All posts by genec2017



Mr. Horton’s son, who has very frequent headaches swore by Advil Liqui Gels for their fastest relief out of many pain relieving medications that he has tried. Our job, as a team of 3-4 was to start brainstorming some ideas on how our experiment would play out. In our groups, we would research on a topic and see what we could find to help us on our experiment. Our experiment was determining which pill out of four dissolved the fastest.The four pills we were testing was an Advil Liqui Gel, Tylenol, Motrin, and a regular Acetaminophen tablet. This experiment’s results will determine whether or not Mr. Horton’s son’s claims are true.


We had many questions asked during this process, such as

“Which procedure would be the most effective for dissolving the pills?”

Some more questions were asked regarding how we could best simulate the environment of a human stomach such as,

“What liquid will the pills dissolve in?”

“Would the liquid of choice be heated up?”

Other questions were asked,

“What materials will be used in our experiment?”

“What precautions would we have to take for this experiment?”

Our group ended up using a water/hydrochloric acid mixture of about 10ml of water to 5 drops of acid. Our bodies naturally have hyrdrochloric acid in our stomach, so that seemed like a rational thing to add to our experiment. We all decided to not heat up the liquid mixture.

Each pill got its own test tube and would be timed individually. After about 1 minute and 50 seconds have elapsed in our timing process, we would give the test tube 5 taps near the bottom of the tube in hopes of speeding up the process. The timing process would end when the pill had fully dissolved in its test tube.

For precautions, safety was out of the question. Safety gear such as gloves and safety glasses would be used, and one person would be handling the acid as it is an irritant that could make your skin itch and if too many people are handling the equipment, there is an increase chance of some sort of accident happening like a spill,or damaged equipment.

As for materials used, here is our Bill of Materials:

  • 1 Beaker
  • 4 Test Tubes
  • At least 5ml of Hydrochloric acid
  • Timer
  • ~50ml of water
  • Safety gear (Gloves, Goggles)
  • 4 different pain relieving pills



We were able to retrieve usable data from this experiment. We found that the Tylenol pill was the most effective at dissolving and dissolved in 2:04.66 while, suprisingly, the Advil Liqui Gel never fully dissolved and inevitably took the whole experiment’s time to see a noticeable difference in the shape of the pill, 42:53.77–.

Here are the times of each pill:

Pill  Time to dissolve 
Tylenol 2:04.66
“Ace” 4:58.19
Motrin 5:33.48
Advil 42:53.77–
Advil Liqui Gel being tested.
Tylenol being tested.

Possible safety hazards that were averted were any contact with the acid, confusion and mishandleing of equipment between all group members, and no spillage of any liquids or damaged equipment.


Our experiment gave us results, but I don’t think they were the most accurate. The pills tested are meant to be ingested and dissolve in a completely different environment than in cold tap water and hydrochloric acid. While hydrochloric acid is in our stomach, there is more of a cocktail of acids that help break down our food and as our experiment was testing, dissolve pills. Another essential aspect of our experiment, while not necessary, was to find a way to heat up our mixture. Our internal body temperature is about 37° celsius and heating up the mixture would provide an even more realistic environment for our pills to dissolve in. Even enclosing the test tubes or capping them would positively help in our experiment as it would not allow the mixture to be constantly exposed to open, cold air. 

Another event that happened in our experiment was that the Advil Liqui Gel was tested first, and in the end, was the only pill that hadn’t dissolved. This forced us to start testing another pill simultaneously which was not apart of our experiment while it did speed up our procedure. In the event that this experiment is tested once more, testing all the pills simultaneously will be more efficient than testing one by one, as long as each group member keeps an eye on a designated pill looking for any visual queues that the pill had fully dissolved.

Advil Liqui Gel and Acetaminophen tablet being timed, and recorded simultaneously.


Community Connection

Who I interviewed: (Robert Crowe, Project Engineer @ Seaspan Vancouver Shipyard)

For this assignment, I chose to interview my father whose current occupation is being a ‘Project Engineer’ at Seaspan.



Roles and Responsibilities of the Interviewee:

In short, the position of Project Engineer means that you are in charge of a design team who is in charge of providing the designs for a ship. This job requires a substantial amount of cooperation and leadership.

Seaspan Shipyard’s crane, “Big Blue”.

Why I interviewed this individual:

I am interested in working in some variety of a design team that designs large-scale projects such as shipbuilding, and architectural design which is similar to the occupation that my father is in.

Seaspan Shipyard’s off-site office building.

I asked him these six questions, and these are his responses:

Why are you passionate about your job?

Response: “My job is designing ships for the Navy. I’m passionate about that because I’ve always wanted to be in the Navy and I’ve served the Navy for 28 years and I get to give back with my knowledge and design ships for the Navy”. 

What obstacles have you faced to get where you are today?

Response:  “I don’t consider them obstacles or if anything challenges. Challenges were moving with my family and knowing that my family had to move to a new place and start all over again with school, friends, and jobs”. 

What advice would you pass on to someone who is interested in what you are doing?

Response: “Spend a lot of time establishing your network, don’t burn any bridges because you don’t realize until you get to where I am now that it’s a small world”. 

Would you open to further contact from Riverside students and if so, how can someone contact you?

Response: “Yes, absolutely. They can contact me at work”. 

What basic skills or “life skills” are important for your job?

Response: “Grammar, expanded vocabulary, math”. 

What inspired you to become a Project Engineer?

Response: “As a ship operator and being at sea, I was always intrigued by how the ship worked, and how it was built and designed, and that guided me to where I am now”. 


What I learned from this interview enlightened me on what to expect, the hardships that may come my way, as well as basic advice to help me in the workplace. For example, his response about advice was, “Spend a lot of time establishing your network, don’t burn any bridges because you don’t realize until you get to where I am now that it’s a small world”. 

A photo of the “John Franklin” a Coast Guard and Fish Research Vessel being built for the Canadian Government launched in the month of December, 2017

This advice taught me that expanding a network such as a digital portfolio will help me establish the job that I desire, as well as to be driven towards opportunity.  The interview itself connects to my interests by teaching me certain aspects and basic skills that will help me thrive in the workplace. An example of this is having the need of cooperation and leadership skills and having knowledge of basic grammar, an expanded vocabulary, and math.


This interviewed helped me gain a better understanding on what I possibly have to go through if I choose to go down this career path. What I gained from this is that you need resilience, knowledge, and connections to get that dream job that you want.

Link to Interviewee’s Workplace:

Everything I know about Exponents

1) Represent repeated multiplication with exponents

3x3x3x3 = 81         3^4 = 81

2) Describe how powers represent repeated multiplication

The power above is 3^4. Powers have a base and an exponent. The base (3) would represent the number multiplied by the exponent (4) as shown in number one. The exponent is how many times 3 would be multiplied. This power would be the equivalent to 3x3x3x3.

3) Demonstrate the difference between the exponent and the base by building models of a given power, such as 2^3 and 3^2

4) Demonstrate the difference between two given powers in which the exponent and the base are interchanged by using repeated mulitplication, such as 2^3 and 3^2

2^3 = 2x2x2 = 8

3^2 = 3×3 = 9

5) Evaluate powers with integral bases (excluding base 0) and whole number exponents.

({-2})^4 = (-2)(-2)(-2)(-2) = 16

5^3 = 5x5x5 = 125

6^5 = 6x6x6x6x6 = 7,776

({-4})^5 = (-4)(-4)(-4)(-4)(-4) = -1024

6) Expain the role of parentheses in powers by evaluating a given set of powers such as ({-2})^4 , ({-2}^4)-2^4

With ({-2})^4 , the repeated multiplication would be (-2)(-2)(-2)(-2) which would equal 16.

With ({-2}^4) , You are applying the exponent of 4 to the base of 2, then you will apply the negative symbol in the form of -1.

-1x2x2x2x2 = -16

With {-2}^4 , You are essentially doing the same thing as ({-2}^4).

-1x2x2x2x2 = -16

7) Explain the exponent laws for multiplying and dividing powers with the same base.

(Product Law)

When multiplying powers with the same base,  keep the base, then add the exponents. For example, 3^4 x 3^5 = 3^9 = 19,683

(Quotient Law)

When diving powers with the same base, you keep the base, then subtract the exponents. For example,

3^8 ÷ 3^3 = 3^5 = 243

8) Explain the exponent laws for raising a product and quotient to an exponent.

(Power Law)

When raising a power to an exponent you keep the base, multiply the exponent(s), and if there is a coefficient, apply the exponent to the coefficient.

For example,

2 * (5^3)^2 = 2^2 * 5^6 = 4*15,625 = 62,500


9) Explain the law for powers with an exponent of zero.

Any base (except 0) with an exponent of zero will equal 1.

4^0 = 1

0^0 = 0

10) Use patterns to show that a power with an exponent of zero is equal to one.

4^5 = 1024

4^4 = 256

4^3 = 64

4^2 = 16

4^1 = 4

4^0 = 1

The base (4) with exponent (0) will essentially have 4 divide into itself, so 4  ÷  4 = 1

11) Explain the law for powers with negative exponents.

When dealing with negative exponents, any base (except zero) raised to a negative exponent will equal the reciprocal of the base raised to a positive exponent, for example:

4^{-3} = \frac {4^{-3}}{1} = \frac {1}{4^3}

12) Use patterns to explain the negative exponent law.

3^5 = 243

3^4 = 81

3^3 = 27

3^2 = 9

3^1 = 3

3^0 = 1

3^{-1} = \frac{1}{3^1}

13) I can apply the exponent laws to powers with both integral and variable bases.

Yes, I can.

x^5 * x^4 = x^9

5^8 ÷5^5 = 5^3 = 125

(2^2)^4  = 2^6 = 64

x^0 = 1


14) I can identify the error in a simplification of an expression involving powers.


(2a^3b^2)^3 = 6a^9b^6

(2a^3b^2)^3 = 8a^9b^6

When simplifying a power using the power rule, you have to remember to apply the coefficient to the exponent not mulitply them together. With the first example above, the coefficient was multiplied by 3 rather than applied the exponent of 3. This made it equal 6 rather than 8, which is incorrect.

15) Use the order of operations on expressions with powers.

(5x^3)^2 x (2x^5)^4 = 5^2x^6 x 2^4x^5 = 25*16x^{11} = 400x^{11}

I first did the power law which states that the exponents are applied to the coefficients, and the powers are raised by the exponent. Then, I did the product law which multiples the coefficients and adds the exponents of the powers of the same base.

16) Determine the sum and difference of two powers.

3^4 + 6^3 = 81 + 216 = 297

3^84^4 = 6,561 – 256 = 6,305

17) Identify the error in applying the order of operations in an incorrect solution

In equations like this, you would do the power law first. However, the negative exponent law was done first, here is the result.

(x^{-3}y^4z^3)^2 x (x^8y^3z^6) = \frac{y^4z^3}{x^3}

This is going to take much longer to find the answer. However, you can do the power law first.  So,

(x^{-6}y^8z^6) x (x^8y^3z^6) = (x^2y^11z^12)

18) Use powers to solve problems (measurement problems)

The side length of a cube is 5 cm, what is the volume of the cube?

Well, in order to find the volume of the cube, you have to find the length, the width, and the height, since this is a cube, they are all going to be equal so you can find the volume of the cube by doing this:

5^3 = 125 cm^3

19) Use powers to solve problems (growth problems)

A bacterium quadruples itself in 1 hour, How many will there be in 5 hours?

The base represents how many bacteria are produced, and the exponent represents time (5 hours).


20) Applying the order of operations on expressions with powers involving negative exponents and variable bases.

  1. (3x^{-2}y^7) ^2 ÷ (3x^{-4}y^8)^4 = (3^2x^{-4}y^14)  ÷ 3^4x^{16}y^{32} = (3^{-2}x^{-20}y^{-18}) = \frac{1}{3^2x^{20}y{18}}


Principles of Flight

Tumble Gliders


Bernoulli’s principle states that: Low Velocity = High Pressure and High Veolocity = Low pressure. If you imagine an airplane wing, It is designed for the air on the top of the wing to be faster than that of the bottom of the wing. Since the air is slower on the bottom it creates a high pressure zone which will create lift. 



Making Rockets

1. Draw a path of trajectory of your rocket.


2. Which force is acting on the rocket at the moment of launch? (use arrows to indicate direction)


3. As the rocket was half-way up, which force(s) is/are acting on the rocket? (use arrows)


Drag, Weight.

4. As the rocket begins to veer into another direction, which force is acting on the rocket? Explain why this is happening.

Lift, Bernoulli’s principle states that: Low Velocity = High Pressure and High Velocity = Low Pressure. The air going over the rocket is travelling at a faster rate than the air under the rocket. The high pressure on the bottom will create lift and keep the rocket up.

5. Did some rockets work better than others? How does the shape of the nose and fin effect the trajectory of the rocket? Explain in terms of the four forces that act on a rocket ship.

Yes, some did. I found that if the nose better fits the fuselage, the farther it went. Without proper fins, the rocket just sat in the air and spun on the way down. The main goal of making your rocket go far is that you decrease drag while increasing lift. If the nose is flat on top of your rocket it will increase the amount of drag on your rocket making it not go so high. If it is shaped in a way where it cuts through the air, the rocket will be more aerodynamic and fly much farther. Same for the fins, the fins are also supposed to make your rocket more aerodyamic and decrease drag, If they are positioned in a way that makes it cut through the air, the fins will also contribute to less drag.

Water Rocket 


Acceleration: The rate that an object increases in speed.

Center of Drag: The center of which drag will act upon an object the most.

Center of Mass: The center of which mass of an object will balance.

Drag: An accumulative amount of a resistant force on an object.

Inertia: An object will be in rest unless acted upon by an outside force.

Mass: A unit of measurement relative to an objects property.

Momentum: The amount of movement an object has.

Pressure: A force that exerts force upon another object. (Gas,Liquid, Solid).

Velocity: A measurment of how fast something will move in  a certain direction.


1. How did the height you estimated your rocket would reach compare with the actual estimated height?

To be honest, I thought it would’ve gone a little bit higher than it did.

2. What do you think might have caused any differences in the height you achieved?

Shape of the cone, shape and positions of the fins.

3. Did your rocket launch straight up? If not, why do you think it veered off course?

No, it initally veered off course. I think it was because of the top of my rocket. The top of the rocket was slightly crooked and did not point up straight. The cone was also more slightly loose, but it helped with the deployment of both of my parachutes.

4. Do you think that this activity was more rewarding to do as a team, or would you have
preferred to work alone on it? Why?

I would preferred everyone did their own rocket. I think it is a more satisfying experience if the rocket was sucessful because it was your work and not between two people. Work would be split between two people which can make it harder to agree on a design and bring two seperate aspects of the rocket together.

5. Did you adjust your model rocket at all? How? Do you think this helped or hindered
your results?

At first, the size of the fins on my rocket were going to be much bigger than they were. But, if they were the size I intended them to be, they wouldn’t fit very well on the rocket and be much more blocky. I think making the fins smaller and more sleek along the rocket actually helped my rocket.

6. How do you think the rocket would have behaved differently if it were launched in a weightless atmosphere?

If it was in a weightless atmosphere, I think the rocket would go farther, but the speed it would go be much more slowed down.

7. What safety measures do you think engineers consider when launching a real rocket?
Consider the location of most launch sites as part of your answer.

Making sure the area around the lauch pad is clear of debris. Building the launch pad on relatively flat terrain which is clear of any trees and such. Making sure that the rocket is clear for takeoff if  there was any air traffic up in the sky.

8. When engineers are designing a rocket which will carry people in addition to cargo, how do you think the rocket will change in terms of structural design, functionality, and features?

Rocket design would accommodate living quarters for those on the rocket. To increase ability to communicate with those who are on land. Depending on the length of travel or if they are orbiting around Earth, the rocket would not only need space for food, water, and toiletries, but something would have to send it to those in the rocket.


9. Do you think rocket designs will change a great deal over the next ten years? How? I think designs for rockets will have little change over the next ten years. Maybe a few moderate changes. The design of a rocket could be made to accommodate more people, be slightly more aerodynamic, or become more fuel efficient.

10. What tradeoffs do engineers have to make when considering the space/weight of fuel vs. the weight of cargo?

The more fuel there is, the more the rocket will weigh and there would be less space for the cargo. If there is a lot of cargo, the rocket will weigh more and there wouldn’t be sufficient space for fuel in order to get to a set  destination especially if it is a good distance away from Earth.