Information fluency (science)

   Part 1: Cell Story

Hello, I am myocyte, people used to call me muscle cell as well. I can be found in your muscle tissue. I have a big family and friends: cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle cells, with various properties.
Cardiac can be found in your heart muscle, the major function of cardiac muscle cells is to contract so as to enable the heart to pump blood to all the parts of the body.
Skeletal are attached to bones, include the large muscles of your arms and legs, and the smaller muscles of your face. Skeletal muscle cells give power for movements, stabilize your joints and enable you to maintain an upright posture. Skeletal muscle cells come in slow-twitch and fast-twitch varieties. Slow-twitch muscle cells are adapted for endurance activities and maintaining posture. Fast-twitch muscle fibers are adapted for rapid movements and activities that require maximum efforts, such as jumping and lifting.
Smooth muscle cells can found inside blood vessels and around the pupil of the eye, perform automatic movements in the hollow organs of your body. For example, they move food through your digestive system, expel urine from your bladder and are responsible for contractions of the uterus when delivering a baby. Smooth muscle cells are also found inside blood vessels and around the pupil of the eye.

Image result for muscle cell structure and functionImage result for muscle cell structureThis is my selfie and my structure.
Myocytes are long, tubular cells that develop from myoblasts to form muscles in a process known as myogenesis.

We serve a remarkable variety of functions in your body, many of them occurring involuntarily. The specialized structure of the 3 types of my family in the human body enables their functional purposes. Skeletal muscle cells are primarily specialized for voluntary movements, like dancing or snapping your fingers. Smooth muscle cells are structured to produce involuntary movement, such as propelling food through your digestive system. Cardiac muscle cells keep your heart beating and have features of both skeletal and smooth muscle cells.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, edited by Jacqueline L. Longe, 5th ed., Gale, 2015.

Science In Context, Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

Grosberg, Anna, et al. “Self-organization of muscle cell structure and function.”

PLoS Computational Biology, vol. 7, no. 2, 2011.

Science In Context, Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

Koivumaki, Jussi T., et al. “Regulation of excitation-contraction coupling in mouse cardiac myocytes: integrative analysis with mathematical modelling.”

BMC Physiology, vol. 9, 2009, p. 16.

Science In Context, Accessed 26 Apr. 2018.

Sambrano, Gilberto R., et al. “Navigating the signalling network in mouse cardiac myocytes.”

Nature, vol. 420, no. 6916, 2002, p. 712+.

Science In Context, Accessed 26 Apr. 2018.

Cheng, Yuhui, et al. “Numerical analysis of [CA.sup.2+] signaling in rat ventricular myocytes with realistic transverse-axial tubular geometry and inhibited sarcoplasmic reticulum.”

PLoS Computational Biology, vol. 6, no. 10, 2010.

Science In Context, Accessed 26 Apr. 2018.



Part 2: The Making of the Cell Story

  1. What questions did you need to research in order to create your cell story?A: “What does this cell do?”
    “What is the structure of the cell?”
    “How does it mutate?”
    “Where is this cell found?”
    “What does this cell look like?”
    “Why does the host need this cell?”
  2. What new or familiar digital tools did you try to use as you worked through this project?A: I used “Science in Context” inside “Gale Engage Learning” and “EBSCO”. We are not allowed to use Google or Youtube to do this project but I did look for information through Google and I watched some videos on Youtube just for a deeper understanding.
  3. What was the process you used to investigate the topic?A: I used “Science in Context” inside “Gale Engage Learning” and “EBSCO”. We are not allowed to use Google or Youtube to do this project but I did look for information through Google and I watched some videos on Youtube just for a deeper understanding.
  4. How did you verify and cite the information you found?A: I answered my questions with information from a variety of sources. After that, I cited all the sources I have used with embedded links to information.
  5. How did the process of completing this challenge go? What could you have done better?A: I had finished my project, and I found that researching on this topic is very hard on “EBSCO” and “Gale Engage Learning”, there’re less information than Google, but there’re some useful information too. Although we can’t use Google, I still got some good information for this project. I think I can write my story to be more interesting because it’s kind of boring right now. I think I can do it better next time.

Solution fluency

Solution Fluency on Science LAB 

Andrea So Block B


The challenge that we had to do was to test the effectiveness of 4 different types of detergent. Or also to test the cost is worth for the most expensive one, like would the other’s which are cheaper work better than the most expensive one? We had to do a fair test to test it out.



We had questions like:

What’s the difference of using cold water and hot water?

How we solved it: We searched online on the difference and we believe that it’s warm water that can somehow melt own the stain from its heat but cold water don’t.

How do we record and be able to identify the clothes after they are being taken out from the beaker? As there were only labels on the beakers not the cloths.

How we solved it: We marked it down on one of our phones typed the names of the detergent from left to right, as they were pinned on the board, this made it easier and we won’t get in trouble for not being able to figure out which is which.



The result was that the woolite detergent one washes off the stain the best, it is also the most expensive.

(I apologise that that this pic couldn’t be rotated no matter what :/)




Overall, I enjoyed the lab a lot because at least I didn’t have to sit down and do work at my desk the whole block. Rachel was really active and she basically started organizing stuff even before me and Mckayla have finished understanding what Mr. Horton said. The preparation was really smooth and we organized really well in order for the experiment to be smooth the next day. During the experiment, the hardest part wasn’t figuring out who is going to do which jobs but it was mixing for straight 15 minutes. Honestly my arms were sore after mixing non-stop for so long that day, anyways I liked the experiment, it was interesting to find out which detergent works the best because it’s actually helpful for daily life, now I know which detergent should tell my mom to buy.

Collaboration fluency


Our task is to charge different material of rods with some fabric and find out the strongest pair of conductor.

Control variable: stand
dependent variable: piff
independent variable: different materials of rods and different materials of fabric

Conductors Glass Copper Straw Plastic Spoon Wood Lucite Aluminide Ebonite
Silk No effect No effect Lightly attracts Slightly repels No effect Slightly attracts No effect Slightly Repels
Cotton No effect No effect Attracts Slightly attracts No effect Strongly attracts No effect Slightly attracts
Polyester No effect No effect No reaction No reaction No effect No effect No effect Attracts
Fur Slightly attracts No effect Strongly repels Strongly repels No effect StronglyRepels No effect Slightly repels
Plastic No effect No effect Slightly Repels No reaction No effect Very slightly attracts No effect StronglyAttracts
Wool Slightly attracts No effect Slightly attracts Strongly attracts No effect Somewhat   attracts No effect Slightly repels

Ebonite and plastic is the strongest conductor at attracting.
Lucite and fur is the strongest conductor at repelling.

How did it happen?
The piff get attracted from the charged rod because the piff got some electrons from the rod and both of them have negative charge.
The rod pushed and repelled the piff because they’ve got different charges.

I think I had very great experience when I was collaborating with Claire, Samira and Theodora. We had equal workload and everyone was on task, no one was playing with their hone during the experiment. Samira and Claire collected the result and made a clear table. Theodora and I did the experiment with different materials. I felt so proud of our work and results.

Foods 10 Take Home Lab

The dish that I cooked for the take home is the Stir-Fried Egg Noodles with Chicken, I wanted to cook this dish because my family and I like stir-fry noodles a lot, kind of because of our heritage as we are Chinese, I have thought of making pasta but then I decided to choose something that would represent my ethnicity and my family would like so that i could serve them some for dinner. The ingredients were also easier to get.

Egg noodle stir fry recipe main


You can pick up all the ingredients for this recipe at the salad shelf and it takes less than 15 minutes to prepare. The dish is quick, easy and healthy packed with nutrients.


COOKING TIME: 15 minutes


Serves: 1 person

  • 1 x Chicken Breast
    thinly sliced
  • 1 pack Egg Noodles
  • 2 x Eggs
  • 3 cloves Garlic
  • 0.5 pack Vegetable Stir Fry Mix
Soy Sauce Mixture
  • 1 tsp Dark Soy Sauce
  • 1 tsp Sesame Oil
  • 2 tbsp Soy Sauce


  1. Heat up the frying pan and add 1 or 2 tablespoons of cooking oil.
  2. Fry the garlic and chicken together. Toss well and cook for 2 minutes.
  3. Push the chicken on one side and add in the egg. Scramble the egg and mix with chicken.
  4. Add in 1 tablespoon of soy sauce and mix well.
  5. Transfer the chicken and egg into a bowl.
  6. Heat up the frying pan again with 2 to 3 tablespoons of cooking oil. Add the noodles and toss gently every minute and cook for 3 minutes.
  7. Add in the soy sauce mixture. Toss well. Do it gently so that you won’t break up the noodles.
  8. Add in half of the mixed vegetables.
  9. Toss gently and cook for 1 minute only so that the vegetables still keep the crunchy texture.
  10. Add in the chicken and egg.
  11. Mix all together and it’s ready to serve.

Here are the recipes for the other two dishes

Recipe 1

Spiced Mushroom Risotto

  • PREP TIME15 Min
  • TOTAL TIME 60 Min
  • SERVES 4
Spiced Mushroom Risotto

Take your risotto to the next level with this flare of Indian spices.


4 cup vegetable stock59ml  cup butter1 small onion, finely chopped5 whole star anise1 Tbsp garam masala

59 ml cup dried curry leaves

1 tsp brown mustard seeds

1 tsp green cardamom pods

2 cups  thinly sliced mushrooms, a combination of oyster, shiitake and portobello

237ml arborio rice

118ml cup dry white wine

2 Tbsp butter

parmigiana shavings

crushed dried chilies


1. Bring stock to a simmer over medium heat. Turn to low and keep hot.

2. Melt butter in a large saucepan and when it begins to foam add onions and cook until they are soft, about 3 minutes. Add spices and continue to cook for 1 minute. Stir in mushrooms and cook until they begin to caramelize, about 5 minutes. Add rice, stirring so it is well coated with butter and then add the wine, stirring constantly as it is absorbed into the rice. Begin to add the hot stock a little at a time and continue to stir constantly as it is absorbed into the rice. The rice is done when it is tender and creamy in consistency, about 30 minutes. Turn off heat and stir in 3 tablespoons of butter and season with salt. Spoon into wide shallow bowls and garnish with shavings of parmigiana and a scattering of dried chilies.

Reason of choosing this recipe: My second favourite cuisine is Italian and I have never tried making risotto, I’ve eaten it for way too many times but just have never cooked it.

Recipe 2

5 servings (serving size: about 1 1/4 cups)
Step 1

Cook pasta in boiling water 10 minutes or until al dente; add asparagus during final 2 minutes of cooking. Drain pasta mixture in a colander over a bowl, reserving 1/3 cup cooking liquid. Combine reserved cooking liquid, egg substitute, and milk, stirring with a whisk.

Step 2

Heat a large nonstick skillet over medium-high heat. Add oil and onion to pan; sauté 2 minutes. Add vermouth; cook 1 minute. Add pasta mixture; stir to combine. Remove from heat; stir in milk mixture, chicken, and cheese. Place pan over medium heat, and cook 4 minutes or until slightly thick, stirring frequently. Remove from heat; stir in parsley, salt, pepper, and bacon. Serve immediately.

Chef’s Notes

Raw egg yolks and whipping cream traditionally add the creaminess and fat to pasta carbonara. This lighter version with asparagus and chicken achieves the same texture with egg substitute and nonfat evaporated milk. Prevent the eggs from scrambling by being careful not to heat the egg mixture too rapidly. Eat this dish immediately to enjoy its velvety creaminess; if it stands, the sauce can become too thick.

Reason for choosing this recipe : Again i like Italian food and have never cooked any, thought it would be cool to try out some recipes.