Aboriginals & The Canadian Government


  • Counterpoints Chapter 6, p 178
  • Counterpoints Chapter 7, pp 212-214
  • Counterpoints Chapter 8, pp 250-256
  • PPT – Aboriginal Relations

Understand the significance of the following:

  • Residential schools in the 1950s
  • Changes to the Indian Act 1951
  • 1969 White Paper
  • National Indian Brotherhood
  • Red Paper
  • 60s Scoop
  • Education after residential schools
  • Indian Hospitals
  • Oka Confrontation
  • 2008 Harper’s apology
  • Self government
  • BC Land Claims
  • Nunavut
  • Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
  • Truth and Reconciliation Report

Concepts to understand (test yourself):

  • How has Aboriginal education changed since residential schools? How effective has it been?
  • How would you describe Canada’s actions in working with Aboriginals since WWII?

Reflection – Choose ONE of the following to write a reflection on:

  • (Perspective/Ethical Judgement) Are Aboriginals treated like second class citizens in Canada? Use your understanding of history to explain why or why not.
  • (Cause & Consequence/ Ethical Judgement) Listen to Stephen Harper’s apology above. Write a new and improved version of it using what you’ve learned about Canada’s relationship with Aboriginals.
  • (Ethical Judgement) See 150 Acts of Reconciliation, what acts of Reconciliation have you already done? Which ones do you intend to do. How do these acts help to heal the relationship between Aboriginals and non-Aboriginals in Canada? Provide visual evidence of your acts of Reconciliation.


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