Our Prime Minister And The Cold War

—Answer Key Question: Between Trudeau and Mulroney, who did more to create a Canada that matches our Canadian identity today? – also discuss why the other doesn’t match our identity.

1. Canada had two organizations that were the Commonwealth as well as the La Francophonie. Commonwealth was the countries that once belonged to the British empire while La Francophonie was most of the French speaking states. In 1950, Canada created a plan called the “Colombo Plan” where Canada provided money and aid to less-developed countries apart of the organization. One way that Canada helped other countries was by inviting students from overseas to Canada to come and study for a better education. When Canada accepted Bomarc Missles, they never realized the issues that would come with it. It came to a realization that nuclear war would amount to global suicide. “Trade and Aid’ was a term that represented a process that stimulates developing countries economies with aid so they can access global markets. NAFTA which was the North American Free Trade Agreement was an agreement between Canada, the US, and Mexico that removed trading barriers between them. FIRA was a foreign investment agency setup by the Trudeau government that blocked any foreign investment that didn’t interest Canada. SDI also nicknamed “Star Wars” was a huge budget that was the US plan to create a defensive shield. The 1980 Summer Olympics was part one of a number of actions were taken place by the US to protest against the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan. Personally I feel as if Trudeau did more to Canada to match our current identity.

Canada Prepares For War

1. World War I started with Britain declaring war and since Canada was allied with them they accompanied Britain. In Canada there were many people that wanted to join the war because they felt as if it would boost their reputations. More soldiers than expected joined the war. In World War II, Canada was a self-governing country which means they could make the decisions on their own. Some of Parliament thought it would be a good idea for Canada to enter the war once again but not everyone in Parliament had the same views. While part of Parliament was for the war the other was not, this didn’t necessarily change the minds of Canadians altogether. Like World War I, many people still joined the army to go and fight with Britain.

2. The BCAPT which stands for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was a program which focused on teaching Pilots the proper techniques going into World War II. C.D. Howe was an industrialized put in charge of Munitions and Supplies as the federal government felt it was necessary to have more control over these areas during the war. Not only was Howe an Industrialist, he had a lot of power from controlling Canadian farms to other corporations.

3. Canada had a divided parliament where part was against conscription and some were for participating in the war. Ultimately the Canadians chose themselves if they wanted to contribute in the war. Mainly joined the war for reputation and to represent their country.

Letter To Mr. Bennett

Dear Mr. Bennett,

I am writing to you today to advise you of my current struggles and as a plead for help. First off, I have been a farmer for many years, and this is the only source of income I have to provide for myself and my family. As you probably already know that the drought has hit, my crops haven’t been able to grow, I haven’t been able to provide food nor money for my family’s necessities. We are on the edge of starvation and need food to survive. As I have no other source of income for my family, I have been in line for Pogey waiting to tell my story and receive little money to help with my family. An unfortunate turn of events came from Pogey as they didn’t believe my story and felt as if I had items in my household that had value, when truly I have nothing but my kids who are starving. I know you are in a difficult spot yourself dealing with the On-To-Ottawa Trek, but if you work past that and are able to help me it would mean to world to myself, as well as my kids. Not only can I not provide for my kids, neither can my ex-husband who is currently in a work camp where he works dreadful hours daily doing hard work in very poor conditions. He has said to have made little money, but he hasn’t reached out to us in months since he left me on my own to fend for the kids. He leaves me with no money for the children as well as no help to take care of them, it’s truly heartbreaking. The conditions in other provinces have also been cruel. I have travelled to see work camps but they seem to be very difficult and I can’t take too much time off from looking after my children ages 5 and 7. I know you are a good man with a warm heart Mr. Bennett, all I ask is if there is anyway that you can help me provide food to help my starving kids or even provide a place to sleep at night. I don’t want my kids to see me as a failure to them as my parents were very good to me. I hope you find that gentle spot in your heart to consider helping me.

Sincerely,
Monroe

Not so good times after WWI

As a factory worker in Ontario, I would vote for the Conservative party for it’s great intentions. They support tariffs which influence business’s and help conserve our progress. By keeping tariffs this allows us to continue earning money to support our families and keep the industries moving up the ladder. Without the conservatives keeping tariffs, our economy would decrease and business’s wouldn’t be able to continue running the same. I wouldn’t vote for the other parties as they wouldn’t help my needs as a factory worker and they are not for tariffs.

Conditions on the Front

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Hi Friend,

Great to hear from you! I’ve been waiting a long time and I am very happy to finally open my mail and see it’s from you! Hopefully the war will be over soon enough so I can come home to see you and my other loved ones. I didn’t realize all that was going on at home and although i’m in the war, it seems pretty difficult to comprehend over at home. I believe from what I have heard from a few of the guys at the base that the economy at home hasn’t been doing so well. I heard that schools have been closing down due to scarcity as well as the supply of items such as butter and sugar have been limited. Not only have resources been scarce, but I heard about the harsh hitting income tax. I guess now that i’m done with what I have heard i will tell you a little bit about how it’s been going over here. The war conditions are continually changing and we are always having to be able to adjust due to certain circumstances. The war in the air is very complex in a sense that that you need to almost do a figure 8 shape in order to take out the enemies. The guns are on the front of the plane and it is to hard to use a planted gun and steer the plane at the same time. The objective is to get behind the other plane to be able to shoot them down. Planes are also used to drop bombs on enemies territory. Moving on I will tell you about my purpose in the war, by war at sea. Battle at sea is rough, there are illnesses we face as well as the rough waters. We conquest to attack enemies. On course, sometimes we need to figure out how to get around an allied ship usually meaning steer to the right, but not always does this happen. Miscommunication can cause the ships to crash but this doesn’t occur too often. Lastly, the war front on the land takes place constructed by a commander. Our strategy is to usually fire cannons trying to take out the enemy followed by a line of infantry to push afterwards. Now that I have explained a few ways of battle, let me tell you about a recent battle, the battle of Ypres. This took place on April 22, 1915 where Canadian troops were moved into the city of Ypres. The Canadians who were allied with the British, formed a concave bend to get to the Germans strategically. The German’s objective during this war was to remove the “Salient”. The Germans had released 160 tons of chlorine gas although it was illegal at the time. This forced the Canadians to find a way to avoid the gas. They tried to continue and push towards the Germans, but they only made it around 3.5 kilometers where they dug a trench and waited there. Although the final outcome had nearly 1.7 million causalities from both sides of the war, Canada was finally seen as a formidable fighting force, and they were congratulated by a message by the Prime Minister. I hope you see how tough the war truly is and hope you had the time to read this whole message. Stay safe, lots of love.

Sincerely,

Your Friend