Part 1: Share
Geothermal energy is energy that is produced beneath the earth using the hot water from under the soil. To create it, you have to pump hot water from underground through a well, the water has high pressure when it goes through the well and when it reaches the surface the pressure is dropped and the water turns into steam. The steam spins the turbine that is connected to the generator and electricity is produced. The steam cools off and goes back into water (condensation) and then the water goes back into the soil. There are three types of geothermal power plants: dry steam (which is the one that I explained above), binary, and flash. In the future, we will most likely be using binary geothermal power plants which takes the hot water and passes it through a second substance that has a lower boiling point, and then that second substance turns into vapor and makes the turbine spin. In Canada, we don’t currently use it because of resource and bank investment risks. We should use it because Canada has a lot of water and it would be a great and easy way to use it to produce electricity. It’s also environmentally friendly. We can use it for cooking and heating in the house. The pros are that it’s environmentally friendly, it’s renewable, reduces carbon footprint, costs less because you don’t need a lot of materials, and it doesn’t take up much space on land because its mostly underground. The cons are that it can possibly cause earthquakes, needs a specific location to be built, and it’s only renewable if reservoirs are managed properly.
“Renewable Energy: Geothermal energy in New Mexico” by US Department of State is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0
To Prime minister Justin Trudeau,
I think it would be an amazing idea to start building geothermal power plants in Canada because almost 9% of Canada is covered in water and even though that might not seem big, its up to 891 163 square kilometers. Geothermal energy is environment friendly and it doesn’t take up much space on the land. I think this would be a great idea to consider for now so we can benefit off of it in the future and reduce global warming. It wouldn’t cost a lot because you don’t need many materials to build it. I hope you will see that this type of energy can do a lot for Canada and it’s future, just like I do.
Thank you for your time.
Part 2: Answer
I had to ask these questions: what is geothermal energy, how can we create it, is it good for the environment or harmful, should we use it in Canada if we don’t use it already, what can we use it for, what is it made out of, advantages or disadvantages of it. The new digital tool that I used was this website called creative commons where you can get pictures. The process that I used was to first generate some question and then find the answers to them and I then shared my findings and wrote the statement to Justin Trudeau. To verify the information I used multiple sites to check that they all say the same thing, and to cite the information I copied the website link and I copied the rich text for the pictures. The process of completing this challenge went well, but I could’ve times it all better than I did.