The green one is the original.

The red, has a scale factor of 2, that means that i multiply all by 2 all the sizes.

The second red one i divide it all by 2, so the original data was all multiplied by 1/2.

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What does the sign mean?

>

This mean grater than, it means that the number in the left is bigger than the one in the right, not equal, bigger.

>=

The signal means that the right number could also be equal to the one in the left, or greater.

<

Like the first one, it cant be the same number, but this is the opposite, the number in the left is less than the right one, that’s why this is called less than sign.

The symbol means that,like the second one, that both number can be equal, but is the opposite side,what means that the number in the right can be from equal to up to the one in the left.