reproduce by breaking into pieces

Vegetative reproduction: form of asexual reproduction in plants. New plant grows from a vegetative part 

Spore formation: single cells that grows into a new organism. Like bacteria, micro-organism and fungi


  • Many offspring are reproduced quickly from one parent                                                      
  • The more clones, the better survivals of species
  • No need to find a mate


  • One wrong mutation can destroy a large numbers of offspring 
  • Some offspring get close together and fight for food and space
  • Poor conditions can wipe out whole colonies 


Sexual reproduction needs both male and female organism. It combines genes from a mother and a father to make a genetically unique organism.


  • More genetic variation species                
  • Children are different from parents                 
  • Able to produce more offspring because of mate


  • Slower reproduction rate
  • Less reliable reproduction
  • Takes a while and energy to find a mate


Mitosis is where the cell cycle content divides and forms 2 daughter nuclei, making copies. It produces 2 identical daughter cells from one parent. Also used in asexual reproduction. There are 4 steps to this and that is…

  1. prophase: nucleus disappears, centriole and spindle fibers form chromosomes  
  2. Metaphase: chromosomes line up down the middle
  3. Anaphase: the centromeres break apart the daughter chromatids
  4. Telophase: 2 nucleus membranes form and spindle fiber begins to disappear


Meiosis is a cell division that requires 2 parents. Its a two step division, meiosis I and meiosis II, which is PMAT times 2. It starts off with 46 chromosomes and ends with 23 and all cells are different from each other.


Mitosis is only one cell division, but meiosis is a 2 cell division. Meaning mitosis makes identical copies but meiosis does not. One is a reproduction process, when asexual reproduction is used in mitosis. Another difference is that mitosis occurs in all organism, meanwhile meiosis only occurs in humans, animals, plants, and  fungi.


Every living organism starts life as a single cell. As it grows, it adds more cells to form more tissues. Growth and development are not the same. Growth is the increasing size and mass of an organism, while development is the transformation of the organism as its growing through the growth process. Some organisms growing has extreme transformations, just like a butterfly. They start off small and grow big, and their end results are just like their parents. Some organisms can take a long or short time to grow, and they don’t live forever. Some might live for many years and other only for a few days. Also when a cell gets injured or bruised, it has to grow new cells, which is the process of mitosis.

Internal fertilization: is when sperm cells go into the female body and meet an egg cell. The sperm penetrates the egg and the fetus starts to develop 

External fertilization: is a male organism’s sperm fertilizing a female organism’s egg outside of the female’s body

Pollination: the transfer of pollen to a plant for fertilization

Fetal development: is a antenatal human between the embryonic state and birth

Mating/methods of fertilization: is the process by which gametes arrive in the same place at the same time


  3. wikipedia