What Darwin Never Knew

Charles Darwin was a Geologist and biologist best known for his contributions on the study of evolution. He published his theory of evolution in 1859 on the “Origin of species”. Though Darwin had an idea of what the first species were, he still had the question about “how evolution takes place”. He didn’t know how physical forces affected species forcing them to adapt and change their appearance. After the discovery of DNA, those questions have been answered.

Darwin proposed the theory that “Natural selection” was the cause of change of specific traits on species. He believed that as time goes by, organisms change. This either results a physical, heritable, or behavior change. He also believed that as an organism starts to adapt to its new environment, its chances of survival increase.

One example in the documentary include the comparison between humans and chimpanzees genetic code. Scientists have discovered that there is only a 1% difference in the DNA of chimpanzee and humans. The differences are cause by “Switches” in genes. This shows how small of change in genes can cause a massive difference in traits.

The discovery of DNA allows researchers to use it as a solid foundation to understand more on evolution, causing researcher to look more into genetics. DNA has answered questions that couldn’t be answered, like where we come from, and what makes us different from other species. There is still much more to discover in this world, and DNA is our first step to that path.

Image result for human evolution

6 Kingdoms Assignment

Archaebacteria

Image result for Archaebacteria – Methanogen

Methanogen are marble like shaped organisms That usually live in hot, acidic environments for example sulfur hot springs. These organisms do not require oxygen in-order to live, however they cannot survive in temperatures as low as 55 degrees Celsius.

http://ashleyskingdoms.weebly.com/archaebacteria.html

Image result for Archaebacteria halophiles – Halophiles

Halophiles are cylinder like shaped organisms that usually thrive in very salted environments, usually in evaporated ponds or salt lakes such as the Great Salt Lake, Owens lake, or dead sea.

https://classificationjguti.weebly.com/archaebacteria.html

Eubacteria

Image result for cocci – Cocci

Cocci are grape shaped organisms and are usually found in clusters, similar to actual grape vines. These organisms are known to cause skin infections and sometimes pneumonia, endocarditis, and osteomyelitis.

https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/cocci-bacilli-bacteria/deck/2187195

Related image – Streptococci

Streptococci are similar in shape and pattern as cocci. These organisms are known to cause Strep Throat and Scarlet Fever. Though it does seem deadly, this organism is rather uncommon to encounter.

https://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/learning/learning-article/scarlet-fever-acute-management-and-infection-control/20068230.article?firstPass=false

Protist

Image result for protist – Amoeba

Amoeba are blobbed shaped organisms though not all amoeba organisms are blobbed shaped. These organisms are usually found in lakes, ponds, streams, and puddles. They move by using whats called pseudopods. Pseudopods are used to capture prey.

http://sexinthewildbiology.weebly.com/protist—amoeba.html

Image result for protist flagella – Anisonema

Anisonema are oval shaped organisms have have a unique way of travel. This organism uses whats known as a flagella, this is how the organism is able to move around.

http://protist.i.hosei.ac.jp/pdb/images/mastigophora/Anisonema/acinus_4b.html

Fungi

Image result for amethyst deceiver – Amethyst Deceiver

The amethyst deceiver are fungi with an amethyst tint to it. These fungi are usually found under beech trees, and are also able to form mycorrhizal associations with certain other broadleaf and coniferous trees.

https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/laccaria-amethystina.php

Image result for Pilobolus crystallinus fungi – Pilobolus crystallinus

The pilobolus crystallinus are fungi that look more like tear drops than actual fungi. These fungi usually live underneath the surface.

https://www.gettyimages.ca/videos/pilobolus-crystallinus?sort=mostpopular&offlinecontent=include&phrase=pilobolus%20crystallinus

Animals

Related image – Tuffled deer

Tufted deer are mainly found in China’s high hills and mountains. In captivity, they can live to be about 15 years old, although no one is really sure how long they live in the wild.

https://www.fromthegrapevine.com/slideshows/nature/mammals-you-didnt-know-existed/page/2

Related image – Jaglion

The jaglion is a cross breed of a male jaguar and a female lion. I confess to say that until today I had not heard of them perhaps partly because I dislike this sort of breeding; creating exotic wild cats to titillate the viewing public.

Jaglion – a lion, jaguar hybrid

Plants

Image result for echinops – Enchinops

Enchinops have spiny foliage that is often grayish-green and woolly. The plants do well in a wide range of garden sites, from a wild garden to a cottage garden. The flowers are suitable for fresh cutting or drying.

https://www.americanmeadows.com/blog/2017/06/12/unique-plants-in-the-garden/

Related image – Paphiopedilum

Paphiopedilum, often called the Venus slipper, is a genus of the lady slipper orchid subfamily Cypripedioideae of the flowering plant family Orchidaceae. The genus comprises some 80 accepted taxa including several natural hybrids.

Paphiopedilum Orchid Care