# Scientific Scenario

Nikola Tesla notices that the geniuses are having a hard time developing ideas recently. He asks his friend Albert Einstein about the issue. Einstein proposes to him that thinking upside down will significantly improve the brainstorming of the geniuses. To see if this was true, Tesla arranged five geniuses to be upside down individually before they brainstorm a solution for a riddle that he had created. He then took five other geniuses, separated them individually and allowed them to brainstorm the solution to the same riddle; this time without being upside down. Both groups were left alone for ten minutes in ten identical separate rooms (group A being upside down in those ten minutes and group B being right side up). After those ten minutes, both groups were introduced to the riddle by a projection in the room and were left to solve it within thirty minutes (group A is instructed to sit upright to solve the riddle).

Tesla arranged a total of three sessions changing the riddle for both groups per session. The results he had are as follows: in the first session, all of the members on group A had solved the riddle within the thirty-minute mark. For group B, only two members out of five had solved the riddle with the time that was provided (thirty minutes). In the second session, all of the members in group A had solved the second riddle, this was the same for group B. However, the average time it took for group A to solve the second riddle was eleven minutes higher than group B. In the third and final session, all but one of the members in group A had not solved the riddle within the time (thirty minutes). For group B, three of the five members had solved the riddle within the thirty-minute mark. Can Tesla trust Einstein?

1. What was the initial observational problem that Tesla noticed?

2. What was the control?

3. What was the independent variable?

4. What was the dependent variable?

6. How could the experimental design be improved?

1. What was the initial observational problem that Tesla noticed?

He noticed that the geniuses were struggling to think of ideas.

2. What was the control?

Group B (right side up group).

3. What was the independent variable?

The upside down exercise for ten minutes.

4. What was the dependent variable?

The results of solving the riddle in a specified time (30 minutes).