Causes of WWI

1. Identify the Countries:

A) Serbia
B) Austria
C) Russia
D) Germany
E) France
F) Britain

2. Alliances:

First off, Serbia gains help from Russia. They form an alliance and Russia helps them during the war. When Russia and Germany’s treaty had ended, Russia sided with Britain and France forming a “triple entente”. Germany and Austria work together to eliminate France.

3. Nationalism:

The Balkans tried supporting Bosnia by fighting trying to separate them from Austria-Hungary. Their main objective was the become an independent country.

4. Imperialism:

3 countries strived to claim land in many places but a main hit was Africa. These countries were France, Germany, and Britain. Access to this land was imperative for military and ability to access to Mediterranean for naval forces.

5. Militarism:

Between Germany and Britain, they wanted more power than each other. So, they spent as much money as they could to improve their military. Britain was power hungry and built their military so strong that it was better than 2 countries total. This started a chain reaction in which other countries tried to keep up by promoting and improving their military as well.

6. Sequence of Events:

A) The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the terrorist organization “Black Hand”. Austria wants to gain access to Serbia for information, but their request is denied.
B) On July 28, 1914 war was declared between Serbia and Austria.
C) Serbia gains military support from Russia during the war.
D) Austria gains military support from Germany who joins the declared war.
E) France is after Germany and wants mobilization.
F) The French get support from the British. Due to the triple entente, Britain was only able to defend during the war.

7. Analysis:

A) This represents Serbia’s perspective as well as the perspective on the “Triple Entente” between France, Germany, and Britain.
B) The first country is depicted as a child shown as a small figure because Serbia itself is a small country who gradually needs help.
C) Personally, the meaning of the title to me is sarcastic because it is most definitely not “a chain of friendship”. These countries all create new problems leading to war on each other and requiring support from other countries.

Water Conservation

1.Explain why water conservation is necessary in Canada.

– Conserving water in Canada is necessary because it can be used for a renewable water source. Although we have a ton of water and take it for granted, other countries are not as fortunate as us. By conserving water not only will our supply last longer, but we could help countries in need. Water is essential to every country on earth. From growing plants, feeding animals, and for human consumption we wouldn’t be able to survive without our vast supply of water. We have one of the cleanest water sources on Earth and we need to sustain that. Water will only last so long being such a clean source.

2. Video:

Pros and Cons of energy sources

Type of Energy Pros and Cons

Hybrid Cars

Hybrid Cars Pros and Cons – Benefits & Problems

– Multi engine power
– No emission test required
– Its quiet and durable
– When the battery runs out gas kicks in
– Less work required
– Less pollution

– Not all hybrids are equal
– Weak 12 volt battery
– Lower mileage for car
– Rising gas price increases hybrids prices as well


– Considered environmentally friendly and causes less pollution
– Geothermal reservoirs are renewable
– Great for cooling and heating
– Available everywhere

– Geothermal power plants in extreme can cause earthquakes
– Very location specific
– Heavy upfront costs with this product
– Only sustainable if reservoirs are properly managed.


7 Pros and Cons of Wind Energy

– Can be built on existing farms
– Rapid growth and huge future potential
– It uses modern technology
– Extra savings for land owners
– Renewable source
– Cost effective
– Clean source of power

– Threat to wildlife
– Wind reliability, only works when wind occurs
– Noise and visible pollution
– Safety of people
– Only suitable in certain locations
– Takes a lot of open area


– It is very cheap and affordable
– Always constant power as water is always moving
– Its clean as it uses water as its fuel
– Can be customizable to fit certain locations

– Droughts, when low water levels occur and generate as much energy
– Can prevent fish from moving upstream
– High construction cost to build the hydroelectric power plant


Pros and Cons of Biomass Energy

– Biomass energy is renewable
– Dependency on fossil fuels is reduced
– Doesn’t produce carbon fumes
– Is widely available all over the world
– Can be used in many forms of organic matter
– Helps reduce wastes

– It is not always totally cleaned when it is burned
– It can also lead to deforestation as wood is a major source for biomass energy


– Solar energy is renewable
– It is very abundant
– Environmentally friendly
– Sustainable
– Reduces electricity costs
– Good availability
– Low maintenance, is silent

– Is very expensive
– Intermittent
– Associated with pollution
– Energy storage is also expensive
– Requires a lot of space
– Exotic materials

Solutions to Poverty

1. Topa J Islamic P School from Uganda

2. The unique thing about this schools situation is that this school does not have access to consistently clean water. Since there water isn’t clean they use all their current money for firewood where they burn it to boil their water to get rid of bacteria. They are willing to pay back their loan through student fees which is collected after every term.

3. The money is going towards a installing and maintaining a UV water filtration system that is accessible by all students and staff members. The water tank can store up to 750 Litres of water which is enough for their school daily.

4. This loan is risky because they are going to pay us back using money from student fees they recieve at the end of a term. It is going towards a great cause. Helping kids maintain a clean water source which allows them to stay healthy. Without this system they can catch water-borne diseases which take away from their time at school and also prevents them from being able to concentrate.

Defining Poverty

1. The problems with measuring poverty can differentiate from different people’s opinions. The standard of living is the way a person lives in a community. The size of the person’s house, the items, and the price all account for the standard of living. The problem with measuring the standard of living is that people have different perspectives from different countries. From the U.S. they may see an expensive house in Bolivia and assume that they are living in poverty as they are much wealthier in the U.S. Relative poverty is where people don’t have the necessary income to keep their standard of living high. Although people find this easy to measure there are always errors in people’s assumptions. Absolute poverty is where people can’t maintain basic human needs such as shelter, food, and water. HDI is a statistical life expectancy based on standard of living, health, and education.

2. Personally, the best way to measure poverty in Canada and the world is by using absolute poverty because it is easier to represents the whole population of the country and the world better than the other options.

China’s Policy

1. Personally, I believe that the answer is yes. China is a very overpopulated country where personal space is even an issue. By implementing a one child policy per family it enables their countries populations growth to slow down. Where eventually there will be more space and even job opportunities.

2. In certain situations I do believe this is fair. Many families had the ability to control their family size and many abused this privilege by have a lot of kids which leads to overpopulation in the long run. Chinese families seem to reproduce many children and with this one child policy it will enable their country to control growth. Also, it can be unfair in the fact that giving birth is a personal choice and families should have that right.

3. The policy worked so well that now there are less people able to take care of the seniors. This is what lead to them removing the policy.

For question 1, a counter argument that best fits would be that India managed to maintain a balanced population without implementing a one child policy. India and china are relatively close in population although India’s area is not quite as big.

For question 2, the argument remains the same. China’s one child policy is fair to the citizens because without it, it would cause a population spike in their country affecting them more.

For question 3, lowering the population is key and is bad because by doing this, there is a possibility to lower carbon dioxide levels and therefore could lower the population.


Video Categories

Video #1: In “Kenya’s Human Time Bomb”, they are in stage 2 of the DTM. Kenya’s population is continually growing at a fast pace. With the lack of resources Kenyan’s resort to violence to get food and gain land. Kenya cannot control how fast their population is growing. Overtime they will continue to grow and keep overpopulating. A quote from the video is “Centres are overstretched we need more then double the number of clinics across the country but there is no resources”. This quote states that Kenya’s resources are scarce and they don’t have enough materials to expand their clinics.

Video #2: In the Ted Talk “Box to Box”, presented by Hans Rosling, their is an optimist view towards global population increasing. The belief in this video is that by implementing technology into developing countries it will enable the country as a whole to slow down their population growth. Pushing towards evading poverty will help the country steady their growth pace as well as creating the country an educational system. A quote from this video is “Continue to improve child survival to 90 percent” increasing survival rate is necessary.

Socials definitions

Pessimist/Malthusian: claimed that population would soon outstrip food supply, leading to famine, disease, and social disorder. Malthus’s predictions were not realized, since he did not foresee the improvements in agriculture, hygiene, and medicine. Also, millions of people migrated to British colonies to cultivate farmlands there, which eased population pressure.

Neo Malthusian: predict that disaster will overtake populations in the world’s poorest developing countries in the next 50 years due to increasing global warming, shortages of arable land, conflicts over fresh water, declining fish stocks, and the spread of AIDS or other diseases. Africa will be most vulnerable to these threats.

Optimist/Cornucopian: Those with an optimistic outlook on population growth are called cornucopians. They have faith in mankind’s ability to find innovations, such as solar and wind energy, that will increase Earth’s carrying capacity.