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Author Biography Research Worksheet

Name of Author: Joy Kogawa Date of Birth: June 6, 1935 Date of Death:  She still alive

Place of Birth:  Vancouver, British Columbia  Place of Death: none

Family Information: (parents, siblings etc.)

Father: Gordon Goichi Nakayama, Mother: Lois Yao Nakayama

Important childhood experiences and interests:

During World War II, the Japanese military attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and twelve weeks later Kogawa was sent with her family to the internment camp for Japanese Canadians at Slocan during World War II.

Information about the author’s education/development as a writer:

After the war she resettled with her family in Coaldale, Alberta, where she completed high school. In 1954 she attended the University of Alberta, in 1956 the Anglican Women’s Training College and The Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto. !968 divorce with David ogawa, then she went to University of Saskatchewan. Kogawa was first published as a poet in 1968 with the divided moon. She began working as a staff writer in the prime minister’s office in Ottawa in 1973. In 1981, she published her first prose works: “Obama sang” semi-autobiographical novel, being her most famous works. In 1981, the Canadian book publishers awarded the “first novel prize”, kenzo ogawa ichiro won the Canadian writers association in 1982 before the annual book award and the Columbus foundation of the American book award. Ogawa’s children’s adaptation of Naomi’s Road, 1985

Website link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joy_Kogawa

Other important/relevant experiences that helped shape the writer (relationships, other occupations, travel)

The Historic Joy Kogawa House Society has operated a writer-in-residence program in the house since 2008. They have hosted four writers to date: poet and editor Dr. John Asfour of Montreal in 2009, novelist and writing educator Nancy Lee of Richmond in 2010, creative non-fiction author Susan Crean in 2011, short-fiction author Deborah Willis in 2012, and PEN Canada writer-in-exile, novelist, editor, freelance journalist, and faculty member Ava Homa in 2013.

The sequel Itsuka (1992) was rewritten and renamed Emily Kato (2005). Obasan was named one of the most important books in Canadian history by the Canadian literary review, and listed as “Canada’s best” by the Toronto star. Later, obasan adapted the children’s book Naomi’s Road (1986), and the vancouver opera house adapted a 45-minute opera that toured every elementary school in British Columbia. The opera has also been performed in the greater vancouver area, reddill and Seattle, and lethbridge, alberta. National war museum in Washington and Ottawa, Ontario. Toronto’s tapestries opera house performed a revival in November 2016 to great acclaim, especially on the Toronto star. The Toronto star admits its setting is “significant: st. Davis is home to the city’s last japanese-canadian Anglican diocese”.

Writing influences (who were other writers or artists he/she admired? Other works?)

Kogawa, who currently divides her time between vancouver and Toronto, Ontario, was the 2012-13 resident author at the university of Toronto. In 2018, Kogawa and vancouver-based Japanese poet Soramaru takayama formed a group called Yojaros. The ave Kogawa House committee has launched a campaign to save Kogawa’s childhood home in vancouver’s mapolai neighborhood from demolition. They have received national support from writers and writing organizations across Canada, suggesting that the house at 1450 west 64th street is considered by many to be of historical and literary interest, akin to the burton building, the Emily carr building and the haig brown institute

Significant works (books, plays, poems, particularly important pieces)


Split moon. Fredericton, NB: a collection of violinhead poems, 1967.

The choice of dreams. Toronto: McClelland&Stewart, 1974.

Jericho road. Toronto: McClelland&Stewart, 1977.

Six poems. Toronto: league of Canadian poets, 1980.

What are my memories of the evacuation? Canadian school education, 1985

The woman in the woods. Oakville, Ontario: Mosaic press, 1985.

Lilith song. Vancouver: north star, 2000.

Anchor garden: selected poems. Oakville, Ontario: Mosaic, 2003.

A novel

Obasan. Toronto: Lester and Orpen Dennys, 1981. (winner of the 1982 Canadian prize for first novel)

Escape. Toronto: penguin press, 1992. (rewritten as Emily garten – 2005)

The rain. Toronto: Knopf, 1995. (revised version released in 2003)


Gently go to Nagasaki. Catelyn press. In 2016,

Children’s literature

Naomi’s way. Toronto: Oxford University press, 1986; Fitzhenry&Whiteside, 2005.

Naomi’s tree. Toronto: Fitzhenry&Whiteside, 2009.

Common topics/themes in author’s work

In Naomi’s life, important things were kept quiet. Silence is considered a positive quality in Japanese culture, especially for women. Silence represents carefulness, prudence, and unmet needs. Naomi’s aunt Obasan had this virtue. Not that she doesn’t talk at all; Instead, she didn’t talk about anything important in their lives. Her comments were an incomprehensible shorthand for her thoughts. Kogawa’s poems prefigure most of the themes of her novels, but also include many Lamentations and understandings of identity and marriage. Of particular note is the poem written in “the choice in a dream” in 1969. In Hiroshima, ancestral graves and her mother’s girlhood are revealed among objects preserved in the harbor.

Success during author’s lifetime?  (awards, money, popularity)

In 1986, Kogawa was made a Member of the Order of Canada; in 2006, she was made a Member of the Order of British Columbia.

In 2010, the Japanese government honored Kogawa with the Order of the Rising Sun “for her contribution to the understanding and preservation of Japanese Canadian history.”[9]

Kogawa has been awarded several honorary doctorates. The most recent was by the University of Victoria, on June 12, 2017.

Influence/relevance of author today (what was/is unique or revolutionary about his/her writing?  Which authors or literary movements were influenced by this author?

The themes found in her anut Obasan also reflect Kogawa’s other works: bigotry and its poisonous fruit, personal and national identity, justice, maternal bonds and their harms, memory and silence. Her other works of fiction have dabbled in new disciplines, but each shows a multi-level consciousness that contradicts the simple black-and-white advocacy of the question. At naokazuka, even after Naomi was “depoliticized,” there was still conflict between Japanese canadians who wanted to forget the past and those who continued to fight. Rainrise revealed her daughter’s plight when she discovered that her father, the “good man”, was also a child molester.

How did the writer’s life experiences shape her/his work (from your research and/or your inference)

Her great education experience that came from the university that she used to study and the people who used to around her also become the reason that influence herself.

What can the reader learn through reading this author’s work about the social and cultural constructs of the time the works were written?

Some of Kogawa’s works are meditations on the lessons of history. Together, her work reflects research on major events, such as the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 and the subsequent U.S. nuclear attack on Hiroshima. What lessons do you seem to have learned?

In Obasan Kogawa’s narrator’s notes, “all our ordinary stories change over time, now as much as in the past. Intense and pervasive prairie dust storms, memories and dreams seeping in and intermingling in crevices, placed on furniture and upholstered.” Discuss several ways in which Kogawa USES memory to find, define, and/or establish an identity, her own identity or her cultural identity. Provide examples in the text. In Obasan, for example, Naomi’s earliest memories of her womb-like comfort and belonging with her mother are described in great detail.

With Obasan, who wrote gulin grewal, “ogawa proved herself to be one of the best feminist, humanist writers.” From her first work, The Splintered Moon (1968), Kogawa’s feminism is also evident in her poetry. Studying feminism in Canada. Consider surveying Canada’s sports, education and work communities. When did people begin to recognize women’s equality? How does movement manifest itself in ogawa’s works?

Several of Kogawa’s works isolate trivial activities, which the poet makes meaningful as a ritual and as an experience of belonging and sharing in Japanese culture. Give examples of Kogawa’s use of national traditions in her work and discuss how she portrays cultural connections through such traditions.

Website link: https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/history/historians-miscellaneous-biographies/joy-kogawa



See You Again

Wiz Khalifa Charlie puth

It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again

Damn, who knew all the planes we flew
Good things we’ve been through
That I’ll be standing right here
Talking to you about another path I
Know we loved to hit the road and laugh
But something told me that it wouldn’t last
Had to switch up look at things different see the bigger picture
Those were the days hard work forever pays now I see you in a better place

How could we not talk about family when family’s all that we got?
Everything I went through you were standing there by my side
And now you gonna be with me for the last ride

It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again

First you both go out your way
And the vibe is feeling strong and what’s
Small turn to a friendship, a friendship
Turn into a bond and that bond will never
Be broken and the love will never get lost
And when brotherhood come first then the line
Will never be crossed established it on our own
When that line had to be drawn and that line is what
We reach so remember me when I’m gone

How could we not talk about family when family’s all that we got?
Everything I went through you were standing there by my side
And now you gonna be with me for the last ride

So let the light guide your way hold every memory
As you go and every road you take will always lead you home

It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again


1: This song was writing for the end song for the movie Fast and Furious and the song was also used to mourn the death of the film’s leading man, actor Paul.

Yes, this poem is addressing a Social and psychological.

2: The singer Wiz Khalifa and Charlie puth is speaking

To the actor Paul

Circumstances is taking place in the end of the movie, so the predictor of the movie chose to use this song to connect with the last scene of the movie that Torreto and Paul’s car ended up on two roads to prove that Paul was safe to go

3: yes, there are some words that has the denotations and connotations such us family, love and see you again etc, these words all become the emotions that what the author what the song bring to the actor Paul.

I think the words are concrete

I don’t think this song has talk about clichés freely, if have to have one, I think is “see you again”.

This diction makes the whole poem’s atmosphere and sentiment, throughout the poem.

4: This poem is serious, because the lyrics of this poem is try to explain and bring the author’s emotions to the actor Paul and what he try to say by the song with sadness scene and important seriously words using,

The words that set tone are: “It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again”.

I think the tone of this poem never changes with always talk about the friendship and see you again, I think that what the author want us to focus about.

5: I think the metrical pattern is to focus on the word “see you again” and the line length are all keep less than 20 words to make the short but sad.

The length of stanza are 5-11-5-14-5 lines

The rhyme scheme is kinds rap and lyrical, the internal rhyme is lyrical and the end rhyme is that the last part of lyrics is a inner shock for the reader(listener)

Yes, the other metrical devices are Repetition, symbols.

I think the form that the poem take is the open, to be showing the inside of author’s hart.

6: The death of the actor Paul.

Yes, I think this poet uses the figurative language of personification

There is a example for the metonymy, the you in the poet is mean Paul.

Yes, I think the title is the best the writer could have chosen, no more changes.

7: Yes, the poet is succeeded by telling us his own emotions and the stories with Paul and descriptions.

Yes, it is intensely, even for me.

Yes, it sharpening the place of the importance of the friendship.

My Post

By February 14, 2019.  No Comments on My Post  ELD 11   

Week 17-The sin , cos law

This week we learned about the sin law

which is :sinA/a = sinB/b = sinC/c

we can use this formula to solve the angle or the line


so we have to solve what is the AC

we already know what is the angle c is 80 degree and the c line is 5 cm , and we also know the angle b is 30 degree

so we can use this function that just use two of them

sin C/c = sin C /b

sin80 degree/5cm=sin30 degree/AC

AC=(sin30*5 )/sin80 degree

AC=2.5cm(use the calculator)

ok , and we also learn how to solve the cos line

see the example

thanks for reading



This is my favorite speech because this speech is very funny.his actions and his voice are actually petty good for the watcher to understand what he(they) want to show the audience.And also that in the beginning of this speech, they will make some scenes to let the audience in to this story, I think this is petty good to make this speech not very boring .So i hope you like it!

Week 16-Angles in standard position in all quadrants

Rotational :is a angle that from the 0 line

Reference : is the angle that always close to the middle linelike this

Coterminal angle: is a angle that always negative and is a angle that are shared same arm with the rotational.

example:rotational angle is 243 degree

so reference is 243-180=63 degree

and we use the way

look at this picture:

so we use this graph to solve

The angle in quadrant 1 :63 degree

The angle in quadrant 2: 180-63=117degree

The angle in quadrant 3 :180+63=243degree

The angle in quadrant 4:360-63=297degree

because we already know the reference angle

so it is very easy to solve

And we also learned the angles with triangle

an isosceles right triangle and an acute right triangle

remember we know the triangle in 4 different quadrant

use the formula y/r , x/r , y/x

and use the way that Mrs. Burton taught

“All Student Take Calculus”

In the quadrant 1 the sin,cos,tan are all positive

in quadrant 2 just sin is the positive

in quadrant 3 just tan is the positive

in quadrant 4 just cos is the positive

so it is a good way to solve the degree

for example:sin 135 degree

we use the picture we find this is a 45 degree triangle

so we use o/H (y/r)=1/√2=√2/2

Thank you for reading




Week15-Applications of Rational Equations

This week we learned how to solve the unknown value from the score formula

For example:


Then we make all the term time common denominator

so we get the common denominator is 4v




Then we learn how to solve the unknow number in the life things

This is the one of the example
we get Mary’s apprentice need 9 hours long to build a deck than it takes Marcy

So we make Mary need x hours to finish , her apprentice need x+9 hours to finish

And if they do together , so they will finish in 20 hours

so we know after 1 hour Mary finished\frac{1}{x} , her apprentice finished \frac{ 1 }{x+9}

so we got a function that are after 20 hours

\frac{20}{x}+\frac{20}{x+9}=1(this ‘1’ is mean 20 over 20)

And you use the way that times common denominator

we got x^2 -31x-180=0

then we factor

we get (x-36)(x+5)=0

And we get 36 ,-5

but -5 is not belong to the question

so we just get 36 is mary

than we get 36+9=45 is her apprentice

Week 14 -Rational Expressions and Equations

This week we learned how to make a function simply

For example:


we need to factor first

so \frac{(x+3)(x-3)}{(x+3)(x+5)}

we can see the same thing from the top and the bottom, so we can get rid of them

so it is (x+3)

After that we can get \frac{(x-3)}{(x+5)}

Next step we have to make sure the range of values of “x” and what number can’t it become,

First we can see this formula:\frac{(x+3)(x-3)}{(x+3)(x+5)} for values of bottom can’t be “0”

“x “can’t be -3 and -5

second we can see this formula :\frac{(x-3)}{(x+5)} ,in the bottom x can’t be  -5

WARNING : you have to check the all function , even the first one ,one special is start by diving by a fraction , and then you have to multiply by the inverse of that fraction , and you have to look at the denominator of that fraction to make sure that the unknow numbers  before and after reciprocal and which number can’t be.(“0″ CAN’T BE THE BOTTOM”)

Week 13-Reciprocal Quadratic Functions

This week we learned reciprocal quadratic functions graph

So when we get the function, we have to graph the (parent function)quadratic formula first ,and then we have to find the invariant points ,which is when y=1 . y=-1 ,the points that on the parent function graph ,we can see this picture don’t have find the vertical asymptotes ,so there is no vertical asymptotes, because the x=0 is the asymptotes already so we don’t have to draw another one ,just have the horizontal asymptotes y=0 (in this term we just earn y=0)

First we also we have draw the parent formula, and there is no invariant point.we can find the reciprocal of number in the end (2) to find a point that the reciprocal of the quadratic function touch in the y line(x=0)

Ok so we draw the parent function again , find the x-intercept to find the vertical asymptotes (two) ,and there have the four invariant numbers ,and for the third graph line that function of the reciprocal of the quadratic function ,you also can find the point that reciprocal of the end number (four to be one over four:0.25) that where it touch at the y line(x=0)