My Environmental Interactions


1)My Interactions with the different spheres

Interactions with the Atmosphere: A few negatives are that I breath and we drive our car and go on the airplane. A Positive would be I try to walk or ride my bike as much as possible.

Interactions with the Biosphere: A positive thing I do is not litter but a negative thing that I do use a lot of paper and waste trees.

Interactions with the Hydrosphere: A positive thing that I do for the hydrosphere is take short showers but a negative thing we do is fertilizer our lawn every year.

Interactions with the Geosphere: A positive thing is that I green waste at my house but a negative is that we use a lot of fossil fuels.


2. My interactions with the different spheres and their positives and negative effects on the earth

Interactions with the Atmosphere: Every time I breath I have a negative effect (not that it makes to much difference and could change much about it) on the atmosphere because I take the oxygen and release carbon dioxide back into the air. Every time we drive in the car or go on an airplane whose machines release bad gases and it is very harmful to the air and atmosphere over time. A positive thing that I do for the atmosphere is walk or bike to places as much as possible so that I don’t have to ride the bus or drive because they are bad for the environment.

Interactions with the Biosphere: A positive thing I do for the biosphere is not litter, I always put my garbage in the trash can. If I don’t my garbage makes the place look bad and dirty or the wind might pick it up and take it somewhere where it could bother humans, children, plants and animals. Something negative that I do for the biosphere is I use a lot of paper to make stuff and do work which is bad because we cut down trees and use the paper. Another thing is that in most classrooms in the school we don’t have paper recycling. I know we use devices which cuts down on our use of paper but I think we still use enough to have paper recycling.

Interactions with the Hydrosphere: A positive thing that I do for the hydrosphere is take really short showers. My maximum shower time is 5 minutes so I save a lot of water by not having a big bath everyday or a long shower. A negative thing we do for the hydrosphere is that my family fertilizes our lawn every year. We use a spreader so it sprays fertilizer everywhere but some of the fertilizer goes onto the pavement/road when we are trying to get close to the edge. The fertilizer is bad and it runs off the pavement, into the drain and out to probably the Pitt or Fraser rivers. This is bad for the water and the fish so it effects the hydrosphere.

Interactions with the Geosphere: Something positive that I do for the geosphere is green waste at my house, it keeps all the extra scraps out of the landfill which eventually gets buried into the earth. We do use fossil fuels like oil to make plastics and gasoline and natural gas to heat our house and water tanks. Fossil fuels come from the earth and someday we will use them all up and will have to find an alternate solution.


3) Some changes I could make in my life to help the spheres:

For the Atmosphere:    I would walk more places if they were in walking distance. I could ride my bike because it would be quicker than walking so I could go to different and farther places. It would also have to depend on the weather, in the summer we are off school and would have more time to walk to different places but in the winter it could be icy so it would be dangerous to ride your bike or walk, and if there is snow walking in the snow takes a lot longer and it gets a lot more tiring much more quickly, so it would be harder to walk or bike in the winter but in the summer it would definitely work and be a good option.

For the Biosphere: We are decreasing the amount of trees we cut down already by being a digital school and working on a device whenever we can so we save a lot of paper by not always using so much. But not too many other schools do this so they all create paper waste and use a lot of trees as well.

For the Hydrosphere: Alternative options for cutting down on the amount of fertilizer that we put into the water we could hand spread it so that we could get close to the edge but be more careful and not get the pavement. We could also use a natural fertilizer that wouldn’t be as bad for the water and animals in the water. The grass wouldn’t look as good and be as healthy if we didn’t fertilize but it would completely cut it out of going into the water.

For the Geosphere: Its hard not to use fossil fuels in the world today. The main fossil fuel we use in our area is oil. Plastics are made of oil, once plastic is made it never decomposes and its one of the worst things for the environment in my opinion because it goes straight into the landfill but it is pretty unavoidable because its quick and cheap to make. Some options I could use to save some plastics are take my lunch in reusable container instead of saran wrap or a plastic bag. We also use oil which gets turned into gasoline to fill up and use our car. Instead of driving we could walk or ride our bikes more places which will also help the atmosphere because there is less poisonous gases going into the air. They have made other options like electric cars but you have to plug those in.

Engineering Brightness Artifacts of Learning


2) I liked doing Engineering Brightness because it was interesting, I liked connecting with other people across the world and our class and myself are making a difference somewhere else in the world. I liked the skype chats because it was interesting to learn about different things that are going on somewhere else. We had three skype chats, one with Mr. Fogarty and his class in New Brunswick and the other two were with Eladio, Dennis and their class and we talked about stuff going on there like how it is a developing nation. The school that they went to was a nice school for there but it looks just like one of our public schools, and lots of kids don’t even go to school where they live in the Dominican Republic. My group and I made this video above about what our class has done with Engineering Brightness. I think it is kind of like a summary of what everyone has done and how we have and are making a difference. Not all the groups wanted to be interviewed but we did our best by asking everyone in our class if they wanted to and if they were alright with us taking a video like this.

3) My group said we wanted to do fundraising in the beginning but we couldn’t come up with any ideas that would work, then we tried working with another school but most didn’t get back to us. We then tried to come up with an alternate plan and we came up with making a video that showcases and demonstrates how everyone in our class has been working on this project and been doing different things to help this cause, I think I have grown and have gained skills by being able to change the plan when it doesn’t workout.

I think I have met my learning goals because I learned more about myself and about other things going on in the world.

4) I also think I have improved by working in groups. We have all worked together to come up with the idea and brainstorm. Sarah and Ella did most of the video, I filmed the videos and interviewing. We all evenly talked on the skype chats.

I think if we had more time we could have made our video a bit better with background music or some other stuff. We were a little rushed at the end so that the video could be done and we would be able to put the video on our blogs and hand it in on time.

I liked doing the connections based learning because I thought it was another way to learn. I liked doing the Engineering Brightness because we got to communicate with other people in the world to try and support a local cause for them. I don’t think I have ever done something like this and tried to make a difference somewhere else in the world

How do Cells Multiply

Asexual Reproduction:

When there is one parent and the offspring is a genetic clone, if the parent happens to have a mutation it gets passed on to the offspring. Some examples are fish and sea urchins.

There are 5 types of Asexual Reproductions:

Binary Fission is when a single cell splits into two identical copies.

Budding is when multicellular organisms go through repeated mitosis to form an identical organism.

Fragmentation is when a part breaks off and it grows a back into a clone of the parent.

Vegetative Reproduction are special cells that form new plants that are identical to the parent.

Spore Formation is when single cells can grow into a whole new organism.

Some Advantages to Asexual Reproduction are that it doesn’t take a lot of energy to find a mate, a large amount of offsprings can form quickly.

Disadvantage to Asexual Reproductions are that some conditions such as extreme temperatures can take out entire colonies, offsprings are genetic clones and if the parent has a negative mutation that will be passed down to all the offsprings.


Sexual Reproduction:

When a male gamete fertilizes a female gamete and the offspring is a mix of the two. 23 chromosomes get passed down from its mother and 23 from its father.

There are two types of Sexual Reproduction:

Internal Fertilization is when a female gamete meets a male gamete inside the body, some advantages to this are offsprings are genetically different from there parents and if their parent happens to have a mutation the offspring could survive or not get it. But some disadvantages are that it is generally more effort to find a mate and fewer offsprings ate produced.

External Fertilization mainly happens in water when a sperm is released and an egg is released and they find each other. Some advantages to this are very little energy is required to find a mate and offsprings are genetically different from there parents and if their parent happens to have a mutation the offspring can survive. But some disadvantages are that embryos, gametes and offspring are unprotected and are often preyed upon.



 Mitosis separates one cell into two. It goes through four stages which I call PMAT (Prophase, Metaphase, Image result for asexual reproductionAnaphase and Telophase) and it only does one round of it.

Interphase: This is the longest stage and its when everything pretty much doubles.

Prophase: The nucleus disappears and the centrioles and spindle fibers form and attach to the chromosomes.

Metaphase: Spindle fibers pull the chromosomes and they line up in the middle of the cell.

Anaphase: The centromeres break apart the daughter chromatids and pull them outward to opposite ends of the cell.

Telophase: 2 nuclear membranes form, 2 nucleolus form and spindle fibers disappear.

Cytokinesis: The cell separates and is now two and restarts back in interphase.


Meiosis separates one cell into four. Meiosis has two rounds of PMAT (Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase)

Prophase I: Homologous chromosomes pair up and non-sister chromatids exchange genetic material. This is called crossover.

Metaphase I: Homologous chromosomes pair up at the equator.

Anaphase I: Homologous chromosomes separate and are pulled to opposite poles by the spindle fibers.

Telophase I: One chromosome from each homologous pair is at each pole of the cell.

Prophase II: There is one chromosome of the homologous pair in each cell.

Metaphase II: The X-shape chromosomes form a single line across the middle of the cell.

Anaphase II: Sister chromatids move to opposite poles of the cell. Once separated each sister chromatid is considered to be a chromosome.

Telophase II: Spindle fibers begin to disappear and a nuclear membrane forms around each set of chromosomes.


The growth of organisms using information from our gallery walk including terms we have used:

Internal Fertilization is when the sperm cells go into the female’s body and meet an egg cell. The sperm penetrates the egg and the fetus starts to develop.

External Fertilization: Is when a sperm is released (generally in water) and an egg is released. They meet and the sperm surrounds the egg so that no other sperms can get to the egg.

Mating and methods of fertilization: They mate at the right time of season because then they can have a baby and it will develop at a good time when it is not too cold so that it can survive

Fetal Development: The stage that occurs before the fetus begins to develop comes right after internal fertilization

Pollination: The transfer of pollen to a plant for fertilization. It is transferred through humans, bees, moths, flies, hummingbirds, wind, ect.

Embryotic Development: Its when the embryo is formed and develops. In humans, embryonic development happens in the first two months after fertilization. After fertilization the zygote begins the process of mitosis. Embryotic Development has four stages: Cleavage, patterning, differentiation, and growth.

Principals Of Learning

Learning involves patience and time – For Engineering Brightness it took my group a long time to come up with an idea and plan of how we would raise money. In the end we changed from raising money to making a video of how our class has made lights and raised money. That took a lot of time and patience to come with an idea that we could do.

 Learning embedded in memory, history and story – When we skyped The Dominican Republic I kind of took mental notes and remembered things that they told us and it helped me come up with different ideas of how to do something like make lights with the limitations they have.

Learning involves recognizing that some knowledge is sacred and only shared wit permission and/or certain situations – As we were interviewing different groups for our video for Engineering Brightness we had to ask and make sure that everyone was ok with us possibly putting it on during RAP.



Mutation Story

Part 1:

Hi, I am living inside this amazing and wonderful girl Genevah, she is an average 12 year old girl, with a special mutation. She has Differentially expressed in chondrocytes protine 2 or for short, DEC2 mutation. I am the problem, but I am not a bad problem. Genevah is kind of lucky for the most part because she has me. She doesn’t need to sleep for as long as the average person.

Every night Genevah lays in her bed and tosses thoughts around in her head because she has nothing else to do. If she goes to bed early she will wake up way to early. But if she goes to bed really late she can wake up at a good time. Here is an example of when I was not very helpful to Genevah, one evening she went to her friends house for a sleepover. They were having a great time but by 11pm all of her friends were exhausted and ready to go to sleep but Genevah wasn’t. She knew she could still be up and wide awake for a good 2 hours. She was worried because she doesn’t stay overnight other places too often. She kept telling herself I’m used to it, I will fall a sleep soon. These are some of the stress problems I make for Genevah. But here is an example of when I was very useful in Genevah’s life. Last month Genevah and her family went on vacation to the Bahamas. Their flight left at 8am so the whole family woke up around 4:30am so they could get to the airport on time. Genevah’s whole family was exhausted from getting up “early” and they all slept on the plane. Genevah pretty well woke up at regular time and was ready for the day with lots of energy.

Part 2:

My questions included: What is DEC2 mutation and what does it stand for? What effects does DEC2 mutation have on someone? What has to happen to the DNA to make DEC2? How rare is DEC2?

I used google and Wikipedia for starting information and to find links to other sites but a few new websites for research I used included:

I had to start out by finding information about the mutation and what happens, what it does and where is comes from. Then how it affects people.

I think I could have researched harder and before I started I should have made sure I understood all the DNA and the way they worked and when something goes wrong what happens, because I think it made this project a lot harder to do. I liked the mutation I chose because it was different because I was generally a good and helpful mutation unlike most of the other ones we heard.







CBL Engineering Brightness


Here is a photo of our skype chat with the Dominican Republic

Part 1

Who we talked to and where they were from?

We first talked to Eladio and Dennis and the kids in the Dominican Republic. They told us about different things going on in the Dominican Republic. One of the things they told us about was that they have paid slavery there which doesn’t happen in Canada so it is very different. Another thing is that the government just paid billions of dollars to get a coal power plant even though there is no coal supply there so they would have to get it imported, here we are moving away from that and using mostly renewable energy. Then we skyped Mr. Fogarty and his students in New Brunswick. He told us that they have been working on engineering brightness for over 2 or 3 years. He gave us tips and ideas about it and what to do and what he and his class did.

What interested you?

Here is a photo of our second skype chat with New Brunswick

Here is a photo of our second skype chat with New Brunswick

I liked it when we skyped the Dominican Republic. It was interesting to hear about stuff going on in a developing country that I didn’t know much about. It interested me to try and figure out what different ways and ideas we could do to get power. Some ideas were using

solar power or human power. We couldn’t use batteries though because most people wouldn’t have access to outlets so they couldn’t recharge their batteries and most couldn’t afford to keep buying new batteries.

How did I feel about the experience?

I think that I learned a lot about problems going on in the world that I don’t even have to think about because I just flick the switch and the lights go on and I can see. I didn’t realize before that this would be a problem but I get it new and understand that it is important to have light.

Part 2

What was our groups general ideas?

Our group decided to do fundraising. We could possibly work with another group and have a bake sale. We also would like to work with another school to fundraise there.

What have we done so far?screenshot-our-ideas

We have decided that we would raise money. We could do a bake sale and possibly pair up with another group and maybe work with Citadel Middle School and their leadership team to raise money at their school.

Who can help you?

We have contacted Castle Park Elementary to help us. We have contacted Ms. Tomkins who is the principal. And hopefully she will get some of the other teachers and groups to see what they think and help us out.


For more info and donating to our project follow the link:




Currents From The Kitchen

Prediction: I predict that the orange will have the most electric voltage because it is acidic.


Here is a photo of our voltmeter. An apple is being tested in this photo, the apple did not produce much current.

Observations: We tested an orange, apple, and a yam.  Out of these the orange had the best voltage and electric charge, the yam had the second best, and the apple didn’t have very much.


What kind of circuit will produce electron flow in your fruit/vegetable cell?

A full/complete circuit will produce electron flow.


If your bulb doesn’t glow, how can you find out if electrons are flowing?

If the bulb does not glow, you should check to see if the lightbulb was not broken by testing a different light bulb, you could also add another piece of the same fruit one piece might not have enough voltage to power a lightbulb.


If your bulb doesn’t glow, why not?

Because you don’t have a full circuit and the piece of fruit might not have any voltage.


How can we modify our experiment to improve our results?

We could use extra pieces of fruit either the same or different and this could make more energy.


What is causing electrons to flow in this experiment?

We have a full circuit and since we do, the electrons can flow out one end and into the other.

Conclusion: My prediction was right because the orange did have the best electric voltage. I found this experiment a little hard at the time because I didn’t really understand how the voltage worked and what to fully do and how to read the voltmeter.  But through this experiment I figured out how voltage, electron flow and circuits worked.

Poco-opolis 500

Here is our video of our Poco-opolis 500 lab:


Here is the video of our experiment of us rubbing Lucite and fur:


Conclusion: Our hypothesis was right because we did have the greatest charge out of all the other groups in the class because we got the most laps. One thing we noticed was that if you stoked one way instead of going back and forth we had a better charge. All the other groups went back and forth but we stroked only in one direction and we had the best charge because we did the most laps.





SSEP Review

Here is a list of ideas we made at the beginning that we could use for our experiment

Define/Discover: We had to come up with an experiment that could be tested in microgravity.  The experiment had to be able to fit inside the FME tube and can have up to 3 sections. We first brainstormed and made a list of what we were interested in testing. Then we chose what we wanted to do as our experiment. We wanted to do something with bacteria so we looked at killing and growing bacteria. We decided to go with killing bacteria. Our decision was: can rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer kill bacteria in microgravity?

Dream: If this were to work in space

Here is our agar with the bacteria and whole punches that have either hand sanitizer or rubbing alcohol or both

This is a photo of our petri dish and it has the bacteria with the paper hole punches with hand sanitizer or rubbing alcohol on them

this could help to lead to future exploration and the astronauts possibly fight sicknesses and other bad and harmful things before they can hurt them.


Design: Our design needs to be tested on earth before being tested in microgravity to make sure that it works like we think it will.  We will need to grow some bacteria and then apply rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer to see if the bacteria are killed. We should also do a control experiment to make sure that the bacteria don’t die on their own by growing more of them at same time and not applying any rubbing alcohol or hand sanitizer.  Results would need to be recorded so that the astronauts and scientists would know what they are looking for.

Deliver: Our experiment was to see if rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer wouldsupplies kill bacteria to help prevent the astronauts from getting sick. If it helps prevent the astronauts from getting sick then it should help people on earth from getting sick too. We had a petri dish with agar and bacteria growing on top and we had rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer. We used a paper hole punch and first dipped it in rubbing alcohol and then put it on the bacteria, then we used another hole punch and covered it in the hand sanitizer and put it on the bacteria in a different spot, and last we made a combination of rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer and used another hole punch to put this combination on the bacteria.  The combination of hand sanitizer and rubbing alcohol worked the best for us because where we put that paper hole punch it had the least amount around of bacteria left.

Debrief: What we could do better next time is contact someone to get more information on our topic and get more information from someone with more knowledge and experience about what we are doing. In our group one of the things that was done well was our brainstorming of topics and ideas to do as our experiment. I would have liked it better if the work had been shared evenly and that everyone in our group had done their part. Overall I think it went well and I tried to contribute to the group to the best of my abilities.